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tions, as also gradual and deliberate Openings, with ma'ný voluntary Fallings alunder in the fan it felf, that are • seldom learned under a Month's Practice. This part of ! the Exercise pleases the Spectators more than any other, • as it discovers on a sudden an infinite Number of Cupids, Garlands, Altars, Birds, Beasts, Rainbows, and the like agreeable Figures, that display themselves to
every one in the Regiment holds a Picture in her Hand. • UPON my giving the Word to discharge their Fans, they give one general Crack that may be heard at a con
fiderable Distance when the Wind fits fair. This is one • of the most difficult Parts of the Exercise ; but I have ! several Ladies with 'me, who at their first Entrance could ! not give a Pop loud enough to be heard at the further ! End of a Room, who can now discharge a Fan in such la Manner, that it shall make a Report like a Pocker• Piftol.' I have likewise taken Care (in order to hinder ? young Women from letting off their Fans in wrong
Places or unsuitable Occasions) to shew upon whar Sub! jec the Crack of a Fan 'may come in properly: I have
likewise invented a Fan, with which a Girl of Sixteen, by the Help of a little Wind which is enclosed about one of the largest Sticks, can make as loud a Crack as a Woman of Fifty with an ordinary Fa'n.
"WHEN the Fans are thus discharged, the Word of ? Command in course is to ground their Fans. This teaches : a Lady to quit her Fan gracefully when the throws it
afide in order to take up a Pack of Cards, adjust a Curl
of Hair, replace a falling 'Pin, or apply her self to any & other Matter of Importance. This part of the Exercija,
as it only consists in tolling a Fan with an Ait upon a • long Table (which stands by for that Purpose) may be learned in two Days Time as well as in a Twelvemont • WHEN my Female Regiment is thus difarmed, I
generally let them walk about the Room for some Time ; .. when 'on a sudden (like Ladies that look upon their
Watches after a long Visit) they all of them hasten to • their Arms, catch them up in a Hurry, and place them• selves in their proper Stations upon my calling out reco
ver your Fans. This part of the Exercise is not difficult, provided a Woman applies her Thoughts to it.
"THE Fluttering of the Fan is the last, and indeed the « Master-piece of the whole Exercise; but if a Lady does
not mis-spend her Time, she may make her self Mistress. c. of it in three Months. Igenerally lay aside the Dog
days and the hot Time of the Summer for the teaching «. this Part of the Exercise, for as soon as ever I pronounce 6. Flutter your Fans, the Place is filled with so many Ze
phyrs and gentle Breezes as are very refreshing in that
Season of the Year, though they might be dangerous to 6. Ladies of a tender Conftitution in any other..
• THERE is an infinite Variety of Motions to be "made use of in the Flutter of a Fan:. There is the an.
gry Flutter, the modeft Flutter, the timorous Flutter, 6. the confused Flutter, the merry Flutter, and the amo6, rous Flutter. Not to be tedious, there is scarce
any « motion in the Mind which does not produce a suitable.
Agitation in the Fan; insomuch, that if I only see the "Fan of a disciplin'd Lady, I know very well whether
The laughs, frowns, or blushes. I have seen a Fan fo 6. very angry, that it would have been dangerous for the 4. absent Lover who provoked it to have come within the & Wind of it; and at other times so very languishing, that 6. I have been glad for the Lady's Sake the Lover was at à & fufficient Distance from it. I need not add, that a Fan • is either a Prude or Coquet, according to the Nature of
the Person who bears it. To conclude my Letter, I must acquaint you that I have from my own Observations compiled a little Treatise for the Use of my Scholars, • entitled the Passions of the Fan; which I will commua. * nicate to you, if you think it may be of Ufe to the Pubs,
lick. I shall have a general Review on Thursday nextį: 1. to which you shall be very welcome if you will honour. • it with your Presence.
I am, &c.
6.P. S. teach young Gentlemen the whole Art: of Gallanting a Fan,
N. B. «I have several little plain Fans made for this Use, to avoid Expence,
Y Friend the Divine having been used with Words, of Complaisance (which he thinks could be pro...
perly applied to no one living, and I think could be only spoken of him, and that in his Absence) was so extreamly offended with the exceffive way of speaking, Civilities among us, that he made a Discourse against it at the Club; which he concluded with this Remark, that: he had not heard one Compliment made in our Society since its Commencement. Every one was pleased with his conclufion; and as each knew his good will to the reft, he was convinced that the many Protesfions of Kindness and Service, which we ordinarily meet with, are not natural where the Heart is well inclined : But are a Proftitution of Speech, seldom intended to mean any part of what they express, never to mean All they express, Our Reverend Friend, upon this Topick, pointed to us two or three Paragraphs on this Subject in the first Sermon of the firft Volume of the late Archbishop's Pofthumous Works. I do not know that I ever read any thing that pleased me more, and as it is the Praise of Longinus, that he speaks of the Sublime in a Style suitable to it, fo one may say of this Author upon Sincerity, that he abbors any Pomp of Rhetorick on this Occasion, and treats it with a more than ordinary Simplicity, at once to be a Preacher and an Example. With what Command of himself does he lay before us, in the Language and Temper of his Profession, a Fault, which by the least Liberty and Warmth of Exprel-fron would be the most lively Wit and Satyr? But his Heart was better disposed, and the good Man chastised the great Wit in such a manner, that he was able to speak as follow...
AMONGST too many other Instances of the great Corruption and Degeneracy of the Age wherein we live, the great and general want of Sincerity in Con
versation is none of the least. The World is grown lo · full of Diffimulation and Compliment, that Mens Words
are hardly any Signification of their Thoughts; and if • any Man'measure his Words by his Heart, and speak as • he thinks, and do not express more Kindness to every
Man, than Men usually have for any Man, he can hardly escape the Censure of want of Breeding. The old En. glish Plainness and Sincerity, that generous Integrity of Nature, and Honefty of Disposition, which always ar‘gues true Greatness of Mind, and is usually accompa
nied with undaunted Courage and Resolution, is in a
great measure loft amongst us: There hath been a long • endeavour to transform us into Foreign Manners and
Fashions, and to bring us to a servile Imitation of none of the best of our Neighbours in some of the worst of • their Qualities. The Dialect of Conversation is now-a
days so swelled with Vanity and Compliment, and so · surfeited (as I may fay) of Expressions of Kindness and • Respect, that if a Man that lived an Age or two ago • Thould return into the World again he would really want
a Dictionary to help him to understand his own Lan
guage, and to know the true intrinsick Value of the • Phrase in Fashion, and would hardly at first belieye at • what a low Rate the highest Strains and Expressions of
Kindness imaginable do commonly pass in current Payment: and when he should come to understand it, it
would be a great while before he could bring himself • with a good Countenance and a good Conscience to • converse with Men upon equal Terms, and in their
WAND in Truth it is hard to say, whether it should more provoke our Contempt or our Pity, to hear what • solemn Expressions of Respect and Kindness will pass
between Men, alınost upon no Occasion; how great Honour and Esteem they will declare for one whom perbaps they never saw before, and how intirely they are all on the sudden devoted to his Service and Inte
rest, for no Reason; how infinitely and eternally ob: liged to him, for no Benefit; and how extreamly they
! will be concerned for him, yea and affiêted too, for
no Cause. I know it is faid, in Juftification of this hollow kind of Converfation, that there is no Harm,
no real Deceit in Compliment, but the Matter is well • enough, so long as we underftand one another; e Ver'ba valent ut Nummi, Words are like Money; and when the • current Value of them is generally understood, no Man * is cheated by them. This is fomething; if such Words
were any thing; but being brought into the Accompt, they are meer Cyphers. Howeyer, it is still a juft Mats ter of Complaint, that Sincerity and Plainness are out of Fashion, and that our Language is running into a Lie; • that Men have almoft quite
perverted the use of Speech, • and made Words to fignifie nothing, that the greatest
part of the Conversation of Mankind is little else but
driving a Trade of Diffimulation; insomuch that it s would make a Man heartily fick and weary of the • World, to fee the little Sincerity that is in Use and Pra
Aice among Men.
WHEN the Vice is placed in this contemptible Light, he argues unanfwerably against it, in Words and Thoughts fo natural, that any Man
who reads them would imagine he himself could have been Author of them.'
• If the show of any thing be good for any thing, I • am sure Sincerity is better : for why does any Man
dif. · fenible, or seem to be that which he is not, but be. * cause he thinks it good to have fuch a Quality as he
pretends to ? For to counterfeit and diffemble, is to • on the Appearance of some real Excellency. Now the
beft way in the World to seem to be any thing, is real
ly to be what he would seem to be. Besides, that it • is many times as troublesome to make good the Pre. stence of a good Quality, as to have it; and if a Man • have it not, it is ten to one but he is discovered to want • it; and then all his Pains and Labour to seem to have
it, is loft.
I'N another Part of the same Discourse he goes on to fhew; , that all Artifice must naturally tend to the Disappointment of him that practises it.
•WHATSOEVER Convenience may be thought to be in Falshood and Dissimulation, it is foon over ; but the Inconyenience of it is perpetual, becaule it