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and Deformities of the corrupted. It is, a Degree tem, wards the Life of Angels, when we enjoy Conversation wherein there is nothing presented but in its Excellence; and a Degree towards that of Dæmons, wherein nothing is shewn but in its Degeneracy.

No 101.

Tue fday, June 26. ·

Romulus, & Liber pater, o cum Caftore Pollux,
Poft ingentia facta, Deorum in templa recepti;
Dum terras hominumque colunt genus, afpera bella
Componunt, agros affignant, oppida condunt ;
Ploravere suis non refpondere favorem
Speratum meritis:


M ENSURÈ, says a late ingenious Author, is the Tax

a Man pays to the Publick for being Eminent. It is a

Folly for an eminent Man to think of escaping it, and a Weakness to be affe&ed with it. All the illustrious Perfons of Antiquity, and indeed of every Age in the World, have passed through this fiery Persecution. There is no Defence against Reproach but Obscurity; it is, a kind of Concomitant to Greatness, as Satyrs and Inve. dives were an essential Part of a Roman Triumph.

IF Men of Eminence are exposed to Censure on que hand, they are as much liable to Flattery on the other. If they receive Reproaches which are not due to them, they likewise receive Praises which they do not deserve. In a Word, the Man in a bigh Post is never regarded with an indifferent Eye, but always considered as a Friend or an Enemy. For this Reason Persons in great Stations have seldom their true Characters drawn till Teveral Years after their Deaths. Their personal Friendships and En, unities must cease, and the Parties they were engaged in be at an End, before their Faults or their Virtues can have Justice done them. When Writers have the least Oppor. tunities of knowing the Truth they are in the best Difpolition to tell it.

IT is therefore the Privilege of Pofterity to adjust the Characters of illustrious Persons, and to set Matters right between those Antagonists, who, by their Rivalry for Greatness divided a whole Age into Factions. We cant now allow Casar, to be a great Man, without derogating from Pompey, and celebrate the Virtues of Cath, without detracting from those of Cafar. Every one that has been long dead has a due Proportion of Praise allotted him, in which whilft he lived his Friends were too profuse and his Enemies too sparing.

ACCORDING to Sir Isaac Newton's Calculations, the last Comet that made its Appearance in 1680, iimbib'd so much Heat by its Approaches to the Sun, that it would . have been two thousand times hotter than red hot Iron, had it been a Globe of that Metal; and that supposing it. as big, as the Earth, and at the same Distance from the Sun, it would be fifty thousand Years in cooling, before it recovered its natural Temper. In the like manner, if an English Man considers the great Ferment into which our Political World is thrown at present, and how in. tensely it is heated in all its Parts, he cannot suppose that it will cool again in less than three hundred Years. In such a Tract of Time it is possible that the Heats of the present Age may be extinguished, and our several Classes of great Men represented under their proper Characters. Some eminent Historian may then probably arise that will not write recentibus odiis (as Tacitus expreffes it) with the Paffions and Prejudices of a contemporary Author, but make an impartial Distribution of Fame among the Great Men of the present Age,

I cannot forbear entertaining my self very often with the Idea of such an imaginary Historian describing the Reign of ANNE the First, and introducing it with a Preface to his Reader; that he is now eritring upon the moft' thining Part of the English Story.' The great Rivals in Fame will be then distinguished according to their respective Merits, and shine in their proper Points of Light. Such an one (says the Hilorian) tho'variously represented by the Writers of his own Age, appears to have been a Man of more than ordinary Abilities, great Application, and uncommon Integrity: Nor was such aa one (tha’ of an opposite Party and Interest) inferior

to him in any of these Respects. The several Antagomists who now endeavour to depreciate one another, and are celebrated or traduced by different Parties, will then have the same Body of Admirers, and appear Illuftrious in the Opinion of the whole British Nation. The deserving Man, who can now recommend himself to the E. fteem of but half his Countrymen, will then receive the Approbations and Applauses of a whole Age.

AMONG the several Persons that flourish in this glo. rious Reign, there is no Question but such a future Historian as the Person of whom I am speaking, will make mention of the Men of Genius and Learning, who have now any Figure in the British Nation. For my own Part, I often fatter my self with the honourable Mention which will then be made of me; and have drawn up a Paragraph in my own linagination, that I fancy will not be altogether unlike what will be found in some page or other of this imaginary Historian.

IT was under this Reign, says he, that the SPECTATOR Published those little Diurnal Essays which are ftill extant. We know very little of the Name or Person of this Author, except only that he was a Man of a very short Face, extreamly addicted to Silence, and so great a: Lover of Knowledge, that he made a Voyage to Grand Cairo for no other Realon, but to take the Measure of a Py ramid. His chief Friend was one Sir ROGER DE CÓ. VERLEY, a whimsical Country Knight, and a Templar whose Name he bas not transmitted to us. He lived as a Lodger at the House of a Widow-Woman, and was a great Humourist in all Parts of his Life. This is all we can affirm with any Certainty of his Person and Character. As for his Speculations, notwithstanding the several obsolete Words and obscure Phrases of the Age in which he lived, we still understand enough of them to see the Diversions and Characters of the Eng. lish Nation in his Time : Not but that we are to make Allowance for the Mirth and Humour of the Author, who has doubtless strained many Representations of Things beyond the Truth. For if we interpret his Words in their literal Meaning, we must suppose thao Women of the first Quality used to pass away whole Mornings at a Puppet-Show : That they attested their

Principles by their Patches: That an Audience would fit out an Evening to hear a Dramatical Performance written in a Language which they did not understand :: That Chairs and Flower-Pots were introduced as Actors upon the British Stage: That. a promiscuous Assembly of Men and Women were allowed to meet at Midnight in Masques within the Verge of the Court; with many Im. probabilities of the like Nature. We must therefore, in these and the like Cases, suppose that these remote Hints and Allusions aimed at some certain Follies, which were then in Vogue, and wbich at present we have not any, Notion of. We may guess by several Passages in the Spes. culations, that there were Writers who endeavoured to detra& from the Works of this Author ; but as nothing of this Nature is come down to us, we cannot guess at any Objections that could be made to his Paper. "If we confider his Style with that Indulgence which we must shew to old English Writers, or if we look into the Variety of his Subjects, with those several Critical Dissertations, Mo-ral Reflections, * ' t * * * *

THE following Part of the Paragraph is fo much to my Advantage, and beyond any thing I can pretend to, that I hope my Reader will excuse me for not inserting :

12VOCINWYSY: N° 102. Wednesday, June 27.. .

-Lulus animo debent aliquando dari, Ad cogitandum melior ut redeat fibi. Phædr.. 7. Do not know whether to call the following Letter ay I Satyr upon Coquets, or a Representation of their re– veral fantastical Accomplishments, or what other Title, to give it; but as it is I shall communicate it to the Pube. ick. It will sufficiently explain its own Intentions, co«

D. S


that I shall give it my Reader at Length, without either Preface or Postscript.

Mr. SPECTATOR, " W OMEN are armed with Fans as Men with (YV Swords, and sometimes do more Execution

with them. To the end therefore that Ladies may be • entire Mistresses of the Weapon which they bear, I have 6 erected an Academy for the training up of young Wo

men in the Exercise of the Fan, according to the moft • fashionable Airs and Motions that are now. pra&ised at

Court. The Ladies who carry Fans under me are drawn ' up twice a Day in my great Hall, where they are in• structed in the Use of their Arms, and exercised by the following Words of Command,

Handle your Fans,
Unfurl your Fans,
Discharge your Fans,
Ground inyour Fans,
Recover your Fans,

Flutter your Fans. • By the right Observation of these few plain Words of • Command, a Woman of a tolerable Genius who will • apply her self diligently to her Exercise for the Space of "but one half Year, shall be able to give her Fan all the • Graces that can poflibly enter into that little modila « Machine.

- BUT to the end that my Readers may form to them« felves a right Notion of this Exercise, I beg Leave to • explain it to them in all its Parts. When my Female • Regiment is drawn up in Array, with every one her • Weapon in her Hand, upon my giving the Word to handle their Fans, each of them fhakes her Fan at me o with a Smile, then gives her Right-hand Woman a • Tap upon the Shoulder, then presses her Lips with the

Extremity of her Fan, then lets her Arms fall in an « easy Motion, and ftands in a Readiness to receive the • next Word of Command. All this is done with a close - Fan, and generally Icarned in the first week. • " THE next Motion is that of unfurling the Fan, in «which are comprehended several little Flurts and Vibra


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