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TO OUR READERS AND CORRESPONDENTS.
We earnestly solicit communications (post paid) from the professors of the arts in general, as well as authors, respecting works which they may have in hand. We con. ceive that the evident advuntage which must accrue to both from the more extensive publicity that will be given to their productions through the medium of the Repository, 7eeds only to be mentioned, to induce them to favour us with such information, which shall always meet with the most prompt attention.
The communication of Dr. C. of Sunderland, shall certainly be attended to in our nert number; the department of our work having been already made up, when his letter came to hund.
We shall take an opportunity of submitting Edward's Enquiry to our readers in our next publication,
J. H. R.'s Stanzas are received. The request made in his letter of June 3d, shall be complied with, beginning with the present month.
Mr. L'Eveque's work shall be duly noticed at an early opportunity.
We are enabled to promise our readers, in our next number, a view of the Monument just erected in Guildhall to the memory of that eminent statesman, the late Right Honourable William Pitt.
We beg to repeat to authors and others by whom we are favoured with articles of Literary Intelligence, that we cannot introduce notices of works already before the public, into that department. Owing to a circumstance which it is unnecessary to explain, we have been obliged, this month, to make up that portion of our miscellany at so early a period, that some coinmunications intended for it are unavoidably postponed,
We have recently received from the Continent a few interesting publications, particularly some of the latest productions of the celebrated Kotzebue, from which we shall occasionally submit selections to our readers.
The Description which should accompany Plate 4, of a French Window-Curtain, we shall give next month, being prevented, by n mistake, from introducing it in the present number.
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ARTS, LITERATURE, COMMERCE,
Manufactures, Fashions, and Polities,
For JULY, 1813.
The Fifty-fifth Number.
The suffrage of the wise,
CONVERSATIONS ON THE ARTS.--By JUNINUS.
(Continued from Vol. IX. p. 318.) Miss Eve. The most remarkable | convenience of the scholars who of the stadia and gymnasia were, studied, discoursed, or attended the I understand, at Athens, built en- lectures of the philosophers, rhetotirely of white marble. I believe ricians, grammarians, or other prothe stadia of the Greeks answer to, | fessors. The other parts were parand were the originals of, the am-ticularly fitted up for exercising phitheatres of the Romans. youth in all those bodily arts wlrich
Miss K. The gymnasia were inured them to hardslrips, knitted common in every city of Greece, their limbs, confirmed their health, but first founded at Lacedæmon. and trained them up to appear in They consisted of several different the lists of fame, at the games of piles of building united together, their greatest festivals. In one they each of which served for several wrestled, ran, leaped, boxed; in purposes. They were, properly, a another, they played at ball; in a kind of academy, and all exercises third, they danced: nor were they for the improvement of the mind, without their separate and convenias well as those for strengthening ent apartnients for bathing, anointthe body, were cultivated here withing, dusting, dressing, making the greatest assiduity. The porti- matches, fixing what' sport they coes were filled with seats for the would contend in, and the prize No. LY. Vol. X.
of conquest. These were so or- of Castro now stands, much redered, that the whole was trans- sorted to formerly, on account of acted without any confusion or in- the temple of Apollo and the dark terruption to one another, though cave whence the Pythian priestess the chief gymnasium was generally | pronounced her oracles, seated 011 capable of accommodating several a tripod, swelling and foaming like thousands of spectators at once, one possessed. The lofty summit besides numbers of students and of Parnassus formed two peaks, combatants.
which occasioned it to be called, The stadium was either that part Biceps Parnassus. Below the cleft of the gymnasium, of a large se- rises a spring, supposed to be the micircular form, in which all the ancient fons Castalius, where the above-mentioned exercises were Pythian prophetess and the poets performed, and where seats were who pretended to inspiration used raised above one another for the to bathe and drink the waters.--I convenience of the multitudes who suppose you are acquainted with flocked thither to see these con- | the particulars of Delos? tests in skill and strength; or was
Miss Eve. Yes: Delos was the built, detached from all other pub-chief of these islands, but the least lic edifices, in the form of a circus of them all, being no more than The most celebrated of these build six miles in circunference, situings, as you observe, was at Athens, ated a little southward of Mycone composed entirely of white marble; and Tynos. This island was supthe plan of them was afterwards posed by the Greeks to be the copied by the Romans.
place of the nativity of Apollo and Miss Eve. I have lately consi- Diana ; for which reason they indered the Cyclades, or Greciau stituted public festivals, erected Archipelago, with some attention. temples, and sent hither priests, Paros is one of the smallest of these sacrificers, and choirs of virgins, islands, midway between the Mo- to do thein honour; but it is now rea and Asia Minor, famous for its destitute of inhabitants. Does marble, but most famous for its Falconer mention this little island ? excellent statuaries, Phidias and Miss K. Yes. I will repeat what Praxiteles, some of whose works he lias written concerning Ithaca, became objects of divine worship. Argos, Helena, Delos, and Lemnos : This island was dedicated to Bac- || Westward of these, beyond the Isthmus, lies chus, on account of the excellent The long-lost isle of lihacus the wise, wines which it produced.
Where fair Penelope her abscot lord Miss K. Many of these islands || Tho' many a princely beart her beauty won,
Fulliwice ten years with faithful love deplor'd: and the neighbouring parts of the She, guarded only by a stripling son, continent are subjects of curious Each bold attempt of suitor kings repelled, investigation. Delphos was an
And, undefil'd, the nuptial contract held.
With various arts to wiu her love they toil'd, ciently a great city of Achaia, | But all their wiles by virtuous fraud sbe foiled : now Livadia, in Turkey, situated True to her vows, and resolutely chaste, on the side of the mountain Par- || The beauteous priucess triumph'd at the last. nassus, ten miles north of the
Argos, in Greece forgotten and unknown, gulph of Lepanto, where the town || still seems her cruel fortune to bemoan ;
Argos, whose mnónarch led thie Grecian hosts, up for their mánufactories. Juno, Far o'er th’Egean inail, to distant coasts:
Samia the Sibyl, Pythagoras, and Unhappy prince, wlio, on a bostile shore, Toil, peril, anguish, teu long wiaters bore;
Polycrates, were natives of this And when to native realms restored at last,
island. Here are yet to be seen To reap the harvest of thy labours past, abundance of magnificent ruins, A perjur'd friend, alas! and faitbless wife,
and among them, part of the temple Tliere sacriticed to impious lust thy life! Fast by Arcadia stretch these desert plains,
of Juno, the protectress of Samos. And o'er the land a gloomy tyrant reigns.
Miss Eve. How would you des
scribe Juno? Next the fair isle of Heleúa is seen,
Miss K. Juno was called the Where adverse wiuds detaiu'd the Spartan
goddess of kingdoms and riches, queen ; For whom in arms combin’d the Grecian host, and said to be tlie daughter of SaWith vengeance fired, invaded Phrygia's coast; turn and Rhea (otherwise named For whom so long they luboared to destroy
Cybele and Ops), the wife of Ju. The sacred turrets of imperial Troy. Here, driven by Juno's rage, the hapless dame, piter, and the queen of the gods. Forloru of heart, from ruin'd lliou came. She goes by abundance of names,
and is reported to have bathed Due east from this, appears th' immortal shore That sacred Phæbus and Diana tore;
every year in a particular fountain, Delos, through all th’Egean seas renown'd,
by which she recovered her youth, Whose coast the rocky Cyclades surround: virginity, and vigour. By Phæbus honour'd, and by Greece rever'd, Junonia were certain feasts cele. Her hallow'd groves even distant Persia fear'd; | brated in honour of Juno, when the But now a silent, unfrequented land, No human footsteps mark the track less straud.
inaids of all ages ran races and
petitioned that goddess to give them Then to the north, by Asia's western bound, husbands. At Rome an altar was Fair Lemuos stands, with rising marble erected to her, as the goddess of
crown'd; Where, in her rage, avenging Juno hurl'd
marriage, where the new-married lil-fated Vulcan from th' ætherial world. couple offered either a white cow, There his eternal anvils first lie rear'd;
geese, or ravens, from which they Theo, forg'd by Cyclopean art, appear'd
took the gall before they sacrificed, Thouders that shook the skies with dire alarms,
and threw it behind the altar, to And, form'd by skill divine, Vulcanian arms. l, intimate, that, in this state of life, There, with this crippled wretch, the foul
no bitterness of spirit should remain. disgrace And living scandal of th' empyreal race,
Virgil represents Romulus upThe beauteous Queen of love in wedlock braiding the Trojans with their dwell
softness and effeminacy, and, among la fires profane can lieav'nly bosoms melt?
other things, reproaching them for Samos is an island in the Archi- the make of their tunics, which bad pelago, thirty miles south of Smyr- sleeves, and did not leave the arms na, in Asia Minor, subject to the naked and exposed to the weather, Turks, but inhabited by Greek like the garment worn by the RoChristians, of whom it contains mans. The poet observes, that the about 12,000. It produces corn, Italians preserved their old lanwine, olives, and other fruits suit-guage and habits, although the able to warm climates, besides very Trojans became their masters; and fine silk. The wool raised here is that the Trojans themselves relin$0 good, that the French buy it " quished the dress of their 0:10
country for that of Italy. This, he || that the main objection to this story tells us, was the effect of a prayer was the great difference between which Juno preferred to Jupiter : the customs, language, and babits This let me beg (and this no Fates withstand), of the Romans and Trojans. To Both for myself and for your father's laud, obviate, therefore, so strong an That when the nuptial bed shall bind the peace, objection, he makes this difference Which I, since you ordain, consent to bless, | arise from the forecast and preThe laws of either nation be the same: But let the Latins still retain their name,
determination of the gods themSpeak the same language which they spoke | selves. before,
On this medal, Nero and Octavia Wear the same habits which their grandsires
are compared to Jupiter and Juno, Call them not Trojans—perish the renown who were said to be brother and And name of Troy with that detested towo; sister : Latium be Latium still; let Alba reign, And Rome's immortal majesty remain !
Thy sister, bright with every blooming grace,
Will mount thy hed, to enlarge the Claudian It is curious that Virgil should race ; have represented Juno indulging And proudly teeming with fraternal love, such an impotent kind of revenge
Shall reigo a Juno with the Roman Jove. as is evinced in this speech. The They are, therefore, represented poet knew, that this was a trifling by the sun and moon, which are request for the queen of the gods the most glorious parts of the unito make, as we may find by the verse, and are, in poetical genemanner in which Jupiter signifies alogy, brother and sister:: his compliance:
Miss Eve. Suppose you describe Tben thus the founder of mankind replies
some of the emblems, such as ChasUnruftled was his front, serene his eyes:
tity, Hope, Fear, Security, Equity, Can Saturu's issue and Heaven's other heir, Eternity, Victory, Liberty, EjdeSuch endless anger in her bosom bear?
lity, Abundance, Peace, Virtue, Be mistress, and your full desires obtain,
Honour, Fame, &c.
Miss K. Chastity was worshipsprung,
ped as a goddess, and had her Shall keep their name, their habit, and their
temple: tongue; The Trojans to their customs shall be tied, She sits, her visage veil'd, her eyes concealed; 1 will myself their common rites provide, By marks like these was Chastity revealed. The natives shall command, the foreigners subside;
She is represented in the habit And shall be Latium, Troy without a name,
of a Roman matron, in whom that And her lost sons forget from whence they virtue was supposed to reign in its
perfection. So Piety wears the It may be supposed, that, in this dress of the vestal virgins," who request to Juno, Virgil had a far- were the greatest and most shining ther view than his commentators examples of it. have discovered in it. He well In the gallery lately belonging knew, that his Æneid was founded to the Grand Duke of Florence, on a very doubtful story, and that there was a beautiful antique figure, the coming of Æneas to Italy was which some antiquaries call a Piety, not universally received among the and others a vestal virgin. The Romans themselves. He knew also, '|| woman, altar, and fire burning on