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35%. PRECEDING PRINCIPLES. The sooner Proverbs. 1. Perseverance-overcorses all the pupil begins to rely upon his own re- difficulties. 2. Instruction, by example, is greich sources and experience, the better; and he and effectual. 3. We are only in the morning should not forget that he must make himself starlight of the arts and sciences. 4. Knowledge is an elocutionist. Hence, the importance of not obtained in a moment. 5. Apollo's bow-was his seeing, rationally, and feeling, in his in- not always bent. 6. Reason—is not the test of most soul, the truth, or falsehood, of the truth: it is only the organ, through which we see
truth. 7. No one is so well qualified 10 rule, as principles here unfolding. Let every exam
he, who knows how to obey. 8. Beauty-is like ple be thoroughly mastered ; and, to prevent the flower of spring: but virtue—is like the stars the growth of bad habits, in reading, speak- of heaven. 9. Vain persons are fond of fine things ing and singing, let him often review; as
10. Respect, and contempt, spoil many a one. 11. well as pay special attention to the varieties Some-outlive their reputation. 12. When sorrero of illustration, that are to be found on every is asleep, wake it not. page.
Laconics. And what was it, fellow-citi. 353. 1. It is too late to urge objections zens, which gave to our La Fayette his spotagainst universal education; for the fountains less fame? The love of liberty. What—has of the great deep-are broken up, and a consecrated his memory-in the hearts of flood of information, (4) thcological, (5) scien- good men? The love of liberty. What – tific, (4) civil, and (6) literary, is carrying all nerved his youthful arm with strength, and before it; filling up the valleys, and scaling inspired him in the morning of his days, with the (6) Mountain-tops: a spirit of inquiry sagacity and counsel? The living love of has gone forth, and sits brooding-on the liberty. To what did he sacrifice power, mind of man. 2. Music-should be cultivat- and country, and freedom itself? To the ed, not as a mere sensual gratification; but, horror of licentiousness ; to the sanctity of as a means of elevating, and improving the plighted faith; to the love of liberty protected affections ; ennobling, purifying, and exalt- by law. Thus, the great principle of your ing, the whole man. 3. Beware of a re- revolutionary fathers, of your pilgrim sires, morseless thirst for the acquisition of riches; the great principle of the age, was the rule of rather-than deliver up yourself in execrable his life: The love of liberty- protected by devotion to Mammon, mount the ladder of
law. the most dangerous ambition,-even tho it
Varieties. 1. When a lady receives the were planted on the precipice, and leaned addresses of a gentleman, who is in the ha. against a cloud. 354. Political Philosophy—includes what extent his protestations should be set
bit of tippling, how is she to determine, to all theories and general views of government, down to himself, and how much passed to the with a description of the forms, and the prin credit of ardent spirits? In other words, horv ciples on which they are founded, and the much is of love, and how much of alcohol ? modes in which they are administered. This suppose she test it, by the pledge of total ab. study rests on the basis of natural law, or
stinence? justice; and therefore, presupposes a know
Tis not the face,-'tis not the form,-ledge of ethics; it requires enlarged and ele
Tis not the heart-however warm; rated views of human nature, and the
It is not these, tho' all combined, constitution of society; with the means by
That wins true love :-it is the mind. which virtue may be diffused, justice enforced, and order preserved throughout the Canst thou believe thy prophet,—or, what is more) community: it is alike important to the That Power, which made thee, (S) and thy prophes
Will (with impunity,) let pass that breach statesman, the legislator, and the private or sacred faith, given to ihe royal Greek? citizen.
How (3) poor ! how (6) rich! how (4) abject ! Anecdote, Howard's Opinion of Sweur- How (9) august! how (4) complicate ! bow (8) wonderful is man
As he was standing, one day, near the How (*) passing, He, who made birn such! and door of a printing-office, he heard some Centered in his mako—such strange extremes ! dreadful volleys of oaths and curses from a What can presove my life ? or what destroy? public house opposite, and, buttoning his An (6) ange's arm-can't match me lurm my grave:
Legions of angels-can't confine un here. pocket up before he went in the street, he said
My mother's voice! how often-creeps to the workmen near him," I always do this
Its cadence-o'er my lonely hours, whenever I hear men swear, as I think that
Like healing-nent ou wings of sleep, any one, who can take God's name in vain,
Or dero—10 the unconscious forvers. can also steal, or do anything else that is bad.” I can't forget her melting praye, Hope, of all passions, most befriends us here:
Even while my pulses-madly fly;
And in the still, unbroken air,
And years, and sin, and manhood ice,
And leave me-at my mother's kneo.
355. These Inflections may pass through Proverbs. 1. An evil heart--can make any 2, 3, 5, or 8 notes, according to the intensity doctrine false, in its own view. 2. Bad boks of the feeling. Ex. 1.“Do you say, that[11'3] are fountains of vice. 3. Comply cheerfully, when can learn to sing ! 2. Do you suy that (1 1'5] necessity enjoins it. 4. Despair-blunts the edge can learn to sing? 3. What! do you say of industry, 5. Doubie-douing—is the index of a that [1 I' 8) can learn to sing ?" Reverse the base spirit. 6. Every vice wars against nature. inflection; begin at the top, and go down. Friendship—is often stronger than kindred 4. He said [8“T 1] can learn to sing, not Good intentions--will not justify evil actions. 3. you'.” Thus, you see that the voice may tion. 10. Menial gifts-often hide bodily infirmi.
In order to learn, we must pay undivided atten. step up or down, by discrete degrees, or glide ties. 11. Lawing is very costly. 12. The world op and down, by continuous degrees. 5. is his, who enjoys it. 13. Poverty—is often an "To whom the goblin, full of wrath, replied :
evil counsellor. (1) Art thou that (3) traitor (4) angel? (3) art th xu he who first broke peace in heaven, and
Despotism. All despotism, whether (6) faith, till then (8) UNBROKEN? (9) BACK usurped or hereditary, is our abhorrence. to thy punishment-false fugitive, and to We regard it as the most grievous wrong thy speed add wings ; lest with a whip of and insult to the human race. But, towards scorpions, I pursue thy ling’ring; or with the hereditary despot—we have more of comone stroke of this dart, strange horror seize passion than indignation. Nursed and bro't thee, and pangs unfelt before.” In speaking up in delusion, worshiped from his cradle, this sentence, use all the eight notes.
never spoken to in the tone of fearless truth, 356. In reading the first example, the taught to look on the great mass of his fellow
beings as an inferior race, and to regard des voice glides from the first to the third note; potism as a law of nature, and a necessary because there is no feeling : in reading the element of social life; such a prince, whose second, the voice glides from the first to the education and condition almost deny him the
fifth note; because there is some feeling, and possibility of acquiring healthy moral feeling consequent earnestness; and in the third and manly virtue, must not be judged severeexample, the voice glides from the tonic, to ly. Still, in absolving the despot—from much the octave; because there is a great deal of of the guilt, which seems at first, to attach to feeling : in the fourth example, the voice be- his unlawful and abused power, we do not gins at the top, or eighth note, and glides the less account despotism a wrong and a down to the first; because there is a consequent change of thought and action. In the curse. The time for its fall, we trust, is com
fifth example, the voice commences at 1, in ing. It cannot fall too soon. It has long a harsh tone, and goes on gradually ascend- enough wrung from the laborer his hard ing to angel; then it recedes, and then goes tion's wealth on its parasites and minions ;
earnings ; long enough squandered a na. on rising still higher on faith, and highest on long enough warred against the freedom of unbroken ; when it begins to descend, in an the mind, and arrested the progress of truth. unyielding and gradual way, to the close, in It has filled dungeons enough—with the brave a manner that no words can describe.
and good, and shed enough of the blood of pa357. Do not the bees, isays Quintillian) trists. Let its end come. It cannot come too extract honey from very different flowers and soon. juices? Is it any wonder that Eloquence,
Varlettes. 1. What is education, and what (which is one of the greatest gifts heaven has are the best means for obtaining it? 2. Why given to man,) requires many arts to perfect are diamonds valuable? because of their it? and tho' they do not appear in an ora- scarcity? 3. Why are professional men mtion, nor seem to be of any use, they never different poets? is it because, as the boundatheless afford an inward supply of strength, ries of science enlarge, the empire of imaand are silently felt in the mind: without gination is diminished? 4. In what does all these a man may be eloquent, but I wish true honor consist? 5. Tamerlane boasted to form an orator; and none can be said to that he governed men by four great arts : have all the requisites, while the smallest viz: bribery, amusement, diversion, and sus thing is wanting.
pense: are there no Tamalanes now, think Anecdote. Good Works. The Russian you? 6. Is there any alliance between geembassador at Paris, made the Abbe L'Epee nius and poverty? 7. If we leave the path a visit, and offered him a large sum of mo- of duty, shall we not be liable to run into the ney through the munificence of the empress. path of danger? 8. Are there not some, The Abbe declined, saying, “ I receive gold who would make void the word of God, by of no one; but if the empress will send me their own traditions? 9. Is it not a most a deaf and dumb person to educate, I shall | important part of a teacher's duty, to imbue consider it a more flattering mark of diso the minds of his pupils, with the love of all linction."
goodness and trutk ?
Make-and maintain --the balance of the miná
358. The Inflections have great influence Proverbs. 1. The best way to see Divias in expressing, or perverting the sense, ac- light-is to put out our own. 2. The proud cording as they are correctly or incorrectly shall be abased ; but the humble-shall be exalted. made. 1. In the retirement of a COLLEGE 3. As long as you and truth agree, you will do
I am unable to suppress evil thoughts ; how well. 4. No one is born for himself alone, but difficult then, to do it, amidst the world's for the world. 5. Rely not too much on the temptations! 2. The man who is in the torches of others ; light one of your own. 6. daily use of ardent (6) spirits, (4) if he Divest yourself of envy, and lay aside all unkind should not become a (3) drinkard, (6) is feelings. 7. If youth knew what age would in danger of losing his (5) health, and (6) speaker, without energy, is like a lifeless statue.
crave, it would both crave and save. 8. A character. The rising infection on drunkard, 9. Deep-and intense feeling-lie at the root of would imply that he must become one, to eloquence. 10. Condemn no one, without a canpreserve his health and character.
did hearing. 11. Think more, and speak less. 359. Apply the principles to the follow- 12. Follow the dictates of reason. ing, according to the feelings and thoughts, Half-Murder. That father, says the and their objects. 1. But (5) mercy — is (6) learned Baudier, who takes care to feed and above-this sceptred sway; (4) it is enthron-clothe his son, but neglects to give him such ed—in the (5) hearts of kings; it is an (6) accomplishments as befit his capacity and attribute--(1) of God himself.
rank in life, is more than half his murderer; Love, hepe,-and joy, fair Planures aniling train;
since he destroys the better part, and but con Hate, fear, and grief, the family of Pain; These, mixed with art, and to due bounds confined,
tinues the other to endure a life of shame. Of all the men we meet with, nine out of ten
are what they are, good or evil, useful or noi, How to make madness-beautiful, and cast,
by their education; it is that, which makes (O'er erring deeds, and thoughts,) a heavenly hue
the great difference in mankind: the little, or Of words, like subcams, dazzling (as they passed,) The eyes, which o'er them shed tears, feelingly, and fast.
almost insensible, impressions on our terner Thy words-had such a melting flow,
infancy, have very important and lasting And spoke of truth--so sweetlij well,
consequences. They dropped-(like heaven's serenest snow,) Varieties. 1. Send your son into the
And all was (6) brightness,—where they fell. world with good principles, good habits, and 360. INDUCING DISEASE. There is no
a good education, and he will work his way. doubt, that the seed of a large number of dis- 2. How absurd to be passionate yourself, and eases are sown in childhood and youth; and expect others to be placid. 3. Why is swear. especially in our progress in obtaining what ing--like a ragged coat? because it is a is called, an EDUCATION. The bad habits of very bad habit. 4. Can there be any virtue, position in and out of school, and our un- without true piety? 5. Why is rebellionhealthy mode of living, contribute very es-like dram-drinking? because it is inimicaj sentially to the promotion of various diseases; to the constitution. 6. Why do white sheep particularly, dyspepsia, liver and lung com--furnish more wool than black ones? be. plaints, and headaches. Hence, we cannot cause there are more of them. 7. Why is one be too watchful against sitting in a crooked who is led astray, like one who is governed position, nor too prudent in eating, drink- by a girl? Do you give it up? because he ing, and sleeping, as well as in our clothing, is misled, (Miss-led.) 8. Ought there not to and our lodging apartments. Let us put be duties on imported goods, to encourage forth every effort in the performance of our domestic manufactures? 9. Are not physics luties, be they physical, intellectual, or moral. and metaphysics inseparably joined ? if so,
Anecdote. A Swiss Retort. Á French what is the connecting link? 10. Is it right, ufficer, quarrelling with a Swiss, reproached under any circumstance, to marry for money? nim with his country's vice of fighting on 11. Is it right to imprison for debt? cither side for money; "while we French- I can find comfort—in the roords and looks men," said he, "fight for honor.” “Yes, sir," or simple hearts and gentle souls; and I replied the Swiss, “every one fights for that can find companionship—in ancient books, he most wants."
When, lonely, on the grassy hills I lie,
Under the shadow-of the tranquil sky;
I can find music-- in the rushing brooks,
Or in the songs, which dwell among the trees,
And come in snatches on the summer breeze. Lone, and serde, and look for Heaven.
I can find treasure-in the leafy showers, Would being end—with our expiring breath, Which, in the merry autumn-time, will fall; How soon misfortune would be puffed away! And I can find strong love-in buds and flowers, A trifling shock-shrives us to the dust ; And beauty, in the moonlight's silent hours. But the existence of the immortal soul,
There's nothing, nature gives, can fail to please Prlurity's dark road-perplexes still.
For there's a common Joy- pervading ali
361. A speaker--may calculate, before- Proverbs. 1. New times, demand new meas: hand, (so far as human agency is concerned, ures, and new men. 2. Pride-either finds a deand other things being equal) the effect of a sert, or makes one. 3. Want of feeling, is one o. certain effort, by adapting the manner to the the worst faults of elocution. 4. He, that catches at matter, as well as a former can in raising a more than belongs to him, deserves to lose what crop, by using the proper means. As a he has. 5. Books-associate us with the thinkstringed instrument, when touched at given ing, and give us the material of thought. 6. points, infallibly produces certain tunes ; 60,
Either be silent, or speak what is better than sithe human mind, when touched by certain lence. 7. He, who resolves to amend, has God,
and all good beings, on his side. 8. If you would modulations, and corresponding sentiments, as infallibly receives certain impressions. would not have any thing told of you, never do
have a thing kept secret, never tell it; and if you But a speaker, singer, or writer, who thinks it. 9. The shortest answer—is doing a thigg. much of himself, is in danger of being for. 10. Friends-got without desert, will be lost withgotten by others. If he takes no sincere and out a cause. 11. Never speak what is not true. hearfelt delight in what he is doing, but as it 12. If it is not decent, never do it. is admired and applauded by his audience, Selfishness. The selfish - look upon disappointment will be his portion ; for he themselves, as if they were all the world, cannot long succeed. He who would be and no man beside concerned therein; that great in the eyes of others, must first learn to the good state of things is to be measured by be made nothing in his own.
their condition; that all is well, if they do 362. Exs, of the ' and! 1. Did you say prosper and thrive; all is ill, if they be disap yés, or no? Shall we crówn the author of pointed in their desires and projects. The the public calámities ? or shall we destroy good of no man, not of their brethren, not of him? 2. Beware of ignorance and sloth, their friends, not of their country, doth come and be guided by wisdom. 3. (2) Are they under their consideration. Hebrews? Are they all Hebrews ? (4) Varieties. 1. If we feel well, shall we not Are they Hebrews from Palestine ? 4. try to make others feel so! 2. May not the What does the word person mean? That constitution be injured by over-nursing, and which consists in one's own self, and not the mind unnerved, by being prevented from any part or quality in another. 5. Is not relying upon its own resources ? 3. Is it water the best and safest of all kinds of expedient to wear mourning apparel! 4. drink? 6. NATURE-and (4) Reason- Does curiosity, or love of truth and goodness, answer — yès. 7. The mind—is its own induce you to study history? 5. Has the place; and, in itself, can make a heaven— study of the classics, an immoral tendency? sf hell; or hell of heaven.
6. Who would be an old maid, or an old
bachelor? 7. What is Botany? The science Is the immediate jaroel of their souls: Who steals my purss, steals trash, 'tis something, nothing:
of Plants. 8. Can friendship-exist with'Twas mine, 'tis his, and has been slave to thousands ; out sympathy? 9. Is a free or despotic But he, who filches from me my good name,
government, more conducive to human hapRobs me of that which not enriches him,
piness? 10. Ought not human nature-to And makes me-poor indeed. Where is the true man's father-land 1
be a chief study of mankind ? 11. Are gold Is it-whera he, by chance, is born ?
and silver mines, on the whole, beneficial to Doth not the yearning spirit--scorn
a nation? 12. Is it right, to oblige a jury to In such scant borders to be spann'd ?
give a unanimous verdict ? O, yes ! his father-land must be
THE BIBLE-WORTHY OF ALL ACCEPTATIOX. As the blue heaven--wide--and free.
This little book I'd rather own, Anecdote. A Quaker, who had a great
Than all the gold and gems, horror of soldiers, on seeing one jump into That e'er in monarch's coffers shone, the Thames, and save a person who was
Than all their diadems. dronning, said on ibe occasion, “I shall al.
Nay, were the seas-one chrysolite, ways be a Quaker ; bat soldiers are good
The earth-a golden ball, creatures."
And diamonds all the stars of night, What is it, Man, prevents thy God,
This book-were worth them all. From making thee his blest abode ?
Here, He who died on Calvary's tree, He says-he loves thee, wills thee header,
Hath made that promise-blest; And for thy good-has blessings given.
“Ye heavy-laden, come to me, I'll tell thee-'Tis thy love of self,
And I will give you rest. Thy love of rulenthy love of pels,
A bruised reed—I will not break, Bind thee to earth and all her toys,
A contrite heart--despise ; And robs thee-of substantial jnys.
My burden's light, and all, who take Heaven's gales—are not so highly arched
My yoke, shall win the skies !” As prince's palaces ; they who enter there, The humble man, when he receives a borong Must go-upon their knees.
Refers revenge-to whom it doth belong.
Good name-in man, or woman,
363. Inflections. Although there are! Proverbs. 1. It is much easier to defend the given rules, for making these inflections, or innocent, than the guilty. 2. Let the press and slides of the voice, either up or down, yet ! speech, be free; no good gorernment has anythings it should be borne in mind, that every sen- I to seur from paper shot, or airy words 3. Turee tence, which has been read with the upward! things are necessary to make au able man,- na. slide, can, under other circumstances, be read ture, study, and practice. 4. Cultivate a spirit of correctly with the downward slide: the sense
love toward all. 5. Always distinguish between governs everything here, as in emphasis. apparent truths, and real truths; between effects Ex. 1. Are you going to town? 2. Are you when his word and works are best undersive and
and causes. 6. God-is best knowu and honored guing to tow'n? 3. Why did you speak to appreciated. 7. Industry-is esseutial to useful ber? 4. Why did you speak to her? 5. Do ness, and happiness. &. Every one ought to do vou bár me? 6. Do you hear me? In the something. 9. Nothing is stationary; and the hu. first sxample, we have a simple, direct ques- man family—the least of all. 10. Mankind are: tion; in the second, the same form of words, tending to a better condition, or to actual extinction but so spoken, as if one said, I wish to know, 11. Trade-knows neither friends nor kindred positively, whether you go to town ; so of the 12. Physicians-rarely take medicine. rest. Thus you see, the sense, the object, the Wisdom of our Ancestors. If the intention determines the manner.
“wisdom of our ancestors"-had not taugh: 364. 1. Some poets may be compared to them to recognize newly discovered truths, others; but Milton and Shukspeare are in- and to discard those errors, to which ignorcomparable. 2. He, who considers himself ance had given birth, we should not have wise, while his wisdom does not teach him to been indehted to them for the improvements, acknowledge the Lord, is in the profoundest which, however well they may have served ignorance. 3. We see the effects of many their purpose for a time, are destined to be things, the causes of but few; experience, superseded by still more important discover. therefore, is a surer guide than imagination, ies. In the year 1615, a Florentine had the and inquiry than conjecture. 4. It is the in- presumption and audacity to assert, contrary dispensable duty, and the inalienable right, to the prevailing opinions of the learned, of every rational being, to prove all things, “the great, the good, and the wise among and hold fast that which is good.
men,” and contrary to the conclusions of all Get but the truth-once uttered, and 'tis like preceding ages,“ that the earth revolved round A star, new-born, that drops into its place, the sun;" and, although he was threatened And which, once circling its placid round, with death for his heresy, Galileo was right. Not all the tumult of the earth-can shake.
Varieties. 1. What is the image of God. • 365. The nearer your delivery agrees with and what the likeness of God, into which man the freedom and ease of common discourse, was created ? 2. What grace is more value (if you keep up the dignity and life of your able, than humility? 3. Is hereditary de. subject, and preserve propriety of expression,) pravity an actual sin, or a calamity? 4. Was the more just, natural and agreeable it will not the genius of Ar-chim-l-des the parent of be. Study nature; avoid affectation, and the mechanical arts? 5. Did not the first never use art, if you have not the art to con- single pair of mankind-possess the type of cealit: for, whatever does not appear natural, all the distinct races of men,--their innate is neither agreeable nor persuasive.
tendency and genius, which has, or will, reAnecdoto. A brutal teacher, whipped a appear in their offspring? 6. What is the a little boy, for pressing the hand of a little meaning of the command to Moses,“ See that girl, who sat next to him at school. After thou make all things after the pattern, which which, he asked the child, “Why he squeezed I have shown thee in the Mount?" 7. If we the girl's hand ?” “Because,” said the little are hardened under affliction, does it not infellow,“ it looked so pretty, I could not help dicate a very bad state of mind? 8. Are it.” What punishment did the teacher de- miracles--violations of the laws of Nature ? ærve?
9. Does not the state and character of parents
-affect their offspring? 10. What is the liere rests his hand--upon the lap of earth,
conclusion of the whole matter ? Fear Gol, A youth-o fortune, and to fame unknown : Fair Science frown'd not on his humble birth,
and keep his commandments.
When Summer's heats-the verdure sear, And Melancholy-mark'd him for her own
Through yonder shady grove I tread, Large was his bounty, and his soul sincere;
Or throw me listless-down to hear Hearendid a recompense-as largely send
The winds-make music over head; lie gave to mis ry all he had a lear; (friend.
A thousand flowers-are blooming round. He gaind froin heav'n ('twas all he wish'd)—a
The “wilding bee" goes droning by, No farther seek his meriis to disclose,
And springs gush out—with lulling sound, Or draw his frailties from their dread abode,
And painted warblers—linger nigh ; There, they, alike, in trembling hope repose)
Yet one thing-wants the dreamer there The bosom of his Father, and his God.
A kindred soul-the scene to share.
THE EPITAPH. .