« 이전계속 »
to that of an Ox, a Sheep, a Lion, an Hog, or any
other Creacure ; he hath the same Resemblance in the Frame of his Mind, and is subject to those Passions which are predominant in the Creature that appears in his Countenance. Accordingly he gives the Prints of several Faces that are of a different Mould, and by a little overcharging the Likeness, discovers the Figures of these several kinds of brutal Faces in human Features. I remember in the Life of the famous Prince of Conde the Writer obferves, the Face of that Prince was like the Face of an Eagle, and that the Prince was very well pleased to be told fo. In this Case therefore we may be Ture, that he had in his Mind some general implicit Notion of this Art of Phifiognomy which I have just now mentioned; and that when his Courtiers told him his Face was made like an Eagle's, he understood them in the fame manner as if they had told him, there was something in his Looks which shewed him to be strong, active, piercing, and of a royal Descent. Whether or no the different Mations of the animal Spirits in different Paffions, may have any
Effect on the Mould of the Face when the Lineaments are pliable and tender, or whether the same kind of Souls require the same kind of Habitations, 1 fhall leave to the Consideration of the Curious. In the mean Time I think nothing can be more glori. ous than for a Man to give the Lie to his Face, and to be an honest, just, good-natured Man, in spite of all those Marks and Signatures which Nature seems to have set upon hiin for the Contrary. This very often happens among those, who inttead of being exasperated by ticir own Looks, or envying the Looks of others, apply themselves entirely to the cultivating of their Minds, and getting those Beauties which are moft lafting aná more ornamental. I have seen many an amiable Piece of Deformity; and have observed a certain Chearfulness in as bad a System of Features as ever was clapped together, which hath appeared more lovely than all the blooming Charms of an insolent Beauty There is a double Praise due to Virtue, when it is lodged in a Bcdy that seems to have been prepared for the Reception of Vice; in 'many fuck Cafes the Soul and the Body do not seem to be Fellows..
SOCRATE S was an extraordinary Instance of this Nature. There chanced to be a great Physiognomist in his Time at Athens, who had made strange Discoveries of Mens Tempers and Inclinations by their outward Appearances. Socrates's Disciples, that they might put this Artist to the Tryal, carried him to their Master, whom he had never seen before, and did not know he was then in Company with him. After a short ExamiAation of his Face, the Phyfiognomift pronounced him the mott lewd, libidinous, drunken old Fellow that he had ever met with in his whole Life. Upon which the Disciples all burst out a laughing, as thinking they had detected the Falfhood and Vanity of his Art. But So. crates told them, that the Principles of his Art might be very true, notwithstanding his present Miftake; for that he himself was naturally inclined to thofe particular Vices which the Physiognomift had discovered in his Countenance, but that he had conquered the strong Dispositions he was born with by the Dictates of Philosophy.
W É are indeed told by an ancient Author, that socrates very much resembled Silenus in his Face; which we find to have been very rightly observed from the Statues and Bufts of both; that are still extant; as well as on feveral antique Seals and precious Stones, which are frequently enough to be met with in the Cabinets of the Carious. But however Observations of this Nature may sometimes hold, a wise man should be particularly
cautious how he gives Credit to a Man's outward Appearance. It is an irreparable Injustice we are guilty of towards one another, when we are prejudiced by the Looks and Features of those whom we do not know. How often do we conceive Hatred against a Person of Worth, or fancy a Man to be proud or ill-natured by his Aspect, whom we think we cannot esteem too much when we are acquainted with his real Character? Dr. Moore, in his admirable System of Ethicks, reckons this particular Inclination to take a Prejudice against a Man for his Looks, among the smaller Vices in Morality, and if I remember, gives it the Name of a Profopolepfia,
Nimium ne crede colori. Virg. has been the Purpose of several of my Speculations to bring People to an unconcerned Behaviour, with
relation to their Persons, whether beautiful or defe&ive. As the Secrets of the Ugly Club were exposed to the Publick, that Men might see there were some noble Spirits in the Age, who were not at all displeased with themselves upon Considerations which they had no
Choice in; so the Discourse concerning Idols tended to lesfin the Value People put upon themselves from personal Advantages and Gifts of Nature. As to the latter Species of Mankind, the Beauties, whether Male or Female, they are generally the most untractable People of all others. You are so excessively, perplexed with the Particularities in their Behaviour, that, to be at Ease, one would be apt to wish there were no such Creatures. They expect fo great Allowances, and give so little to others, that they who have to do with them find in the main, a Man with a better Person than ordinary, and a beautiful Woman, might be very happily changed for such to whom Nature has been less liberal. The Hand-, some Fellow is usually so much a Gentleman, and the fine Woman has something so becoming, that there is no enduring either of them. It has therefore been generally my Choice to mix with chearful ugly Creatures, rather than Gentlemen who are graceful enough to omic or do what they please; or Beauties who have Charms enough to do and say what would be disobliging in any but themselves.
DIFFIDENCE and Presumption, upon account of our Persons, are equally Faults; and both arise from the Want of knowing, or rather endeavouring to know, our selves, and for what we ought to be valued or neg. lected. But indeed, I did not imagine these little Confi. derations and Coquetries could have the ill Consequence
as I find they have by the following Letters of my Correspondents, where it seems Beauty is thrown into the Accompt, in Matters of Sale, to those who receive no Favour from the Charmers.
FTER I have assured you I am in every respect I need be particular in nothing but the Make of my • Face, which has the Misfortune to be exactly Oval, • This I take to proceed from a Temper that naturally • inclines me both to speak and to hear.
WITH this. Account you may wonder how I caa have the Vanity to offer my self as a Candidate, which
I now do, to a Society, where the SPECTATOR and * Hecatissa have been admitted with so much Applause. "I don't want to be put in mind how very defective I ' am in every Thing that is ugly: I am too sensible of
my own Unworthiness in this particular, and therefore ! I only propose my self as a Foil to the Club.
• YOU see how honest I have been to confess all my Imperfections, which is a great deal to come from a W Toman, and what, I hope, you will encourage with the Favour of your Interest.
' THERE can be no Objection made on the side of • the matchless Hecatisa, since it is certain I shall be in
no Danger of giving her the least Occasion of Jealousy: . And then, a Joini-Stool in the very lowest Place at
the Table, is all the Honour that is covered by
Your most Humble
and obedient Servant,
P.S. I have sacrificed my Necklace to put into the Publick Lottery against the Common Enemy. And • last Saturday, about Three a Clock in the Afternoon, : I began to patch indifferently on both sides of my
London, Tune 7, 1711. :U
UON reading your fate Dissertation concerning
Idols, I cannot but complain to you that there are, in six or seven Places of this City, Coffee-houses • kept by Persons of that Sisterhood. These Idols fit and
receive all Day long the Adoration of the Youth within • such and fuch Distries: I know in particular, Goods
are not entered as they ought to be at the Custom-house, nor Law-Reports perused at the Temple ; by reason of one Beauty who detains the
young Merchants too long near Change, and another Fair one who keeps the • Students at her House when they should be at Study, • It would be worth your while to fee how the Idola
ters alternately offer Incense to their Idols, and what 'Heart burnings arife in those who wait for their Turn • to receive kind Aspects from thofe little Thrones, • which all the Company, but thefe Lovers, call the Bars. • I saw a Gentleman turn as pale as Alhes, because an • Idol turned the Sugar in a Tea-Dish for his Riyal, and
carelesly called the Boy to serve him, with a Sirrah!
Why don't you give the Gentleman the Box to please him• felf? Certain it is, that a very hopeful young Man was • taken with Leads in his Pockets below bridge, where
he intended to drown himself, because his Idol would • wash the Dish in which she had but just drank Tea, be * fore she would let him ufe it.
• I am, Sir, a Person past being Amorous, and do not give this Information out of Envy or Jealousy, but I
am a real Sufferer by it. These Lovers take any thing • for Tea and Coffee; I faw one Yesterday surfeit to • make his Court; and all his Rivals, at the same time,
loud in the Commendation of Liquors that went
against every Body in the Room that was not in Love. • While these young Fellows resign their Stomachs ' with their Hearts and drink aç the Idol in this man
ner, we who come to do Bųfiness, or talk Politicks,
are utterly poifoned: They have alfo Drams for • those who are more enamoured than ordinary • and it is very common for such as are too low • in Constitution to ogle the Idol upon the Strength • of Tea, to Austerthemselves with warmer Li