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Servants is owing to the Conduct of Masters. The Aspeet of every one in the Family carries so much Satisfa&ion, that it appears he knows the happy Lot which has befallen himn in being a Member of it. There is one Particular which I have seldom seen but at Sir ROGER's; it is usual in all other Places, that Servants fly from the Parts of the House through which their Master is paffing; on the contrary, here they industriously place themselves in his way; and it is on both sides, as it were, understood as a Vilit, when the Servants appear without calling. This proceeds from the Humane and equal Temper of the Man of the House, who also perfe&tly well knows how to enjoy a great Estate, with such Oeconomy as ever to be much before-land. This makes his own Mind untroubled, and consequently unapt to vent peevish Expressions, or give passionate or inconfistent Orders to thote about him.
Thus Respect and Love go together; and a certain Chearfulness in Performance of their Duty is the particular Distinction of the lower part of this Family. When a Servant is called before his Master, he does not come with an Expectation to hear hiinself rated for some trivial Fault, threatned to be stripped, or used with any other unbecoming Language, which mean Masters often give to worthy Servants; but it is often to know, what Road he took that he came fo readily back according to Order; whether he passed by such a Ground, if the old Man who rents it is in good Health ; or whether he gave Sir ROGER'S Love to him, or the like.
A Man who preserves a Respect, founded on his Benevolence to his Dependents, lives rather like a Prince than a Master in his Family; his Orders are received as Favours, rather than Duties; and the Distinction of approaching him is
of the Reward for executing what is commanded by him.
THER E is another Circumstance in which my Friend exells in his Management, which is the Manner of rewarding his Servants: He has ever been of Opinion, that giving his cast Cloaths to be worn by Valets has a very ill Effe & upon little Minds, and creates a filly Sense of Equalicy between the Parties, in Persons affected only withoutward things. I have heard'him often leasant on this Oc. cafion, and describe a young Gentleman abusing his Man in that Coat, which a Month or two before was the most pleasing Distinction he was conscious of in himself. He would turn his Discourse still more pleasantly upon the Ladies Bounties of this kind; and I have heard him say he knew a fine Woinan, who distributed Rewards and Punishments in giving becoming or unbecoming Dresses to her Maids.
BUT my good friend is above these little Instances of Good-will, in bestowing only Trifles on his Servants, a good Servant to him is lure of having it in his Choice va. ry soon of being no Servant at all. As I before observed, he is so good an
Husband, and knows fo thoroughly that the Skill of the Purse is the Cardinal Virtue of this Life, I say, he knows so well that Frugality is the Support of Generosity, that he can often fpare a large Fine when a Tenement falls, and give that Settlement to a good Servant who has a Mind to go into the World, or make a Stranger pay the Fine to that Servant, for his more comfortable Maintenance, if he stays in his Service,
A Man of Honour and Generosity considers, it would be miserable to himself to have no Will but that of ano. ther, tho' it were of the best Person breathing, and for that Reason goes on as faft as he is able to put his Servants into independent Livelihoods. The greateft Part of Sir ROGER's Estate is tenanted by Persons who have served himself or his Ancestors. It was to me extreamly pleafaut to observe the Visitantsfrom several Parts to welcome his Arrival into the Country; and all the Difference that I could take notice of, between the late Servants who caine to see him, and those who staid in the Family, was, that these latter were looked upon as finer Gentlemen an better Courtiers.
THIS Manumiffion and placing them in a way of Livelihood, I look upon as only what is due to a good Servant, which Encouragement will make his Succeffor be as diligent, as humble, and as read; as he was. There is something wonderful in the, Narrowness of those Minds, which can be pleased, and be barren of Bounty to those who please them.
ONE might, on this Occasion, recount the Sense that Great Persons in all Ages have had of the Merit of their Dependants, and the Heroick Services whish Men have
done their Masters in the Extremity of their Fortunes; and Mewn to their undone Patrons, that Fortune was all the Difference between them; but as I design this my Speculation only as a gentle Admonition to thankless Ma. sters, I shall not go out of the Occurrences of conimon Life, but assert it as a general Observation, that I never faw, but in Sir ROGE R's Family, and one or two more, good Servants treated as they ought to be. Sir ROGER'S Kindness extends to their Children's Children, and this very Morning he sent his Coachman's Grandson to Pren. rice. I shall conclude this paper with an Account of a Picture in his Gallery, where there are many which will deserve
future Observation. AT the very upper End of this handsome Structure I saw the Portraiture of two young Men standing in a River, the one naked the other in a Livery. The Person supported seem'd half dead, but still so much alive as to shew in his Face exquisite Joy and Love towards the other. I thought the fainting Figure resembled my Friend Sir ROGER; and looking at the Butler, who stood by me, for an Account of it, he informed me that the Personin the Livery was a Servant of Sir ROGER's, who stood on the Shore while his Master was swimming, and observing him taken with some sudden Illness,and link under Water, jumped in and saved him. He told me Sir ROGER took off the Dress he was in as soon as he came home, and by a great Bounty at that time, followed by his Favour ever fince, had made him Master of that pretty Seat which we faw at a distance as we came to this House. I remember'd indeed Sir ROGER said there lived a very worthy Gentleman, to whom he was highly obliged, without mentioning any thing further. Upon my looking a little dissatisfy'd at some Part of the Picture, my Attendant informed me, that it was against Sir ROGER's Will, and at the earnest Request of the Gentleman himself, that he was drawn in the Habit in which he had saved his Master.
No 108. - Wednesday, July 4.
Gratis anhelans, multa agendo nihil agens, Phæd. S I was Yesterday Morning walking with Sir Ro.
GER before his House, a Country-Fellow brought
him a huge Fish, which he told him, Mr. William Wimble had caught that very Morning; and that he presented it, with his Service to him, and intended to come and dine with him. At the same Time he delivered a Letter, which my Friend read to me as soon as the Messenger left him
: I Desire you to accept of a Jack, which is the best I
have caught this season, I intend to come and • stay with you a Week, and see how the Perch bite in • the Black River. I observed with some Concern, the • last Time I saw you upon the Bowling Green, that your • Whip wanted a Lash to it: I will bring half a Dózen ' with me that I'twisted last week, which I hope will • serve you all the Time you are in the Country. I have s not been out of the Saddle for six Days last past, having
been at Eaton with Sir John's eldest Son. He takes to his Learning hugely. I am,
S I R, Your Humble Servart.
THIS extraordinary Letter, and Message that accoma panied it, made me very curious to know the Character and Quality of the Gentleman who sent them; which I found to be as follows. Will.wimble is younger
Brother to a Baronet, and descended of the ancient Family of the Wimbles. He is now between Forty and Fifty ; but being bred to no Business and born to no Estate, he generally lives with his elder Brother as Superintendant of his Game. He hunts a Pack of Dogs better than any Man in the Country, and is very famous for finding out a Hare. He is extreamly well versed in all the little Handicrafts of an idle Man: He makes a May-fly to a Miracle; and furnishes the whole Country with an Angle-Rods. As he is a good. natur'd officious Fellow, and very much esteemed upon Account of his family, he is a welcome Guest at every House, and keeps up a good Correspondence among alt the Gentlemen about him. He carries a Tulip-Root in his Pocket from one to another, or exchanges a Puppy between a couple of Friends that live perhaps in the opposite sides of the Country. Will, is a particular Favourite of all the young Heirs, whom he frequently obliges with a Net that he has weaved, or a Setting-dog that he has made himself: He now and then presents a Pair of Garters of his own knitting to their Mothers or Sisters; and raises a great deal of Mirth among them, by enquiring as often as he meets them how they wear? These Gentlemanlike Manufactures and obliging little Humours, make Will. the Darling of the Country.
Sir ROGER was proceeding in the Character of him, when we saw him inake up to us with two or three Hazle-twigs in his Hand that he had cut in Sir ROGER's. Woods, as he came through them, in his Way to the House. I was very much pleased to observe on one side the hearty and fincere Welcome with which Sir ROGER. received him, and on the other the secret Joy which his Guest discovered at Sight of the good old Knight. After the first Salutes were over, Will. desired Sir ROGER TO Jend him one of his Servants to carry a Set of Shuttlecocks he had with him in a little Box to a Ladý that lived about a Mile off, to whom it seems he had promised such a Present for above this half Year, Sir ROGER's Back was no sooner turned, but honest Will
. began to tell me of a large Cock-Pheasant that he had sprung in one of the neighbouring Woods, with two or three other Adventures of the same Nature. Odd and uncommon Characters are the Game that I look for, and most delight in; for which Reafon I was as much pleased with the No. velty of the Person that talked to me, as he could be for his Life with the springing of a Pheasant, and therefore liftned to him with more than ordinary Attention.
IN the midst of his Discourse the Bell rung to Dinner, where the Gentleman I have been speaking of had the