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365. WAVES, OR CIRCUMFLEXES OF THE Maxims. 1. The love of sensual pleasure, 'S VOICE: of these, there are two; which are temporary madness. 2. Sacrifice can be made called the rising circumflex [v] and the fall- on bad principles; obedience-only on good ones. ing circumflex [^]: they are formed by the 3. Great cry and little wool; applies to those who and the', and are generally connected with promise much, but practice little. 4. Do what you the accented vowels of the emphatic words. think is right, whatever others may think. Doubt, pity, contrast, grief, supposition, Learn to disregard alike, the praise and the cen

sure of bad men. 6. Covet that popularity tha! comparison, iruny, implication, sneering,

follows; not that which must be run after. i. railery, scorn, reproach, and contempt, are

What sculpture is to a block of marble, education expressed by them. Be sure and get the right is to the human mind. 8. He, who is unwilling feeling and thought, and you will find no

to amend, has the devil on his side. 9. Erunsire, difficulty in expressing them properly, if you various reading, without reflection, tends to the inhave mastered the voice.

jury of the mind. 10. Proverbs bear age, and are 366. Exs. of the rising v. 1. I may go full of various instruction. to town to-morrow, though I cannot go to Anecdote. John Randolph's Mother. The day. 2. The sun sets in the west, not in late John Randolph, some years before his the east. 3. He lives in London, not in death, wrote to a friend as follows: “I used New York. 4. The desire of praise-pro- to be called a Frenchman, because I took the duces excellent effects, in men of sēnse. 5. French side in politics ; and though that was He is more a knève, than a fool. 6. I see unjust, yet the truth is, I should have been thou hast learn'd to rủil, if thou hast learned a French atheist, if it had not been for one renothing else. 7. Better to do well låte, than collection, and that was—the memory of the néver. 8. A pretty fellow you are, to be time, when my departed mother — used to süre! 9. In some countries-povertyis take my little hands in hers, and cause me, considered a misfortune ; in ôthers-a crime. on my knees, to say, 'Our Father who art in 10. The young-are slaves to novelty; the heaven.'” old—to củstom.

School Teaohers. It is important, that 367. PROMISCUous EXAMPLES. 1. A just teachers of youth, should not only be respected, appreciation of our duties is worth any sa but respectable persons. They, who are in. crifice, that its attainments may cost. 2. trusted with the responsible office of develop. Dearly do we sometimes pay for our wis- ing the mind, and directing the affections of dom, but never too dearly. 3. Is not the life the young, ought to be worthy of sharing in of animals dissipated at death? 4. The an- all the social enjoyments of the most refined ciente—had the art of singing, before that of society; and they ought never to be excluder! writing; and their laws and histories were from such participation. Yet it is scandalsung, before they were written. 5. This heav- ously true, in some parts of our country, that enly Benefactor claims-not the homage of teachers, however worthy, are excluded from our lips, but of our hearts; and who can the houses of the very parents, who send doubt that he is entitled to the homage of our their children to their schools. This is not hearts? 6. If we have no regard to our own only contrary to all republican principles, character, we ought to have some regard to but is in direct opposition to the dictates of the character of others. 7. Tell your invad- common sense. Wherever such a state of ers this; and tell them, too, we seek no things exists, the people are but half civilized, change; and least of all such change as whatever pretensions wealth, and other cir. they would bring us.

cumstances afford them. 368. We must avoid a mechanical variety,

Varlettes. 1. Enver on the performance and adopt a natural one: this may be seen in of your duties, with willing hearts, and children, when relating anything that comes never seek to avoid them. 2. The heart-is from themselves; then, their intonations, woman's world; it is there-her ambition melody, and variety, are perfectly natural, strives for the mastery. 3. The object of roo and true to the object in view: let us go and reation is-to soften and refine, not to render sit at their feet and learn, and not be offend- ferocious; as is the case with amusements ed. Let us turn our eye and ear, to Truth that brutalize. 4. Is capital punishment and natURE; for they will guide their vota- right? 5. Who has done the more injury ries right. Give us the soul of elocution and Mahomet, or Constantine? 6. Is tobacco music, and that will aid in forming the body. neccssary? 7. Why is the figure of a riper

-used to express ingratitude ? 8. Is it right CONFIDENCE, NOT TO BE PLACED IN MAN. O momentary grace of mortal men,

to go to war-on any occasion ? 9. What is Which we more hunt for-than the grace of God! the usual quantity of blood-in a common Who builds his hope—in air of your fair looks,

sized body? About twenty-five or thirty Lives like a drunken sailor-on a mast; pounds. 10. Is it not singular that Popes Ready, with every nod, to tumble down translations should be very profuse, and his Into the fate! boroes of the deep.

original compositions very concise ?

369. Exs. of the falling 1. Who Maxims. 1. A woun led reputation is seldom tares for yoứ ? 2. He is your friend, is he? cured. 2. Conciliatory manners always com3. You tell me so, you? 4. If I were mand esteem. 3. Never deride any one's infirmi. to do so, what would you say? 5. It is tics. 4. Detraction—is a sin against justice. 5. not prúdence, when I trust my secrets to a Modestyhas more charms than beauty. 6. No man who cannot keep his own. 6. You fear should deter us from doing good. 7. Pin not are a very wise man, strồng, bráre, peaceable

. your faith to another one's sleeve

. &. Reckless 7. If you had told me so, perhaps, I should youth makes rueful age. 9. The example of the

good is visible philosophy. 10. Truth-never fears have believed you. 8. Sir, you are a fôôl. rigid examination. 11. Sickness is felt, but not and I feâr you will remain so.

health. 370. MANNER. What we mean, does

Reason. As the field of true science entnot so much depend on what we say, as how larges, as thought becomes more free, an in. we say it; not so much on our words, as on quiry upon all subjects becomes more bold our manner of speaking them: accordingly, and searching; a voice louder and still loudin elocution, great attention must necessarily er comes up from the honest and thinking be given to this, as expressive of what our words do not always indicate: thus, na- in religion, as well as in every thing else ;

men in Christendom, calling for rationality ture—fixes the outward expression of every calling for such principles of biblical interintention and sentiment. Art only adds ease and gracefulness to the promptings of pretation, as shall show the scriptures to

be indeed, and in truth, the WORD OF Gop. nature: as nature has ordained, that man shall walk on his feet, and not on his hands, Every ray of truth, which has been sent art-teaches him to walk gracefully.

from heaven-to enlighten and bless man371. COMBINATION OF THE WAVES. 1. kind, has gained admittance into the world

by patient struggling and persevering con. But yôu forsooth, are very wise men, deeply test. learned in the truth ; , weak, contemptible, měan persons; but you, strống, gällent. virtuous Pagan, put to the blush-many a

Varieties. 1. The words of Seneca, the 2. Mere hîrelings, and time-servers are al

pagan christian. 2. When Socrates was inways opposed to (5) imprèvements, and (6) formed, that the judges had sentenced him originality: so are tyrantsto liberty, and to death, he replied,—“ And hath not Nature públicanism., 3. Wisdom alone is truly passed the same sentence on them ;" . fáir ; vice, only appears so. 4. How like

There is more eloquence, in the tone of voice, a fawning públican he looks! 5. How

in the looks, and in the gestures of a speakgrêên you are, and fresh in this old world!

than in the choice of his words. 6. Whât! can so young a thorn begin to prick? 7. Môneyis your suit ? What

Dear Patience-100, is born of woe,

Patience, that opens the gate should I săy to you! Should I not say,

Wherethrough the soul of man must go Hath a dog mộney? Is it possible—a cŭr

Up to each nobler state. can lend thrêê thờusund důcats? 7. They tell ŭs to be moderate; but they, THEY

High natures-must be thunder-scar:ed,

With many a searing wrong. are to revel in profüsion ! Miscellaneous. 1. Can one phenome

Law, that shocks equity, is reason's murder. non of mind be presented, without being

I would not waste my spring of youth, connected with another ? if so,-how? 2.

In idle dalliance; I would plant rich seeds, Reputation-often etlects that, which did not

To blossom in my manhood, and bear fruit,

IV hen I am old. belong to one's character. Make a childbelieve that he is considered aimable, by his

Full many a gem--of purest ray serene,

The dark unfathomed caves of ocean bear, friends, and he will generally become so. 3. Affectionis the continuous principle of love,

Full many a flow'r is born--10 blush unseers, -which is spiritual heal; and hence the

And waste its sweetness on the desert air, very vital principle of man. 4. Must not

Beautiful cloud! with folds so soft and fair the first possible idea--of any individual,

Swimming-in the pure-quiet air !

Thy fleeces, bathed in sunlight, while below, have been the product of the relation--be

Thy shadow-o'er the vale moves slow : tween two states of the mind, in reference to

Where, 'midst their labor, pause the reaper train external objects ?

As cool it comes-along the grain. Anecdoto. Danger of Bar Campany.

Beautiful cloud! I would I were with thee St. Austin compares the danger of bad com

In thy calm way-o'er land and sea : rany-to a nail driven into a post; which,

To resi-on thy unrolling skirts, and look after the first, and second stroke, may be On Earth-as on an open book; drawn out with little difficulty; but being

On streams, that tie her realms, with silver bands mce driven up to the head, the pincers can and the long ways, that seam her lands, iake no hold to draw it out ; which can be And hear her humming cities, and the sound done only by the destruction of the wood. of the great ocean-breaking round


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372. Remember, that Nature abhors mo- Maxims. 1. A faithful friend--ie a strong notony, or sameness of sound, as much as defence. 2. Avoid that which you blams in others.

4. Con. she does a vacuun.. Hence, give variety in 3. By doing nothing, we learn to do ill emphasis, in flections, and waves, if they often session of a fault, makes half amends for it. 5 occur.

1. (3). Happy, (5) happy, (6) hăp- Dependence and obedience, necessarily belong to py, páir ! none but the (2) brave! (6) youth. 6. Every arı-is best taught by example. nóne but the (5) brave ; none (8) BUT the

7. Great designs uire great consideration. 8. brave deserve the făir! 2. (6) What a piece Never sport with pain, or poverty. 10. Put no

Misfortune is a touchstone of friendship. of workis màn! how noble in (5) rea

faith in tale-bearers. sm! how infinite in (6) Faculties! in (4) form, and (5) moving, how express and

Anecdote. Point of Law Blackstone, (6) admirable! in action, how like an an- speaking of the right of a wife to dower, as gel! in apprehension, (4) how like a God! serts, that if land abide in the husband a sin3. My JUDGMENT-approves this measure,

gle moment, the wife shall be endowed there and my whole eart—is in it: all that 1 of; and he adds, that the doctrine was ex. have ; (4) all that I am ; and all that I

tended very far, oy a jury in Wales, whe:e Hopz, in this life, I am now ready here to time; but the son was supposed to survive

the father and son were hanged at the same stake upon it; and I leave off as I began; the father, by appearing to struggle the longth't (4) sink or swim ; (5) live or die; er; whereby he became seized of an estate survive or (6) PERISH,—I am for the DecLA

by survivorship; in consequence of which RATION.

It is my living sentiment, and (2) seizure, his wife obtained a verdict for her by the blessing of God, it shall be my dying dower. sentiment: (5) Independence -- (6) nów

Riches and Talent. Nothing is more and Independence (9) FOREVER!

common than to see station and riches-pro373. EFFECT. What is the use of reading, ferred to talent and goodness ; and yet few speaking, and singing, if the proper effect is things are more absurd. The peculiar supe not produced? If the singing in our church riority of talent and goodness-over station choirs, and the reading and speaking in the and riches, may be seen from hence ;-that desk and pulpit, were what they ought to the influence of the former-will always be be, and what they may be, the house of God the greatest, in that government, which is would be more thronged than theatres ever the purest ; while that of the latter-will al. have been. Oh! when will the best of truths ways be the greatestin the government be delivered in the best of manners? May that is the most corrupt : so that from the the stars of elocution and music, be more preponderance of the one, we may infer the numerous than the stars of heaven!

soundness and vigor of the commonwcaith; Because I cannot flatter, and speak fair, but from the other, its dotage and degeneracy. Smile in man's face, smooth, deceive and coy,

Varieties. 1. Indolence and indecision, Deck with French words, and apish courtesy,

tho' not rices in themselves, generally preI must be held—a răncorous ênemy.

pare the way for much sin and miseryj. 2 Cannot a plain man live, and think no harm, But thus his simple truth-must be abused,

If the mind be properly cultivated, it will By silken, sly, insinuating Jacks!

produce a storehouse of precious fruits, but

if neglected, it will be overrun with noxious Tho'plunged in ills, and exercised in care,

weeds and poisonous plants. 3. A kini Yot, never let the noble mind despair:

benefactor-makes one happy as soon as he When prest by dangers, and beset by foes, Heaven its timely succour doth interpose, (grief,) can, and as much as he can. 4. The only And, (when our virtue sinks, o'erwhelmed with sure basis of every government, is in the of. By unforescen expedients-brings relief.

fection of a people, rendered contented, and If there's a sin-more deeply black than others,

happy, by the justness and mildness, with Distinguished from the list of common crimes,

which they are ruled. 5. As moisture is roAnd legion--in itself, and doubly dear

quired to the formation of every seed, so natuTo the dark prince of hellit is hypocrisy.

ral truth to the formation of first principles

They whom Ye gentle gales, beneath my body blow,

Nature's works can charm, with God himself And softly lay me-on the waves below.

Hold converse ! grow familiar, day by day, Wisdom—inok up her harp, and stood in place

With His conceptions, act upon His plan, or frequent concourse-stood in every gate,

And form to His-the relish of their souls.
By every way, and walked in every street,
And, lifting up her voice, proclaimed: Be wise,

Our present acts, tho' slightly we pass thom hy

Are 60 much seed-s0wn for Eternity. Ye fools ! be of an understanding heart.

The devil can cite scripture for his purposeForsake the wicked : come not near his honse :

An coil soul, producing boly rottness, Pass by : make haste: depart, and turn aroay.

I like a villain with a smiling check; Me follow-me, whose ways are pleasantness,

A goodly apple, rotten at the heart; Whose paths are peace, whose end is perfect joy. 1, what a grolly outside--faischood hath!

374.. As the principles of elocution are Proverbs. 1. Forbearance. - $ requisite in few and simple, and as practice alone makes youth, in middle age, and in old age. 2. Peculiar. perfect, there are all kinds of examples pro- ities—are easily acquired; but it is very difficult 10 vided for those, who are determined to de. eradicate them. 3. Good principles are of no use velop their minds through their bodies, and to us, unless we are governed by them. 4. Cobecome all that God and nature intended quetry—is the vice of a small mind. 5. Pure inetthem to be. As the ear is most intimately als--shine brighter, the more they are rubbed. 6. connected with the affections—the motive- Pride-lives on very costly food,-iis keeper's power of the intellect, it is absolutely neces. happiness. 7. Extremes — are generally hurtful, sary that the student should exercise aloud, for they often expose us to damage, or render ud that the voice and ear, as well as the thoughls ridiculous. 8. In the days of affluence, always and feelings, may be cultivated in harmony think of poverty. 9. Never let wanı come upon and Correspondence. If, then, he finds the you, and make you remember the days of plenty. task severe, let him persevere, and never io. No one can become a good reader or speaker, mind it.

in a few weeks, or a few months. 375. EXAMPLES. 1. The queen of Denmark, in reproving her son, Hamlet, on ac- Ledyard, that women, in all countries, are

Woman. I have always observed, says count of his conduct towards his step-father, civil, obliging, tender, and humane; that whom she married, shortly after the murder they are inclined to be gay and cheerful, timof the king, her husband, says to him, Ham- orous and modest, and ihat they do not, like let, you have your father much offended." man, hesitate to perform a generous action. To which he replies, with a circumflex on Not haughly, arrogant, or supercilious, they you, Madam, (3) you — have my father are full of courtesy, and fond of society; more much offended." He meant his own father:

liable, in general, to err than man, but in she-his step-father; he would also intimate, general, also, more virtuous, and performing that she was accessory to his father's mur-whether civilized or savage, I never address

more good actions than he. To a woman, der; and his peculiar reply, was like daggers ed myself in the language of decency and in her soul. 2. In the following reply of friendship, without receiving a decent and Death to Satan, there is a frequent occurrence friendly answer. With man it has been often of circum sexes, mingled with contempt: otherwise. In wandering through the barren " And reckon'st thỏu thyself with spirits of plains of inhospitable Denmark; thro' hun. heaven, hell-doomed, and breath’st defiănce est Sweden, and trozen Lapland, rude and here, and scărn, where I reign king and, churlish Finlanul, unprincipled Russia, and to enrage thee môre,—thy king, and lørd?” the wide-spread regions of the wandering The voice is circumflected on heaven, hell-Tartar; if hungry, dry, cold, wet, or sick, doomed, king and thy, nearly an octave. 3. and uniformly so; and to add to this virtue,

the women-have ever been friendly to me Come, show me what thoul't ds; woul't (so worily iö be called benevolence.) their weep? woul't fight? woul't fast ? woul't tear actions have been performed in so free and ihyself? I'll do't. Dost thou come here to kind a manner, that if I were dry, I drank whine? to our face me, with leaping in her the sweetest draught, and if hungry, ate the gravé? be buried quick with her, and so will coarsest morsel. wiih a double relish.

'; and if thou prate of mountains, let them throw MILLION's of acres

Varieties. 1. When Baron, the actor, I

on us, till our ground, singeing her pate against the burn. came from hearing one of Massillon's ser ing zone, make Ossa-like a wart. Nay, mons, he said to one of his comrades of t.c an thoul't mouthe, I'll rant as well as thoil. stage; here is an oralor; we are only ac Anecdote. A clergyman, once traveling the sake of being clean; others, for the sake

2. Some people-wash themselves top in a stage-coach, was abruptly asked by one

3. Of all the pursuiis, by of the passengers, if any of the heathens of appearing so. would go to heaven. “Sir," answered the

which property is acquired, none is preferaclergyman, "I am not appointed judge of ble to agriculture, -none more productive, the world, and, consequently, cannot tell; and none more worthy of a genileman. 4. but, if ever you ge: to henver, you shall It is a maxim with unprincipled politicians, either find some nem there, or a good to destroy, where they cannot intimidate, Tuason "my iney are not there."

por persuade. 5. Good humor, and mental

charms, are as much superior to external Too High or too Low. In pulpit elo. quence, the grand difficulty is to give the beauty, as mind is superior to matter. 6. subject all the dignity it so fully deserves, Be wise, be prudent, be discreet, and icm.

perate, in all things. without attaching any importance to out: selves. The christian minister cannot think Patriots have toiled, and in their country's cause too highly of his Master, or too humbly of Bled nobly, and their deeds, as they deserve,

We give in charge himself. This is the secret art which capti. Receive proud recompense. rates and improves an audience, and which Their names-co the sweet lyre. The historic muse all who see, will fancy they could imitate ;

Proud of her treasure, marches with it down while manv who try, will not succeed, be. To latest times; and sculpture in her turn, cause they are not influenced by proper mo Gives bond, in stone- and ever-during brass lives and do not use the right means.

To guard them-and immortalize her trust.


376. INTONATIONs. The intonations are Proverbs 1. A clear cmscience fears no acopposite to monotones, and mean the rise and cusation. 2. An open door will tempt a saini. 3 fall of the voice, in its natural movements Confidence – is the companion of success. through a sentence: they are demonstrated Cruelty to a woman is—the crime of a monster. 5. in music, and here, in elocution. In all com- A smart reproof is better than smooth deceit. 6. Add mon kinds of reading and speaking, the voice not trouble to the grief-worn heart. 7. Affeciation should not generally rise and fall more than —is at best a deformity. 8. Bear misfortunes with one note, in its passage from syllable to syl- patience and fortitude. 9. A good marim is never

out of season. 10. Ambition-never looks behind. lable, and from word to word: its movement | 11. A wise man wants but litle. 12. Knoie's will then be gentle, easy and Fowing. But

-makes no one happy. when the passion, or sentiment to be exhibited, is powerfully awakening or exciting, it

Anecdote. A tragedy of Æschylus wag may rise or fall several notes, according to once represented before the Athenians, in the predominance of feeling.

which it was said of one of the characters, 877. Our (6) sight—is the most (4) per. so." At these words, all eyes were instantly

“that he cared more to be just, than to uppear fect, and most (5) delightful of all our senses. (4) It fills the mind with the largest all the Greeks, most merited that distinguish

turned upon Aristiles, as the man who, of variety of (3) ideas; (5) converses with its

ed character: and ever after he received, by objects at the greatest (6) distance; and continues the longest in (5) action, without being

universal consent, the surname of -" The

Just." (4) tiredor (3) satiated, with its proper enjoyments. The (6) sense of (8) FEELING, Christians of all grades and classes, even down

Courtesy. St. Paul, addressing himself to can, indeed, give us the idea of (5) extension, to menial servants, exhorts them to be cour(6) shape, and all other properties of matter,

teous. Courteousness-must mean, therefore, th't are perceived by the (5) eye, except (4) colors. (3) At the same time—it is very much sorts of people; and, in its primary and best

a something, which is within the reach of all (5) straightened—and (4) confined in its ope- sense, is exactly such a behavior, as spontarations, to the (3) number, (4) bulk, and (5) | neously springs from a heart, warm with distance, of its peculiar objects.

benevolence, and unwilling to give needless 378. When we read, or speak, without any pain, or uneasiness to a fellow-being. We feeling, the voice ranges between our first have no more right, wantonly or carelessly and fourth notes; when there is a moderate to wound the mind, than to wound the boily degree of feeling, and the subject somewhat of a fellow-being; and, in many instances, interesting, it ranges between our secmd and the former-is the more cruel of the two. sirth notes; when there is a high degree of

Varieties. 1. Some start in life, without feeling and interest, it ranges between our furth and eighth notes; descending, how- any leading object at all; some, with a bro

aim, and some, with a high one; and just in ever, to the third and first, in a cadence, or close of the effort. It is highly necessary to proportion to the elevation at which they aim,

will generally be their success. 2. Guard keep the voice afloat, and never let it run oground; that is, let the feeling and thought against fraud, and imposition; and forego keep it on the proper pitches, and do not let some advantages, rather than gain them at a it descend to the first, or ground-note, till the determination of doubtful and intricate cases,

risk, that cannot be ascertained. 3. In the piece is complet ; except in depre notony. Memorize the preceding, and talk of judgment, are required. 4. We have an


the nicest discrimination, and great solidity it off in an easy, graceful and appropriate instinctive expectation of finding nature Abstract Question. Which is more pro- and true to herself; but whence this expec

everywhere the same, - always consistent, bable, that our judgment, in respect to external phenomena, has been warped, by compar- native air of true freedom, to alter, expand,

tation? 5. Is there not something in the ing their operations with those of the mind; and improve the external form, as well as the or, that our metaphysical mistakes have been occasioned, by forming a false analogy be- internal ? 6. Is not affluencea snare, and tween its internal operations, and outward poverty,- a temptation ? 7. Man is a true

epitome of the spiritual world, or world of appearances ?

mind; and to know himself, is the perfection The midnight moon-serenely smiles

of wisdom.
O'er nature's soft repose ;
No towering cloud obscures the sky, It came from Heaven,-it reign'd i., Eden's shades,
No ruffling tempest blows.

It roves on earth-and every walk invades:
Now, every passion-sinks to rest;

Childhoodand age—alike its influence own,
The throbbing heart lies still;

It haunts the beggar's nook, the monarch's throne And varying schemes of life-no more Hangs o'er the cradle, leans above the bier, Distract the laboring will,

Gazed on old Babel's lower,-and lingers her



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