Women of the Kakawin World: Marriage and Sexuality in the Indic Courts of Java and Bali
M.E. Sharpe, 2004 - 357페이지
In this fascinating study the lives and mores of women in one of the least understood but most densely populated areas of the world are unveiled through the eyes of generations of court poets. For more than a millennium, the poets of the Indic courts of Java and Bali composed epic kakawin poems in which they recreated the court environment where they and their royal patrons lived. Major themes in this poetry form include war, love, and marriage. It is a rich source for the cultural and social history of Indonesia. Still being produced in Bali today, kakawin remain of interest and relevance to Balinese cultural and religious identities.
This book draws on the epic kakawin poetry tradition to examine the institutions of courtship and marriage in the Indic courts. Its primary purpose is to explore the experiences of women belonging to the kakawin world, although the texts by nature reveal more about the discourses concerning women, sexuality, and gender than of the historical experiences of individual women.
For over a thousand years these royal courts were major patrons of the arts. The court-sponsored epic works that have survived provide an ongoing literary testimony to the cultural and social concerns of court society from its earliest recorded history until its demise at the end of the nineteenth century. This study examines the idealized images of women and sexuality that have pervaded Javanese and Balinese culture and provides insights into a number of cultural practices.
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All that remains to complete the formalities is one final ceremony held the
following morning to mark their new status publicly — the kraban. The Kraban
Ceremonies The night passed and as day came, the bright light of the sun shone
(Anon., Journeying ofPartha 56:1-6, eighteenth century, Bali) The kraban or
kraban kalasa is held to celebrate the first public appearance of the bride and
groom as a married couple.15 As is the case with a number of the other wedding
Female ascetic or wiku. kraban. The ceremony held to mark the conclusion of the
wedding rituals and to celebrate the consummation of the union. Also kraban
kalasa. kraban kalasa. See kraban. kris. Kris (creese, crise), a particular kind of ...