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server on this subject, the Hon.y these capital notes would be always Daines Barrington, who, at the debased by a bad mixture.” time he made the communication, If, as is here conceded, the was Vice-President of the Royal mocking - bird be fully equal to Society, to which it was addressed the song of the nightingale, and,
“It may not be improper,” says as I can with confidence add, not that gentleman, “to consider wbie- only to that, but to the song of ther the nightingale may not have almost every other bird; besides a very formidable competitor in the being capable of exactly imitating American mocking-bird; though various other sounds and voices of almost all travellers agree, that the animals, his vocal powers are unconcert in the European woods is questionably superior to those of superior to that of the other parts the nightingale, which possesses of the globe. I have happened, its own native notes alone. Farhowever, to hear the American ther, if we consider, as is asserted mocking-bird in great perfection by Mr. Barrington, that “one reaat Messrs. Vogel and Scott's, in son of the nightingale's being more Love-lane, Eastcheap. This bird attended to than others, is, that it is believed to be still living, and sings in the night;" and if we bchath been in England these six lieve with Shakspeare, that years. During the space of a mipute be imitated the wood-lark, The nightingale, if she should sing by day,
When every goose is cackling, would be thought chaffinch, thrush, and
I was also told that he would bark like a dog: so that the bird' seems | what must we think of that bird, to bave no choice in his imitations; who, in the glare of day, when a though his pipe comes the nearest multitude of songsters are straining to our nightingale of any bird I their throats in melody, overpow have yet met with. We are still at ers all competition; and by the a loss, however, with regard to the superiority of his voice, expresoriginal notes of this bird, and sion, and action, not only attracis these can only be known by per- every ear, but frequently strikts sons accurately acquainted with the dumb bis mortified rivals:=of that notes of the other American birds. bird to whose melody the silence Kalm, indeed, informs us, that the of night, as well as the bitstle of natural song is excellent; but this day, bears witness; and who'eben traveller seems not to have been in captivity in a foreign country, long enough in America to distin- ) is declared, by the best judges in guish what were the genuine notes: that country, to be equal to the song with us miinics do not often suc- l of the sweetest of its birds in its ceed but in imitations. I have lit- whole compass? The supposed detle doubt, however, that this bird | gradation of his song by the introwould be fully equal to the song duction of extraneous sounds and of the nightingale in its whole unexpected imitations, is, in fact, eompass; but then, from the atten- one of the chief excellencies of this tion which the mocker pays to any bird; as these changes give a perother sort of disagreeable noise, petual novelty to his strain, keep attention constantly awake, and building. Into this place a male impress every hearer with a deeper and female mocking-bird were put interest in what is to follow. and soon began to build. The fe· The native notes of the mocking- male laid five eggs, all of which bird have considerable resemblance she hatched, and fed the young to those of the brown thrush, but with great affection until they were may be easily distinguished by their nearly able to fly. Business calling greater rapidity, sweetness, ener- i the proprietor from home for a fortgy of expression, and variety. Both, || night, he left the birds to the care however, have in many parts of of his domestics; but on his return, the United States, particularly in found, to his regret, that they had those to the south, obtained the been neglected in food. The young name of the mocking-bird; the were all dead, and the parents first, from its inferiority of song, themselves nearly famished. The being called the French, and the same pair have again commenced latter the English: a mode of ex- | building this season (1809) in the pression probably originating in same place, and have at this time the prejudices of our forefathers, (July 4) three young ones, likely with whom every thing French was to do well. This place might be inferior to every thing English. fitted up with various kinds of
No better a musician thau a wrella
The mocking-bird may, by pro- shrubbery, so as to resemble their per management, be made suffi- native thickets; and ought to be as ciently tame to sing in confinement. | remote from noise and interruption The usual price of one is from se- of company as possible, and stran- : ven to fifteen and even twenty gers rarely allowed to disturb or dollars. I have known fifty dollars even approach them. paid for a remarkably fine singer, The mocking-bird is 9] inches and 100 refused for a still more long and 13 in breadth, some longextraordinary one.
er and others smaller, those of the Attempts have been made to in- first hatch being uniformly the duce these charming birds to pair biggest and stoutest. The upper and rear their young in a state of part of the head, neck; and back confinement, and the result has | are a dark brownish ash, and when proved it to be, by proper manage- new moulded, a fine light grey ; ment, perfectly practicable. In the wings and tail are nearly black. the spring of 1808, a Mr. Klein, The chin is white; the sides of the of Philadelphia, partitioned off neck, breast, belly, and vent a about 12 feet square of the third brownislı white, much purer in wild story of his house. This was lighted birds than in those which have been by a pretty large wire-grated win-domesticated; the iris of the eye dow. In the center of this room yellowish cream coloured, inclin: he planted a cedar bush, five or ing to golden; bill black; the legs six feet high, in a box of earth, and feet likewise black and strong. and scattered about a sufficient The female very much resembles quantity of materials suitable for the male.
To the particulars already given || ported, in flour, from Europe and respecting the Islands of Mauritius New England. They import their and Bourbon, we shall now add the rice (besides what they grow theinprice of provisions in 1800.-Beef, selves) from Madagascar and some kid, and mutton, ls, per lb.; a ports in India; their slaves and fowl, 2s.6d.; a chicken, Is.; a duck, cattle from Madagascar, besides from 2s. to 3s.; a goose, 7s. to 8s.; some of the fornier from the coasts a turkey, 10s. to 12s.; a pair of of Africa; and their specie (piaspigeons, from 2s. to 6s.; wine, from tres) from Cadiz. the European price, to eight times M. de la Bourdonnais, when inmore; bread from the same to four tendant of these islands, which times more; but these two articles post he occupied from 1734 to 1716, fluctuate, according as it is peace had formed the idea (among the or war. All the inhabitants having many useful and splendid works the above commodities, as well as and designs which he schemed for others, to dispose of, it is their their welfare), to make Mauriinterest to sell thenras dear as pos- tius a general dept for the comsible to foreigners, who come hi- merce of the East: so that the ther only for the purposes of com-Company's ships from Europe merce, or for refreshments, after should proceed no farti creastward a long voyage. At this period, also, than this island, but should take a plantation, entirely cleared, and in their homeward or indian carlarge enough to maintain a family goes at this place, after having in great comfort, might be pur- landed here those which they chased for about 6000 piastres, or brought from Europe; wiile the £1500. This would require about forwarding of the cargoes to India, 30 slaves, of both sexes, to culti- and bringing back those intended vate it, at about £39 each upon an for Europe, should be performed average; but whether the slaves by country ships, navigated by Lasare included in the above sum, the cars, or Indian seamen. By tliese document from which we obtain- measures be expected to obtain ed our information, is not precise the following advantages: First, enough to determine. -- These the expences would be lessened, islands importeil from Europe at as both the pay and maintenance ' this time (1800) almost all their ne- of Indian sailors are very trifling; cessaries and obiects of consump- and, secondly, the European slips' tion, except linens, cottons, and crews would be more effectually stuffs, which are obtained from the preserved; as it was well known that coasts of Coromandel and Bengal; they suffer greatly, not only from China ware and silk from China. the length of the voyage alone, but Their corn is partly of their own still more frequently from the cligrowth; the surplus consumption mate, especially that of Arabia and of their bread and biscuit is im- Bengal. This plan, however, was No. LV. Vol X.
not adopted, for the following rea- have much less pay and are victualsons :- It was feared that the Com-led cheaper than those of Europe, pany would fall into contempt, un- this alone does not render the naless they displayed in these distant | vigation of vessels in the Indian latitudes a naral force sufficient to seas more economical, or more adensure respect; secondly, because vantageous, than the navigation of it is more advantageous to obtain European vesseis, as a ship manned all articles of merchandize from by Indian sailors requires one third the place itself which produces or more bands than if the crew were manufactures them; and, thirdly, composed entirely of Europeans. because although the Indian sailors
MERCATOR & Co.
EXHIBITION AT SOMERSET-HOUSE,
(Continued from Vol. IX. p. 358.) 73. Portrait of A. Pupworth, whole-length portraits we cannot Esq.-J. Green.
but approve of the costume being The general display of portraits of a character that does not mark excites little interest in the public a particular fashion. Perhaps none mind, although they forın so large is more congenial to the general a portion of the present Extibition, taste, or better suited to adorn the excepting where the attractions de- figure, than the Spanish dress. Of pend, as in some instances, up- modern costume, black is least obon their excellence as paintings. jectionable. The drawing is good, The best works of Reynolds, of the colouring, and light and slıądow, Opie, Lawrence, Hopner, Owen, are well managed, and the picture Beechy, Shee, Thomson, and some superior to any we remember to others, will always command atten- hare seen from the pencil of this tion, even though the persons whom | artist. they represent are little known, or 517. Portraits of the Misses Core. less regarded. The portrait in re
-A. E. Chalon, A. view we cannot forbear to men- We have more than onee adverttion, as it is a faithful resemblance ed to the progressive improvement of a very ingenious professor of of this artist. The group of young architecture ; and we are never | ladies, so elegantly employed, and more gratified, than jn numbering, so tastefully designed, in this com, amidst so many physiognomies, a position, remind ys of the fine sew that may be remembered here- feeling of Titian. We forget that after for having contributed some this picture is in miniature ; there what to science by their genius, is a greatness of effect and a power and to society by their private of chiaro oscuro pervading the subworth. This is one of Mr. Green's ject, that produces an illusion, and best performances.
renders the fair musicians the size 405. Portrait of Sir C. Coote, Bart. of life. -J. Green.
423. Portrait of an Artist, Mrs. There is much grace in this figure
Green of the elegant young baronet. In Much observation of nature, and
a free hand to execute, are visible since the appearance of the former in this miniature resemblance of picture, and we think this his last, An Artist. So true a resemblance, by far the best production of his it is obvious, has been painted con admirable pencil. amore. It is justly owing to the 241. View of Lambeth from the top fair artist who has so faithfully de
of a gentleman's house on the side lineated this countenance, to meet
of the Thanics.-G. Arnald, A. from the original a similar compli
Of the very few remaining antiquiment; and should he succeed in ties upon thie banks of the Thames, bis delineation with equal success, within the metropolis, or immedi-, his study will be attended with no ately within a short distance therecommon felicity.
of, the palace of the Archbishops of 148. Blind Man's Buff.—D. Wilkie, Canterbury is the only one that has, R. A.
in a certain degree, resisted the raThe splendid colouring of Adrian
vages of time, or been exempted Van Ostade and the lively humour from the mutability that has marked. of Jean Stien are happily united in this rustic composition. Alr. every other great seat, by the de
structive rage for improvement that Wilkie has successfully studied the bas so frequently disgraced the arexecutive part of bis art, in the chitects and their employers within contemplation of the Flemish and the last century. Previously to this Datch schools, and has incorpo-period, the banks of this beautiful rated enough of his own to claim river were richly ornamented with the honour of being ranked among palaces and noble mansions, with original painters. We cannot for their gardens and cheerful terraces get the pleasure so often experien- washed by the tides. ced in viewing his highly finished
To the painter, Lambeth yet afpictures. It has been unfortunate forus sone excellent subjects for for many men of talent, poets, as study. The fishermeu's houses, well as painters, to come before the with their rude boats, and the pebpublic at once with great powers, bly shore, and the venerable pain displaying a poem or a picture lace, with the Gothic gate towering of liigh merit: for the world will | above, lead the imagination back ever be disposed to compare a sub
to ancient times, sequent work to the first, and un
Mr. Arnald has viewed the scene less a great and an obvious im- with the true feeling of a painter, provement be cvinced, the compa- and has produced a picture that rison will be constantly made at will increase in value as long as a the expence of every new perforin- love for topographic art exists.
It is not likely, that any picture from this artist will again 8. A Storm.-G. Arnald, A. excite so much attention as the
Meanwhile loud thunders ratile round tlie sky, Fillage Politicians; but it is strict
And hail and rain, in mingled tempests, fly; ly due to Mr. Wilkie, to say
of this While floods on floodis, in swellino turbid tides, picture of Blind Mar's Buff, as of Roll roaring down tlie mountain's channel'd others, that he has supported his
The young Ascaoins, and the bunting train, reputation by much improvement to close retreats fler diverse o'er the plain;