Women of the Kakawin World: Marriage and Sexuality in the Indic Courts of Java and Bali
M.E. Sharpe, 2004 - 357페이지
In this fascinating study the lives and mores of women in one of the least understood but most densely populated areas of the world are unveiled through the eyes of generations of court poets. For more than a millennium, the poets of the Indic courts of Java and Bali composed epic kakawin poems in which they recreated the court environment where they and their royal patrons lived. Major themes in this poetry form include war, love, and marriage. It is a rich source for the cultural and social history of Indonesia. Still being produced in Bali today, kakawin remain of interest and relevance to Balinese cultural and religious identities.
This book draws on the epic kakawin poetry tradition to examine the institutions of courtship and marriage in the Indic courts. Its primary purpose is to explore the experiences of women belonging to the kakawin world, although the texts by nature reveal more about the discourses concerning women, sexuality, and gender than of the historical experiences of individual women.
For over a thousand years these royal courts were major patrons of the arts. The court-sponsored epic works that have survived provide an ongoing literary testimony to the cultural and social concerns of court society from its earliest recorded history until its demise at the end of the nineteenth century. This study examines the idealized images of women and sexuality that have pervaded Javanese and Balinese culture and provides insights into a number of cultural practices.
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Tale ofSutasoma 79:8-80:1; Marriage ofAbhimanyu 63:11; Burning of the
Khandawa Forest 22:9. There is reason to be cautious of what appears to be the
corroborative mention of the worship of fire in the Marriage ofAbhimanyu, a work
The miniature love poems run over several stanzas: Death by Sumanasa Flower
1 1 6: 1-4; Tale ofSutasoma 8 1 : 1-83:8; Journeying of Partha 48:5-54:2;
Marriage of Subhadra 18:6-20:3, 40:5—46:2; Marriage ofAbhimanyu 64:4—70:3;
Tale ofSutasoma 74:4. 67. Reid, Southeast Asia in the Age of Commerce, p. 147,
has interpreted a scene like this one that is found in the Balinese Kidung Sunda
as evidence in support of the European view of sexual abandonment among ...