« 이전계속 »
ORATORICAL AND POETICAL GESTURES
X1 22. This engraving represents the larynx, or 24. Here is a front view o' the Vocal Organs. vocal box, at 1, near the top of the wind-pipe, 2;e is the top of the wind-pipe, and within and a the bronchial
little above d is the larynx, or vocal box, where tubes, or
all voice sounds are branches of
made: the two the trachea
horns at the top, rep3, 4, going to ezeh lung;
resent the upper exthe left lung.s 2
tremities of the thy whole; the
roid cartilage: the substance of 7
tubes up and down, the right one
and transverse, are is removed, 10
Mood-vessels: beshoy the ra
ware of having rifications of
anything tigh the bronchial
around the neck, twigs, termi
also of bending the nating in the
neck much, impeding the free circulation of the air-cells, 7,7,
blood, and determining it to the head. &, like leaves on the trees.
ORATORICAL AND POETICAL ACTION. The bronchi
POSITIONS OF FEET AND HANDS. al tubes are the three
8 branches of
windpipe, and enter the lungs about one third of the. distance from the upper end: hence, how foolish for persons having a sore throat, or larynx, to suppose they have the bronchitis; which consists in a diseased state of the bronchia; generally brought on by an improper mode of breathing, or speaking, &c., with exposure. The remedy may be found in the practice here recommended, with a free use of cold soft water over the whole body, and bandages wet with the same, placed about the chest and neck, to be removed every few ours, as they become dry.
23. Here is a horizontal view of the Glottis : N, F, are the arytenoid cartilages, connected with the chordæ vocales, (vocal cords, or ligaments,) T, V, stretching across from the top of the arytenoid to the point of the thyroid cartilage : these cords can be elongated, and enlarged to produce lower souris, and contracted and diminished for Lgher ones: and, at the same time, separated from each other, and allowing more condensed air to pass for the former purposes; or brought nearer together, 10 favor the latter: there are a great many muscles attached to the larynx, to give variety to the modifications o voice in speech and song.
1. THIS SYSTEM unfolds the true Philoso-, in, where-on, where-wilh, &c. : also, in the con. pay of Mind and Voice, in accordance with traction of ever and never,-as where-e'er 1 gc, the nature of Man, and the structure of Lan- where-e'er I am, I ne'er shall see thee more. guage. I he Elements are first presented; "How blest is he, who ne'er consents, By ill adthen, the common combinations, followed by i vice to walk." the more difficult ones; all of which are to be Anecdote. Plaiu-defines man—"An practiced in concert, and individually, after animal, having two legs, and po feathers.” the Teacher. These exercises essentially aid This very imperfect description attrarted the in cultivating the Voice and Eur, for all the ridicule of Di-og-e-nes; who, wittily, and in objects of Speech and Song: while the Prin- derision, introduced to his school—a fowl, ciples and Practice tend to develop and per- stripped of its feathers, and contemptuously fect both mind and body, agreeably to the asked, “Is this Plato's man?”
Notes. 1. Don't caricature this sound of a and e before Laws, that should govern them. The l'owels
7, by giving it andue stress and quantity, in such words an air must first be mastered, then the Consonants ; | (ay-ur,) pa-rent, (pac-rent,) dare, (day-ur,) chair
, there, where, kes and the exercises interspersed with reading, nor give it a flat sound, as some do to e in llcat, pronouncing a and rigid criticism on the Articulation and blaat. To give this sound properly, separate the teeth an inch,
project the tips, and bring forward the corners of the mouth, like Pronunciation.
a funnel. 2. It would be just as proper in prose, to say, where N. B. The words printed in italics and CAPITALS, are more or uver I go, where-eever I am, I never shall see thee more; as to .ess emphatic; though other words may be made so, according to
say in poetry, where-car I am, I near shall see thee more. 3. Ein thie desred effect: the dash() indicates a pause for inhalation: weight, whry, (i, y, gh are silent,) and a in age rohalc, &c., are conuesting words are sometimes excepted.
just alike in sound; and as this sound of e does not occur a.nong 2. A has four regular sounds: First, its natural, or regular sounds, as classed by our orthoepists, it is
called “irregular;" i. e. it borrows this name sound of a; or is Nume sound, or long: ALE;
sounded like it. 4. Some try to make a distinction between a iu ate, a-zure: rare a-pri-cots;
fate, and a in fair, calling it a medial sound : which error is ow. scarce pız-tri-ots; fair brace
ing tot being an alnpt element, and r, a prolonged one: but no lets for la-tent mus-ta-ches;
one can make a good sound of it, either in speech or song, whea
thus situated, by giving it a sund unlike the name sound of a; be. hai-ry ma-gi and sa-pi-ent lit
ware of unjust prejudices and prepossessions. I say na-shen-a?, er-a-ti for pa-trons; na-tion-al
ra-shun-ul, &c., for the same reason that I say no-tional and do-vo ru-ter-er for ra-di-a-ted sta (A i2 ALE.) tional; because of analogy and effect. mens, and sa-li-ent pas-try with the ha-lo
Proverbs. 1. Accusing-is proving, wher gra-tis; the ra-tion-al plain-tiff tears the cam
malice and power sit as judges. 2. Adversitybric, and dares the stairs for the sa-vor of
may make one wise, but not rich. . 3. Idle folks rui-sins; they drain the cane-brakes and take of his own fortune. 5. Fine feathers make fine
-take the most pains. 4. Every one is architect the bears by the nape of the neck; the may-or's birds. 6. Go into the country to hear the news orayer to Mayn-ton Sayre is—to be-ware of of the town. 7. He is a good orator-who conhe snares pre-par'd for the matron's shares : vinces himself. 8. If you cannot bite, never show l-men has both syllables accented; but it your teeth. 9. Lawyers' houses-are built on the thould never be pronounced ah-men (20 a,) heads of fools. 10. Little, and often, fill the purse. ROT Uw-men.
11. Much, would have more, and lost all. 12. 3. Position. Sit, or stand erect, with the Practice-makes perfect. shoulders thrown back, so as to expand the The Bible-requires, in its proper delivchest, prevent the body from bending, and ery, the most extensive practical knowledge facilitate fall and deep breathing. Open the of the principles of elocution, and of all the mouth wide enough to admit two fingers, compositions in the world; a better impres. side-wise, between the teeth, and keep the sion may be made, from its correct reading, lips free and limber, that the sounds may than from the most luminous commentary. flow with clearness and precision ; nor let
Varieties. 1. Love what you ought to do, there be too much, nor too little moisture in and you can easily do it;-oiled wheels run the mouth. A piece of hard wood, or ivory, freely. 2. Cicero says, that Roscius, a Roan inch, or an inch and a half long. of the man orator, could express a sentence in as size of a pipe stem, with a notch in each end, many different ways. by his gestures, as live if placed between the teeth. perpendicularly, himself could by his words. 3. Why is the while practicing, will be found very useful in letter A, like a honey-suckle? Because a } acqniring the habit of opening wide the mouth. follows it. 4. Never speak unless you have 4. Elias this sound in certain words ; among have done. 5. The most essential rule in de
something to say, and always stop when you which are the following ere, ere-long ; feint heira; the hei-nous Bey pur-reys a bo-quet; education should be adapted to the full de
livery isBe natural and in earnest 6. Our (bo-ka ;) they rein their prey in its ey-ry, and pay their freight by weight ; hey-dey: o-bey the velopment of body and mind. 7. Truth can eyre, and do o-bei-sance to the Dey; they sit never contradict itself ; but is eternal and im. lete-a-tate (ta-tah-tate,l at trey: also, there mutable—the same in all ages : the states of and where, in all their compounds,-there-at, men's reception of it-are as various as the there-by, therefore, there-in, there-on, there principles and subjects of natural creation. sith, where-at, where-by, where fore, where As good have no time, as make bad use of it
8 Elocution-is an Art, that teaches me how | within-out; not from without-in. The to inanifest my feelings and thoughts to beautiful rose-does not grow by accretion, others, in such a way as to give them a true like the rocks ; its life flows into it through idea, and expression of how, and what, I feel the nutriment, imbibed from the earth, the and think; and, in so doing, to make them air, and the water, which are incorporated feel and think, as I do. Its object is, to enable with the very life-blood of the plant as a meme to communicate to the hearers, the whole dium: it is a manifestation of the Life that truth, just as it is; in other words, to give me fills all things, and flows into all things. no tho ability, to do perfect justice to the subject, cording to their various forms. The analogy to them, and to myself : thus, involving the holds good as it respects the human mind; philosophy of end, cause, and effect,-the cor- tho' vegetables are matter, and mind-in respondence of affection, thoughts and words. spirit; the former is of course much more
6. The second sound of A is grave, confined than the latter. The powers of the or Italian. An; alms, far; pa
mind-must be developed by a power from pa calms ma-ma, and com
within, and above itself; and that is the best mands Charles to craunch the
education, which will accomplish this most al-monds in the haun-ted paths;
rapdly, and effectually, in accordance with his ma-ster de-man-ded a
the laws of God, which always have refere haunch of par-tridge of fa
ence to the greatest good and the most truth. ther; aunt taun-ted the laun
[A in FAR.)
Anecdote. A clergyman, whose turn it dress for salve from the ba
was to preach in a certain church, happening na-na tree; Jar-vis farms sar-sa-pa-ril-la in to get wet, was standing before the session. A-mer-i-ca; ma-nil-la balm is a charm to room fire, to dry his clothes; and when his halve the qualms in Ra-ven-na; he a-bides in colleague came in, he asked him to preach for Chi-na, and vaunts to have saun-tered on him; as he was very wet. “No Sir, I thank the a-re-na, to guard the vil-la hearths from you;" was the prompt reply: "preach yourharm-sul ef-flu-vi-a; they flaun-ted on the 80- self; you will be dry enough in the pulpit.” fa, ar-gu-ing for Quarles' psalms, and for-mu
Proverbs. 1. A burden that one chooses, is Ja for jaun-dice in Mec-ca or Me-di-na; a not felt. 2. A guilty conscience needs no accucalf got the chol-e-ra in Cu-ba, and a-rose to
ser. 3. After-wit is every body's wit. 4. Enough run the gaunt-let for the ayes and noes in A- —is as good as a feast. 5. All is but lip wisdom, cel-da-ma.
that wants experience. 6. Better bend, than break 7. In making the vowel sounds, by expel- 17. Children and fools often speak the truth. 8 ling them, great care must be taken, to con- Out of debt, out of danger. 9. Wade not in en. vert all the breath that is emitted, into pure known waters. 10. Do what you ought, and lei sound, so as not to chafe the internal surface come what will. 11. Empty vessels make the of the throat, and produce a tickling, or greatest sound. 12. Pause, before you frolow as hoarseness. The happier and freer from re- crample. straint, the better : in laughing, the lower Natural and SpiAtual Sirce we are muscles are used involuntarily; hence the possessed of both body and soul, it is of the adage, laugh, and be fat.' In breathing, first importance that we make use of natural reading, speaking, and singing, there should and spiritual means fo oltaining good; i.e. be ne rising of the shoulders, or heaving of natural and spirituul truths. Our present the vosom; both tend to error and ill health. and eternal destin.es-should ever be kept in Beware of using the lungs, as it is said; let mind; and that, which is of the greatest mothem act, as they are acted upon by the lower ment, receive the principal attention: and, inuscles.
since deah-is only a continuation of life, oui Notes. 1. Tais, strictly speaking, is the only natural eduracion should be continuous : both states pudl in all languages, and is the easiest made: it merely requires Of weing will be best attended to, when seen be under jaw to be dropped, and a vocal sound to be produced :) and attended to in connection. all ofrer sowels are derived from it; or, rather, are modifications of it. 2 When a is an article, i. e. when used by itsell, it always
Varletles. 1. Horses will often do moro has this sound, but must not be accented; as, “a man saw o hre for a whistle, than a whip: as some youth are stard a sheep in a meadow :" except as contrasted with the best governed by a rod of love. 2. Why is a sable, it has this wound : 20, 2-wake, a-bide, a-like
, s ware, a-tone, bankrupt like a clock? Because he must s-unud, a-way, ke. 4. It has a similar pound ibe end of worde, either stop, or go on tick. 3. True reading ether with, or without an h: as, Noah, Han-nah, Sa-rab, Af-ri- is true exposition. 4. Conceive the intenca, A-mer-i-ca, i-o-ta, dog-ma, &c. Beware of mying, Noer, Sations of the author, and enter into the characTy, &c. 6. It generally has this sound, when followed by a single
in the mme syllable : Ah, ar-kon, ar-tist, &c.; aloo in star-ry, (full ter. 5. The sciences and mechanical arts are cl stars,) and tar-ry, (bespeared with tar.)
the ministers of wislom, not the end. 6. Do Education. The derivation of this word we love our friends more when present, or -will assist us in understanding its mean-absent? 7. All natural trutlus, which respect ing; it being composed of the Latin word the works of God in creation, are not only real Adumo, to lead or draw out. All develop natural truths, but the glasses and containing nents, sot of matter and spirit, are from principles of spiritual ones.
8. The means to be used, thus to make to describe them to others with as muen ac known my feelings and thoughts, are tones, curacy as we do any external objects, which words, looks, actions, expression, and silence: we have seen with our material eyes. whence it appears, that the body is the grand Anecdoto. Wild Oats. After the first medium of communication between myself speech, made by the younger Pitt, in the House and others; for by and through the body, are of Commons, an old member sarcastically retones, words, looks, and gestures produced. marked,-“I apprehend that the young gentleThus I perceive, that the mind, is the active man has not yet sown all his wrld oats." To agent, and the body, the passive agent; that which Mr. Pitt politely replied, in the course this is the instrument, and that the perfor- of an elaborate and eloquent rejoinder, “Age mer: here I see the elements of mental and -has its priviltge; and the gentleman him. Focal philosophy.
self-affords an ample illustration, that I re9. The third sound of A is broad: tain food enough for GEESE to pick.” ALL, wall, auc-tion, aus-pice;
Proverbs. 1. A calumny, tho' known to be
w ม his vaul-ting daugh-ter hauld
such, generally leaves a stain on the reputation. the dau-phin in the sauce-pan;
2. A blow from a frying pan, tho' it does nos ibe pal-iry sauce-box waltz'd
hurt, sullies. 3. Fair and softly, go sure and far. in the ten-sau-cer; al-be-it, the
4. Keep your business and conscience well, and muuk-ish au-thor, dined
they will be sure to keep you well. 5. A man nau-se-ous sau-sa-ges; the au- (A in AL”)
knoros no more, to any purpose, than he practices. burn pal-frey draws lau-rel plau-dits; his 6. Bells call others to church, but enter not thennaugh-ty dwart got the groat through the selves. 7. Revenge a wrong by forgiving it. 8. fau-cit; he thwar-ted the fal-chion and sal- Venture not all you have at once. 9. Examine ted the shawl in false wa-ter; the law-less your accounts and your conduct every night. 10. gaw-ky got in-stallid in the au-tumn, and Call me cousin, but don't cozen me. 11. Eaglesde-frau-ded the green sward of its bal-dric fly alone, but sheep flock together. 12. It is good awn-ing.
to begin well, but better to end well. 10. CURRAN, a celebrated Irish orator, pre Theology-includes all religions, both sents us with a signal instance, of what can heathen and christian; and comprehend: be accomplished by assiduity and persever the study of the Divine Being, his laws ance : his enunciation was so precipitate and and revelations, and our duty towards Him confused, that he was called "stuttering Jack and our neighbor. It may be divided into Curran.” To overcome his nuinerous de- four grand divisions; viz. Paganism, Mahom. fects, he devoted a portion of every day to edanism, Judaism, and Christianity. The reading and reciting aloud, slowly, and dis study of Theology is the highest and noblest tinctly, some ɔf the most eloquent extracts in in which we can be engaged: but a mere our language: and his success was so com- theoretical knowledge, like the sunbeam on olete, that among his excellencies as a speak- the mountain glacier, may only dazzle-to er, was the clearness of his articulation, and blind; for, unless the heart is warmed with an appropriate intonation, that melodized love to God, and love to man, the coldness every sentence.
and barrenness of eternal death will reign in Notos. 1. To make this cound, drop and project the jaw, the soul: hence, the all of Religion relates to and shape the mouth as in the engraving: and when you wish to life; and the life of Religion is—to do good produce a very grawe sound, in speech or song, in addition to the above, iwell the roindpipe, (which will elongate and enlarge the
-for the sake of good. vocal chords) and forin the voice as low as possible in the larynx; Varieties. He, who studies books alone, for the longer and larger these chords are, the graver will be the will know how things ought to be; and he voice: also, practice making sunda, while exbaling and inhaling, who studies men, will know how things are. to deepen the tones. This sound is broader than the German a. 20 sometiven bas this sound: I thought he caught the cough, 2. If you would relish your food, labor for it; swhen be bagter the cloth; he wrought, fought, and sought, but if you would enjoy your raiment, pay for it talked naught. & Beware of adding an r after 29, a lawr, jawy, before you wear it; if you wonld sleep soundfawr, &e. 4. The italie a m the following, is broad. All were sp-pelled at the thral-dom of Wal-ter Raleigh, who was al-most ly, take a clear conscience to bed with yoil sald-ed in the cal-dron of boiling wa-ter.
3. The more we follow nature, and obey her Habits of thought. Thinking is to the laws, the longer shall we live ; and the farmind what digestion is to the body. We ther we deviate from them, the sooner we may heur, read, and talk, till we are gray; shall die. 4. Always carry a few proverbs but if we do not think, and analyze our sub- with you for constant use. 6. Let compul jects, and look at them in every aspect, and sion be used when necessary; but deception see the ends, causes, and effects, they will be - never. 6. In China, physicians are always of little use to us. In thinking, however, we under pay, except when their patrons are must think clearly and without confusion, as sick ; then, their salaries are stopped till health we would examine objects of sight, in order is restored. 7. All things speak; note wel to get a perfect idea of them. Thinking is the language, and gather wisdom from it. spiritually seeing; and we should always Nature-is but a name for an effect, think of things so particularly as to be able Whose cause is God.