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mix, digeft, and separate the Juices contained in it, as well as to clear and cleanse that Infinitude of Pipes and Strainers of which it is composed, and to give their solid Parts a more firin and lasting Tone. Labour or Exercise ferments the Humours, casts them into their proper Chan. nels, throws off Redundancies, and helps Nature in those Secret Distributions without which the Body cannot subSift in its Vigour, nor the Soul act with Chearfulness.
I might here mention the Effects which this has upon all the Faculties of the Mind, by keeping the Understanding clear, the Imagination untroubled, and refining those Spirits that are necessary for the proper Exertion of our intellectual Faculties, during the present Laws of Union between Soul and Body. It is to a Neglect in this particular that we must ascribe the Spleen, which is so frequent in Men of studious and sedentary Tempers, as well as the Vapours to which those of the other Sex are so of. den Subje&.
HAD not Exercise been absolutely necessary for our Well-being, Nature would not have made the Body fo proper for it, by giving such an A&tivity to the Limbs, and such a Pliancy to every part as necessarily produce those Compressions, Extentions, Contortions, Dilatations, and all other kinds of Motions that are necessary for the Preservation of such a System of Tubes and Glands as has been before mentioned. And that we might not want · Inducements to engage us in such an Exercise of the Bo
dy as is proper for its Welfare, it is so ordered that nothing valuable can be procured without it. Not to mention Riches and Honour, even Food and Raiment are not to be come at without the Toil of the Hands and Sweat of the Brows. Providence furnishes Materials, but expects that we should work them up our selves. The Earth must be laboured before it gives its Encrease, and when it is forced into its several Products, how many Hands muft they pass through before they are fit for Use? Manufa. ctures, Trade, and Agriculture, naturally.employ more than nineteen Parts of the Species in twenty; and as for those who are not obliged to Labour, by the Condition in which they are born, they are more miserable than the rest of Mankind, unless they indulge themselves in that voluntary Labour which goes by the Name of Excercise,
· MY Friend Sir ROGER has been an indefatigable Min in Business of this kind, and has hung several Parts of his House with the Trophies of his former Labours. The Walls of his great Hall are covered with the Horns of several kinds of Deer that he has killed in the Chace, which he thinks the most valuable Furniture of his House, as they afford him frequent Topicks of Discourse, and shew that he has not been Idle. At the lower end of the Hall is a large Otter's Skin stuffed with Hay, which his Mother ordered to be hung up in that manner, and the Knight looks upon with great Satisfaction, because it seems he was but nine Years old when his Dog killed him. A little Room adjoyning to the Hall is a kind of Arsenal filled with Guns of several sizes and Inventions, with which the Knight has made great Havock in the Woods, and destroyed many thousands of Pheasants, Partridges and Wood-cocks. His Stable Doors are patched with Noses that belonged to Foxes of the Knight's own hunting down. Sir R OG ER Thewed me one of them that for Diftin&tion fake has a Brass Nail struck through it, which cost him about fifteen Hours riding, carried hiin through half a dozen Counties, killed him a Brace' of Geldings, and lost above half his Dogs. This the Knight looks upon as one of the greatest Exploits of his Life. The perverse Widow, whoni I have given some Account of, was the Death of several Foxes ; for Sir R OG ER has told me that in the Course of his Amours he patched the Western Door of his Stable. Whenever the Widow was cruel,' the Foxes were sure to pay for it, In Proportior, as his Passion for the Widow abated, and old Age came on, he left off Fox-hunting; but a Hare is not yet safe that fits within ten Miles of liis House.
THERE is no kind of Exercise which I would so recommend to my Readers of both Sexes as this of Riding, as there is none which so much conduces to Health, and is every way accommodated to the Body, according to the Idea which I have given of it. Doctor Sydenham is very lavish in its Praises; and if the English Reader would see the Mechanical Effects of it described at length, he may find them in a Book published not many Years since, under the Title of Medicina Gymnastica. For my own Part, when I am in Town, for want of these Opportunities, I exercise my self an Hour eyery Morning upon a dumb Bell
that is placed in a Corner of my Room, and pleases me the more because it does every thing I require of it in the most profound Silence. My Landlady and her Daughters are so well acquainted with my Hours of Exercise, that they never come into my Room to disturb me whilft I am ringing.
W É EN I was some Years younger than I am at prefent, I used to employ my self in a more laborious Diver fion, which I learned from a Latin Treatise of Exercises, that it is written with great Erudition: Itis there called the orionagie, or the Fighting with a Man's own Shadow, and consists in the brandishing of two short Sticks grasped in each Hand, and loaden with Plugs of Lead at either end. This opens the Chest, exercises the Limbs, and gives à Man all the Pleasure of Boxing, without the Blows. I could with that several Learned Men would lay out that Time which they employ in Controversies and Difputes about nothing, in this Method of fighting with their own Shadows. It might conduce very much to evaporate the Spleen, which makes them uneasie to the Publick as well as to themselves.
To conclude; As I am a Compound of Soul and Body, I consider my self as obliged to a double Scheme of Duties; and think I have not fulfilled the Businefs of the Day, when I do not thus employ the one in Labour and Exercise, as well as the other in Study and Contemplation.
Friday, July 13.
- Vocat ingenti clamore Citharon, Taygetique canes
Virg. HOSE'who have searched into human Nature obferve that nothing so much shews the Nobleness
of the Soul, as that its Felicity confifts in Action. Every Man has such an active Principle in him, that he will find out something to employ himself upon, in what. ever Place or State of Life he is pofted. I have heard of a Gentleman who was under close Confinement in the Baffile seven Years ; during which Time he amused himselt
in scattering a few small Pins about his Chamber, gathering thein up again, and placing them in different Figures on the Arm of a great Chair. He often toll his Friends afterwards, that unless he had found out this Piece of Exercise, he verily believed he should have lost his Senses.
AFTER whiclas been said, I need not inform my Readers, that Sir ROGÉR, with whose Character I hope they are at present pretty well acquainted, has in his Youth gone through the whole Course of those rural Diversions which the Country abounds in ; and which seem to be ex. treamly well suited to that laborious Industry a Man may observe here in a far greater Degree than in Towns and Cities. I have before hinted at some of my Friend's Exploits : He has in his youthful Days taken forty Coveys of Partridges in a Season; and tired many a Salmon with a Line consisting but of a single Hair. The constant Thanks and good Wishes of the Neighbourhood always attended him, on account of his remarkableEnmity towards Foxes ; having destroyed more of those Vermin in one Year, than it was thought the whole Country could have produced. Indeed the knight does not scruple to own among his most intimate Friends, that in order to establish his Reputation this Way, he has secretly sent for great Numbers of thein out of other Counties, which he used to turn loose about the Country by Night, that he might che better signalize himself in their Destruction the next Day. His Hunting. Horses were the finest and best managed in all these Parts : His Tenants are still full of the Praises of a grey Stone. horse that unhappily staked himself several Years fince, and was buried with great Solemnity in the Orchard.
SIR ROGER, being at present too old for Fox-hunting, to keep himself in Action, has disposed of his Beagles and got a Pack of Stop-Hounds. What thefe want in Speed, he endeavours to make amends for by the Deepners of their Mouths and the Variety of their Notes, which are suited in such manner to each other, that the whole Cry makes up a compleat Consort. He is so nice in this particular, that a Gentleman having made him a Present of a very fine Hound the other Day, the Knight returned it by the Servant with a great many Expressions of Civility; but desired him to tell his Master, that the Dog he had sent was indeed a mof excellent Base, but that at present he only: wanted a Counter Tenor. Could I believe my Friend had eyer read shakespear, I should certainly conclude he had taken the Hint from Theseus in The Midsummer Night's Dream.
My Hounds are bred out of the Spartan Kind,
Was never hallow'd to, nor chear'd with Horn. · SIR ROGER is so keen at this Sport, that he has been out almost every Day since I came down; and upon the Chaplain's Offering to lend me his easie Pad, I was prevail'd on Yesterday Morning to make one of the Company. I was extreamly pleased, as we rid along, to observe the generalBenevolence of all the Neighbourhood towards my Friend. The Farmers Sons thought themselves happy if they could open a Gate for the good old Knight as he pas. sed by: Which he generally requited with a Nod or a Smile, and a kind Enquiry after their Fathers or Uncles.
AFTER we had rid about a Mile from home, we came upon a large Heath, and the Sports-men began to beat, They had done so for some time, when, as I was at a little Distance from the rest of the Company, I saw a Hare pop out from a small Furze-brake almost under my Horse's Feet. I marked the Way she took, which I endeavoured to make the Company sensible of by extending my Arm; but to no Purpose, till Sir ROGER, who knows that none of my extraordinary Motions are insignificant, rode up to me, and asked me if Puss was gone that Way. Upon my answering Yes he immediately called in the Dugs, and put them upon the Scent. As they were going off, I heard one of the Country Fellows muttering to his Companion, That 'twas a Wonder they had not lost all their Sport, for want of
the filent Gentleman's crying STOLE AWAT. :: THIS, with my version to leaping Hedges, made mo
withdraw to a rising Ground, from whence I could have the Pleasure of the whole Chase, without the Fatigue of keeping in with the Hounds. The Hare immediately threw them above a Mile behind her; but I was pleased to find, that instead of running strait forward, or in Hunter's Lan.