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This statement indicates a decrease of 12,482 passengers from those transported during the fiscal year 1914, and a decrease of 6,677 animals and 37,130 tons of freight. Quartermaster Corps supplies show an increase of 23,354 tons over shipments during the fiscal year 1914; ordnance stores, a decrease of 17,227 tons; medical stores, a decrease of 911 tons; engineer stores, an increase of 9 tons; and signal stores, an increase of 665 tons. Miscellaneous stores show a decrease of 43,020 tons; these consist principally of supplies shipped for other departments of the Government, and the charges for this transportation are paid from appropriation of the departments concerned. The decrease in number of passengers transported as compared with the fiscal year 1914 is explained by the movements of troops to the Mexican border in 1914, several additional regiments having been sent to the border during that year, and the further fact that all other movements of troops were restricted to the lowest basis on account of the shortage of funds. The decrease in the number of animals transported is due partly to the reason shown above and partly to larger purchases of animals in 1914 as compared with 1915, 3,614 more horses and mules having been purchased in 1914. The decrease in the number of tons of freight transported is due principally to a lesser amount of stores transported for other departments of the Government.
Included in the above figures are 1,565 passengers, 62,172 ships' tons of merchandise, 228,439 board feet of lumber, and 259 animals, forwarded in deep-sea commercial vessels, at a cost of $539,398.26, as shown below:
Shipments in deep-sea commercial vessels.
Transportation furnished for other Government departments and bureaus.—Under the act of July 5, 1885 (23 Stat., III), the Quartermaster Corps is required to receive, transport, and be responsible for all property turned over to it by the officers or agents of any other Government department or bureau, the amount paid for such transportation being refunded by the department or bureau for which such property pertains.
During the fiscal year 1915, the Quartermaster Corps issued 168 transportation requests and 1,731 bills of lading, covering transportation of persons or property for other departments or bureaus of the Government.
Forage.—There was expended during the fiscal year for forage for animals pertaining to the Army $3,259,900.22. This includes the forage used in the Philippine Islands, Alaska, Hawaiian Islands, and Porto Rico, except native grass and bedding purchased in the Philippine Islands. In addition to the foregoing there was purchased 157,484 pounds of dog food at a cost of $9,348.76. Quantities and cost of forage and bedding purchased during the fiscal year 1915, except that
purchased for the Philippine Islands.
Of the above supplies the following were shipped to Alaska, Porto Rico, and the Hawaiian Islands:
Of the above supplies the following were purchased in the Hawaiian Islands:
Forage purchased for shipment to the Philippine Islands during the fiscal year 1915.
18,000,000 $280,400.00 26,000,000 200,000.00 44,000,000 480, 400.00
Cost of forage purchased in the Philippine Islands during the fiscal year ending June 30,
Animals purchased by the Quartermaster Corps during the fiscal year 1915.
The average cost of mounts for the year is $141.20 per head.
During the year 1,992 animals were condemned, sold, etc., 347 died, a total of 2,339.' There remained on hand June 30, 1915, in the United States and Hawaii, excluding animals at remount depots: Cavalry horses.
11, 863 Artillery horses.
3, 532 Riding horses..
1, 598 Draft horses.
975 Draft mules..
5, 775 Pack mules..
1, 828 Riding mules.
458 Bell horses..
... 26, 192
23871o-Ab. 1915vol 1-21
The remount service is improving from year to year. The remount depots are being gradually developed so that they can handle the maximum number of animals at the least expense to the Government. This is being accomplished by breaking up more land annually at the remount depots and sowing it with forage crops for the purpose of subsisting young horses through their period of development.
Young horses not less than 3 years old are purchased by remount officers from farmers and breeders and sent to remount depots, where they are handled with a view to gentling and accustoming them to weight carrying and in general preparing them to receive their military training. It is the policy of the remount service to avoid purchasing undeveloped young horses, and to purchase those only that show that they will develop into satisfactory remounts when mature.
Aside from the training and gentling of remounts, every endeavor is made to guarantee their soundness and health. The inspection at purchase is exceedingly thorough, and the animal is closely watched during his entire period of training with the view to discovering any chronic defect. Immediately preceding issue he is again thoroughly examined, and is shipped in such a way and at such season as to minimize the risk of shipping fevers and contagion from stockyards en route.
Reports from the remount stations indicate that the range horse is steadily improving in type, breeding, and appearance, and is the hardiest type of horse. Those who have been in closest touch with this class of animals report that they can withstand great hardships and come through in good condition, and it is believed that the range horse is becoming more and more appreciated by the mounted service.
The system of breeding horses for the military service, conducted by the Bureau of Animal Industry, Department of Agriculture, will, if its development is continued and extended along the present lines, form the basis of the remount system and will result in a great improvement in the quality of horses supplied to the Army. Reports indicate that there has been a steady improvement in the type, breeding, and appearance of young horses purchased by the War Department as the result of the remount service.
The breeding plan conducted by the Department of Agriculture consists of furnishing the services of a Government stallion to suitable mares owned by farmers and breeders. The owner of the mare enters into a formal agreement with the Government to sell the resulting colt to the United States at a stipulated sum during the year that the animal is 3 years old. If the owner desires to retain the colt, he is permitted to do so upon paying a service fee of $25. If the foal dies or the Government refuses to exercise its option for any reason, no service fee is charged the owner of the mare.
HENRY G. SHARPE,
Acting Quartermaster General. To the SECRETARY OF WAR.
REPORT OF THE SURGEON GENERAL OF THE ARMY.
Washington, October 5, 1915. SIR: I have the honor to submit herewith the annual report upon the work of the Medical Department; this covers a study of the health and sanitary conditions of the Army for the calendar year 1914, and a financial statement for the fiscal year ending June 30, 1915. I desire here to invite attention to certain matters of interest in this report. The admission rate for the entire Army in 1914 is 660 per 1,000,
the lowest on record in this office. The rate for Admission rate. American troops is 665.83 for 1914, as compared with
671.78 in 1913. This rate was highest in China and Panama (1,080.23 and 955.22, respectively), and lowest in Alaska, 422.95. The constantly noneffective rate is the true index of the loss of
efficiency of the Army from disease and injury. For Noneffective rate. the entire Army in 1914 the rate was 23.78, the lowest
rate recorded for our Army. The rate for American troops is 24.02 for 1914, as compared with 24.33 for 1913. This rate was highest in Panama, 37.30, and lowest in Alaska, 10.52.
The rate for discharge for disability for the entire Army is 12.99; this rate was 12.97 for 1913.
The death rate for the entire Army is 4.40. In 1913 it was 5.15. With the satisfactory general rates mentioned, the lower rates for
certain diseases are noteworthy. Chart P shows Typhoid fever. graphically the continued progress in stamping out
typhoid fever in the Army. Among our troops stationed in the United States, Alaska, the Philippines, Hawaii, Panama, Porto Rico, and China, including the Philippine Scouts and Porto Rican troops, the total mean strength of which was 98,649, only 7 cases of typhoid fever occurred. Only 2 of these cases had received the complete course of vaccine.
The admission rate for tuberculosis in the entire Army is the lowest on record, being 3.50. The admission rate for this disease in the United States is also the lowest recorded for troops serving in the United States, being 2.69. The reduction in the amount of venereal disease since the passage
of the act of Congress stopping the pay of those inVenereal diseases. capacitated has been maintained with but a slightly
higher rate than for 1913; the rate for 1914 is 89.84 for the United States.
The rate which indicates the prevalence of alcoholism in the Army is lower for 1914 than for any ever recorded, being 13.64 per 1,000. The rates for malarial fevers continue low, that for the entire
Army being 29.48. For the United States the rateMalarial severs. 10.79—while slightly higher than for 1913, is lower
than for any year previous to 1913. I desire again to urge the necessity of rendering, by reorganization, the Hospital Corps more attractive. Men of intelligence are needed if this body is to remain efficient; to get them, inducements must be made by offering better pay. The character of the work performed