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and the number of shares of which it shall consist; the number of directors not less than seven, and the names and places of residence of the directors for the first year, and the place of residence of each subscriber and the number of shares he agrees to take in such corporation, which must in the aggregate equal ten hundred and fifty dollars for every mile of pipe constructed or proposed to be constructed, and twenty-five per cent of which must be paid in cash. Such certificate shall have indorsed thereon or appended thereto and as a part thereof, an affidavit made by at least three of the directors named therein that at least ten hundred and fifty dollars of stock for every mile of line proposed to be constructed or maintained and operated has been in good faith subscribed, and twenty-five per cent paid in money thereon, and that it is intended in good faith to construct or to maintain and operate the line of pipe mentioned in such certificate, and that such corporation was not projected or formed with the intent or for the purpose of injuring any person or corporation, nor for the purpose of selling or conveying its franchise to any person or corporation, nor for any fraudulent purpose.

$ 41. Location of line.—Every such corporation shall before commencing the construction of its pipe line in any county, or any proceeding for the condemnation of real property, plainly and distinctly mark and designate the line adopted and located by them by a line of stakes consecutively numbered and equally distant, and not more than twenty rods from each other, so that each line can be definitely known and ascertained in all place:s. and make a map and survey of the route so located and staked out, and shall indicate thereon plainly the points where such route crosses each parcel of land to which they have not acquired title by agreement, and shall cause such map and survey to be certified by the president and engineer, and filed in the office of the clerk of the county into or through which the line so located and mapped passes, and shall give to the owner or occupant, if he is known or can be ascertained, of every parcel of land through which such route passes, the title to which has not been acquired by purchase, written notice of the filing of such map and survey, stating that such route passes over or across such owner's os occupant's lands, and that the route thereof is indicated thereon by such line of stakes. Any occupant or owner of such lands feeling aggrieved by the proposed location, may, within fifteer

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days after the service of such notice, give ten days written notice to the corporation, by service upon the president, engineer, or any director thereof, and to the owner or occupant of any lands to be affected by the alteration to be proposed by him, of the time and place of an application to be made by him to a special term of the supreme court in the judicial district in which the lands are situated for the appointment of commissioners to relocate such line. If upon the hearing the court shall consider that sufficient cause exists therefor, it shall appoint three disinterested persons commissioners to examine the route located and the proposed alteration thereof, and direct the mode of proceeding, who shall report to the court the facts relating thereto and their opinion as to the proposed alteration, and what, if any, alteration should be made in such line, and the court shall thereupon make such order as it shall deem proper in relation to such alteration, and determine the location of such line, and fix and adjust the costs, fees and charges of the commissioners, and the costs and charges of the proceedings, and direct by which party the same shall be paid, and may enforce payment thereof by proceedings as for a contempt of court, for refusal to pay costs directed to be paid by an order of the court, and such order shall be final as to the location of the line upon the lands embraced therein. Such corporation shall not commence the work of constructing or laying its line of pipe, or institute proceedings for the condemnation of real property, in any county, until after the expiration of fifteen days from the service by it of the notice herein required, nor until all applications for a relocation of its line in such county if any are made, have been finally determined.

$ 42. Condemnation of real property.-In case such corporation is unable to agree for the purchase of any real estate required for the purposes of its incorporation, and its line of pipe in the county in which such real estate is situated has been finally located, it shall have the right to acquire title thereto by condemnation, but such corporation shall not locate or construct any line of pipe through or under any building, dooryard, lawn garden or orchard, except by the consent of the owner thereof in writing duly acknowledged, nor through any cemetery or burial ground, nor within one hundred feet of any building, except where such line is authorized by public officers to be laid across or upon any public highway, or where the same is laid

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across or upon any turnpike or plank road. No pipes shall be laid for the purpose of carrying petroleum, gas or other products or property through or under any of the streets in the cities of this state, unless such corporation shall first obtain the consent of a majority of the property owners on the streets which may be selected for the laying of pipes, and such pipe-line shall be located with all reasonable care and prudence so as to avoid danger from the bursting of the pipes.

$ 43. Railroad, turnpike, plank-road and highway crossings. -Whenever any line of pipe of any such corporation shall necessarily cross any railroad, highways, turnpike or plank-road, such line of pipe shall be made to cross under such railroad, highway, turnpike or plank-road and with the least injury thereto practicable, and unless the right to cross the same shall be ac. quired by agreement, compensation shall be ascertained and made to the owners thereof, or to the public in case of highways, in the manner prescribed in the condemnation law, but no exclusive title or use shall be so acquired as against any railroad, turnpike or plank-road corporation, nor as against the rights of the people of this state in any public highway, but the rights acquired shall be a common use of the lands in such manner as to be of the least practical injury to such railroad, turnpike or plank-road, consistent with the use thereof by such pipe-line corporation, nor shall any such corporation take or use any lands, fixtures or erections of any railroad corporation, or have the right to acquire by condemnation the title or use, or right to run along or upon the lands of any such corporation, except for the purpose of directly crossing the same when necessary.

$ 44. Construction across and along canals, rivers and creeks. -No pipe line shall be constructed upon or across any of the canals of this state, except by the consent of and in the manner and upon the terms prescribed by the superintendent of public works, unless constructed upon a fixed bridge across such canal and with the consent of the person for whose benefit such bridge is constructed and maintained, or upon such a bridge over the canal, at the crossing of a public highway, or street with the consent of the public officers having the supervision thereof, or of the municipal authorities of any village or city within whose limits such bridge may be, nor shall the pipes of any such corporation be laid through or along the banks of any of the canals of this state, nor through or under any of its rivers or crecks,

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unless such pipes shall be encased so as to prevent leakage, in such manner as shall be approved by the superintendent of public works.

$ 45. Consent of local authorities.—No pipe line shall be constructed across, along or upon any public highway without the consent of the commissioners of highways of the town in which such highway is located, upon such terms as may be agreed upon with such commissioners. If such consent or the consent of the commissioners or municipal authorities required by the preceding section can not be obtained, application may be made to the general term of the supreme court of the department in which such highway or bridge is situated for an order permitting the corporation to construct its line across, along or upon such highway, or across or upon such bridge. The application shall be by duly verified petition and notice which shall be served upon the commissioners of highways of the town in which the highway is situated, or the municipal authorities of the village or city where such bridge is located, according to the practice or order of the court, or an order to show cause, and the court upon the hearing of the application may grant an order permitting the line to be so constructed in such manner and upon such terms as it may direct.

$ 46. Construction through villages and cities.- No pipe line shall be constructed into or through any incorporated village or city in this state, unless authorized by a resolution prescribing the route, manner of construction and terms upon which granted, adopted at a regular meeting of the board of trustees of the village of the common council of the city by a two-thirds vote of such board or council, but such resolution shall not affect any private right. No pavement shall be removed in any city under the provisions of this article, unless done under the direction of the common council, nor until such corporation shall give a bond in such sum as the common council may require for the replacing of any pavements which shall have been removed. In case any pavement shall have been removed and not properly relaid, the common council may bring suit in any court of record, for the cost of relaying such pavement against any such corporation. No gas-houses shall be erected in any city under the provisions of this article, for supplying gas to the inhabitants, unless consent is first given by the corporate authorities of the city.

$ 47. Over Indian reservations.-Such corporation may con

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tract with the chiefs of any nation of Indians over whose lands it may be necessary to construct their pipe line for the right to construct such pipe line upon such lands, but no such contract shall vest in the corporation the fee of such lands, nor the right to occupy the same for any purpose other than for the construction, operation and maintenance of such pipe line, nor shall such contract be valid or effectual until the same has been ratified by the county court of the county in which the lands are situated.

§ 48. Over state lands.—The commissioners of the land office shall have power to grant to any pipe line corporation any lands belonging to the people of this state which may be required for the purposes of its incorporation on such terms as may be agreed on by them or such corporation may acquire title thereto by condemnation, and if any lands owned by any county, city or town as required by such corporation for such purposes, the county, city or town officers having charge of such lands may grant them to such corporation upon such terms and for such compensation as may be agreed upon.

$ 49. Additional powers.-Every corporation formed under this article shall in addition to the powers conferred by the general and stock corporation law have power:

1. To cause such examinations and surveys of its proposed line of pipe to be made as may be necessary to the selection of the most advantageous route, and for such purpose by its officers, agents or servants may enter upon the lands or waters of any person, upon, through or across which such corporation can construct its line of pipe, under the provisions of this article, subject however to liability for all actual damage which shall be done thereto.

2. To take and hold such voluntary grants of real estate and other property, as shall be made to it to aid in the construction, maintenance, operation and accommodation of its pipe line.

3. To lay out its pipe line route not exceeding twelve feet in width, but at the terminations of such line and at all receiving and discharging points and at all places where machinery may properly or must necessarily be set up for the operation of such pipe line it may take such additional width, and for such length as may be necessary.

4. To take and convey through pipes any property, substance or product capable of transportation therein by any force, power or mechanical agency, and to erect and maintain all necessary

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