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it, are seen in marble exactly as on as when the wearer is in the atti. this coin. The little trunk which tude of tripping forward. she holds in her hand, is the acerra Miss K. The figure of Equity so frequently mentioned by the differs but little froin what painters poets, in which was preserved the make her at present. The scales frankincense that Piety is here sup- which she carries in her hand, are posed to strew upon the fire. so natural an emblem of Justice,

Hope has a flower or blossom in that Persius has turned them into her right hand, as these, in poeti- an allegory, to express the decical language, are the hopes of the sions of right and wrong. year. Ovid says,

Romans, know, The green stem grows in stature and in size,

Gainst right and reason all your counsels go; But only feeds with hope the farmer's eyes :

Tbis is not fair, nor profitable that, Then laughs the childislı year with flow'rets

Nor t'other question proper for debase: crown'd,

But thou, no doubt, canst set the business right, And lavishly perfumes the fields arround.

And give each argument its proper weight, She holds up her train in her Knowist with an even hand to hold the scales. left hand, and draws back her garment, that it may not encumber

Eternity holds a globe, with a

it. her; for she is always drawn in the attitude of walking, it being as na- This form's eternal, and may justly clain tural for Hope to press forward to A godlike nature, all its parts the same, her proper objects, as for Fear to Alike and equal to itself 'tis found,

No end and no beginning in a round; Ay from them.

Nought can molest its being, nought controul, Security is not engaged in any And this ennobles and confines i he whole. pursuit. She is represented leaning carelessly against a pillar. She

A circle, or a serpent with its tail rests herself on a pillar, for the in its mouth, also represents Etersame reason as poets often com- nity, where is neither beginning pare obstinate resolution and great

nor end; and sometimes a wheel firmness of mind to a rock, which

or hoop of marble. On this medal is not to be moved by all the as

is a representation of Eternity, with saults of the winds and waves.

the sun in one band and the moon Peace and Felicity have also their in the other, which, in the language pillars on several medals, as well of sacred poetry, signifies, as Security.

long as the sun and moon shall enMiss Eve. I have often observed dure.” The ancients made choice the lower plaits of the drapery in of these lights as apt symbols of antique females that seem to have Eternity; because, unlike all subgathered the wind into them:

lunary beings, though they seem

to perish every day, they are every as she fed, the wind Increasing spread her Aowing hair behind,

day renewed. Horace observesAnd left her legs and thighs exposed to view.

Each loss the hastening moon repairs again; I have seen abundance of anci- But we, when once our race is rụn, ent figures, both in sculpture and With Tullus and Anchises' son,

Tho' rich like one, like t'other goodpainting, with just the same turns To dust and shades, without a sun, in the lower foldings of the vest, Descend and sink in dark oblivion’s dood.


Here Eternity is represented sit- || tues in petticoats; though, perhaps, ting on a globe of the heavens this was because they chanced to adorned with stars, which, on ac- be of the feminine gender in the count of their duration, are em- learned languages. ployed by the poets to express Miss K. Here is something bold what is not likely to have an end. and masculine in the air and posEternity has a covering on her head, ture of this figure, which is that because we can never find out her of Virtue herself, and agrees with begioning; and her legs are bare, | the description given of her by because we see only those parts of Silius Italicus. her that are actually running on.

a different form did Virtue wear; She sits on a globe, and bears a

Rude from her forehead falls th' unplaited hair, sceptre in her hand, to shew that with dauntless mien aloft she reard her head, she is sovereign mistress of all And next to manly was the virgin's tread ; things.

Her height, her sprightly blush the goddess

shew, Victory has wings. The palm- And robes unsullied as the virgin snow. branch and laurel were both the rewards of conquerors, and there

Virtue and Honour had their fore no improper ornaments of temples contiguous to each other, Victory.

and sometimes appear together on Liberty in her left hand carries the same coin, as on this of Galba. the wand which the Latins called Silius Italicus makes them comparudis or vindicta, and in her right nions in the glorious equipage the cap of liberty. Persius ridi- which he gives to his Virtue, whom cules the ceremonies of making a

he represents as thus speaking: freeman, in the following lines; with me the foremost place let Honour gain, from which they appear to have Fame and the Praises mingling in their train; consisted in clapping a cap on his Gay Glory next, and Victory ou high,

Wbite like myself, ou saowy wings shall fly. head and giving him a turn on the heel :

The bead of Honour is crowned That false en franchisement with ease is found, with laurel. In the same manner Slaves are made citizens by tarning round. Martial has adorned his Glory, How, replies one, can any be more free? which indeed is but another name Here's Dama, once a groom of low degree,

for the same person. Not worth a farthing, and a sot beside, So true a rogue, for lying's sake be lied;

Miss Eve. It is evident that the But with a turn a freeman he became, Latins mean courage by the figure Now Marcus Damus is bis worship's name.

of Virtue, as well as by the word Good gods! who would refuse to lend a sum,

itself. Among them courage was If wealthy Marcus surety would become? Marcus is made a judge, and for a proof

esteemed the highest perfection, Of certain truth, he said it is enough ; and therefore went under the name A will is to be proved, put in your claim,

of Virtue in general, just as the 'Tis clear, if Marcus has subscribed bis name. This is true liberty, as I believe,

modern Italians give the same What further can we from our caps receive, name, for the same reason, to the Thau as we please without controul to live?

knowledge of curiosities. Were

a Miss Eve. The ancients, I think, || Roman painter of the present day passed a great compliment on the l' to draw the picture of Virtue, infemale sex, by exhibiting the Vir- stead of the

stead of the spear and the parato

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nium which she bears on old coins, the same manner as that of Horace he would give her a bust in one to Augustus: hand and a fiddle in the other.

Golden Plenty, with a bounteons band, Miss K, Concord had her tem- Rich harvests freely scatters o'er the land. ple at Rome. She is often placed

Fidelity was worshipped as on the reverse of an imperial coin, goddess among the Romans. From to shew the good understanding the following verses of Virgil and between the emperor and empress. Silius Italicus, it seems, that she She has always a cornucopia in her hand, to denote that plenty is the of an old woman :

was represented under the figure fruit of concord. Peace differs as little in her dress Then banishd Faith shall once again return,

And vestal fires in hallow'd temples burn, as in her character from Concord.

And Remus with Quirinus shall sustain It may be observed, that, in both the righteous laws, and fraud and force rethese figures, the vest is gathered

strain. - up before like an apron,


may be supposed to be filled with fruits She, pleased with secrets rolling in her breast, as well as the cornucopia. It is to Far from the world remote, revoly'd ou high this part of the dress that Tibullus The cares of gods and counsels of the sky. alludes in these lines:

Ere Jove was born she graced the bright

abodes, kind Peace, appear,

Consort of Justice, boast of men and gods; And in thy right hand hold the wheaten ear;

Without whose heavenly aid, po peace below From thy wbite lapth' o'erflowing fruits shall | The steadfast earth and rolling ocean know. fall.

Hope and Friendship are deHow appropriate the emblems scribed by Horace as clothed in of Plenty are to Peace, may be white. seen in the same poet:

On this medal is an emblem of She first, white Peace, the earth with plough Fruitfulness, designed as a comsharės broke,

pliment to Julia, wife of SeptiAnd beut the oxen to the crooked yoke;

mius Severus, who had the same First rear'd the vine, and hoarded first with

number of children as are upon The fatber's vintage for bis drunken heir. this coin. Her head is crowued The olive-branch in her hand is the mother of the gods; to whom,

with towers in allusion to Cybele, frequently mentioned by the old

for the same reason, the city of poets as a token of peace; as Ovid

Rome is compared : observes

High as the mother of the gods in place, In her right hand an olive-branch she holds.

And proud like her of an immortal race;

Then when in pomp she makes a Phrygian Abundance or Plenty is also re- round, presented on médals in the same With golden turrets on her temples crown'd. manner, as in Horace:

The vine issuing from the urn Here to thee shall plenty flow,

has the same signification as the And all ber riches show,

words of the psalınist: “ Thy wife To raise the honour of thy quiet reign.

shall be as the fruitful vine." The compliment on the reverse The four stars overhead, and the to Gordianus Pius, is expressed in same number on the globe, repre


sent the four children of the em

Stay, great Cæsar, and vouchsafe to

reigu press. There is a medal of Romulus Resign to Jove his empire of the skies,

O'er the wide earth, and o'er the wat'ry main! and Remus sucking the wolf, with And people heaven with Roman deities. a star over each of their heads. We find the Latin poets speaking

Homer compares Astyanax to

the morning star ; and so does of the children of princes under the same metaphor :

Virgil, in invitation of him, in his

description of Ascanius.
Thou too, dear youth, to ashes turn'd,
Britannicus, for ever mourn'd!
Thou star, that wont this orb to grace!

JUNINUS. Thou pillar of the Julian race !

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MISCELLANEOUS FRAGMENTS AND ANECDOTES. THE BRIDGE OF DRESDEN. parent, airy appearance. With Among all the bridges of Ger- the rich prospect on either side of many, that of Dresden was hitherto the enchanting vale watered by justly placed in the first rank, for the Elbe, the charming vineyards, lightness and elegance combined which amphitheatrically encircle with solidity; but to form a just Dresden on the right bank, and of conception of its beauty, it was the churches, palaces, and terraces necessary to see it at night, when on both shores, which have reinind: the illumined arch, thrown acrossed many travellers returning from the spacious stream, and uniting Italy of the environs of the bridge two cities almost obscured by va- over the Arno at Florence, the pours, realized a scene such as bridge of Dresden could scarcely elsewhere exists only in the regions fail, in all seasons and at all hours, of imagination. Seventeen piers, to be the rendezvous both of na of Pirna freestone, formed 16 arch- tives and foreigners; so that not es. Iron cramps, secured with lead, only the inhabitants of Dresden, gave the foundation almost impe- but the natives of Saxony in generishable solidity; and prodigious ral, considered it as an ornament blocks of ice were annually shi- of their country, and were pleased vered against them like glass. The sometimes to hear strangers relate, recesses afforded the most conveni- that they prolonged their stay for ent seats for the weary passenger, some days at Dresden merely to and were capable of accommodat- enjoy the cool refreshing walk on ing 1000 persons. On each side, a this bridge in an evening; and were pavement, 24 ells in breadth, form- fond of repeating, that, in the Seed an agreeable promenade for pe- ven Years' war, Frederic the Great destrians; while the high paved expressly commanded that it should carriage-way in the middle, 13% ells

in the middle, 13{ ells not be injured. broad, allowed room for three wág- The history of this structure gons to go abreast. The elegant may be divided into three principal lightness of the iron balustrade on periods. The first commences with each side, gave to the whole a trans- its foundation, in 1341, under the Margrave Frederic the Grave, who , up on the 19th March, together built a bridge with 21 piers of Pir- with the contiguous arch towards na stone. The Pope, as tradition the Old Town. reports, granted towards its erec- It is only by means of countertion the produce of the dispensa-arches underthe water, that a structions to eat butter, cheese, milk, ture of this kind can be executed. and eggs on fast-days, to which, in When Augustus I. gave the bridge the middle ages, many a great ar- its present solidity, it was found chitectural work owed its origin, necessary to divert the whole curWhen the Elector Maurice sur. | rent of the Elbe. It may easily be rounded Dresden with fortifications conceived how difficult and expenand bastions, the four piers next to sive must be the repair of this an-. the palace were demolished, and the cient master-piece of art, which materials employed for the purpose. the Vandal wantonness of a merThis may be termed the second cenary butcher destroyed in a mioepoch.

ment, without reason and without The most brilliant period begins object. ' Under the present ciré with the year 1723-1731, when un- cumstances of the country, its reder the first Saxon King of Poland, storation is out of question. his architect, Pöpelmann, gave it

TONTINES the present form, by means of About the year 1790, a 'society balustrades, footways, and a raised was formed under the title of the carriage-road. Under the present | Bristol and Unitersal Toitine Socie! sovereign of Saxony, the center ty, the subscribers to which weré and highest pier received the addi- to pay quarterly 78. 14.. oh eacli tion of a well adapted standard for share; the money to be prit out at measuring the height of the river, interest immediately; and at the which might be observed by the expiration of six years, the aecuking from the apartments of liis mulated fund was to be divided palace; so that regular tables of among the surviving subscribers. the state of the current might be By making the subscribers pay á kept and made public through the quarterly payment at the compress.

mencement of the term, and another On the top of the same pier at at the conclusion,

at the conclusion, the manager's whose base was fixed this standard, contrived to receive 25 quarters in was placed the splendid massive six years; and as the treasurer, it crucitis of gilt bronze, weighing was said, thought proper to de 30 cwt. cast by Herold, at the ex- camp with the last quarter's paypeuce of the Elector John George ment in his pocket, this quarter, II. after the same model as that on instead of being paid by the treathe bridge at Prague. Doubly gild- surer's sureties, was demanded from ed by the rays of the evening sun, it the subscribers, who in consen was for ages, to - inany pious per- quence paid, with the sixpenec fór sons, a symbol that pointed to a the articles, 19. 58. 9d. ;' aħd the better world: . It was the very next survivors shared no more than arch to the principal pier on which £6. 16. 6d. a share, so that they stood the crucifix, that was blown" were £2. Qx. 38. or rather more Vo. LV. Tol. f.



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