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The SPECTATOR

• by this Wicked Custom, maugre all the Precepts of our ' holy Religion, and the Rules of right Reason, the ' greateft Act of the human Mind, Forgiveness of Injuries,

is become, vile and shameful; that the Rules of good ' Society and virtuous Converfation are hereby inverted; " that the Loose, the Vain, and the Impudent, in• sult the Careful, the Discreet, and the Modeft; that all Virtue is suppressed, and all Vice supported, in the one A&t of being capable to dare to the Death. We have al. • so further, with great Sorrow of Mind, observed that • this dreadful Action, by long Impunity, (Our Royal ' Attention being employed upon Matters of more gene'ral Concern) is become honourable, and the Refusal "to engage in it ignominious. In these Our Royal • Cares and Enquiries We are yet farther made to un

derstand, that the Persons of most eminent Worth, and 'moft hopeful Abilities, accompanied with the Strongest ' Passion for true Glory, are such as are most liable to be

involved in the Dangers arising from this Licence. Now taking the said Premises into our serious Confi

deration, and well.weighing that all such Emergencies .. (wherein the Mind is incapable of commanding it self, • and where the Injury is too sudden or too exquisite to be

born) are particulaily provided for by Laws heretofore « enaĉed; and that the Qualities of less Injuries, like r those of Ingratitude, are too nice and delicate to come runder general Rules; we do resolve to blot this Fashiion, or Wantonness of Anger, out of the Minds of Our ' Subjects, by Our Royal Resolutions declared in this E. &: diet as follow;

'NO Person who either sends or accepts a Challenge, 6. or the posterity of either, tho' no Death ensues thereup

on, shall be, after the Publication of this our Edict, ' capable of bearing Office in these our Dominions...

• THE Person who shall prove the sending or receiving a Challenge, shall receive to his own Use and Pro. perty, the whole personal Estate of both parties; and their real Estate shall be immediately vested in the next

Heir of the Offenders, in as ample Manner as if the said . Offenders were actually deceased.

"IN Cases where the Laws (which we have already granted to our Subjects) admit of an Appeal for Blood;

' when

when the Criminal is condemned by the said Appeal, he ' shall not only suffer Death, but his whole Estate,real, mix.

ed,and personal, shall from the Hour of his Death be veft. ied in the next Heir of the Perfon whose Blood he spilt.

"THA T'ic shall not hereafter be in Our Royal Power, 'or that of Our Succosfors, to pardon the said Offences,

or restore the Offenders in their Estates, Honour, or .... Blood for ever.

Gioen at our Court at Blois the 8th of February, 420.

In the Second of Year of our Reign,

february, 420

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N998. Friday June 22.

- Tanta eft quarendi cura decoris, Juv.. T H ERE is not so variable a thing in Nature as a | Lady's Head-dress: Within my own Memory I

have known it rise and fall'above thirty Deo gees. About ten Years ago it shot up to a very great Height, insomuch that the female Part of our Species were much taller than the Men. The Women were of such an enormous Stature, that we appeared as Grasso hoppers before them: At present the whole Sex is in a man. ner dwarfed and shrunk into a Race of Beauties that seems almost another Species. I remember several Ladies, who were once very near seven Foot high, that at present want some Inches of five : How they came to be thus curtailed I cannot learn; whether the whole Sex be at present under any Penance which we know no. thing of, or whether they have cast their Head-dresles in order to surprize us with something in that kind which fall be entirely new; or whether fome of the tallest of the Sex, being too cunning for the rest, have contrived this Method to make themselves appear sizeable, is still a' Secret; tho' I find most are of Opinion, they are at

present like Trees new lopped and pruned, that will cer• tainly sprout up and flourish with greater Heads than before. For my own Part, as I do not love to be insulted by Women who are taller than my self, I admire the

Sex

Sex much more in their present Humiliation, which has reduced them to their natural Dimensions, than when they had extended their persons, and lengthened themselves out into formidable and gigantick Figures. I am not for adding to the beautiful Edifices of Nature, nor for raising any whimsical Superstructure upon her Plans: I mult therefore repeat it, that I am highly pleased with the Coiffure now in Fashion, and think it shews the good Sense which at present very much reigns among the vaJuable Part of the Sex. One may observe, that Women in all Ages have taken more Pains than Men to adorn the outside of their Heads; and indeed I very much ad. mire, that those female Architects, who raise such won. derful Structures out of Ribbands, Lace, and Wire, have not been recorded for their respe&ive Inventions. It is certain there has been as many Orders in these kinds of Buliding, as in those which haye been made of Marble : Sometimes they rise in the Shape of a Pyramid, sometimes like a Tower, and sometimes like a Stceple. In Juvenal's Time the Building grew by several Orders and Stories, as he has very hamourously described it.

Tot premit ordinibus, tot adhuc compagibus altum
Ædificat caput : Andromachen à fronte videbis ;
Poft minor eft : Aliam credas.

Juv.

But I do not remember, in any part of my Reading, that the Head-dress aspired to so great an Extravagance as in the fourteenth Century; when it was built up in a couple of Cones or Spires, wich stood so excessively high on each Side of the Head, that a Woman who was but a Pigmy with. out her Head-dress, appeared like a Colossus upon putting it on. Monfieur Paradin says, " That these old fashioned • Fontanges rose an Ell above the Head; that they were • pointed like Steeples, and had long loose Pieces of Crape • fastened to the Tops of them, which were curiouly • fringed, and hung down their Backs like Streamers.

THE Women might possibly have carried this Gothick Building much higher, had not a famous Monk, Thomas Conecte by Name, attacked it with great Zeal and Re- · solution. This holy Man travelled from Place to Place to preach down this monftrous Commode ; and succeeded

so well in it, that as the Magicians sacrificed their Books to the Flames upon the Preaching of an Apostle, many of the Women threw down their Head-dresses in the Middle of his Sermon, and made a Bonfire of them within Sight of the Pulpit. He was so renowned, as well for the San&ity of his Life as his Manner of Preaching, that he had often a Congregation of Twenty thousand People;the Men placing themselves on the one side of his Pulpit, and the Women on the orier, that appeared to use the similitude of an ingenious Writer) like a Forest of Cedars with their Heads reaching to the Clouds. He so warmed and animated the People against this monstrous Ornament, that it lay under a kind of Persecution; and whenever it appeared in publick was pelted down by the Rabble, who flung Stones

at the Persons that wore it. But notwithstanding this - Prodigy vanished while the Preacher was among them, it

began to appear again some Months after his Departure, or to tell it in Monsieur Paradin's own Words, 'The

"Women that, like Snails in a Fright, had drawn in their ? ' Horns, sot them out again as soon as the Danger was ..over. This Extravagance of the Womens Head-dresses in that Age is taken Notice of by Monsieur d'Argentré in his History of Bretagne, and by other Historians as well as the Person I have here quoted.

IT is usually observed, That a good Reign is the only proper Time for the making of Laws against the Exorbi. tance of Power; in the same manner an excessive Head-, dress may be attacked the inost effectually when the Fa-, Thion is against it. I do therefore recommend this Paper to my female Readers by way of Prevention,

I would desire the fair Sex to consider how impossible it is for them to add any thing that can be ornamental to what is already the Master-piece of Nature. The Head has the moft beautiful Appearance, as well as the highest Station, in a human Figure, Nature has laid out all her Art in beautifying the Face: She has touched it with Vermillion, planted in it a double Row of Ivory, made it the Seat of Smiles and Blushes, lighted it up and enlivened it with the Brightness of the Eyes, hung it on each side with curious Organs of Sense, given it Airs and Graces that cannot be described, and surrounded it with such a flowing Shade of Hair as fets all its

Beauties

Beauties in the most agreeable Light: In short, she seems to have designed the Head as the Cupola to the most glorious of her Works; and when we load it with such a Pile of supernumerary Ornaments, we destroy the Symmetry of the human Figure, and foolishly contrive to call off the Eye from great and real Beauties, to childish Gewgaws, Ribbands, and Bone-lace.

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N° 99.

Saturday, June 23.
Turpi secernis Honestum.

Hor,
THE Club, of which I have ofren declared my self
T a Member, were last Night engaged in a Discourse

upon that which passes for the chief Point of Honour among Men and Women; and started a great many Hints upon the Subject, which I thought were entirely new : I shall therefore methodize the several Reflections that arose upon this Occasion, and present my Reader with them for the Speculation of this Day; after having premised, that if there is any thing in this paper which seems to differ with any passage of last Thursday's, the Reader will consider this as the Sentiments of the Club, and the other as my own private Thoughts, or rather those of Pharamond. : THE great Point of Honour in Men is Courage, and in Women Chastity. If a Man loses his Honour in one Rencounter, it is not impossible for him to regain it in another ; a Slip in a Woman's Honour is irrecoverable, I can give no Reason for fixing the Point of Honour to these two Qualities, unless it be that each Sex sets the greatest Value on the Qualification which renders them the moft amiable in the Eyes of the contrary Sex. Had Men chosen for themselves, without Regard to the Opinions of the fair Sex, I should believe the Choice would have fallen on Wisdom or Virtue; or had Women determined their own Point of Honout, it is probable that Wit or Good-nature would have carried it against

NO

Chastity.

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