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of an unfortunate Gentleman, who was unable to contain himself, (when any ordinary Matter was laid before him) from adding a few Circumstances to enliven plain Narra. tive. That Correspondent was a Person of too warm a Complexion to be satisfied with things merely as they stood in Nature, and therefore formed Incidents which should have happened to have pleased him in the Story. The same ungoverned Fancy which pushed that Correspondent on, in spite of himself, to relate publick and notorious Fallhoods, makes the Author of the following Letter do the same in Private; one is a prating, the other a silent Liar.

THERE is little pursued in the Errors of either of these Worthies, but mere present Amusement: But the Folly of him who lets his Fancy place him in distant Scenes untroubled and uninterrupted, is very much preferable to that of him who is ever forcing a Belief, and defending his Untruths with new Inventions. But I shall baften to let this Liar in Soliloquy, who calls himself a CASTLEBUILDER, describe himself with the same Unreservedness as formerly appeared in my Correspondent abovemention'd. If a Man were to be serious on this Subje&, he might give very grave Admonitions to those who are following any thing in this Life, on which they think to place their Hearts, and tell them that they are really CASTLE-BUILDERS. Fame, Glory, Wealth, Honour, have in the Prospect pleasing Illusions : but they who come to possess any of them will find they are Ingredients towards Happiness, to be regarded only in the second place; and that when they are valued in the first Degree they are as disappointing as any of the Phantoms in the following Letter.


Sept. 6. 1711. 6 T Am a Fellow of a very odd Frame of Mind, as you

I will find by the Sequel ; and think my self Fool • enough to deserve a Place in your Paper. I am unhap• pily far gone in Building, and am one of that Species of

Men who are properly denominated Castle-Builders, who « scorn to be beholden to the Earth for a Foundation, or

dig in the Bowels of it for Materials; but erect their • Structures in the most unstable of Elements, the Air, Fancy alone laying the Line, marking the Extent, and


shaping the Model. It would be difficult to enumerate

what august Palaces and stately Porticos have grown • under my forming Imagination, or what verdant Mea

dows and shady Groves have started into Being by the s powerful Feat of a warm Fancy. A Castle-Builder is • even just what he pleases, and as such I have grasped " imaginary Scepters, and delivered uncontroulable Edicts,

from a Throne to which conquered Nations yielded « Obeisance, I have made I know not how many In• roads into France, and ravaged the very Heart of that · Kingdom; I have dined in the Louvre, and drank Cham• paign at Versailles; and I would have you take Notice, I I am not only able to vanquilh a People already cowed s and accustomed to Flight, but I could, Almanzor like, o drive the British General from the field, were I less a

Protestant, or had ever been affronted by the Confedes rates. There is no Art or Profession, whose most cele.' • brated Masters I have not eclipsed. Wherever I have af«, forded my falutary Presence Fevers have ceased to burn, • and Agues to shake the human Fabrick. When an elo. s quent Fit has been upon me, an api Gesture and proper • Cadence has animated each Sentence, and gazing Crowds I have found their Passions work'd upinto Rage, or sooth• ed into a Calm. I am short, and not very well made; r yet upon Sight of a fine Woman, I have stretched into

proper Stature, and killed with a good Air and Mien. . These are the gay Phantoms that dance before my wa.

king Eyes and compose my Day-Dreams. I should be • the most contented Happy Man alive, were the chimeria o cal Happiness which springs from the Paintings of Fancy « less fleeting and transitory. But alas! it is with Grief of • Mind I tell you, the least Breath of Wind has often deo molished my magnificent Edifices,swept away myGroves,

and left no more Trace of them than if they had never s been. My Exchequer has sunk and vanished by a Rap on • my Door, the Salutation of a Friend has cost me a whole • Continent, and in the same Moment I have been pulled by the Sleeve, my Crown has fallen from my Head,

The ill Consequence of these Reveries is inconceivably • great, seeing the Loss of imaginary Possessions makes • Impressions of real Woe. Besides, bad Oeconomy is vifible and apparent in Builders of inyisible Mansions. My


• Tenants « Tenants Advertisements of Ruins and Dilapidations of• ten cast a Dampon my Spirits, even in the Instant when • the Sun, in all his Splendor, gilds my Eastern Palaces, • Add to this the pensive Drudgery in Building, and con• ftant grasping Aerial Trowels, distracts and shatters the • Mind, and the fond Builder of Babells is often cursed with • an incoherent Diversity and Confusion of Thoughts. I do not know to whom I can more properly apply my * self for Relief from this Fantastical Evil, than to your • seif; whom I earnestly implore to accommodate me « with a Method how to settle my Head and cool my • Brain-pan. A Dissertation on Castle-Builing may not

only be serviceable to my self, but all Architects, who • display their Skill in the 'thin Elemeut. Such a Favour • would oblige me to make my next Soliloquy not contain

the Praises of my dear self but of the SPECTATOR, • who shall, by complying with this, make me His Olliged, Humblo sirvant,



No 168, Wednesday, September 12. .- Pectus Præceptis format amicis. TT would be Arrogance to neglect the Application of my

Correspondents so far, as not sometimes to insert their * Animadversions upon my Paper; that of this Day Thall be therefore wholly composed of the Hints which they have sent me.

Mr. SPECTATOR, • T Send you this to congratulate your late Choice of a

| Subject, for treating on which you deserve publick ·Thanks; I mean that on those licensedTyrants the Schools • Masters. If you can disarm them of their Rods, you I will certainly have your old Age reverenced by all the ? young Gentlemen of Great Britain who are now between • seven and seventeen Years, You may boast that the ins comparably wise Quintillian and you are of one Mind in

o this Particular. Si cui eft (says he) mens tam illiberalis ut é objurgatione non corrigatur, is etiam ad plagas, ut pessima i queque mancipia, durabitur. If any Child be of so disinges

nuous a Nature, as not to stand corrected by Reproof, he, 6 like the very worst of slaves, will be hardened even again « Blows themselves; and afterwards, Pudet dicere in que probra nefandi homines ifto cedendi jure abutantur, i.e. "I blush to say how amefully those wicked Men abuse - the Power of Correction.

o I was bred my self, Sir, in a very great School, of - which the Master was a Welchman, but certainly descen.. ded from a Spanisl. Family, as plainly appeared from his

Temper as well as his Name. I leave you to judge.what • a sort of School-Master a Welchman ingrafted on a Spani. card would make. So very dreadful had he made himself " to me, that altho' it is above twenty Years since I fels

his heavy Hand, yet still once a month at least I dream .of him, so strong an Impression did he nake on my • Mind. 'Tis a Sign he has fully terrified me waking, .. who still continues to haunt me deeping, · AND yet I may say, without Vanity, that the Buffin

ness of the School was what I did without great Diffi. • culty; and I was not remarkably unlucky; and yet such or was the Mafter's Severity that once a month, or ottnet,

« I suffered as much as would have Gatisfied the Law of of the Land for a Petty Larceny.

• MANY a white and tender Hand, which the fond • Mother has passionately kissed a thousand and a thousand

Times, have I seen whipped 'till it was covered with • Blood; perhaps for smiling, or for going a Yard and half • out of a Gate, or for writing an O for an A, or an Ą for • an O: These were our great Faulis! Many a brave and • noble Spirit has been there broken; others have run from • thence and were never beard of afterwards. It is a wor6 thy Atteinpt to undertake the cause of distreft Youth; • and it is a noble Piece of Knight Errantry to enter the • Lists against so many armed Pædagogues. 'Tis piry but "we had a Set of Men, polite in their Behaviour and Me. • thod of Teaching, who should be put into a Condition of • being above flattering or fearing the Parents of those they • instruct. We might then possibly lee Learning become sa Pleasure, and Children delighting themselves in that,



' which now they abhor for coming upon such hard Terms

to them: What would be still a greater Happiness arising from the Care of such Instructors, would be, that we should have no more Pedants, nor any bred to Learning who have not Genius for it. I am, with the utmost Sin. cerity, S I R,

Your moff affectionate humble Servant. Mr. SPECTATOR, Richmond, Sept. 5th, 1711. CI Am a Boy of fourteen Years of Age, and have for

1. this last Year been under the Tuition of a Doctor ' of Divinity, who has taken the School of this place un" der his Care. From the Gentleman's great Tenderness ' to me and Friendship to my Father, I am very happy in " learning my Book with Pleasure. We never leave off • our Diversions any farther than to salute him at Hours of • Play when he pleases to look on. It is impossible for • any of us to love our own Parents better than we do him. 'He never gives any of us an harsh Word, and we think • it the greatest Punishment in the World when he will

not speak to any of us. My Brother and I are both to. "gether inditing this Letter: He is a Year older than I am, I but is now ready to break his Heart that the Doctor has • not taken any Notice of him these three Days. If you o please to print this he will see it, and, we hope, taking

it for my Brother's earnest Desire to be restored to his · Fayour, he will again smile upon him.

Your most obedient Servant, '


Mr. SPECTATOR,' "V ou have represented several sorts of Impertinents • 1 singly, I wish you would now proceed, and de. • fcribe some of them in Sets. It often happens in publick • Assemblies, that a Party who came thither together, or "whoíe Impertinencies are of an equal Pitch, ačt in Con. 'cert, and are so full of themselves as to give Difturbance • to all that are about them. Sometimes you have a Set • of Whisperers who lay their Heads together in order to • sacrifice every Body within theirObservation; sometimes i a Set of Laughers, that keep up an insipid Mirth in their


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