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< was holding a Cup at bis Mouth, he fell into Convul' sions; and at this very Time I hear my dear Master's ' last Groan. I was quickly turned oul of the Room, 6 and left to sob and beat my Head againft the Wall at 'my Leisure. The Grief I'was in was inexpressible ; ' and every Body thought it would have cost me my • Life. In a few Days my old Lady, who was one of • the Housewives of the World, thought of turning me « out of Doors, because I put her in mind of her Son.
Sir Stephen proposed putting me to Prentice, but my « Lady being an excellent Manager, would not let her • Husband throw away his Money in acts of Charity, « I had Sense enough to be under the utmost Indignation, • to see her discard with so little Concern, one her Son
had loved so much; and went out of the House to ram« ble where-ever my Feet would carry me.
( THE third Day afrer I left Sir Stephen's Family, I was strolling up and down the Walks in the Temple, • A young Gentleman of the House, who (as I heard . hiin fay afterwards seeing me half-starved and well • dressed, thought me an Equipage ready to his Hand, • after very little Enquiry more chan Did I want a Ma
Star? bid me follow him; I did fo, and in a very little .. while thought my self the happieft Creature in this " World. My Time was taken up in carrying Letters ( to Wenches, or Meffages to young Ladies of my Ma• fter's Acquaintance. We rambled from Tavern to Ta. ...vern, to the Play-house, the Mulberry-Garden, and all • Places of Refort; where my Master engaged every « Night in some new Amour, in which and Drinking & he spent all his Time when he had Money. During
chefe Extravagancies I had the pleasure of lying on the • Stairs of a Tavern half a Night, playing at Dice with • other Servants, and the like Idleneffes. When my Mafter I was Moneyless, I was generally employed in transcribing • amorous Pieces of Poetry, old Songs, and new Lam& poons. This Life held till my Mafter married, and he « had then the Prudence to turn me off, because I was « in the Secret of his Intreagues,
• I was utterly at a Lols what Course to take next; when at laft I applied my self to a Fellow-fufferer, one of his Miftreffes, a Woman of the Town. She hap
• pening pening at that Time to be pretty fnll of Money, cloathed • me from Head to Foot; and knowing me to be a sharp , Fellow, employed me accordingly. Sometimes I was "to go abroad with her, and when she had pitched upon
a young Fellow she thought for her Turn, I was to be dropped as one she could not trust. She would often
cheapen Goods at the New Exchange'; and when she ... had a Mind to be attacked, she would send me away on .' an Errand. When an humble Servant and she were be. ..ginning a Parléy, I came immediately, and told her Sir • John was- come home; then she would order another 6 Coach to prevent being dogged. The Lover makes o Signs to me as I get behind the Coach, I shake my Head .it was impoffible: I leave my Lady at the next Turnring, and follow the Cully to know how to fall in his • Way on another Occasion. Besides good Offices of this “ Nature, I writ all 'my Mistress's Love-Letters; some
from a Lady that saw such a Gentleman at such a Place « in such a coloured Coat, fome shewing the Terrour she .. was in of a jealous old Husband, others explaining that ..the Severity of her parents was such (tho her Fortune
..was settled) that she was willing to run away with such ...a one, tho' she knew he was but a younger Brother. In ..a Word, my half-Education and Love of idle Books, • made me outwrite all that made Love to her by way of
Epistle ; and as she was extremely cunning, she did well ' enough in Company by a skilful Affectation of the great" . eft Modesty. In the midst of all this, I was surprized.
with a Letter from her and a Ten Pound Note..
Honest Tom, (6. VOU will never see me more. I am married to
I "a very cunning Country Gentleman, who « might possibly guess something if I kept you still; " therefore farewel.
?WHEN this place was loft also in Marriage, I was 6. resolved to go among quite another People for the fue • ture; and got in Butler to one of those Families where • there is a Coach kept, three or four Servants, a clean
House, and a good general Outside upon a small E. ftate. Here I lived very comfortably for some Time,
'till I unfortunately found my Master, the very gravest Man alive, in the Garret with the Chambermaid. I koew the World too well to think of staying there, and the next Day pretended to have received a Letter out of the Country that my Father was dying, and got my Discharge with a Bounty for my Discretion. "THE next I lived with was a peevish single Man, whom I stayed with for a Year and a half. Moft Part • of the Time I passed very easily; for when I began to • know him, I minded no more than he meant what " he said; so that one Day in good Humour he said, I « was the best Man he ever had, by my want of Respect to • him.
THESE, Sir, are the chief Occurrences of my Life, ' and I will not dwell upon very many other places, I I have been in, where I have been the strangelt Fellow in
the World, where no Body in the World had such Ser
vants as they, where sure they were the unluckiest Peo•ple in the World in Servants, and so forth. All I mean . by this Representation, is, To Thew you that we poor
Servants are not (what you called us too generally) all • Rogues; but that we are what we are, according to the ' Example of our Superiors. In the Family I am now ' in, I am guiliy of no one Sin but Lying; which I do ' with a grave Face in my Gown and Staff every Day I I live, and almost all Day long, in denying niy Lord to ' impertinent Suitors, and my Lady to unwelcome Visi• tants. But, Sir, I am to let you know, that I am, wher: ' I can get abroad, a Leader of the Servants: I am he that • keeps Time with beating my Cudgel against the Boards ' in the Gallery at an Opera; I am he that am touched so • properly at a Tragedy, when the People of Quality are
ftaring at one another during the most important Inci«dents: When you hear in a Crowd a Cry in the right: • Place, an Humm where the point is touched in a Speech,. « or an Hussa set up where it is the Voice of the People's ' you may conclude it is begun, or joined by,,
MONG the loose Papers which I have frequently A spoken of heretofore, I find a Conversation be
tween Pharamond and Eucrate upon the Subject of Duels, and the Copy of an Ediet iffued in Consequence of that Discourse.
EUCRATE argued, That nothing but the most severe and vinditive Punishments, such as placing the Bodies of the Offenders in Chains, and putting them to Death by the most exquisite Torments, would be sufficient to extir. pate a Crime which had so long prevailed and was so firmly fixed in the Opinion of the World as great and laudable; but the King answered, That indeed Instances of Ignominy were necessary in the Cure of this Evil; but considering that it prevailed only among such as had a Nicety in their Sense of Honour, and that it often happened that a Duel was fought to save Appearances to the World, when both Parties were in their Hearts in Amity and Reconciliation to each other; it was evident, that turning the Mode another way would effectually put a stop to what had Being only as a Mode. That to such Persons, Poverty and Shame were Torments sufficient; That he would not go further in punishing in others Crimes which he was satisfied he himself was most guilty of, in that he might have prevented them by speaking his Displeasure fooner. Besides which the King said, he was in general averse to Tortures, which was putting human Nature it self, rather than the Criminal, to Disgrace; and that he would be sure not to use this Means where the Crime was but an ill Effect arising from a laudable Cause, the Fear of Shame. The King, at the Tame time, spoke with much Grace upon the Subject of Mercy; and repented of many Acts of that kind which had a mag. nificent Aspect in the doing, but dreadful Consequen. ces in the Example, Mercy to Particulars, he obser
ved, was Cruelty in the General: That though a Prince could not revive a dead Man by taking the Life of him who killed him, neither could he make Reparation to the next that should die by the evil Example; or'anfwer to himself for the Partiality, in not pardoning the next as well as the former Offender. "As for me, fays Pharamond, 'I have conquered France, and yet have • given Laws to my People: The Laws are iny Methods ' of Life; they are not a Diminution but a Direction to
my Power. I am still absolute to diftinguish the Inno. 'cent and the Virtuous, to give Honours to the Brave
and Generous: I am absolute in my Good-Will; none 'can oppose my Bounty, or prescribe Rules for my FaIvour. While I can, as I please, reward the Good, I 'am under no Pain that I cannot pardon the Wicked : • For which Reason, continued Pharamond, I will effe&tu"ally put a Stop to this Evil, by exposing no more the • Tenderness of my Nature to the Importunity of having • the same Respect to those who are miserable by their • Fault, and those who are so by their Misfortune. Flat' terers (concluded the King smiling) repeat to us Prin
ces, that we are Heaven's Vicegerents ; let us be ro, and • let the only thing out of our Power be to do ill.
SOON after the Evening wherein Pharamond and Eucrate had this Conversation, the following Edict was pulished.
Pharamond's Edict against Duels. Pharamond, King of the Gauls, to all his loving subjects
sendeth Greeting. . C W HEREAS it has come to our Royal Notice
" and Observation, that in Contempt of all • Laws Divine and Human, it is of late become a Cu• ftom among the Nobility and Gentry of this our King
dom, upon flight and trivial, as well as great and ur• gent Provocations, to invite each other into the Field, . there by :heir own Hands, and of their own Authori. is ty, to decide their Controversies by Combat; We have (thought fit to take the said Cuftom into our Royal • Conlideration, and find, upon Enquiry into the usual • Causes whereon such fatal Decisions have arifen, that