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• Tenants Advertisements of Ruins and Dilapidations of

ten cast a Dampon my Spirits, even in the Instant when • the Sun, in all his Splendor, gilds my Eastern Palaces, • Add to this the pensive Drudgery in Building, and con• ftant grasping Aerial Trowels, distracts and shatters the

Mind, and the fond Builder of Babells is often curfed with

an incoherent Diversity and Confusion of Thoughts. I • do not know to whom I can more properly apply my • self for Relief from this Fantastical Evil, than to your • self; whom I earnestly implore to accommodate me • with a Method how to settle my Head and cool my • Brain-pan. A Dissertation on Castle-Builing may not

only be serviceable to my self, but all Architects, who display their Skill in the thin Elemeut. Such a Favour

would oblige me to make my next Soliloquy not contain o the Praises of my dear self but of the SPECTATOR, • who shall, by complying with this, make me

Hii obliged, Humble servant, T


N° 168,

Wednesday, September 12.


-Pectus Præceptis format amicis.

Hor. Twould be Arrogance to neglect the Application of my

Correspondents so far, as not sometimes to insert their

Animadversions upon my Paper; that of this Day. shall be therefore wholly composed of the Hints which they have sent me.


Send you this to congratulate your late Choice of a

Subject, for treating on which you deserve publick * Thanks; I mean that on those licensedTyrants the School• Masters. If you can disarm them of their Rods, you

will certainly have your old Age reverenced by all the

young Gentleinen of Great Britain who are now between • seven and seventeen Years, You may boast that the ins Scomparably wise Quintillian and you are of one Mind in

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this Particular. Si cui eft (fays he) mens tam illiberalis ut objurgatione non corrigatur, is etiam ad plagas, ut pellima

quæque mancipia, durabitur. If any Child be of so disingea nuous a Nature, as not to stand corrected by Reproof, hey

like the very worst of slaves, will be hardened even againf 'Blows themselves; and afterwards, Pudet dicere in que

probra nefandi homines ifto cedendi jure abutantur, i.e.
I blush to say how shamefully those wicked Men abuse
the Power of Correction.
• ! was bred my self, Sir, in a very great School, of
which the Master was a Welchman, but certainly descen-
ded from a Spanish, Family, as plainly appeared from his
Temper as well as his Name. I leave you to judge.what

a sort of School-Mafter a Welchman ingrafted on a Spani. ard would make. So very dreadful had he made himself

to me, that altho” it is above twenty Years since I fels • his heavy Hand, yet still once a month at least I dream • of him, so strong an Impreslion did he nake on my

Mind. 'Tis a Sign he has fully terrified me waking, who still continues to haunt me seeping,

AND yet I may say, without Vanity, that the Buffin ness of the School was what I did without great Difficulty; and I was not remarkably unlucky; and yet fuch

was the Master's Severity that once a month, or oftnet, • I suffered as much as would have satisfied the Law of the Land for a Petty Larceny,

• MANY a white and tender Hand, which the fond • Mother has passionately kissed a thousand and a thousand • Times, have I seen whipped 'till it was covered with • Blood; perhaps for smiling, or for going a Yard and half

out of a Gate, or for writing an O for an A, or an A for • an O: These were our great Faults! Many a brave and

noble Spirit has been there broken; others have run from & thence and were never beard of afterwards. It is a wor

thy Attempt to undertake the Cause of distrest Youth; • and it is a noble Piece of Knight Errantry to enter the • Lists against so many armed Pædagogues. 'Tis pity but

had a Set of Men, polite in their Behaviour and Me. • thod of Teaching, who should be put into a Condition of

being above flattering or fearing the Parents of those they • instruct. We might then possibly lee Learning become * Pleasure, and Children delighting themselves in that,


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' which now they abhor for coming upon such hard Terms

to them: What would be still a greater Happiness arising from the Care of such Instructors, would be, that we should have no more Pedants, nor any bred to Learning who have not Genius for it. I am, with the utmost Sin. cerity,

S I R,

Your mof affectionate humble Servant,

Mr. SPECTATOR, Richmond, Sept. 5th, 1711. 'I

" this last Year been under the Tuition of a Doctor of Divinity, who has taken the School of this place un• der his Care. From the Gentleman's great Tenderness

to me and Friendship to my Father, I am very happy in learning my Book with Pleasure. We never leave off

our Diversions any farther than to salute him at Hours of • Play when he pleases to look on. It is impoffible for

any of us to love our own Parents better than we do him. ' He never gives any of us an harsh Word, and we think • it the greatest Punishment in the World when he will

not speak to any of us. My Brother and I are both to.

gether inditing this Letter: He is a Year older than I am, . but is now ready to break his Heart that the Doctor has • not taken any Notice of him these three Days. If you • please to print this he will see it, and, we hope, taking • it for my Brother's earnest Desire to be restored to his Fayour, he will again smile upon him. Your most obedient Servant,


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COU have represented several Sorts of Impertinents

singly, I wish you would now proceed, and de• fcribe some of them in Sets. It often happens in publick

Assemblies, that a Party who came thither together, or 'whoíe Impertinencies are of an equal Pitch, ač in Con

cert, and are so full of themselves as to give Difturbance to all that are about them. Sometimes you have a Set

of Whisperers who lay their Heads together in order to ' sacrifice every Body within theirObservation; sometimes ia Set of Laughers, that keep up an insipid Mirth in their

: own

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* own Corners, and by their Noise and Gestures shew they • have no Respe&t for the rest of the Company. You fre

quently meet with these Sets at the Opera, the Play, the

Water-works, and other publick Meetings, where their “whole Business is to draw off the Attention of the Specta

tors from the Entertainment, and to fix it upon them• selves; and it is to be observed that the Impertinence is

ever loudest, when the Set happens to be made up of • three or four Females who have got what you call a

Woman's Man among them. • I am at a loss to know from whom People of Fortune should learn this Behaviour, unless it be from the • Footmen who keep their Places at a new Play, and are • often seen passing away their Time in Sets at All-fours in the Face of a full

House, and with a perfect Difregard to People of Quality fitting on each side of them.

* FOR preserving therefore the Decency of publick • Assemblies, methinks it would be but reasonable that • those who disturb others should pay at least a double • Price for their Places; or rather Women of Birth and • Distinction should be informed, that a Levity of Beha< viour in the Eyes of People of Understanding degrades • them below their meanest Attendants; and Gentlemen • Thould know that a fine Coat is a Livery, when the Per• son who wears it discovers no higher Sense than that of a Footman. I am,

SIR, Your most Humble Servant, Mr. SPECTATGR, Bedfordshire, Sept. 1, 1711. 'IA

Am one of those whom every Body calls a Pocher,

* and sometimes go out to course with a Brace of Greyhounds, a Mastiff, and a Spaniel or two; and when I am weary with Coursing, and have killed Hares enough,

go to an Ale-house to refresh my self. I beg the Favour • of you (as you set up for a Reformer) to lend us Word • how many Dogs you will allow us to go with, how

many Full-Pots of Ale to drink, and how many Hares ' to kill in a Day, and you will do a great Piece of Ser. ! vice to all the Sports-men: Be quick then, for the Time • of Coursing is come on,

Yours in Hafte,

Ifaac Hedgeditch


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N° 169. Thursday, September 13.

Sic vita erat: facile omnes perferre ac pati:
Cum quibus erat cunque una, his fefe dedero,

Eorum obfequi ftudiis : advor sus nemini;
: Nunquam præponens fe aliis. Ita facillime
Sine invidia invenias laudem.

Ter, And,


AN is subject to innumerable Pains and Sorrows by the very Condition of Humanity, and yet, as

if Nature had not fown Evils enough in Life, we are continually adding Grief to Grief, and aggravating the common Calamity by our cruel Treatment of one another. Every Man's natural Weight of Affliction is still made more heavy by the Envy, Malice, Treachery, or Injustice of his Neighbour. At the same time that the Storm beats upon the whole Species, we are falling foul upon one another.

HALF the Misery of human Life might be extinguished, would Men alleviate the general Curfe they lye under, by mutual Offices of Compaflion, Benevolence and Humanity. There is nothing therefore which we ought more to encourage in our selves and others, than that Difpofition of Mind which in our Language goes under the Title of Good-nature, and which I shall chuse for the Subject of this Day's Speculation,

GOOD-NATURE is more agreeable in Conversation than Wit, and gives a certain Air to the Countenance which is more amiable than BeautyIt shews Virtue in the fair. eft Light, takes off in fome measure from the Deformity of Vice, and makes even Folly and Impertinence supportable,

THERE is no Society or Conversation to be kept up in the World without Good-nature, or something which must bear its Appearance, and supply its Place. For this Reason Mankind have been forced to invent a kind of Arri. ficial Humanity, which is what we express by the Word Good-Breeding. For if we examine thoroughly the idea of what we call fo, we shall find it to be nothing elfe but an Imitation and Mimickry of Good-nature, or in other Terms, Affability, Complaisance and Easiness of Temper reduced into an Art.


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