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less serious affairs with the French in conjunction with tlie new levies advance, which we omit for the sake in the Margravate of Brandenburg, of brevity. As soon as Bonaparte against Victor's approach. had aseertained that the allied army The march of Ney and his threatlad entered its strongly fortified po-ening object were fully understood sition between Bautzen and Hoch- | by the commander in chief, Count kirch, with the evident determina-Wittgenstein: to counteract it, tion to oppose his further progress, Barclay de Tolly and General Von he directed the bulk of bis army York were detached from the right to that point: Ney, with Lauriston towards Hoyerswerda. On the 19thi, and the several divisions under him, Barclay de Tolly met the head of instead of pursuing the original one of Ney's columns at Konigsplan of relieving Wittenberg, was wartha, under General Perin, whom ordered to march eastward to Hoy he completely defeated, with the erswerda, on the right flank of the loss of 1500 prisoners and 11 canallies, with a view to come into the non. Nearly at the same time, rear of their entrenched camp; and | Von York came into contact with Victor, with his own corps, the the rest of Ney's corps at Weissig. Saxons, and the division which, | Here the action was severe, and the under Sebastiani, had arrived from German accounts maintain, that the Lower Elbe, marched against Von York kept his ground at night; Berlin. These dispositions com- but as both himself and Barclay pleted, Bonaparte left Dresden on de Tolly turned about, and re-enthe 18th, and joined his army before tered the position of Bautzen the Bautzen the next day.
next day, with Ney and Lauriston In the mean time, the allies had | at their heels, we are inclined to not been remiss in availing them- think, that the important object selves of every resource in their Count Wittgenstein had in view immediate reach, to augment their by this operation, was not commeans of resistance. Besides some pletely attained. Ney, it is true, thousands of Russian convalescents was diverted from falling in the rear arrived from Poland, a numerous of the position, but he came into corps (stated at 30,000 men), un- its right flank; and his arrival led der the orders of General Barclay to unfortunate consequences. How de Tolly, approached by forced far comparative strength might have marches, and arrived about the rendered a different result practi17th ; several thousands of fresh cable, we are not sufficiently introops joined the Prussians; their formed to decide. kiny, to prepare for the worst, is- When Bonaparte arrived before suel an order for calling out the Bautzen, a day's reconnoissance “ Landsturm” (levy en masse) in enabled him to ascertain, that his the provinces nearest to the scene | enemy was formidably posted in a of action; and the divisions of Bor- | double position; that of Bautzen stel and Bulow, under the com- itself, which served merely as an enmand of the latter, which had hi-trenched advance to another range therto remained about Dessau, were of fortified eminences, about a mile recalled, in order to cover Berlin, in the rear, extending from the
mountains of Bohemia on the left, | the pivot of the position. Upors by Hochkirch to the hills of Kreck- this, the allies determined to diswitz on the right. He attacked the pute the field no longer against advance-position on the following such fearful odds pressing upon day (20th), with determined impe-them from every quarter : the troops tuosity. It was bravely defended and every cannon were withdrawn by the corps of Miloradovitch and from the position in the evening,
Kleist; the former of whom re- with such order and regularity, that pulsed every effort of the enemy; the march of the army, according till, finding that Kleist had been to the official account of General obliged to retire into the position Sir Charles Stewart (then on the in the rear, he himself withdrew spot), resembled a movement on a thither in the evening. This com- field-day. Unmolested in their rebat, althougha sanguinary, was but treat, they took at night a position the prelude to the murderous con- at Weissenberg. flict of the day following. On the Bonaparte states bis loss on the 21st, the general attack on the al- | 20th and 21st at 11 or 12,000 men, lied position of Würtscben, com- that of the allies at 28,000 and 19 menced at three o'clock in the pieces of cannon () The allied acmorning. To give a military de- counts quote no numbers, but it is scription of this obstinate battle, | reasonable to believe, that, in forcwould lead to great detail, and in- ing the strong lines of their oppoterest few of our readers. Suflice nents, in a contest of sixteen or it, therefore, to say, that, in spite eighteen hours with Auctuating of the most artful manæuvres, of success, the French can at least false attacks, and of the most lavish have lost no less than the Russians sacrifice of lives, Bonaparte was and Prussians, particularly when unable to make any serious im- | we revert to the animated testimony pression on any part of the lines which Sir C. Stewart paysto their vaof his antagonists, till about noon, llour. The skill displayed by Count when Ney and Lauriston, by great! Wittgenstein in the command on superiority of numbers, succeeded "those days, likewise claims our adin outflanking Barclay de Tolly, miration, and causes the greater on the extreme right, and thereby 'regret at finding him superseded compelling him to fall back upon in that command by Barclay de Würtschen. The danger being | Tolly, although an able general imminent on that side, Blucher's, likewise. Nothing but a numerical . and afterwards Von York's and superiority of two to one led to NaKleist's corps, were sent from the poleon's success. Sir Charles Stewcenter to oppose the successful ef- art states, that the force of the al. forts of the French. They arrested lies did not exceed sixTY - FIVE his progress; but the center being THOUSAND MEN, while he estimates thus weakened, Bonaparte availed that of the French at 120,000 at least. himself of the opportunity, and, This unexpected intelligence, from by unceasing and furious attacks, a military man on the spot, we own, gained the entrenchments on the affected us more than the loss of heights of Kreckwitz, and thereby the battle; even now it staggers our belief.-What! such a handful rissow, who had been dispatched of men was deemed sufficient to by Count Woronzow from before oppose the great talents of Bona- Magdeburg with 500 cavalry to parte, at the head of double the scour the country, fell in with a number of soldiers ! No wonder, French regiment of cavalry, led that, with such odds, his newly raised by General Poinsat towards the army has been successful. The grand army. A short attack was whole disposable force of the Rus- sufficient to capture the general, sian empire dwindled into some 1 colonel, 25 officers, and 300 thirty thousand men !!! What are men; and to kill and disperse the we to hope, after such an incredible remainder. Besides this brilliant tale? But to the thread of our nar- affair, an angry bulletin informs rative.
us, that a French convoy, on its · To supply his losses, Bonaparte way from Bayreuth to Dresden, recalled Victor and Sebastiani from was fallen upon (by what party of their progress against Berlin ; and, the allies we are at a loss to guess) with his usual energy, he followed between Chemnitz and Zwickau; the retreat of the allies into Silesia, that this surprise caused a loss of by the road to Breslaw. Excepting | 200 men, of 360 horses taken, and
, some rear-guard encounters, espe- of 7 or 8 pieces of cannon, as well cially at Reichenbach on the 230 as some carriages either captured May, where Miloradovitch's corps or destroyed. And the last arrivals greatly distinguished itself, no ac- from the Continent bring intellition of moment occurred in the gence of an action near Halberstadt track of the main armies. But no (Lower Saxony), in which the sooner was Victor withdrawn from French were completely defeated, his march on Berlin, than the in- with the loss of 14 cannon, and stant advance of the corps of Ge- after which the allies penetrated as nerals Bulow and Borstel into the far as Brunswick, which city they heart of Lusatia, threatened Bo- actually entered. naparte's communications, and o- However anuoying these insults bliged him to detach again a corps on his rear and flauk must have under Oudinot, who proceeded as proved to Bonaparte, he boldly far as Hoyerswerda before he fell in continued his route in pursuit of with the Prussians. There he was the allies; who, on entering Sileattacked by Bulow on the 25th with sia, instead of directing their regreat energy and skill, and altho' treat on Breslaw and the Oder dithe French official accounts (the rect, dropped to the right, in the only ones we yet possess of this direction of Jauer and Schweidbattle) claim the victory, the as- nitz; a dangerous movement, insertion is rendered questionable by, asmuch as Bonaparte, by marching that account itself.
direct upon Breslaw (which he did), Still further in his rear, and even might succeed in cutting off their on the left bank of the Elbe, Bona- communication, not only with all parte's communications were bro- the Prussian states, but cren with ken in upon by detached corps of Poland and Russia; and, in a dianthe allies. Near Halle, Colonel Bo- ner, coop up the allies between
bis own army and the Austrian frontiers of Bohemia, In this şi- Here, too, it is our painful task tuation of things, proposals for an to record the progress of the enearmistice were made on the 29th my, effected in a manner as sudden May, as Bonaparte states, by the as it was singular and unexpected. allies: negociations were imme- - In the night of 8-9th May, the diately set on foot at the village of corps of Vandamme surprised the Pleiwitz, near Striegau; during Hanseatic detachment in the Elbe which, the corps of Lauriston en Islands of Wilhelmsburg and Ochteșed Breslaw (1st June), and that sen werder, situated close to Hamof Victor relieved Glogau. The burg; and, in fact, forming the conferences terminated on the 4th stepping-stones to that city. Reinof June, with the signature of a forced, however, by a battalion of regular armistice for all (?) the bel- Mecklenburgers and some Hanoligerent powers, to last till the 20th | verians from England, the HanseaJuly, with six days notice for the tics succeeded in recovering the resumption of hostilities. The line islands, and driving the French to of demarcation for the allies, ex- their boats, although with a loss of
a tends from the Bohemian frontier 13 officers and 150 men. On the to the Oder, near Althoff; for the day following a division of DaFrench, from the same frontier to nish troops, with artillery, marched the confluence of the Katzbach from Altona into Hamburg, prowith the Oder: the ground between claiming their intention to assist these two parallel lines, including in its defence; and the fears of Breslaw, is to remain neutral. The those who doubted the sincerity of whole of Prussia, excepting that the Danes, were completely dispart of Silesia within the French pelled three days afterwards (12th), line of demarcation, remains to when the French commenced the allies; and the whole of Sax- more serious attack than the former ony, together with all the countries on Wilhelmsburg. The Danes, ou on the left bank of the Elbe, where this occasion, fought bravely in dethat river leaves, Saxony, to its fence of their Hanseatic neighmouth, is left to the French army; bours, and lost from 40 to 50 in with that addition, that, in regard killed and wounded. But, in spite to Hamburg and the Hanseatic de- of the most determined resistance, partments (the fate of which was the French finally retained pos
( not, known then), the line of de- session of Wilhelmsburg.-During inarcation should be decided by the the fortnight succeeding, exceptline of the advanced posts of the ing occasional harmless bombardtwo bostile armies on the lowerments from the islands, no Elbe, on June the 8th at midnight; attempt was made on Hamburg; and the French garrisous in the the city was considered free from fortresses of Dantzig, Zamosc, immediate danger; the more so, Modlin, Stettin, and Custrin, are as the Swedish troops continued to to be victualled every five days by | arrive numerously in the German the allies, against payment to be ports in the Baltic, and as the enmade every month.
try into Hamburg of two Swedish
hattalions (at whose approach the || the French, in execution of NapoDanes returned to Altona), was leon's threats against the city; but deemed an earnest of the Crown we do not trust the relentless tyPrince's protection.
rant. By the artistice, he remains But, alas! all these hopes of the in full possession of Hamburg, brave, the patriotic, the noble Ham- and if he spare the lives of the ciburgers proved delusory. The re- tizens, their purses will hare to pay turn of Count' Bernstorff withı an dearly for the indulgence. An enorunsatisfactory answer from London, mous contribution of 81 millions at once determined the court of of livres has, it is said, already been Copenhagen to act in open hosti- imposed. Why this serious mislity to England, and to join the fortune, for Hamburg as well as the French cause. In a negociation allies, was not prevented by the with General Vandamme the fate Swedish troops, near and powerful of poor Hamburg was sealed. On enough to save the city, remains a the 29th May the French carried mystery. Had it been done, Hamthe Island of Ochsenwerder by burg would now be within the almain force, against a strong resist- || lied line of the armistice. ance from the Hanseatics, some What we mentioned in our last; Prussians, and English riflemen. respecting the cession of Norway The Swedish troops in Hamburg to Sweden, has been recently con were, it is stated, spectators of this firmed by official papers laid beaction. On the 30th, at noon, 5000 fore parliament. Russia, to purDanes, accompanied by a French chase the alliance and co-operation general, entered the city, and in of Sweden, instead of restoring to the evening 1500 French arrived her Finland (which would have from Ochsenwerder. The Russian | been as just as politic), a province commander, Von Tettenborn, had Alexander despoiled her of at the previously evacuated the town with || instigation of Bonaparte, and solely the allied troops, and taken with because Gustavus would not, like him the Hanseatic legion; the Alexander at that time, bend to Swedes too had retired before the the arbitrary dictates of Bonaparte; Danes arrived.
Russia, we say, by a treaty dated Thus, by the assistance of the 21th March, 1812, made over to Danes, and not by the French arms, Sweden the kingdom of Norway, has the unfortunate city of Ham- an integral part of the dominions burg again fallen under Bona- of the King of Denmark, who, as parte's iron yoke. At first rashly an indemnity for the loss of tliis compromised by a handful of Cos- province, was to have received
| sacks, she generously raised the some territory near his German dostandard of German liberty, armed minions. This compact was ac!
| and fought bravely; but was left ceded to on the part of Great unprotected, nay, deserted, by all Britain, by a treaty dated 3d Mar. the belligerents. It is probably last; and, as a further boon to insure owing to the interposition of the co-operation of Sweden, be
Denmark, that we have hitherto sides a subsidy of one million for heard of no outrages committed by this campaign, the French island