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' she sings excellently: her Voice in her ordinary Speech ' has something in it'inexpressibly sweet. You must know 'I dined with her at a publick Table the Day after I first ' saw her, and she helped me to Come Tansy in the Eye ' of all the Gentlemen in the Country: She has certainly
the finest Hand of any Woman in the World. I can ' assure you, Sir, were you to behold her, you would be
in the same Conditions for as her Speech is Musick, her • Form is Angelick. But I find I grow irregular while I
- am talking of her; but indeed it would be Stupidity to .-be unconcerned at such Perfection. Oh the excellent • Creature, she is as inimitable to all Women, as she is « inacceslible to all Men.
I found my Friend begin to rave, and insensibly led him towards the House, that we might be joined by some other Company; and am convinced that the Widow is the secret Cause of all that Inconsistency which appears in some parts of my Friend's Discourse; tho' he has so much Çommand of himself as not directly to mention her, yet according to that of Martial, which one knows not how to render in English, Dum tacet hanc loquitur. I shall end this Paper with that whole Epigram, which represents with much Humour my honest Friend's Condition.
Quicquid agit, Rufus, nihileft, nifi Navia Rufo,
si gaudet, fiflet, fi tacet, hanc loquitur :
Navia : Si non sit Navia, mutus erit.
Navia lux, inquit, Navia aumen, ave.
Let Rufus weep, rejoice, stand, sit, or walk,
Still he can nothing but of Nævia talk;
Still he msoft speak of Nævia, or be mute.
Wednesday No 114. Wednesday, July 11. .
Paupertatis pudor & fuga. . Hor, ECONOMY in our Affairs, has the fame Effect upon our Fortunes which good Breeding has upon
our Conversations. There is a pretending Behaviour in both Cases, which instead of making Men esteemed, renders thenı both miserable and contemptible. We had Yesterday at Sir ROGER's a Set of Country Gentle men who dined with him; and after Dinner the Glass was taken, by those who pleased, pretty plentifully. Among others I observed a Person of a tolerable good Aspect, who seemed to be more greedy of Liquor than any of the Company, and yet, methought, he did not tafte it with De. light. As he grew warm, he was suspicious of every thing that was said; and as he advanced towards being fudled, his Humour grew worle. At the same time his Bitterness seemed to be rather an inward Diffatisfaction in his own Mind, than any Dislike he had taken at the Compa, ny. Upon hearing his Name, I knew hiin to be a Gentle. man of a considerable Fortune in this County, but greatly in Debt. What gives the unhappy Man this Peevishness of Spirit, is, that his Eftate is dipped, and is eating out with Usury; and yet he has not the Heart to sell any part of it. His proud Stomach, at the Cost of restless Nights,constant Inquietudes, Danger of Affronts, and a thouřand nameless Inconveniencies, preserves this Canker in his Fortune, ra. ther than it shall be said he is a Man of fewer Hundreds a Year than he has been commonly reputed. · Thus he endures the Torment of Poverty, to avoid the Name of being less rich. If you go to his House you see great Plenty, but served in a Manner that shews it is all unnatural, and that the Master's Mind is not at home. There is a certain Waste and Carelessness in the Air of every thing, and the whole appears but a covered Indigence, a magnificent Po. verty. That Neatness and Chearfulness which attends the Table of him who lives within Compass, is wanting, and exchanged for a libertine Way of Service in all about him.
THIS Gentleman's Conduct, tho'a very common way of Management, is as ridiculous as that Officer's would be, who had but few Men under his Command, and should take the Charge of an Extent of Country rather than of a small Pass. To pay for, personate, and keep in a Man's Hands, a greater Estate than he really has, is of all others the most unpardonable Vanity, and must in the End reduce the Man who is guilty of it to Dishonour. Yet if we look round us in any County of Great Britain,
we shall see many in this fatal Error; if that may be called I by so soft a Name, which proceeds from a false Shame of
appearing what they really are, when the contrary Be. haviour would in a short Time advance them to the Con. dition which they pretend to.
LAERTES has fifteen hundred Pounds a Year; which is inortgaged for fix thousand Pounds; but it is impossible to convince him that if he sold as much as would pay off that Debt, he would save four Shillings in the Pound,
which he gives for the Vanity of being the reputed Mae fter of it. Yet if Laertes did this, he would, perhaps, be e easier in his own Fortune; but then Irus, a Fellow of
Yesterday, who has but twelve hundred a Year, would be
his Equal. Rather than this shall be, Laertes goes on e to bring well-born Beggars into the World, and every
Twelve-month charges his Estate with at least one Year's - Rent more by the Birth of a Child.
LAERTE's and Irus are Neighbours, whose Way of e living are an Abomination to each other. Irus is moved by
the Fear of Poverty, and Laertes by the Shame of it. Tho' | the Motive of Action is of so near Affinity in both, and
may be resolved into this, " that to each of them Poveri rty is the greatest of all Evils,” yet are their Manners vem ery widely different. Shame of Poverty makes Laertes launch
into unnecessary Equipage, vain Expence, and lavish En-'
tertainments; Fear of Poverty inakes Irus allow himself s only plain Necessaries, appear without a Servant, fell his
own Corn, attend his Labourers, and be himself a La
bourer. Shame of Poverty makes Laertes go every Day a m Step nearer to it : and Fear of Poverty stirs up Irus ta make every Day some further Progress from it."
THESE different Motives produce the Excesses which $ Men are guilty of in the Negligence of and Provision for
themselves. Usury, Stock-Jobbing, Extortion and Oppression, have their Seed in the Dread of Want; and Van nity, Riot and Prodigality, from the Shame of it: But both these Excesses are infinitely below the Pursuit of a reasonable Creature. After we have taken care to command so much as is necessary for maintaining our felves in the Order of Men suitable to our Character, the Care of Superfluities is a Vice no less extravagant, than the Neglect of Necessaries would have been before.
CERTAIN it is, that they are both out of Nature, when she is followed with Reason and good Sense. It is from this Reflection that I always read Mr. Cowley with the greatest Pleasure: His Magnanimity is as much above that of other considerable Men, as his Understanding, and it is a true diftinguishing Spirit in the elegant Author who published his Works, to dwell so much upon the Temper of his Mind and the Moderation of his Desires : By this Means he has rendered his Friend as amiable as famous. That State of Life which bears the Face of Po. verty with Mr. Cowley's great Vulgar, is admirably defcri. bed, and it is no small Satisfaction to those of the fame Turn of Desire, that he produces the Authority of the wisest Men of the best Age of the World, to strengthen his Opinion of the ordinary Pursuits of Mankind.
IT would methinks be no ill Maxim of Life, if according to that Ancestor of Sir ROGER, whom I lately mentioned, every Man would point to himself what Sum he would resolve not to exceed. He might by this Means cheat himself into a Tranquility on this side of that Expectation, or convert what he should get above it to nobler Uses than his own Pleasures or Necessities. This Tem. per of Mind would exempt a Man from an ignorant Envy of restless Men-above him, and a more inexcusable Contempt of happy Men below him, This would be failing by some Compass, living with some Design; but to be eternally bewildered in Prospects of future Gain, and putting on unnecessary Armour against improbable Blows of Fortune, is a Mechanick Being which has not good Sense for its Direction, but is carried on by a sort of acquired Instinct towards things below our Consideration and unworthy our Esteem. It is possible that the Tranquility I dow enjoy at Sir RoGER's may haye created in me this
Way Way of Thinking, which is fo abftracted from the common Relish of the World: But as I am now in a pleafing Arbour surrounded with a beautiful Landskip, I find no Inclination so strong as to continue in these Mansions, fo remote from the oftentatious Scenes of Life; and am at this prefent Writing Philosopher enough to conclude with Mr. Cowley,
If e’er Ambition did my Fancy cheat,
Thursday, July 12.
- Ut sit Mens Sana in Corpore sano. Juv.
ODILY Labour is of two kinds, either that which B a Man submits to for his Livelihood, or that which
he undergoes for his Pleasure. The latter of them generally changes the Name of Labour for that of Exercise, but differs only from ordinary Labour as it rises from another Motive.
A Country Life abounds in both these kinds of Labour, and for that Reason gives a Man a greater Stock of Health, and consequently a more perfect Enjoyment of himself, than any other Way of Life. I consider the Body as a Syftem of Tubes and Glands, or to use a more Rústick Phrase, a Bundle of Pipes and Strainers, ficted to one another after lo wonderful a Manner as to make a proper Engine for the Soul to work with. This Description does not only comprehend the Bowels, Bones, Tendons, Veins, Nerves and Arteries, but every Muscle and every Ligature, which is a Composition of Fibres, that are so many imperceptible Tubes or Pipes interwoven on all fides with invisible Glands or Strainers
THIS general Idea of a human Body, without con. sidering it in the Niceties of Anatomy, 'lets us see how absolutely necessary Labour is for the right Preservation of it. There must be frequent Motions and Agitacions, to