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TITLE 50—WAR AND NATIONAL DEFENSE Chap. 1. Council of National Defense. 2. Board of Ordnance and Fortification (Re

pealed). 3. Alien Enemies. 4. Espionage (Repealed or Transferred). 4A. Photographing, Sketching, Mapping, etc.,

Defensive Installations (Repealed). 4B. Disclosure of Classified Information (Re

pealed). 4C. Atomic Weapons and Special Nuclear Ma

terials Information Rewards. 5. Arsenals, Armories, Arms, and War Mate

rial Generally. 6. Willful Destruction, etc., of War or Na

tional-Defense Material (Repealed). 7. Interference With Homing Pigeons

Owned by United States (Repealed). 8. Explosives; Manufacture, Distribution,

Storage, Use, and Possession Regulated

(Repealed). 9. Aircraft (Omitted, Repealed, or Trans

ferred). 10. Helium Gas. 11. Acquisition of and Expenditures on Land

for National Defense Purposes (Re

pealed, Omitted, or Transferred). 12. Vessels in Territorial Waters of United

States. 13. Insurrection. 14. Wartime Voting by Land and Naval

Forces (Repealed). 15. National Security. 16. Defense Industrial Reserves. 17. Arming American Vessels (Repealed). 18. Air-Warning Screen. 19. Guided Missiles. 20. Wind Tunnels. 21. Abaca Production (Omitted). 22. Uniform Code of Military Justice (Re

pealed or Omitted). 22A. Representation of Armed Forces Person

nel Before Foreign Judicial Tribunals

(Repealed). 23. Internal Security. 24. National Defense Facilities (Repealed). 25. Armed Forces Reserve (Repealed or Omit

ted). 26. Gifts for Defense Purposes (Repealed). 27. Reserve Officer Personnel Program (Re

pealed or Omitted). 28. Status of Armed Forces Personnel Ap

pointed to Service Academies (Re

pealed). 29. National Defense Contracts. 30. Federal Absentee Voting Assistance

[Transferred). 31. Advisory Commission on Intergovernmen

tal Relations (Transferred to Chapter

53 of Title 42). 32. Chemical and Biological Warfare Pro

gram.

Proclamations, Executive Orders, Joint Resolu

tions and Treaties Respecting War, Neutrali.

ty and Peace. Trading with the Enemy Act of 1917. Soldiers' and Sailors' Civil Relief Act of 1918

(Omitted). Selective Draft Act of 1917 (Omitted or Re

pealed). Selective Training and Service Act of 1940

(Omitted or Repealed). Office of Selective Service Records. Service Extension Act of 1941 (Repealed). Army Reserve and Retired Personnel Service

Law of 1940 (Omitted). Military Selective Service Act. Soldiers' and Sailors' Civil Relief Act of 1940. First War Powers Act, 1941 (Repealed, Omit

ted, or Transferred). Second War Powers Act, 1942 (Repealed or

Omitted). Exportation Restrictions on Certain Articles

(Repealed or Omitted). Requisition of Military Equipment, Materials

and Supplies (Omitted). Territorial Use of Army and Extension of Serv

ice Period (Omitted, Transferred, or Re

pealed). Civilian Protection From War Hazards (Omit

ted). Decorations, etc., for Merchant Marine (Re

pealed). Use of Public Lands for War Purposes (Re

pealed).

Miscellaneous Provisions Affecting Military Es

tablishment (Omitted, Repealed, or Trans

ferred). Photographing, Mapping or Other Representa

tion of Military or Defense Properties (Omitted).

TITLE 50, APPENDIX-WAR AND NATIONAL DEFENSE–Continued

General of Marine Corps (Omitted).
Admiral in Coast Guard (Repealed).
Exception of Navy or Coast Guard Vessels

From Certain Navigation Rules (Trans

ferred). Sale of Surplus War-Built Vessels. Rehabilitation of Philippines (Omitted). Return and Interment of Persons Buried Out

side United States (Repealed). Veterans' Emergency Housing Program (Re

pealed or Omitted). Naval Vessels as Atomic Targets (Omitted). Admission of Alien Fiancées Into United States

(Omitted). Military Assistance to Philippine Republic

(Omitted).

Naval Aid to China (Omitted).

Exemption of Certain Articles From Import

Duties and Taxes (Omitted or Repealed). Temporary Appointments, Promotions, etc., of

Navy, Marine Corps, and Coast Guard Offi

cers (Omitted or Repealed). Jurisdiction of Prizes and Prize. Proceedings

(Transferred). Certain Allowance Assistance for Civilian and

Military Personnel (Repealed or Omitted). Free Entry of Gifts From Members of Armed

Forces (Omitted). Free Postage for Armed Forces Personnel

(Omitted). Emergency Price Control Act of 1942 (Omit

ted). Stabilization Act of 1942 (Omitted). Extension of Sugar Controls (Omitted). Missing Persons Act (Repealed). Small Business Mobilization Act (Omitted,

Transferred, or Repealed). War and Defense Contract Acts (Omitted or

Repealed). National Emergency and War Shipping Acts. Farm Labor Supply Appropriation Act, 1944

(Omitted). War Overtime Pay Act of 1943 (Repealed). Training of Nurses Through Grants to Institu

tions (Omitted). Civilian Reemployment of Members of Mer

chant Marine (Repealed). War Labor Disputes Act (Omitted). Voluntary Enlistments in Regular Military Es

tablishment (Repealed). Women's Army Corps (Repealed). United Nations Relief and Rehabilitation Ad

ministration (Omitted). Temporary Appointments of Army Nurse Corps

Members, etc., as Officers of Army of United

States (Repealed). Disposal of Materials on Public Lands (Omit

ted). Surplus Property Act of 1944. War Mobilization and Reconversion Act of 1944

(Omitted). Fleet Admiral of Navy and General of Army

(Repealed). Disposal of Censored Mail (Omitted). Disbursing Officers' Additional Functions

(Transferred).

Naval Aid to Foreign Nations (Omitted).
Housing and Rent Acts.
Stabilization of Economy and Commodity

Prices.
Domestic Rubber-Producing Industry (Omit-

ted). Disposal of Government-Owned Rubber-Pro

ducing Facilities. Displaced Persons, Refugees and Orphans

[Omitted). American-Japanese Evacuation Claims. Restitution for World War II Internment of

Japanese-Americans and Aleuts. Medical Care for Philippine Veterans (Re

pealed). War Claims. Micronesian War and Postwar Claims (Omit

ted). Export Controls (Omitted). Alien Property Damage Claims (Omitted). Defense Production Act of 1950. Domestic Minerals Program Extension. Domestic Tungsten, Asbestos, Fluorspar and

Columbium-Tantalum Purchase Programs

(Omitted). Dependents Assistance Act of 1950 (Omitted or

Repealed).

Civil Defense.
Emergency Food Aid to India (Omitted).
Korean Combat Pay (Repealed).
World War II License Agreements.
Emergency Ship Repair Program (Repealed).
Export Regulation.

TITLE 50—WAR AND NATIONAL DEFENSE

Sec.

Chap.
1.
2.

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1451

31.

3.
4.
4A.

11 21 31

1501

32.

Federal Absentee Voting Assistance

(Transferred]............. Advisory Commission on Intergovern

mental Relations (Transferred to

Chapter 53 of Title 42)............. Chemical and Biological Warfare Pro

gram..... War Powers Resolution.......... National Emergencies.... International Emergency Economic

45

1511 1541 1601

33. 34. 35.

4B.

46

4C.

Powers .............

1701 1801

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5.

51

1901

6.

Foreign Intelligence Surveillance... National Security Scholarships, Fel

lowships, and Grants......... Central Int ce Ag cy Retire

ment and Disability Spoils of War..

38.

2001 2201

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RATIFICATION OF JAPANESE TREATY The Treaty of Peace with Japan, signed at San Francisco on Sept. 8, 1951, was ratified by the United States Senate on Mar. 20, 1952. For Resolution of Ratification, see Congressional Record, Vol. 98, No. 46, Thursday, Mar. 20, 1952, p. 2634. According to Proc. No. 2974, eff. Apr. 29, 1952, 17 F.R. 3813, 66 Stat. c31, terminating the national emergencies proclaimed on September 8, 1939, and May 27, 1941, and set out as a note preceding section 1 of the Appendix to this title, such treaty came into force on Apr. 28, 1952.

10. 11.

Council of National Defense ...... Board of Ordnance and Fortification [Repealed )..............

................................... Alien Enemies.......... Espionage (Repealed or Transferred)... Photographing, Sketching, Mapping,

etc., Defensive Installations (Re

pealed).... Disclosure of Classified Information

(Repealed)................. Atomic Weapons and Special Nuclear

Materials Information Rewards. Arsenals, Armories, Arms, and War

Material Generally......... Willful Destruction, etc., of War or

National Defense Material [Re

pealed )..... Interference With Homing Pigeons

Owned by United States (Repealed).. Explosives; Manufacture, Distribution,

Storage, Use, and Possession Regu

lated (Repealed) Aircraft (Omitted, Repealed, or Trans

ferred )......... Helium Gas Acquisition of and Expenditures on

Land for National-Defense Purposes

(Repealed, Omitted, or Transferred). Vessels in Territorial Waters of United

States. Insurrection Wartime Voting by Land and Naval

Forces (Repealed) National Security ..... Defense Industrial Reserves... Arming American Vessels (Repealed)... Air-Warning Screen Guided Missiles Wind Tunnels ... Abacá Production (Omitted )................ Uniform Code of Military Justice (Re

pealed or Omitted .............. Representation of Armed Forces Per

sonnel Before Foreign Judicial Tri.

bunals (Repealed) Internal Security. National Defense Facilities (Repealed) Armed Forces Reserve (Repealed or

Omitted)............... Gifts for Defense Purposes (Repealed). Reserve Officer Personnel Program

(Repealed or Omitted) ..... ....... Status of Armed Forces Personnel Ap

pointed to Service Academies (Re

pealed )........ National Defense Contracts

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1972, 86 Stat. 770, 776, set out in the Appendix to Title 5, Government Organization and Employees.

$ 3. Duties of council

Secretary of Agriculture, the Secretary of Commerce, and the Secretary of Labor. (Aug. 29, 1916, ch. 418, § 2, 39 Stat. 649; July 26, 1947, ch. 343, title II, $ 205(a), 61 Stat. 501.)

CODIFICATION Sections 1 to 5 of this title are from section 2 of act Aug. 29, 1916, popularly known as the Army Appropriation Act for the fiscal year 1916.

CHANGE OF NAME Department of War designated Department of the Army and title of Secretary of War changed to Secretary of the Army by section 205(a) of act July 26, 1947, ch. 343, title II, 61 Stat. 501. Section 205(a) of act July 26, 1947, was repealed by section 53 of act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 641. Section 1 of act Aug. 10, 1956, enacted “Title 10, Armed Forces” which in sections 3010 to 3013 continued Department of the Army under administrative supervision of Secretary of the Army.

TRANSFER OF FUNCTIONS For transfer of certain membership functions, insofar as they pertain to Air Force, which functions were not previously transferred from Secretary of the Army and Department of the Army to Secretary of the Air Force and Department of the Air Force, see Secretary of Defense Transfer Order No. 40 (App. C(11)], July 22, 1949.

It shall be the duty of the Council of National Defense to supervise and direct investigations and make recommendations to the President and the heads of executive departments as to the location of railroads with reference to the frontier of the United States so as to render possible expeditious concentration of troops and supplies to points of defense; the coordination of military, industrial, and commercial purposes in the location of branch lines of rail. road; the utilization of waterways; the mobilization of military and naval resources for defense; the increase of domestic production of articles and materials essential to the support of armies and of the people during the interruption of foreign commerce; the development of seagoing transportation; data as to amounts, location, method and means of production, and availability of military supplies; the giving of information to producers and manufacturers as to the class of supplies needed by the military and other services of the Government, the requirements relating thereto, and the creation of relations which will render possible in time of need the immediate concentration and utilization of the resources of the Nation. (Aug. 29, 1916, ch. 418, § 2, 39 Stat. 649; Nov. 9, 1921, ch. 119, § 3, 42 Stat. 212.)

CROSS REFERENCES National Security Council and Central Intelligence Agency, see section 401 et seq. of this title.

CODIFICATION The words "extensive highways and” which preceded "branch lines of railroad" omitted on authority of act Nov. 9, 1921, which transferred powers and duties of Council relating to highways to Secretary of Commerce.

§ 2. Advisory commission

The Council of National Defense shall nominate to the President, and the President shall appoint, an advisory commission, consisting of not more than seven persons, each of whom shall have special knowledge of some industry, public utility, or the development of some natural resource, or be otherwise specially qualified, in the opinion of the council, for the performance of the duties hereinafter provided. The members of the advisory commission shall serve without compensation, but shall be allowed actual expenses of travel and subsistence when attending meetings of the commission or engaged in investigations pertaining to its activities. The advisory commission shall hold such meetings as shall be called by the council or be provided by the rules and regulations adopted by the council for the conduct of its work. (Aug. 29, 1916, ch. 418, § 2, 39 Stat. 649.)

TERMINATION OF ADVISORY COMMISSIONS Advisory commissions in existence on Jan. 5, 1973, to terminate not later than the expiration of the 2-year period following Jan. 5, 1973, unless, in the case of a commission established by the President or an officer of the Federal Government, such commission is renewed by appropriate action prior to the expiration of such 2-year period, or in the case of a commission established by the Congress, its duration is otherwise provided by law. Advisory Commissions established after Jan. 5, 1973, to terminate not later than the expiration of the 2-year period beginning on the date of their establishment, unless, in the case of a commission established by the President or an officer of the Federal Government, such commission is renewed by appropriate action prior to the expiration of such 2year period, or in the case of a commission established by the Congress, its duration is otherwise provided by law. See sections 3(2) and 14 of Pub. L. 92-463, Oct. 6,

§ 4. Rules and regulations; subordinate bodies and

committees The Council of National Defense shall adopt rules and regulations for the conduct of its work, which rules and regulations shall be subject to the approval of the President, and shall provide for the work of the advisory commission to the end that the special knowledge of

Ich commission may be developed by suitable investigation, research, and inquiry and made available in conference and report for the use of the council; and the council may organize subordinate bodies for its assistance in special investigations, either by the employment of experts or by the creation of committees of specially qualified persons to serve without compensation, but to direct the investigations of experts so employed. (Aug. 29, 1916, ch. 418, § 2, 39 Stat. 650.)

TERMINATION OF ADVISORY COMMISSIONS Advisory commissions in existence on Jan. 5, 1973, to terminate not later than the expiration of the 2-year period following Jan. 5, 1973, unless, in the case of a commission established by the President or an officer of the Federal Government, such commission is renewed by appropriate action prior to the expiration of such 2-year period, or in the case of a commission established by the Congress, its duration is otherwise provided by law. Advisory Commissions established after Jan. 5, 1973, to terminate not later than the ex

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