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Virtue and Vice. Every man has actually 177. As a
within him, the seeds of every virtue and every condemned criminal, or
vice; and the proportion, in which they thrive and one who has
ripen, depends, in general, upon the situations in lost all hope of
which he has been, and is placed, and his life. salvation,
Anecdote. Filial Piety. Valerius Max. bends the eye
imus relates, that a woman of distinction, brows downward, clouds
having been condemned to be strangled, was the forehead,
carried to prison, in order to be put to death; polls the eyes Ground fretful
but the jailor was so struck with compuncly, eyeballs red
tion, that, resolving not to kill her, he chose ini inflamed
to let her die with hunger ; meanwhile, he ike a rabid
permitted her daughter to visit her in prison, dog; opens the mouth horizon
taking care that she brought nothing to eat. tally, bites the
Many days passing by, and the prisoner still lips, widens the nosirils, and gnashes the teeth; the head 18 press
living, the jailor at length,suspecting some ed down upon the breast; heart too hard to permit thing, watched the daughter, and discovered tears to flow; arms are sometimes bent at the el- that she nourished her mother with her own bows; the fists clench'd hard; the veins and mus- milk. He informed the authorities, and they cles swollen; the skin livid; th strained and violently agitated'; while groans of the people ; when the criminal was pardoned, inward torture are more frequently uttered than and the mother and daughter maintained at words. If any words are spoken, they are few, the public expense ; while a temple was erectand expressed with a sullen eager bitterness; the tones of the voice often loud and furious, and ed—SACRED TO FILIAL PIETY. sometimes in the same pitch for a considerable Varieties. 1. The mind should shine time. This state of human nature is too terrible, through the casket, that contains it; its elotoo frightful to look, or dwell upon, and almost improper for representation : for if death cannot quence must speak in the cheek ; and so disbe counterfeited without 100 much shocking our tinctly should it be wrought in the whole humanity, despair, which exhibits a state ten countenance, that one might say, the body thousand times more terrible than death, ought to be viewed with a kind of reverence to the great thinks, as well as feels; such oratory will Author of Nature, who seems sometimes to permit never cloy; it is always enchanting, never the this agony of mind, as a warning to avoid that same. 2. A gentleman, lecturing beforo a wickedness, which produces it: it can hardly be lyceum, remarked: a lady, when ste marriedy over-acted.
lost her personal identity—her distinctive Bring me to my trial when you will.
character—and was like a dew-drop.stvallowDied he not in his bed? where should he die? Car. I make men live, whether they will or no?
ed by a sunbeam. 3. Let ignorance talk, Oh! torture me no more, I will confess. —
learning hath its value. 4. Where mystery Alive again? then show me where he is,
is practiced, there is generally something bad I'll give a thousand pounds to look upon him.
to conceal, or something incompatible with
Ay, but to die, and go we know not where; punishes an enemy, has a momentary do
light; but he who forgives him, has an abidh This sensible warm motion to become
ing satisfaction. A kneaded clod; and the delighted spirit
Despair shall round their souls be twin'd,
And drink the vigor of their mind:
As round the oak rank ivy cleaves,
Steals its sap, and blasts its leaves.
Like yonder blasted boughs, by lightning riven,
Perfection, beauty, life, they never know,
But frown on all, that pass, a monument of woe
I saw, on the top of a mountain high
A gem, that shone like fire by night;
It seem'd a star, that had left the sky,
And dropp'd to sleep on the lonely heiglit
I clomb the peak, and found it soon
A lump of ice, in the clear cold moon-
Can you its hidden sense impart?
Twas a cheerful look, and a broken heart
SORROW AND SADNESS.
Love of Justice. A sense of justice sl. ouid
be the foundation of all our social qualities. In 478. In SOBROW, when
our most early intercourse with the world, and moderate, the
even in our most youthful amusements, no urcountenance
fairness should be found. That sacred rule, of dejected,
doing all things to others, according as we wish the eyes are cast down, the
they would do unto us, should be engraved on arms
our minds. For this end, we should impress our. Tax, some
selves with a deep sense of the original and times a little raised,
natural equality of man. suddenly to fall
Anecdote. When king Agrippa was in a again; ihe hands open,
private station, he was accused, by one of his the fingers
servants, of speaking ill of Tiberius, and was spread, the
condemned by the emperor to be exposed in voice plaintive, and fre
chains before the palace gate. The weather quently inte:
being hot, he was thirsty, and called to Ca. rupted with sighs. But when immoderate, it ligula's servant, Thaumastus, who was passdistorts the
countenance, as if in agonies of pain; ing with a pitcher of water, to give him some sometimes even to cries and shrieks; wrings drink; assuring him, if he got out of his the hands, beats the head and breast, tears the captivity, he would pay him well. Tiberius hair, and throws itself on the ground, like some dying, Caligula succeeded him, and set Agrip. other passions in excess, it borders on pbrenzy.
pa at liberty, making him king of Judea; in Say that again ; the shadow of my sorrow! which situation, he remembered the glass of Ila! let's see :
water, sent for Thaumastus, and made him 'Tis very true, my grief lies all within ;
controller of his household. And these external manners of lament, Are merely shadows to the unseen grief,
Varieties. 1. The following is the title of a That swells, with silence, in my tortured soul ;
book, published irr England, in Cromwell's There-lies the substance;
time: “Curious custards, carefully conserved And I thank thee, king,
for the chickens of the covenant, and spar. For the great bounty, that not only giv'st
rows of the spirit, and the sweet swallows of Me cause to wail, but teaches me the way,
salvation.” 2. Superabundant prosperity, How to lament the cause. I'll beg one boon, tends to involve the human mind in dark.
And then be gone, and trouble you no more. ness: it takes away the greatest stimulus to Pelayo-stood confused : he had not seen exertion, represses activity, renders us idle, Count Julian's dau'ter, since in Roderick's court, and inclines us to vice. 3. Venture not on Glittering in beauty and in innocence,
the precipice of temptation; the ground may A radiant vision, in her joy, she moved : be firm as a rock under your feet, but a false More like a poet's dream, in form divine, step, or a sudden blast, may be your destrucHeaven's prototype of perfect womanhood, tion. 4. Discretion has been termed the betSo lovely was the presence,-than a thing
ter part of valor ; and diffidence, the better Of earth and perishable elements.
part of knowledge. 5. To combine profunNow, had he seen her in her winding-sheet,
dity with perspicuity, wit with judgment, Less painful would that spectacle have proved;
sobriety with vivacity, truth with novelty, For peace is with the dead, and piety
and all of them with liberality, are six very Bringeth a patient hope to those, who mourn
difficult things. 6. Disguise it as we will, tyrO'or the departed; but this alter'd face, Bearing its deadly sorrow character'd,
anny is a bitter thing. 7. What accident Came like a ghost, which in the grave,
gains, accident may take away. Could find no rest. He, taking her cold hand, Seems, madam! nay, it is: I know not seemz Rais'd her, and would have spok'n, but his tung, 'Tis not alone my inky cloak, good mother, Fail'd in its office ; and could only speak Nor customary suits of solemn black, In under-tone, compassionate, her name. Nor windy suspiration of forced breath; The voice of pity-sooth'd, and melted her,
No, nor the fruitful river in the eye, And, when the prince bade her be comforted,
Nor the dejected 'havior of the visage, Proffering his zealous aid in whatsoe'er Together with all forms, modes, shows of grief, Might please her to appoint, a feeble smile That can denote me truly: these, indeed seem, Past slowly over her pale countenance,
For they are actions that a man might play; Like moonlight-on a marble statue.
But I have that-within, which passeth show, For forms of gorernment, let fools contest;
These—but the trappings and the suits of wo.
Sorrow preys upon
Its solitude, and nothing more diverts it
From its sad visions of the other world,
Than calling it, at moments, back to this.
The busy-have no time for tears.
ATTENTION, LISTENING, &c,
Maxims. 1. We shall never be free froir 497. AT
debt, till we learn not to be ashamed of in.lustry TEXTION to
and economy. 2. All should be taught how 10 estecmed
carn, save and enjoy money. 3. Teach children is or superior
save everything; not for their own use exclusively, character, has nearly the
for this would make them sefish; teach them to samne aspect
share everything with their associates, and never as INQUIRY,
to destroy anything. 4. True economy can be as and requires
comfortable with a little, as extravagance can with silence: the
much. 5. Never lessen good actions, nor aggi eyes are often cast upon the
vate eril ones. 6. Good works are a rock; ill 0:2.es ground, some
a sandy foundation. 7. Some receive praise, who imos fixed upon the speak
do rot deserve it. 8. It is safer to learn, than to er; but not 100
vach. 9. He, who conceals his opinion, has nothing pertly, or fami
10 answer for. 10. Reason, like the sun, is comliarly, when
mon to all. ooking at objects at a distance, and listening to sounds, its
Anecdote. The late king of England, manifestations are different. INQUIRY into some being very fond of Mr. Whiston, celebrated difficult subject fixes the body in nearly one posi- for his various strictures on religion, happention,
the head somewhat stooping, the eyes poring, ed to be walking with him one day, in Hampand the eye-brows contracted.
ton Court gardens, during the heat of his per. Pray you, once moreIs not your father grown incapable
secution. As they were talking upon this Of reas'nable affairs ? is he not stupid [hear,
subject, his majesty observed, “That however With age, and altering rheums? Can he speak, right he might be in his opinions, it would be Know man from man, dispute his own estate ?
better, if he kept them to himself.” “Is your Lies he not bed-rid, and again does nothing, majesty really serious in your advice ?" anBut what he did being childish.
swered the old man. “I really am," replied the
Angelo king. “Why, then," says Whiston,“ had MarThere is a kind of character in thy life
tin Luther been of this way of thinking, where That, to the observer, doth thy history
would your majesty have been at this time 2): Fully unfold: thyself and thy belongings,
Varieties. 1. What are the three learned Are not thine oron so proper as to waste
professions ? 2. Great minds can attend to Thyself upon thy virtue, then on thee.
little things; but little minds cannot attend Heaven doth with us as we with torches do,
to great things. 3. To marry a ruke, in Not light them for themselves : for if our virtues
hopes of reforming him, and to hire a high Did not go forth of us, 'twere all as if We had them not: spirits are not finely touch'd wayman, in hopes of reclaiming him, are But to fine issues; nature never lends
two very dangerous experiments. 4. A clear The smallest scruple of her excellence;
idea, produces a stronger effect on the mind, But like a thrifty goddess, she determines
than one that is obscure and indistinct. 5. Herself the glory of a creditor,
Those that are teaching the people to read, Both thanks and praise.
are doing all they can to increase the power, While Chaos, husl’d, stands listening to the noise, for the child—will read to please his teachers,
and extend the influence of those that write: and wonders at confusion not his own. I look'd, I listen'd, dreadful sounds I hear,
but the man—to please himself. 6. A faith. And the dire form of hostile gods appear.
ful friend, that reproveth of errors, is preferYet hear what an unskillful friend may say:
able to a deceitful parasite. 7. He that follows Aş if a blind man should direct your way:
nature, is never out of the way. 8. Time, So I myself, tho' wanting to be taught,
patience, and industry, are the three grand May yet impart a hink, that's worth your thought. masters of the world. What can the fondest mother wish for more,
If music be the food of love, play on; Evin for her darling sons, than solid sense,
Give me excess of it; that, surfeiting, Perceptions clear, and flowing eloquence?
The appetite may sicken, and so die.
That strain again ;-it had a dying fall; Mourners. . Men are often ingenious, in
O, it came o'er my ear, like the sweet south, making themselves miserable, by aggravat
Thai breathes upon a bank of violets, ing, beyond bounds, the evils, which they are
Stealing and giving odor. Enough, no more; compelled to endure. “I will restore thy 'Tis not so sweet now as it was before. daughter again to life,” said an eastern sage O spirit of love, how quick and fresh art thou. to a prince, who grieved immoderately for the That, notwithstanding thy capacity loss of a beloved child; “provided, thou art Receiveth as the sea, noughi enters tlie.es able to engrave on her tomb, the names of Of what validity and pitch soever, three persons, who have never mourned." But falls into abainment and low price, The prince made inquiry after such persons; Even in a minute! so full of shapes is fancy but found the inquiry vain, and was silent. That it alone is high fantastical.
SURPRISE, WONDER, AMAZEMENT. destruction, of suffering and resisting, of 480. An un
sensibility and insensibility! common object
Importance of Early Principles. It produces won
men's actions are an effect of their principles, that der; if it appears suddenly, it be
is, of their notions, their belief, their persuasions, 11 gets surprise,
must be admitted, that principles-early sown ia the which continued,
mind, are the seeds, which produce fruit and harvest produces amaze
in the ripe state of manhood. How lightly soever ment, and if the object of wonder
some men may speak of notions, yet, so long as comes gently to
the soul governs the body, men's notions must ilthe mind, and a
fluence their actions, more or less, as they are orts the attenton by its beauty
stronger or weaker : and to good or evil, as they and grandeur, it
are better or worse. excites admira
Anecdote. Cyrus, the great king of Pertion, which is a mixture of ap
sid, when boy, being at the court of his probation and
grandfather As-ty-a-ges, engaged to perform ivonder; so sure is the observation of the poet; the office of cup-bearer at table. The duty Late time shall wonder, that my joys shall raise ; of this office required him to taste the liquor, For wonder is involuntary praise.
before presenting it to the king; but withWONDER OR AMAZEMENT-opens the eyes
and makes them appear very prominent : sometimes out performing this duty, Cyrus delivered ir raises them to the skies; but more frequently the cup to his grandfather; who observed the fixes them upon the object, if it be present, with omission, which he imputed to forgetfulness. a fearful look : the mouth is open and the hands held up nearly in the attitude of fear; and if they
No,” said Cyrus, “I purposely avoided it: 2ɔld anything, they drop it immediately, and un- because I feared it contained poison : for consciously; the voice is at first low, but so em- lately, at an entertainment, I observed that and with energy, though the first access of this the lords of your court, after drinking it, bepassion often slops all utterance ; when, by the came noisy, quarrelsome and frantic." discovery of something excellent in the object of wonder, the emotion may be called admiration,
Varieties. 1. In every departure from the eyes are raised, the hands are listed up, and truth, it is the deceit and hypocricy we exert, elapp'd together, and the voice elevated with ex- to compass our purpose, that does the evil, pressions of rapture.
more than the base falsehood, of which we Thou art, O God! the life and light
are guilty. 2. It is a strong proof of the Of all this wondrous world we see ;
want of proper attention to our duty, and of Its glow by day, its smile by night,
a deficiency of energy and good sense, to let Are but reflections caught from thee. Where'er we turn, thy glories shine,
an opportunity pass, of doing or getting And all things fair and bright are Thine!
good, without improving it. 3. Of all the
passions, jealousy is that which exacts the Wher Day, with farewell beam, delays hardest service, and pays the bitterest wages; Among the opening clouds of even,
its service is to watch the success of a rival; And we can almost think we gaze Through golder vistas into Heaven,
its wages—to be sure of it. 4. Base enry Those hues, that make the sun's decline
withers at another's joy, and hates that excel So soft, so radiant, Lord! are Tbine.
lence it cannot reach. 5. How does the men. When Night, with wings of starry gloom,
tal and bodily statures of the ancients, comO'ershadows all the earth and skies,
pare with those of the moderns? 6. It Like some dark, beauteous bird, whose plume
seems like a law of order, that no one shall Is sparkling with unnumber'd eyes,
be long remembered with affection, hy a race That sacred gloom, those fires divin.
whom he has never benefitted. 7. The char. So grand, so countless, Lord! are Thia ity, that relieves distressed minds, is far su. When youthful Spring around us breatha.
perior to that, which relieves distressed bodies. Thy spirit warms her fragrant sigh ;
8. Think'st thou—it is honorable—for a no. And every flower the Summer wreathes,
ble man still to remember wrong? 9. This Is born beneath that kindling eye.
is the monstrosity of love, that the will-is Where'er we turn, thy glories shine,
infinite, and the execution-confined; that And all things fair and bright are Thine! the desire—is boundless, and the act-a slave
How inexpressibly various are the charac- to limit. wristics impressed by the Creator on all hu- What's in a name ; that which we call a rase. man beings / How has he stamped on each By any other name--would smell as sweet. J's legible and peculiar properties ! How Glory—is like a circle in the water, especially visible in this the lowest class of an- | Which never ceaseth to enlarge itself, imal life! The world of insects, is a world Till, by broad spreading, it disperses to noughl. of itself: how great the distance between it God's benison go with you ; and with those, and man! Through all their forms, and That would make good of bad, and friends-of foes gradations, how visibly are their powers of The things we musi believe-are few, and plain.
Anecdote. Pulpit Flattery. One of the 481. VE
first acts, performed by the young monarch, NERATION
George the Third, after his accession to the to parents, teachers,
throne of England, was, to issue an order, superiors or
prohibiting any of the clergy, who should be persons of
called before him, from paying him any comeminent virtue and at
pliments in their discourse. His majesty was tainments
led to this, from the fulsome adulation which is an humble
Dr. Thomas Wilson, prebendary of Westminand respect ful acknow
ster, thought proper to deliver, in the royal ledgment
chapel; and for which, instead of thanks, he of their ex
received a pointed reprimand; his majesty cellence, and our own
observing, “that he came to hear the praise inferiority:
of God, and not his own.” the head and
Love. The brightest part of love is its confibody are inelined a little forward, and the hand, with the dence. It is that perfecy
, that unhesitating relipalm downwards, just raised to meet the inclina- ance, that interchange of every idea and every tion of the body, and then let fall again with ap- feeling, that perfect community of the heart's separent timidity and diffidence; the eye is some-crets and the mind's thoughts, which binds two times lifted up, and then immediately east downward, as if unworthy to behold, the object before beings together more closely, more dearly than it; the eyebrows drawn down in the most respect the dearest of human ties; more than the vow of ful manner; the features, and the whole body and passion, or the oath of the altar. It is that coufilimbs, all composed to the most profound gravity; dence which, did we not deny ils sway, would one portion continuing without much change. give to earthly love a permanence that we find mighty Creator and Redeemer, it is too sacred
to but very seldom in this world. be imitated, and seems to demand that humble Varieties. 1. Some misfortunes seem to annihilation of ourselves, which must ever be the be inevitable ; but they generally proceed from consequence of a just sense of the Divine Majesty, and our own unworthiness. This feeling is al' our want of judgment, and prudence. 2. Ig. ways accompanied with more or less of awe, ac- norance of the facts, upon which a science is cording to the object
, place, &c. Respect-is but based, precludes much proficiency in that a less degrees of veneration, and is nearly allied to modesty.
science. 3. Trade, like a restive horse, is not Aimighty God ! 'tis right, 'tis just,
easily managed; where one is carried to the That earthly frames-should turn to dust;
end of a successful journey, many are thrown But O, the sweet, transporting truth,
off by the way. 4. No accident can do harm The souL-shall bloom in endless youth. to virtue; it helps to make it manifest. 5. In its sublime research, philosophy
True faith is a practical principle; it is doing May measure out the ocean-deep-may count
what we understand to be true. 6. It is very The sands, or the sun's rays-but, God! for thee difficult to talk and act like a madman, bu There is no weight nor measure: none can mount not like a fool. 7. Rely not on the compan. Up to thy mysteries; Reason's brightest spark, ions of your pleasure ; trust not the associ. Though kindled by thy light, in vain would try ates of your health and prosperity; it is only To trace thy counsels, infinite and dark :
in the hour of adversity, that we learn the And thought is lost, ere thought can soar so high, sincerity of our friends. 8. The genuine fecl. Even like past moments-in eternity.
ings of human nature, are always the same ; This world—is all a fleeting show,
and the language of passion every where unFor man's illusion given;
derstood. 9. Demosthenes said, that action, The smiles of joy,—the tears of woe,
or delivery, constitutes the beginning, middle Deceitful shine, deceitful flow
and end of oratory. 10. In proportion as a There's nothing true—but Heaven!
truth is great, and transcending the capacity And false the light-on glory's plume,
of the age, it is either rejected, or forgotten. As fading hues of even; And love, and hope, and beauty's bloom,
Let me not to the marriage of true minds
Admit impediments. Love is not love,
Which alters when it alteration finds,
Or bends with the remover to remove :
O no! it is an ever-fixed mark,
That looks on tempests, and is never shaken;
(ken Serve but to light-the troubled way
It is the star to every wandering bark,
Whose worth's unknown, altho' his height be ta
Love's not Time's fool, tho' rosy lips and cheeks He was too good
Within its bending sickle's compass come; Wnere ill men were: and was best of all
Love alters not with his brief hours and weeks Among the rarest of good ones.
But bears it out e'en to the edge of doom.