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PUGSLEY'S NEW GUIDE

TO THE

United States
Local Inspectors Examination

OF

Masters and Mates

OF

Ocean-Going Steam and Sailing Ships

CONTAINING ALL USEFUL INFORMATION

AND

Explaining How to Find Latitude and Longitude by
Observation, and Many Other Usefui Calculations

not Included in the Examinaticn

BY

CAPT. R. M. PUGSLEY

(LATE MASTER U. S. TRANSPORT SERVICE)
Author of "The Pilot,” “How to Do the Work," "The Navigator,"

"Mariner's Guide," "Current-Course Projector," "Course Protractor,
“Learner's Compass Card,” “Course Corrector," Transparent Storm
Cards, Distance-off Finder, etc.

PRICE, $2.00

NEW EDITION

PUBLISHED BY
R. M. PUGSLEY
NEW YORK CITY, N. Y.

1915

Copyright, 1912; by R. M. PuGSLEY

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PREFACE.

This work is not only a complete guide to the United States Local Inspectors Examination of Masters and Mates, a treatise on navigation, nautical astronomy and law of storms, but a valuable text-book for the student and a handy work for the navigator to use as a reference.

At present, no other work is published which contains an exact list of questions given by the Examiners.

In the preparation of this work no effort has been spared in making the problems as plain and simple as possible, and the methods used are the most reliable, and can be performed with any epitome of navigation; but for convenience, only that of Bowditch and no other has been used in working out the various examples.

A complete set of problems, all of which are for the 1902 almanac, and cover every requirement of the applicant for a license as third, second, first mate, or master of either sail or steam vessels, will be found in these pages.

The examinations for third, second and chief mate are the same.

Any applicant for a license as master or mate who writes the answers to the questions given him, so as to contain the substance of those given in these pages, and works out the problems in the form given herein, will obtain the desired certificate. Concerning the rules of road, the applicant should make a careful study, and it is suggested that he make several small models and place on them, in their proper positions, colored marks to represent the various lights. Two days' practice with these models placed in every possible position will be of more service than any set of questions and answers that could be written.

By the use of this volume any applicant may prepare himself for the examination, and by so doing save the enormous expense due to attending school.

An applicant for a license of any kind should not attend any school which does not guarantee in writing that he will not fail at the examination, and agrees also in writing to return his money to him in case of failure.

R. M. PUGSLEY. 361900

Books and Instruments

by
CAPT. R. M. PUGSLEY

FOR SALE BY ALL DEALERS

CAPT. PUGSLEY'S GUIDE to the U.S. Local Inspectors Examination

of Masters and Mates of Ocean-Going Steam and Sailing Ships, with complete instructions and information for those who wish to learn navigation and save the expense of attending school by preparing

themselves for the examination. Price. $2.00. CAPT. PUGSLEY'S GUIDE to the U. S. Local Inspectors Examination

of Masters and Pilots for New York Bay and Harbor. A complete

New York Pilot. Price, $2.00, CAPT. PUGSLEY'S CURRENT-COURSE PROJECTOR.--Do

not guess! It is dangerous to do so. Use this Instrument and know

exactly how much to allow for a current, Price, $3.00, CAPT. PUGSLEY'S COURSE PROTRACTOR.-The only instru

ment which supersedes the parallel rulers. Handy, convenient, durable

and transparent. Price, $1.00. CAPT. PUGSLEY'S COURSE CORRECTOR.- Á great aid to those

who use true and magnetic courses, and apply deviation, etc. Applicants for license should have one at the exañination for use in doing the dav's work; also in working amplitudes, azimuths, etc. Price,

$1.00. CAPT. PUGSLEY'S LÉARNER'S COMPASS CARD.- For

those who wish to learn the compass. Price, 50 Cents. CAPT. PUGSLEY'S TRANSPARENT STORM CARDS.-For

handling a vessel in rotary storms Pricc, $1.00. CAPT. PUGSLEY'S DISTANCE-OFF FINDER.--For finding the

Distance-off a ship will pass a fixed object. Price, $1,00. CAPT. PUGSLEY'S TRANSPARENT COMPASS CARD.

A useful compass card. Price, 50 Cents.

Any of the above books and instruments sent to any address

on receipt of price by
CAPT. R. M. PUGSLEY
17 South Street, New York City

LIST OF QUESTIONS

on the examination papers for master and mate. Where ques. tions have two numbers, the second one refers to mate's examination paper, and the absence of such number indicates that the question does not apply to mates.

QUESTION 1, 1. What is latitude ? 2, 2. Explain method of obtaining latitude by dead-reckoning? 3, 3. How do you proceed to find the latitude by a meridian

observation of the sun ? 4. How do you find the latitude by ex-meridian altitudes of

the sun? 5. How do you find the latitude by a meridian observation

of the moon! 6, 4. How do you find the latitude by an altitude of the pole

star? 7, 5. What is longitude? 8, 6. How do you obtain longitude by dead-reckoning? 9, 7. Explain the method of finding longitude by chronometer? 10. How do you find longitude from sunrise and sunset

sights? 11. How do you find longitude by altitudes taken near noon? 12. Explain “Sumner's method”? 13, 8. How do you find course and distance? 14. Explain "plane sailing"? 15. Explain “middle latitude sąiling”? 16. Explain "Mercator's sailing”? 17, 9. How do you detect an error in a quadrant or sextant?

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