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There were three trials of Mexicans by military commission. In one case the accused was convicted of attempted murder, assault with intent to commit rape, and robbery, and sentenced to confinement at hard labor for 15 years. In a second case the accused was convicted of aggravated criminal homicide, and sentenced to confinement at hard labor for 10 years. In the third case the accused was tried for murder and acquitted.

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E. H. CROWDER, Judge Advocate General.

The SECRETARY OF WAR.

REPORT OF THE QUARTERMASTER GENERAL.

WAR DEPARTMENT,
OFFICE OF THE QUARTERMASTER GENERAL,

Washington, September 14, 1915. SIR: I have the honor to submit the annual report of the operations of the Quartermaster Corps for the fiscal year ending June 30, 1915.

SUPPLIES.

Statement of issues made during the fiscal year 1915.

(Based on actual expenditures as far as available.) Garrison, travel, reserve, trail, and field rations (31,589,110), average cost 24.9682 cents...

$7, 887, 253. 92 Filipino ration (1,997,152), average cost 15.2499 cents.

304, 564. 60

Number, value, and average cost of rations by geographical divisions, etc., issued during

the fiscal year 1915.

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AVERAGE COST OF THE RATION, WITH AND WITHOUT TRANSPORTATION.

The average cost of the actual food included in the garrison ration (American) during the fiscal year 1915 was as follows:

Cents.

At all posts or stations in United States (includes Alaska and Hawaii)...... 25. 1361 At all posts or stations in Philippines...

23. 6977 At all posts or stations in United States and Philippines.

24. 9682 The cost of transportation charged on subsistence supplies was $257,345.42. Charging this amount to the total cost of the garrison

ration issued, it gives for the fiscal year 1915 an increased cost for each ration of 0.8462 cent thus making the cost of the garrison ration delivered, including food and transportation, as follows:

At all posts or stations in United States (includes Alaska and Hawaii).
At all posts or stations in the Philippines....
At all posts or stations in the United States and Philippines...

Cents. 25. 9823 24, 5439 25. 8144

Yearly and per diem cost of subsistence per man in the United States and the Philippines.

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The above gives the expenditures made in the United States and the Philippines, respectively, from the appropriation “Subsistence of the Army, 1915," and includes cost of rations issued, commutation of rations of all kinds, meals, and net losses on stores, which indicate the actual cost per man per day in the United States and in the Plrilippines.

THE NEW EMERGENCY RATION.

Dr. C. F. Langworthy, Chief of the Bureau of Nutrition Investigations, Department of Agriculture, recently completed an examination of samples of the new emergency ration prepared after his recipe (some packed in tins and some in paper cartons), which recipe and ration as produced were approved by the Surgeon General of the Army. A'limited number of these rations were procured and sent to the Philippines and to Fort Sam Houston, Tex., for test as to their keeping qualities, while some were kept on hand in this office and others by the manufacturer at Boston. Since that time, however, it was found, upon opening some of the samples received and kept in this office that there was a slight odor and rancidity in those packed in tins, but the carton package appeared practically free from these objections, whereas some of those on hand at Boston showed that the ration packed in tins was satisfactory but some odor and rancidity was present in those packed in paper cartons.

It was also noted that the material or cakes composing the ration were very brittle and friable, which, it is thought, indicates a condition that needs to be remedied. An effort will be made to correct this unfavorable condition by manufacturing the ration in one large cake instead of a number of small ones; that is after the small ones are baked, have them broken up and compressed into one cake practically comparing in size and shape to that of the former chocolato emergency ration. An effort is also being made to trace the cause of the objectionable features of odor and rancidity, and the matter has been taken up with Dr. Langworthy and the firm which prepared the made-up samples. Particular attention is given to the question of ascertaining whether this odor and rancidity could have been produced by the action of the heat required in the soldering which was

necessary to hermetically seal the package. It is expected to have these matters satisfactorily determined at an early date.

Dr. Langworthy is still investigating the subject of an emergency ration, and if it is not found possible to correct the tendency to rancidity in the present samples, will submit another formula which will contain no element likely to cause rancidity.

Specifications have been formulated as to requirements in preparing the ration, etc., and a limited supply of the ration will be procured and kept on hand for emergencies after it is thoroughly tried out and found satisfactory as to materials, form of preparation, keeping, and other qualities.

Abolition of meal tickets.-Meal tickets have for a number of years been issued to enlisted men and recruits traveling on railroad trains and for use at eating houses along railroad lines at the rate of one for each meal (50 cents), or three per day ($1.50), and this arrangement has proven satisfactory. But railroad passenger associations during the past year proposed to increase the charge for meals, which was not considered justified, and in consequence meal tickets were abolished on all railroads, and enlisted men and recruits are now paid $1.50 per day commutation of rations for subsistence, when such commutation is allowable, and the soldier is thus permitted to provide his own subsistence at eating stations or on trains, and is not, as heretofore, furnished meal tickets for the high-priced service on Pullman and dining cars. In view of this, it was necessary to rescind paragraph 1227 and to modify 1229, Army Regulations, 1913, and to rescind paragraphs 182, 183, 184, and 185 and to modify paragraph 278 of the Subsistence Manual, 1910.

Establishment of training schools for bakers and cooks. Since the last annual report a training school for bakers and cooks has been established in the Southern Department and one in the Philippine Department.

In the Southern Department the school was established at Fort Sam Houston, Tex., and two sections of a bakery company, No. 4, as provided for in General Orders No. 29, War Department, 1914, have been organized. The school which was directed to be organized in the Philippine Islands was established at Fort William McKinley, and two sections of a bakery company were ordered organized, and the personnel of the school was to be as provided for in General Orders No. 30, War Department, 1914, but în reduced numbers, as the limited number of students would not, it was considered, require the entire enlisted faculty authorized by that order. If it is shown later that an additional number of the enlisted faculty, as provided for by the above-mentioned order, are necessary, they can be added from time to time as required.

The amount of $900 appropriated heretofore for prizes for the various schools has not been increased because of the establishment of the new schools in the Southern and the Philippine Departments, so that it was possible to apportion only $150 per year to each of the schools for awarding of prizes to the students in the bakers' and cooks' classes.

Revision manuals for Army bakers and Army cooks. The manual for Army bakers and the manual for Army cooks, which were published in 1910, are now being revised and brought up to date in order that they may be used to the best advantage.

Rolling kitchens.-Efforts are still being made to obtain a satisfactory type of rolling kitchen for the Army. One device of a rolling kitchen, such as is being used in Europe, has been tried out and proven unsuccessful, and another one of a more elaborate character will before long, it is expected, be available for a test under service conditions. Some difficulty has been encountered owing to the state of affairs existing in Europe to secure specifications or designs of the latest devices of a kind that would be suitable for use in the United States Army. But it is expected that the difficulty will be shortly overcome and a satisfactory type of rolling kitchen secured. If a foreign one can not be obtained that is satisfactory in every way, it may be practicable to develop a suitable one based on pattern from abroad or designed in this country, but with changes or improvements suggested by the peculiar needs of our Army and after actual trial in this country. Until an exhaustive test is made recommendation can not be submitted for the adoption of a suitable rolling kitchen for use in the Army. The Thomas

field cooking outfit.-Capt. C. 0. Thomas, jr., quartermaster of the First Cavalry, has evolved an organization field cooking outfit to conform to the weight requirements of field service regulations and to afford company organization cooking utensils which will, it is claimed, be:

First. Amply adequate for messing needs.
Second. Readily divisible for detachment service.

Third. Conveniently arranged for transportation by wagon, pack mule, rail, or bearer.

Fourth. Strong, serviceable, economical, and compact.

Capt. Thomas submitted his invention to the Government and requested that some of the outfits be manufactured and given a thorough trial. Nine of these cooking outfits were manufactured at the depot at Jeffersonville and eight were shipped to the depot quartermaster at San Francisco, subject to disposal by the commanding general, Western Department, for test under service conditions and were tried out by organization commanders without success. The one additional outfit was retained at the Jeffersonville depot as a model in case the trial proved successful and it was desired to manufacture more of these outfits in the future.

Field cooking outfit or march kit.—There has been 1,800 of this field cooking outfit or march kit procured up to the present time. The Second Division of the Army was fully equipped with it, and also some organizations on the Mexican border. A small supply was placed in the depots at El Paso and Fort Sam Houston, Tex., to meet any call that might be made for same. Originally the following articles composed the kit: Cake turner. Cleaver, meat.. Flour sieve.

1 Fork, meat, large. Knife, butcher.. Ladle, soup.. Set of fire irons (or grates). Camp kettle for every 25 men.. Pan, bake, for every 25 men... Pan, dish, for every 50 men....

1 1

1 1 1 1 1 1

1 1 2 1 1 1 1 1 3 1

The number and kind of articles composing the kit have been slightly modified, and at present the complete kit, as worked out by the War College division and its adoption directed, is composed of the following: Cake turner. Cleaver, meat. Cans, galvanized iron, water, nested. Fork, meat, large... Knife, butcher. Dipper, large.. Set of fire irons (or grates). Kettle, camp, with cover, for every 25 men..... Pans, bake, for every 50 men. Wall tent, fly (old hospital tent, fly, without poles or pins) for each kitchen....

Field cooking outfits for mountain artillery:-A supply of 20 cooking outfits designed for use of Mountain Artillery have been manufactured (embodying the modifications recommended by the Artillery Board) at the rate of one cooking outfit for each battery and one for each regimental headquarters, making 14 outfits in all, necessary for the equipment of the Mountain Artillery. The additional six sets of these cooking outfits are on hand at the Jeffersonville depot to meet future needs.

New design of field range.A suitable field range adapted to pack mule transportation, it is claimed, has been designed by Sergt. Michael Hitz, of the Hospital Corps of the Army. After a model had been designed and found to work satisfactorily Sergt. Ilitz desired to have his invention adopted by the Army, and formally gave the United States the free and unrestricted right to manufacture this field range for the use of the Government, so far as patent rights are concerned. Upon the agreement the Government provided funds to have eight of the ranges manufactured in Manila, four of which were to be retained there and given a trial, and the four others were forwarded to Fort Bliss, Tex., to be tried out by Troops A, B, D, and K of the Fifteenth Cavalry, stationed at that post. The utilization of the patent by the Government is one for future consideration, as under the requirements of the Tables of Organization, page 10, the maximum allowance for messing and cooking outfits for a company, troop, or battery is 100 pounds, while Sergt. Ilitz's device weighs 225 pounds.

CLOTHING AND EQUIPAGE.

FINANCIAL.

Appropriation by Congress for the purchase and manufacture of cloth

ing and equipage for the fiscal year ending June 30, 1915...... $6,500,000.00 Deposits from all sources, including sales to the governors of the States

and Territories and the commanding general, District of Columbia Militia, but exclusive of the collections from enlisted men on account of clothing drawn in excess of established allowances (credits to June 30, 1915, replacing clothing and camp and garrison equipage, 1915–16, act of Congress Mar. 23, 1910)...

181, 201. 58 Collections and disbursements in connection with the settlement of the clothing accounts of the enlisted men of the Army.—The following

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