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other assets, as and when directed by the Secretary of the Treasury, shall be credited by the foreign central bank to an escrow account on its books in the name of the Central Bank of Algeria for transfer to the Gov. ernment of Iran if and when the Central Bank of Algeria receives from the Government of Algeria a certification that the 52 U.S. diplomats and nationals being held hostage in Iran have safely departed from Iran. Such agreements shall include other parties and terms as determined by the Secretary of the Treasury to be appropriate to carry out the purposes of this Order.

1-102. The Secretary of the Treasury is authorized to license, authorize, direct, and compel the Federal Reserve Bank of New York, as fiscal agent of the United States, to receive certain money and other assets in which Iran or its agencies, instrumentalities, or controlled entities have an interest and to hold or transfer such money and other assets, and any interest earned thereon, in such a manner as he deems necessary to fulfill the rights and obligations of the United States under the Declaration of the Government of the Democratic and Popular Republic of Algeria dated January 19, 1981, and the escrow and related agreements described in paragraph 1-101 of this Order. Such money and other assets may be held in interest-bearing form and where possible shall be invested with or through the entity holding the money or asset on the effective date of this Order.

1-103. Compliance with this Executive Order, any other Executive Order licensing, authorizing, directing or compelling the transfer of the assets referred to in paragraphs 1-101 and 1-102 of this Order, or any regulations, instructions, or directions issued thereunder shall to the extent thereof be a full acquittance and discharge for all purposes of the obligation of the person making the same. No person shall be held liable in any court for or with respect to anything done or omitted in good faith in connection with the administration of, or pursuant to and in reliance on, such orders, regulations, instructions, or directions.

1-104. The Attorney General shall seek to intervene in any litigation within the United States which arises out of this Order and shall, among other things, defend the legality of, and all actions taken pursuant to, each of its provisions.

1-105. The Secretary of the Treasury is delegated and authorized to exercise all functions vested in the President by the International Emergency Economic Powers Act (50 U.S.C. 1701 et seq.) to carry out the purposes of this Order. 1-106. This Order shall be effective immediately.

JIMMY CARTER. Ex. ORD. No. 12277. RELEASE OF AMERICAN HOSTAGES IN

IRAN-DIRECTION TO TRANSFER IRANIAN GOVERNMENT ASSETS Ex. Ord. No. 12277, Jan. 19, 1981, 46 F.R. 7915, provided:

By the authority vested in me as President by the Constitution and statutes of the United States, including Section 203 of the International Emergency Economic Powers Act (50 U.S.C. 1702), Section 301 of Title 3 of the United States Code, Section 1732 of Title 22 of the United States Code, and Section 301 of the National Emergencies Act (50 U.S.C. 1631), in view of the continuing unusual and extraordinary threat to the national security, foreign policy and economy of the United States upon which I based my declarations of national emergency in Executive Order 12170 (set out above), issued November 14, 1979, and in Executive Order 12211 (set out above), issued April 17, 1980, in order to implement agreements with the Government of Iran, as reflected in Declarations of the Government of the Democratic and Popular Republic of Algeria dated January 19, 1981, relating to the release of U.S. diplomats and nationals being held as hostages and to the resolution of claims of United States nationals against Iran, and to begin the process of normalization of relations between the United States and

Iran and in which Iran and the United States instruct and require that the assets described in this order shall be transferred as set forth below by the holders of such assets, it is hereby ordered that as of the effective date of this Order:

1-101. The Federal Reserve Bank of New York is licensed, authorized, directed, and compelled to transfer to accounts at the Bank of England, and subsequently to transfer to accounts at the Bank of England established pursuant to an escrow agreement approved by the Secretary of the Treasury, all gold bullion, and other assets (or the equivalent thereof) in its custody, of the Government of Iran, or its agencies, instrumentalities or controlled entities. Such transfers shall be executed when and in the manner directed by the Secretary of the Treasury. The Secretary of the Treasury is also authorized to license, authorize, direct, and compel the Federal Reserve Bank of New York to engage in whatever further transactions he deems appropriate and consistent with the purposes of this Order, including any transactions related to the return of such bullion and other assets pursuant to the escrow agreement.

1-102. (a) All licenses and authorizations for acquiring or exercising any right, power, or privilege, by court order, attachment, or otherwise, including the license contained in Section 535.504 of the Iranian Assets Control Regulations, with respect to the properties described in Section 1-101 of this Order are revoked and withdrawn.

(b) All rights, powers, and privileges relating to the properties described in section 1-101 of this Order and which derive from any attachment, injunction, other like proceedings or process, or other action in any litigation after November 14, 1979, at 8:10 a.m. EST, including those derived from Section 535.504 of the Iranian Assets Control Regulations, other than rights, powers, and privileges of the Government of Iran and its agencies, instrumentalities, and controlled entities, whether acquired by court order or otherwise, are nul. lified, and all persons claiming any such right, power, or privilege are hereafter barred from exercising the same.

(c) All persons subject to the jurisdiction of the United States are prohibited from acquiring or exercising any right, power, or privilege, whether by court order or otherwise, with respect to the properties (and any income earned thereon) referred to in Section 1-101 of this Order.

1-103. Compliance with this Order, any other Executive Order licensing, authorizing, directing, or compelling the transfer of the assets described in section 1-101 of this Order, or any regulations, instructions, or directions issued thereunder shall to the extent thereof be a full acquittance and discharge for all purposes of the obligation of the person making the same. No person shall be held liable in any court for or with respect to anything done or omitted in good faith in connection with the administration of, or pursuant to and in reliance on, such orders, regulations, instructions, or directions.

1-104. The Attorney General shall seek to intervene in any litigation within the United States which arises out of this Order and shall, among other things, defend the legality of, and all actions taken pursuant to, each of its provisions.

1-105. The Secretary of the Treasury is delegated and authorized to exercise all functions vested in the President by the International Emergency Economic Powers Act (50 U.S.C. 1701 et seq.) to carry out the purposes of this Order. 1-106. This Order shall be effective immediately.

JIMMY CARTER.

Ex. ORD. NO. 12278. RELEASE OF AMERICAN HOSTAGES IN

IRAN_DIRECTION TO TRANSFER IRANIAN GOVERNMENT ASSETS OVERSEAS

Ex. Ord. No. 12278, Jan. 19, 1981, 46 F.R. 7917, provided:

By the authority vested in me as President by the Constitution and statutes of the United States, including Section 203 of the International Emergency Economic Powers Act (50 U.S.C. 1702), Section 301 of Title 3 of the United States Code, Section 1732 of Title 22 of the United States Code, and Section 301 of the National Emergencies Act (50 U.S.C. 1631), in view of the continuing unusual and extraordinary threat to the national security, foreign policy and economy of the United States upon which I based my declarations of national emergency in Executive Order 12170 (set out above), issued November 14, 1979, and in Executive Order 12211 (set out above], issued April 17, 1980, in order to implement agreements with the Government of Iran, as reflected in Declarations of the Government of the Democratic and Popular Republic of Algeria dated January 19, 1981, relating to the release of U.S. diplomats and nationals being held as hostages and to the resolution of claims of United States nationals against Iran, and to begin the process of normalization of relations between the United States and Iran and in which Iran and the United States instruct and require that the assets described in this Order shall be transferred as set forth below by the holders of such assets, it is hereby ordered that as of the effective date of this Order:

1-101. Any branch or office of a United States bank or subsidiary thereof, which branch or office is located outside the territory of the United States and which on or after 8:10 a.m. E.S.T. on November 14, 1979 (a) has been or is in possession of funds or securities legally or beneficially owned by the Government of Iran or its agencies, instrumentalities, or controlled entities, or (b) has carried or is carrying on its books deposits standing to the credit of or beneficially owned by such Government, agencies, instrumentalities, or controlled entities, is licensed, authorized, directed, and compelled to transfer such funds, securities, and deposits, including interest from November 14, 1979, at commercially reasonable rates, to the account of the Federal Reserve Bank of New York at the Bank of England, to be held or transferred as directed by the Secretary of the Treasury. The Secretary of the Treasury shall determine when the transfers required by this section shall take place. The funds, securities and deposits described in this section shall be further transferred as provided for in the Declaration of the Government of the Democratic and Popular Republic of Algeria and its Annex.

1

1-102. Any banking institution subject to the jurisdiction of the United States that has executed a setoff on or after November 14, 1979, at 8:10 a.m. E.S.T. against Iranian funds, securities, or deposits referred to in section 1-101 is hereby licensed, authorized, directed, and compelled to cancel such set-off and to transfer all funds, securities, and deposits which have been subject to such set-off, including interest from November 14, 1979, at commercially reasonable rates, pursuant to the provisions of section 1-101 of this Order.

1-103. If the funds, securities, and deposits described in section 1-101 are not promptly transferred to the control of the Government of Iran, such funds, securities, and deposits shall be returned to the banking institutions holding them on the effective date of this Order and the set-offs described in section 1-102 shall be in force as if this Order had not been issued and the status of all such funds, securities, deposits and set-offs shall be status quo ante.

1-104. (a) All licenses and authorizations for acquiring or exercising any right, power, or privilege, by court order, attachment, or otherwise, including the license contained in Section 535.504 of the Iranian Assets Control Regulations, with respect to the prop

erties described in Sections 1-101 and 1-102 of this Order are revoked and withdrawn.

(b) All rights, powers, and privileges relating to the properties described in Sections 1-101 and 1-102 of this Order and which derive from any attachment, injunction, other like proceedings or process, or other action in any litigation after November 14, 1979, at 8:10 a.m. E.S.T., including those derived from Section 535.504 of the Iranian Assets Control Regulations, other than rights, powers, and privileges of the Government of Iran and its agencies, instrumentalities, and controlled entities, whether acquired by court order or otherwise, are nullified, and all persons claiming any such right, power, or privilege are hereafter barred from exercising the same.

(c) All persons subject to the jurisdiction of the United States are prohibited from acquiring or exercising any right, power, or privilege, whether by court order or otherwise, with respect to the properties (and any income earned thereon) referred to in Sections 1-101 and 1-102 of this Order.

1-105. Compliance with this Order, any other Executive Order licensing, authorizing, directing, or compelling the transfer of the assets described in Sections 1-101 and 1-102 of this Order, or any regulations, instructions, or directions issued thereunder shall to the extent thereof be a full acquittance and discharge for all purposes of the obligation of the person making the same. No person shall be held liable in any court for or with respect to anything done or omitted in good faith in connection with the administration of, or pursuant to and in reliance on, such orders, regulations, instructions, or directions.

1-106. The Attorney General shall seek to intervene in any litigation within the United States which arises out of this Order and shall, among other things, defend the legality of, and all actions taken pursuant to, each of its provisions.

1-107. The Secretary of the Treasury is delegated and authorized to exercise all functions vested in the President by the International Emergency Economic Powers Act (50 U.S.C. 1701 et seq.) to carry out the purposes of this Order. 1-108. This Order shall be effective immediately.

JIMMY CARTER.

Ex. ORD. No. 12279. RELEASE OF AMERICAN HOSTAGES IN

IRAN-DIRECTION TO TRANSFER IRANIAN GOVERNMENT
ASSETS HELD BY DOMESTIC BANKS

Ex. Ord. No. 12279, Jan. 19, 1981, 46 F.R. 7919, provided:

By the authority vested in me as President by the Constitution and statutes of the United States, including Section 203 of the International Emergency Economic Powers Act (50 U.S.C. 1702), Section 301 of Title 3 of the United States Code, Section 1732 of Title 22 of the United States Code, and Section 301 of the National Emergencies Act (50 U.S.C. 1631), in view of the continuing unusual and extraordinary threat to the national security, foreign policy and economy of the United States upon which I based my declarations of national emergency in Executive Order 12170 (set out above), issued November 14, 1979, and in Executive Order 12211 (set out above), issued April 17, 1980, in order to implement agreements with the Government of Iran, as reflected in Declarations of the Government of the Democratic and Popular Republic of Algeria dated January 19, 1981, relating to the release of U.S. diplomats and nationals being held as hostages and to the resolution of claims of United States nationals against Iran, and to begin the process of normalization of relations between the United States and Iran and in which Iran and the United States instruct and require that the assets described in this Order shall be transferred as set forth below by the holders of such assets, it is hereby ordered that as of the effective date of this Order:

1-101. Any branch or office of a banking institution subject to the jurisdiction of the United States, which branch or office is located within the United States and is, on the effective date, either (a) in possession of funds or securities legally or beneficially owned by the Government of Iran or its agencies, instrumentalities, or controlled entities, or (b) carrying on its books deposits standing to the credit of or beneficially owned by such Government, agencies, instrumentalities, or controlled entities is licensed, authorized, directed and compelled to transfer such funds, securities, and deposits, including interest from November 14, 1979, at commercially reasonable rates, to the Federal Reserve Bank of New York, to be held or transferred as directed by the Secretary of the Treasury.

1-102. (a) All licenses and authorizations for acquiring or exercising any right, power, or privilege, by court order, attachment, or otherwise, including the license contained in Section 535.504 of the Iranian Assets Control Regulations, with respect to the properties described in Section 1-101 of this Order are revoked and withdrawn.

(b) All rights, powers, and privileges relating to the properties described in section 1-101 of this Order and which derive from any attachment, injunction, other like proceedings or process, or other action in any litigation after November 14, 1979, at 8:10 a.m. EST, including those derived from Section 535.504 of the Iranian Assets Control Regulations, other than rights, powers, and privileges of the Government of Iran and its agencies, instrumentalities, and controlled entities, whether acquired by court order or otherwise, are nul. lified, and all persons claiming any such right, power, or privilege are hereafter barred from exercising the same.

(c) All persons subject to the jurisdiction of the United States are prohibited from acquiring or exercising any right, power, or privilege whether by court order or otherwise, with respect to the properties (and any income earned thereon) referred to in Section 1-101 of this Order.

1-103. Compliance with this Order, any other Executive Order licensing, authorizing, directing or compelling the transfer of the assets described in section 1-101 of this Order, or any regulations, instructions, or directions issued thereunder shall to the extent there. of be a full acquittance and discharge for all purposes of the obligation of the person making the same. No person shall be held liable in any court for or with respect to anything done or omitted in good faith in connection with the administration of, or pursuant to and in reliance on, such orders, regulations, instructions, or directions.

1-104. The Attorney General shall seek to intervene in any litigation within the United States which arises out of this Order and shall, among other things, defend the legality of, and all actions taken pursuant to, each of its provisions.

1-105. The Secretary of the Treasury is delegated and authorized to exercise all functions vested in the President by the International Emergency Economic Powers Act (50 U.S.C. 1701 et seq.) to carry out the purposes of this Order. 1-106. This Order shall be effective immediately.

JIMMY CARTER.

the continuing unusual and extraordinary threat to the national security, foreign policy and economy of the United States upon which I based my declarations of national emergency in Executive Order 12170 (set out above), issued November 14, 1979, and in Executive Order 12211 (set out above), issued April 17, 1980, in order to implement agreements with Government of Iran, as reflected in Declarations of the Government of the Democratic and Popular Republic of Algeria dated January 19, 1981, relating to the release of U.S. diplomats and nationals being held as hostages and to the resolution of claims of United States nationals against Iran, and to begin the process of normalization of relations between the United States and Iran and in which Iran and the United States instruct and require that the assets described in this Order shall be transferred as set forth below by the holders of such assets, it is hereby ordered that as of the effective date of this Order:

1-101. Any person subject to the jurisdiction of the United States which is not a banking institution and is on the effective date in possession or control of funds or securities of Iran or its agencies, instrumentalities, or controlled entities is licensed, authorized, directed and compelled to transfer such funds or securities to the Federal Reserve Bank of New York to be held or transferred as directed by the Secretary of the Treasury.

1-102. (a) All licenses and authorizations for acquiring or exercising any right, power, or privilege, by court order, attachment, or otherwise, including the license contained in Section 535.504 of the Iranian Assets Control Regulations, with respect to the properties described in Section 1-101 of this Order are revoked and withdrawn.

(b) All rights, powers, and privileges relating to the properties described in section 1-101 of this Order and which derive from any attachment, injunction, other like proceedings or process, or other action in any litigation after November 14, 1979, at 8:10 a.m. EST, including those derived from Section 535.504 of the Iranian Assets Control Regulations, other than rights, powers, and privileges of the Government of Iran and its agencies, instrumentalities, and controlled entities, whether acquired by court order or otherwise, are nullified, and all persons claiming any such right, power, or privilege are hereafter barred from exercising the same.

(c) All persons subject to the jurisdiction of the United States are prohibited from acquiring or exercising any right, power, or privilege, whether by court order or otherwise, with respect to the properties (and any income earned thereon) referred to in Section 1-101 of this Order.

1-103. Compliance with this Executive Order, any other Executive Order licensing, authorizing, directing or compelling the transfer of the assets described in paragraph 1-101 of this Order, or any regulations, instructions, or directions issued thereunder shall to the extent thereof be a full acquittance and discharge for all purposes of the obligation of the person making the same. No person shall be held liable in any court for or with respect to anything done or omitted in good faith in connection with the administration of, or pursuant to and in reliance on, such orders, regulations, instructions, or directions.

1-104. The Attorney General shall seek to intervene in any litigation within the United States which arises out of this Order and shall, among other things, defend the legality of and all actions taken pursuant to, each of its provisions.

1-105. The Secretary of the Treasury is delegated and authorized to exercise all functions vested in the President by the International Emergency Economic Powers Act (50 U.S.C. 1701 et seq.) to carry out the purposes of this Order. 1-106. This Order shall be effective immediately.

JIMMY CARTER.

Ex. ORD. No. 12280. RELEASE OF AMERICAN HOSTAGES IN

IRAN_DIRECTION TO TRANSFER IRANIAN GOVERNMENT FINANCIAL ASSETS HELD BY NON-BA ING INSTITUTIONS

Ex. Ord. No. 12280, Jan. 19, 1981, 46 F.R. 7921, provided:

By the authority vested in me as President by the Constitution and statutes of the United States, including Section 203 of the International Emergency Economic Powers Act (50 U.S.C. 1702), Section 301 of Title 3 of the United States Code, Section 1732 of Title 22 of the United States Code, and Section 301 of the National Emergencies Act (50 U.S.C. 1631), in view of

Ex. ORD. No. 12281. RELEASE OF AMERICAN HOSTAGES IN good faith in connection with the administration of, or

IRAN-DIRECTION TO TRANSFER CERTAIN IRANIAN Gov. pursuant to and in reliance on, such orders, regulaERNMENT ASSETS

tions, instructions, or directions. Ex. Ord. No. 12281, Jan. 19, 1981, 46 F.R. 7923, pro

1-104. The Attorney General shall seek to intervene vided:

in any litigation within the United States which arises By the authority vested in me as President by the

out of this Order and shall, among other things, Constitution and statutes of the United States, includ

defend the legality of, and all actions taken pursuant ing Section 203 of the International Emergency Eco

to, each of its provisions. nomic Powers Act (50 U.S.C. 1702), Section 301 of

1-105. The Secretary of the Treasury is delegateu Title 3 of the United States Code, Section 1732 of Title

and authorized to exercise all functions vested in the 22 of the United States Code, and Section 301 of the

President by the International Emergency Economic National Emergencies Act (50 U.S.C. 1631), in view of

Powers Act (50 U.S.C. 1701 et seq.) to carry out the the continuing unusual and extraordinary threat to

purposes of this Order. the national security, foreign policy and economy of

1-106. This Order shall be effective immediately. the United States upon which I based my declarations

JIMMY CARTER. of national emergency in Executive Order 12170 (set out above), issued November 14, 1979, and in Execu

Ex. ORD. No. 12282. RELEASE OF AMERICAN HOSTAGES IN tive Order 12211 (set out above), issued April 17, 1980,

IRAN-REVOCATION OF PROHIBITIONS AGAINST TRANSin order to implement agreements with the Govern.

ACTIONS INVOLVING IRAN ment of Iran, as reflected in Declarations of the Gov.

Ex. Ord. No. 12282, Jan. 19, 1981, 46 F.R. 7925, proernment of the Democratic and Popular Republic of vided: Algeria dated January 19, 1981, relating to the release By the authority vested in me as President by the of U.S. diplomats and nationals being held as hostages Constitution and statutes of the United States, includand to the resolution of claims of United States na- ing Section 203 of the International Emergency Ecotionals against Iran, and to begin the process of nor- nomic Powers Act (50 U.S.C. 1702), Section 301 of malization of relations between the United States and

Title 3 of the United States Code, Section 1732 of Title Iran and in which Iran and the United States instruct 22 of the United States Code, and Section 301 of the and require that the assets described in this Order

National Emergencies Act (50 U.S.C. 1631), in view of shall be transferred as set forth below by the holders the continuing unusual and extraordinary threat to of such assets, it is hereby ordered that as of the effec- the national security, foreign policy and economy of tive date of this Order:

the United States upon which I based my declarations 1-101. All persons subject to the jurisdiction of the

of national emergency in Executive Order 12170 (set United States in possession or control of properties,

out above], issued November 14, 1979, and in Execunot including funds and securities, owned by Iran or

tive Order 12211 (set out above), issued April 17, 1980, its agencies, instrumentalities, or controlled entities

in order to implement agreements with the Governare licensed, authorized, directed and compelled to

ment of Iran, as reflected in Declarations of the Govtransfer such properties, as directed after the effective

ernment of the Democratic and Popular Republic of date of this Order by the Government of Iran, acting

Algeria dated January 19, 1981, relating to the release through its authorized agent. Except where specifical- of U.S. diplomats and nationals being held as hostage ly stated, this license, authorization, and direction

and to the resolution of claims of United States nadoes not relieve persons subject to the jurisdiction of

tionals against Iran, and to begin the process of northe United States from existing legal requirements malization of relations between the United States and other than those based upon the International Emer

Iran, it is hereby ordered that as of the effective date gency Economic Powers Act (this chapter).

of this Order: 1-102. (a) All licenses and authorizations for acquir

1-101. The prohibitions contained in Executive ing or exercising any right, power, or privilege, by Order 12205 of April 7, 1980 (set out above), and Execcourt order, attachment, or otherwise, including the li

utive Order 12211 of April 17, 1980 (set out above), cense contained in Section 535.504 of the Iranian

and Proclamation 4702 of November 12, 1979 (amendAssets Control Regulations, with respect to the prop

ing Proc. No. 3279, set out under section 1862 of Title erties described in Section 1-101 of this Order are re

19, Customs Duties), are hereby revoked. voked and withdrawn.

1-102. The Secretary of the Treasury is delegated (b) All rights, powers, and privileges relating to the

and authorized to exercise all functions vested in the properties described in section 1-101 of this Order and

President by the International Emergency Economic which derive from any attachment, injunction, other

Powers Act (50 U.S.C. 1701 et seq.) to carry out the like proceedings or process, or other action in any liti

purpose of this Order. gation after November 14, 1979, at 8:10 a.m. EST, in- 1-103. This Order shall be effective immediately. cluding those derived from Section 535.504 of the Iranian Assets Control Regulations, other than rights,

JIMMY CARTER. powers, and privileges of the Government of Iran and

Ex. ORD. No. 12283. RELEASE OF AMERICAN HOSTAGES IN its agencies, instrumentalities, and controlled entities,

IRAN-NON-PROSECUTION OF CLAIMS OF HOSTAGES AND whether acquired by court order or otherwise, are nul

FOR ACTIONS AT THE UNITED STATES EMBASSY AND lified, and all persons claiming any such right, power,

ELSEWHERE or privilege are hereafter barred from exercising the same.

Ex. Ord. No. 12283, Jan. 19, 1981, 46 F.R. 7927, pro(c) All persons subject to the jurisdiction of the vided: United States are prohibited from acquiring or exer- By the authority vested in me as President by the cising any right, power, or privilege, whether by court Constitution and statutes of the United States, includorder or otherwise, with respect to the properties (and ing Section 203 of the International Emergency Ecoany income earned thereon) referred to in Section nomic Powers Act (50 U.S.C. 1702), Section 301 of 1-101 of this Order.

Title 3 of the United States Code, Section 1732 of Title 1-103. Compliance with this Executive Order, any 22 of the United States Code, and Section 301 of the other Executive Order licensing, authorizing, directing National Emergencies Act (50 U.S.C. 1631), in view of or compelling the transfer of the assets described in the continuing unusual and extraordinary threat to paragraph 1-101 of this Order, or any regulations, in- the national security, foreign policy and economy of structions, or directions issued thereunder shall to the the United States upon which I based my declarations extent thereof be a full acquittance and discharge for of national emergency in Executive Order 12170 (set all purposes of the obligation of the person making out above), issued November 14, 1979, and in Executhe same. No person shall be held liable in any court tive Order 12211 (set out above), issued April 17, 1980, for or with respect to anything done or omitted in in order to implement agreements with the Govern

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ment of Iran, as reflected in Declarations of the Gov- property alleged to belong to Iran, is hereby blocked ernment of the Democratic and Popular Republic of as to each such estate or person until all such litigaAlgeria dated January 19, 1981, relating to the release tion against such estate or person is finally terminatof U.S. diplomats and nationals being held as hostages and to the resolution of claims of United States na- 1-102. The Secretary of the Treasury is authorized tionals against Iran, and to begin the process of nor- and directed (a) to promulgate regulations requiring malization of relations between the United States and all persons who are subject to the jurisdiction of the Iran, it is hereby ordered that as of the effective date United States and who, as of November 3, 1979, or as of this Order:

of this date, have actual or constructive possession of 1-101. The Secretary of the Treasury shall promul- property of the kind described in Section 1-101, or gate regulations: (a) prohibiting any person subject to knowledge of such possession by others, to report such U.S. jurisdiction from prosecuting in any court within possession or knowledge thereof, to the Secretary of the United States or elsewhere any claim against the the Treasury in accordance with such regulations and Government of Iran arising out of events occurring (b) to make available to the Government of Iran or its before the date of this Order relating to (1) the sei- designated agents all identifying information derived zure of the hostages on November 4, 1979, (2) their from such reports to the fullest extent permitted by subsequent detention, (3) injury to United States law. Such reports shall be required as to all individuals property or property of United States nationals within described in 1-101 and shall be required to be filed the United States Embassy compound in Tehran after within 30 days after publication of a notice in the FedNovember 3, 1979, or (4) injury to United States na- eral Register. tionals or their property as a result of popular move- 1-103. The Secretary of the Treasury is authorized ments in the course of the Islamic Revolution in Iran and directed (a) to require all agencies within the Exwhich were not an act of the Government of Iran; (b) ecutive Branch of the United States Government to prohibiting any person not a U.S. national from pros- deliver to the Secretary all official financial books and ecuting any such claim in any court within the United records which serve to identify any property of the States; (c) ordering the termination of any previously kind described in Section 1-101 of this Order, and (b) instituted judicial proceedings based upon such claims; to make available to the Government of Iran or its and (d) prohibiting the enforcement of any judicial designated agents all identifying information derived order issued in the course of such proceedings.

from such books and records to the fullest extent per1-102. The Attorney General of the United States is mitted by law. authorized and directed, immediately upon the issu- 1-104. The Attorney General of the United States ance of regulations in accordance with Section 1-101, having advised the President of his opinion that no to take all appropriate measures to notify all appropri- claim on behalf of the Government of Iran for recovate courts of the existence of this Order and imple- ery of property of the kind described in Section 1-101 menting regulations and the resulting termination of of this Order should be considered legally barred litigation.

either by sovereign immunity principles or by the act 1-103. The Secretary of the Treasury is delegated of state doctrine, the Attorney General is authorized and authorized to exercise all functions vested in the and directed to prepare, and upon the request of counPresident by the International Emergency Economic sel representing the Government of Iran to present to Powers Act (50 U.S.C. 1701 et seq.) to carry out the the appropriate court or courts within the United purpose of this Order.

States, suggestions of interest reflecting that such is 1-104. This Order shall be effective immediately. the position of the United States, and that it is also

JIMMY CARTER.

the position of the United States that Iranian decrees

and judgments relating to the assets of the former Ex. ORD. No. 12284. RELEASE OF AMERICAN HOSTAGES IN Shah and the persons described in Section 1-101

IRAN-RESTRICTIONS ON TRANSFER OF PROPERTY OF should be enforced by such courts in accordance with FORMER SHAH OF IRAN

United States law. Ex. Ord. No. 12284, Jan. 19, 1981, 46 F.R. 7929, pro

1-105. The Secretary of the Treasury is delegated vided:

and authorized to exercise all functions vested in the By the authority vested in me as President by the

President by the International Emergency Economic Constitution and statutes of the United States, includ

Powers Act (50 U.S.C. 1701 et seq.) to carry out the ing Section 203 of the International Emergency Eco

purposes of this Order. nomic Powers Act (50 U.S.C. 1702), Section 301 of

1-106. This Order shall be effective immediately. Title 3 of the United States Code, Section 1732 of Title

JIMMY CARTER. 22 of the United States Code, and Section 301 of the National Emergencies Act (50 U.S.C. 1631), in view of

EXECUTIVE ORDER NO. 12285 the continuing unusual and extraordinary threat to the national security, foreign policy and economy of

Ex. Ord. No. 12285, Jan. 19, 1981, 46 F.R. 7931, as

amended by Ex. Ord. No. 12307, June 4, 1981, 46 F.R. the United States upon which I based my declarations

30483; Ex. Ord. No. 12317, Aug. 14, 1981, 46 F.R. 42241, of national emergency in Executive Order 12170 (set

which established the President's Commission on Hosout above], issued November 14, 1979, and in Execu

tage Compensation and provided for its membership, tive Order 12211 (set out above), issued April 17, 1980,

functions, etc., was revoked by Ex. Ord. No. 12379, in order to implement agreements with the Govern

$ 21, Aug. 17, 1982, 47 F.R. 36100, set out as a note ment of Iran, as reflected in Declarations of the Gov.

under section 14 of the Federal Advisory Committee ernment of the Democratic and Popular Republic of

Act in the Appendix to Title 5, Government OrganizaAlgeria dated January 19, 1981, relating to the release

tion and Employees. of U.S. diplomats and nationals being held as hostages and to the resolution of claims of United States na

Ex. ORD. No. 12294. SUSPENSION OF LITIGATION AGAINST tionals against Iran, and to begin the process of nor

IRAN malization of relations between the United States and Iran, it is hereby ordered that as of the effective date Ex. Ord. No. 12294, Feb. 24, 1981, 46 F.R. 14111, proof this Order:

vided: 1-101. For the purpose of protecting the rights of By the authority vested in me as President by the litigants in courts within the United States, all proper- Constitution and statutes of the United States, includ. ty and assets located in the United States within the ing Section 203 of the International Emergency Ecocontrol of the estate of Mohammad Reza Pahlavi, the nomic Powers Act (50 U.S.C. 1702), Section 301 of former Shah of Iran, or any close relative of the Title 3 of the United States Code, Section 1732 of Title former Shah served as a defendant in litigation in 22 of the United States Code, and Section 301 of the such courts brought by Iran seeking the return of National Emergencies Act (50 U.S.C. 1631), in view of

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