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HEARINGS

BEFORE THE

* - COMMITTEE ON . . .

INTERSTATE AND FOREIGN COMMERCE
HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES

EIGHTIETH CONGRESS
SECOND SESSION
O

N -
H. R. 5159 ...ano
A BILL TO PROVIDE FOR RESEARCH RELA TO DISEASES
OF THE HEART AND CIRCULATION, INCLUDING HIGH BLOOD
PRESSURE, IN A SUPREME ENDEAVOR TO DEVELOP SPEEDILY
MORE EFFECTIVE METHODS OF PREVENTION, DIAGNOSIS, AND
TREATMENT OF SUCH DISEASES, AND FOR OTHER PURPOSES

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A BILL TO AUTHORIZE AND REQUEST THE PRESIDENT TO UN-
DERTAKE TO MOBILIZE AT SOME CONVENIENT PLACE OR
PLACES IN THE UNITED STATES AN ADEQUATE NUMBER OF
THE WORLD'S OUTSTANDING EXPERTS AND COORDINATE AND
UTILIZE THEIR SERVICES IN A SUPREME ENDEAVOR TO DIS-
COVER NEW MEANS OF TREATING, CURING, AND PREVENTING
DISEASES OF THE HEART AND ARTERIES

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A BILL TO PROVIDE FOR THE MOBILIZATION OF THE SCIEN-
TIFIC RESOURCES AND KNOWLEDGE OF THE UNITED STATES
FOR THE PURPOSE OF SEEKING THE CAUSES AND CURE OF
CANCER, HEART DISEASE, INFANTILE PARALYSIS, AND OTHER
"YISEASES OF MANKIND

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A BILL TO PROVIDE FOR RESEARCH RELATING TO DISEASES

OF THE HEART AND CIRCULATION AND TO AID IN THE DE

VELOPMENT OF MORE EFFECTIVE METHODS OF PREVENTION,

DIAGNOSIS, AND THEATMENT OF SUCH DISEASES, AND FOR
OTHER PURPOSES

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A BILL TO PROVIDE FOR RESEARCH AND CONTROL HELATING
TO DISE.ASES OF THE HEART AND CIRCULATION

MAY 5 AND 6, 1948
Printed for the use of the Committee on Interstate and Foreign Commerce

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2 CONTENTS

tion ---- - ---------------------------------- 83

Ewing, Oscar R., administrator, Federal Security Agency------------- 53

Harrison, Dr. Tinsley, representing American Heart Association_____ 79

Javits, Hon. Jacob K., a Representative in Congress from the State of

New York - 37

Jones, Dr. T. Duckett, representing American Heart Association______ 89

Keefe, Hon. Frank B., a Representative in Congress from the State of

Wisconsin– - 27

Lasker, Mrs. Albert D., vice president and secretary, Albert and Mary

Lasker Foundation, New York, N. Y---------------------------- 98

Levy, Dr. Itobert, member, National Research Council______________ 107

McGuire, Dr. Johnson, Cincinnati General Hospital________________ 116

Rappleye, Dr. Willard C., dean, faculty of medicine, Columbia Univer- 1

sity------------------------------------------------------------ 41

Rusk, Dr. Howard A., assistant editor, New York Times____________ 120

Rutstein, Dr. David D., representing American Heart Association___ 85

Scheele, Dr. Leonard, Surgeon General of the United States_________ 63

Smathers, George A., a Representative in Congress from State of

Florida_ -------------------------------- 126, 131

Willkie, Mrs. Wendell, New York, N. Y_____________________________ 96

Briefs, reports, statements, etc., submitted for the record by—

American Heart Association :

Communication from, to Senator Smith________________________ 92

Requirements for a National Heart Institute, tabulation________ 92

American Medical Association, statement submitted on behalf of, by

Dr. Edward L. Bortz -- -- 102

American Osteopathic Association, statement submitted by Dr. Ches-

ter D. Swope 103

Bureau of the Budget, reports____ - 18, 24, 25

Civil Service Commission, reports–––––––––––––––––––––––––– 22, 23, 24, 26

Columbia University, statement of Dr. Henry S. Simms, College of

Physicians and Surgeons__________ ---- 148

Comptroller General of the United States, reports––––––––––––––––––– 12, 13

Federal Security Agency, reports------------- 14, 15, 16, 19

Federal Works Agency, report____ 14

Goldblatt, Maurice, telegram from 105

Hand, Hon. T. Millet, a Representative in Congress from the State
of New Jersey, communication from
Hellinger, Mrs. Mark, statement of ------------------------------ 101
Klein, Hon. Arthur G., a Representative in Congress from the state
of New York, Statement------------------------- 147

National Heart Committee:

Executive committee, members of ----------------------------- 135

Sponsors, list of 133

Statistics regarding heart diseases–––––––––––––––––––––––––– 136–140

National Research Council :

Approved medical Schools in the United States, table____________ 111

Beginning dates for additional classes------------------------ 116

Navy Department, report --- 20

Secretary of Defense, report - 152

Treasury Department, report------------------------------------- 20

Veterans' Administration, report----------------------------------- 21

War Department, report ---- ------------------------ 22

HEART DISEASES

WEDNESDAY, MAY 5, 1948

House of REPRESENTATIVES, CoMMITTEE ON INTERSTATE AND FOREIGN COMMERCE, Washington, D. C.

The committee met at 10 a. m., in room 1334, New House Office Building, pursuant to call, Hon. Charles A. Wolverton (chairman) presiding.

The CHAIRMAN. The committee will come to order.

The committee has under consideration today several bills relating to the establishment of research for the study of diseases of the heart: H. R. 3059 is introduced by Arthur G. Klein, a Member of Congress; H. R. 3464 was introduced by T. Millet Hand; H. R. 3762 was introduced by Jacob K. Javits; H. R. 5087 was introduced by Frank B. Keefe; and H. R. 5159 was introduced by George A. Smathers.

(The bills are as follows:)

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A BILL To authorize and request the President to undertake to mobilize at some convenient place or places in the United States an adequate number of the world's outstanding experts and coordinate and utilize their services in a supreme endeavor to discover new means of treating, curing, and preventing diseases of the heart and arteries.

Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That the President is hereby authorized and requested to undertake, in whatever manner he may deem most appropriate, to mobilize at some convenient place or places in the United States an adequate number of the world's outstanding experts, and coordinate and utilize their services through the Surgeon General of the United States or through an independent group appointed by him, and build needed clinical and laboratory research facilities, in a supreme endeavor to discover means of preventing, treating, and curing diseases of the heart and arteries, which now kill five hundred and eight-seven thousand three hundred and fourteen people a year in the United States and cause disability to seven million eight hundred and forty thousand more; and to take any additional action that he may consider necessary or proper to achieve the desire result.

The sum of $100,000,000 is hereby authorized to be appropriated, to remain available until spent, to enable the President to carry out the provisions of this Act.

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A BILL To provide for the mobilization of the scientific resources and knowledge of the United States for the purpose of seeking the causes and cure of cancer, heart disease, infantile paralysis, and other diseases of mankind

Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That to secure the full development and use of the Nation's resources for the national health and welfare, there is hereby established and independent agency to be known as the Medical Research Agency. SEC. 2. The Agency is authorized and directed to initiate, conduct, and support

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