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517. CONFIDENCE, COURAGE, BOASTING — is, have lions and tigers to rule over you i hope elated, security of success in obtaining its Know you not that cruelty-is the attribute avoidable danger in the execution of what is re- of wild beasts ; clemency—that of man? solved upon: in both, the head and whole body

Varieties. 1. There is no person so lite are erecied rather gracefully, the breast projected, the countenance clear and open, the accents tle, but the greatest may sometimes need his strong, round, full-mouthed, and not too rapid; assistance : hence, we should all exercise the voice firm and even. BOASTING, --- exagger- clemency, when there is an opportunity, to ales these appearances by loudness, blustering and railing, what is appropriately called swag

wards those in our power. This is illustragering; tho eye-brows drawn down, the faceted by the fable of the mouse and the lion. red and bloated, mouth pouts, arms placed a when the lion became entangled in the toils kimbo, foot stamped on the ground, large strides 'n walking, voice hollow, thundering, swelling of the hunter, he was released by the mousse, mmo bombast; head ofien menacingly, right fists which gnawed asunder the cords of the nei clenched, and sometimes brandished at the per- in consideration of having been spared his son threatened.

own life, by the royal beast, on a former ocBase men, that use them, to so base effect :

casion. 2. It is a universal principle—that But :ruer stars did govern Proleus' birth :

an essence cannot exist out of its form; nor His words--are bonds; his oaths--are oracles; His lore--sincere; his thoughts-immaculate :

be perceived out of its form; nor can the His tears-pure messengers--sent from his heart,

quality of a form be perceived, till the form His heart-as far from fraud as heaven from earth. itself is an object of thought : hence, if an

518. GIVING OR GRANTING,—when done with essence does not present itself in form, si an unreserved good will, is accompanied with a that its form can be seen in thought, it is to benevolent aspect, and kind tone of voice: the tally impossible to know anything about, or right hand open, with the palm upward, extend be affected with, that essence. 3. The truths what he asks; the head at the same time inclin- of religion, and the truths of science, are of ing forward, as indicating a benevolent dispo- different orders; though sometimes blended, sition and entire consent: all indicative of how heartily the favor granted, and the benefac- yet never actually confounded : theology-ig lors joy in conferring it.

the sun, and science--the moon—to reflect

its light and glory. If I have too severely punished you,

My Mother. Alas, how little do we apYour compensation makes amends; for I

preciate a mother's tenderness while living! Tlave given you here a thread of mine own life, How heedless, are we, in youth, of all her Or that for which I live, whom once again

anxieties and kindness! But when she is I tender to thy hand; all thy vexations

dead and gone; when the cares and coldness Were but my irials of thy love, and thou

of the world come withering to our hearts ; Hast strangely stood the test. Here, afore heav'n, when we experience how hard it is to find I ratify this my rich gist: Ferdinand, Do not smile at me, that I boast her off;

true sympathy, how few love us for ourselres, For thou wilt find she will outstrip all praise,

how few will befriend us in our misfortunes; And inake it halt behind her.

then it is, that we think of the mother we Then--as my gif--and thine own acquisition-

have lost. Worthily purchas'd-lake-my DAUGHTER.

The love of praise, howe'er conceal'd by arh Impatience. In those evils which are als Reigns--more or less, and glows-in every heart: lotted to us by Providence, such as deformity, The proud—to gain it, toils on toils endure, privation of the senses, or old age, it is al? | The modestshun it--but to make it sure. ways to be remembered, that impatience can

Think not the good, have no present effect, but to deprive us of The gentle deeds of mercy-thou hast done, the consolations which our condition admits, Shall die forgotten all; the poot, the prisoner, by driving away from us those by whose con

The fatherless, the friendless, and the widow, versation or advice we might be amused or Shall cry lo heaven, and pull a blessing on thee.

Who daily-own the bounty of thy hand, helped and that, with regard to futurity, it is yet less to be justified, since, without les Tird Nature's sweet restorer, balmy Sleep! -sening the pain, it cuts off the hope of that He, like the world, his ready visits pays reward, which He, by whom it is inflicted, Swift on his downy pinions, flies from grief.

Where Fortune smiles; the wretchel he forsala will confer upon those who bear it well.

In Nature there's no blemish, but the mind; Anecdote. Clemency. Alphonsus, king None can be call'd deformed, but the unkind: of Naples and Sicily, so celebrated in history Virtue is beauty; but the beauteous-evil for his clemency, was once asked, why he Are empty Irunks, o'erflourish'd by the devil. was so favorable to all men; even to those can chance of seeing first, thy uitle proved most notoriously wicked? He replied, “Be- And know'st thou noi

, no law is made for love? cause good men are won by justice ; the bad, Law is 10 things, which to free choice relate ; by clemency.” Some of his ministers com- Love is not in our choice, but in our fate : plained to him, on another occasion, of this Laws are but positivc; love's power, we see, clemency ; when he exd aimed “Would you! Is Nature's sanction, and her first degree.

520. GRATI

Views of Truth. We see truth tlırough SUDK-puts on an

the medium of our own minds, as we see objects aspect full of com

around us thro' the atmosphere; and, of course, placency; (see Love;) if the ob

we see them not as they are in themselves, but as ject of it be a char

they are modified by the quality of the medium acter greatly su

thro' which we view them; and, as the minds or perior, it express

all are different, we must all have different vicu es much submission: the right

of any particular truth; which is the reason, that nand is open with

differences of opinion exist, and always will exist: the fingers spread,

hence, it is no argument against truth, that men and press'd upon

have different views of it; and because they must the breast just 0

have different views, it is no reason why they ver the heart, expresses, very ap

should quarrel about their opinions; for good use, propriately, a sin

and not matters of opinion, are the touch-stone of cere and hearty sensibility of obligation. The followship. Thus it is, that the all of religion reEngraving represents the deep-felt emotions of a lates to life

, and the life of religion is to do good, noble mind.

from a love of doing good. While we agree, and O great Sciolto! O my more than father!

are united in doing good, we should not fight Let me not live, but at thy very name,

among ourselves, about mere matters of opinion; My eager heart springe up, and leaps with joy.

still, we must not be indifferent about them; for When I forget the vast, rast debi I owe thee,

truth is necessary to give form to goodness; and (Forget-but 'tis impossible,) then let me

every good person will naturally desire to lenow Forget the use and privilege of reason, Be banish'd from the commerce of mankind,

the truth, that he may regulate his conduct by it;

and thus, acquire the greatest and highest degrec of To wander in the desert, among brutes,

goodness. To bear the various fury of the seasons,

Variettes. 1. The young--are slaves to The midnight cold, and the noontide scorching heat, novelty; the old—to custom. 2. The volume To be the scorn-of earth, and curse of henven.

of nature, is the book of knowledge, and he 521. A man is never the less an artist, for becomes the wisest, who makes the best senot having his tools about him; or a musician, lections, and uses them properly. The greatbecause he wants his fiddle: nor is he the less est friend of truth—is time ; her greatest enebrave, because his hands are bound, or the my-prejudice ; and her constant companion worse pilot, for being upon dry ground. If I is humility. 4. The best means of establishonly have will to be grateful, I am so. As ing a high reputation is—to speak well, and gratitude is a necessary, and a glorious, so aci better. 5. Be studious, and you will be also is it an obvious, a cheap, and an easy vir- learned; be industrious and frugal, and you tue: so obvious, that wherever there is life, will be rich; be sober and temperate, and you there is place for it: so cheap, that the covetous will be healthy ; be virtuous, and you will be man may be gratified without expense : and 50) easy, that the sluggard may be so likewise happy. 6. He, who governs his passions,

does more than he, who commands armies. without labor. To the generous mind,

Socrates, being one day offended with his ser. The heaviest debi-is that of gratitude,

vant, said, “I would beat you, if I were not When 'tis not in our power to repay it.

angry. 7. The best mode of gaining a high

reputation, is—to be--what you appear to be. Tis the Creator's primary great law,

Like birds, whose beauties languish, half conceald, That links the chain beings to each other,

Till, mounted on the wing, their glossy plumes, Joining the greater to the lesser nature.

Expanded, shine with azure, green, and gold; When gratitude-o'erflows the swelling heart, How blessings brighten-as they take their flighe And breathes in free and uncorrupted praise Doep as the murmurs of the falling floods ; For benefits received, propitious hearen

Sweel as the warbles of the vocal woods : Takes such acknowledgments as fragrant incense,

The listning passions hear, and sink, and resc And doubles all its blessings.

As the rich harmony, or swells, or dies ! Anecdote. The bill of indictment, pre- The pulse of avarice-forgets to move; ferred against John Bunyan, author of Pil

A purer rapture-fills the breast of love; griin's Progress, &c., was as follows: “John Devotion-lifts to heav'n a holier eye, Bunyan hath devilishly and perniciously ab- And bleeding pity-heaves a softer sigh. stained from coming to church, to hear divine


I, solitary, court service, and is a common upholder of several The inspiring breeze, and meditate upon the book unlawful meetings and conventicles, to the Of nature, ever open; aiming thence, disturbance and distraction of the good sub- Warm from the heart, to learn the moral song. jects of this kingdom, contrary to the laws of A dark, cold calm, which nothing now can break our sovereign lord the king,” &c., was con

Or tarm, or brighten ;- like that Syrian lake, victed, and imprisoned twelve years and six

Upon whose surface, morn and summer sbed

Tb-ir smiles in vain; for Il beneath is dead. months.

12 is slenk-twas my fancy! And too bod of the right, to pursue tho expediend. Still the breath low interval--between the flash and thundre


822. To act a Passion properly, we must Laconics. 1. When we behold a full growo never attempt it, until the imagination has man, in the perfection of vigor and health, and conceived clearly and distinctly, a strong and the splendor of reason and intelligence, and are vivid idea of it, and we feel its influence in our informed that “God created man in his own inmost soul; then, the form, or image of that image, after his own likeness ;" we are attracted idea, will be impressed on the appropriate with tenfold interest to the examination of the muscles of the face, and communicate, in-object, that is placed before us, and the structure stantly, the same impressions to the muscles of his mind and body, and the succinct develope of the body; which, whether braced, or re

ments of the parts and proportions of each. 2. A laced, (the idea being either active or passive,) | workingman without tools, tho' he has the boat by impelling, or retarding the flow of the designs and most perfect practical skill, can do affection, will transmit their own sensation to do nothing with the best of tools; and without

nothing useful ; without skill, his design could the voice, and rightly dispose the proper ges- design, bis skill and tools would be both inoperature.

tive : thus again, three distinct essentials are COURAGE, DISTRACTIOK.

seen to be necessary in every thing. A generous few, the vel'ran hardy gleanings

Mercy! I know it not,--for I am miserable ; of many a bapless fight, with

I'll give thee misery, for here she dwells, Heroic fire, inspirited each other,

This is her home, where the sun never dawne. Resolved on death ; disdaining to survive

The bird of night-sits screaming o'er the roof; Their dearest country. “If we fall,” I cried,

Grim spectres—sweep along the horrid gloom; “Let us not tamely fall, like passive cowards ; No: let us live, or let us die like MEN;

And naught is heard, but wailing and lamenting

Hark! something cranks above! it shakes! it lotters! Come on, my friends, to Alfred we will cut

And the nodding ra falls to crush us:
Our glorious way; or, as we nobly perish,
Will offer, to the genius of our country,

'Tis fallen! 'tis here! I felt it on my brain ! Whole hecatombs of Danes."

A waving flood-of bluish fire swells o'er me!

And now, 'tis out; and I am drowned in blood! As if one soul had moved them all,

Ha! what art thou ? thou horrid, headless trunk! Around their heads, they flashed [Danes !

It is my Hastings :-see! he wafis me on; Their flaming falchions--" Lead us to those

Away! I go: Ify: I follow thee ! Our country! VENGEANCE!" was the gen'ral cry! 523. Passions. 1. The passions and desires,

Varieties. 1. Can actions be really good, like the two twists of a rope, mutually mix unless they proceed from good motives? 2. one with the other, and twine inextricably By doubting, we are led to think; or,consider round the heart; producing good, if mode- whether it be so, and to collect reasons, and rately indulged; but certain destruction, if thereby to bring that truth rationally into oui suffered to become inordinate. 2. Passion minds. 3. The effects of music-are prois the great mover and spring of the soul: duced directly upon the affections, without when men's passions are strongest, they may

the intervention of thought. 4. What shall have great and noble effects; but they are

we do, to obtain justice, when we are injur. then also, apt to lead to the greatest evils.

ed? Seek recompense at law, if at all. 5. Anecdote. Pungent Preaching. An old Suppose a person insults us in such a mariman being asked his opinion of a certain ser. Then forgive him. 6. In the Lord, are infi

ner, that the law cannot give us redress? mon, replied, “I liked it very well, except that there was no pinch to it. I always like nite love, infinite wisdom, and infinite power

or authority,—which three essential attrito have a pinch to every sermon.”

butes-constitute the only God of hearen Want is a bitter and a hateful good,

and earth. 7. The New Testament was di Because its virtues are not understood.

vided into verses, in 1551, by Robert Stevens, Yet many things, impossible to thought,

for the convenience of reference to a Concor. Have been, by need, 10 full perfection brought. The daring of the soul proceeds from thence,

dance; and the Old Testament is supposed Sharpness of wit, and active diligence ;

to have been divided into verses, about the Prudence at once, and fortitude it gives,

same time; those divisions, of course, are of And, if in patience taken, mends our lives ;

no authority; nor are the punctuations. For even that indigence which brings me low

All live by seeming. Makes me myself, and him above, to know; The beggar begs with it, the gay courtier A good which none would challenge, few would Gains land and title, rank and rule, by seeming A fair possession, which mankind refuse. [choose, The clergy scorn it not, and the bold soldier If we from wealth to poverty descend,

Will eke with it his service. All admit it, Want gives to know the flatterer from the friend. All practice it ; and he, who is content The darts of love, like lightning, wound within,

With showing what he is, shall have small credi And, tho' they pierce it, never hurt the skin ; In church, or camp, or state. So wags the world They leave no marks behind them where they fly, What is this world? Thy school, O misery! Tho' thro' the tend'rest part of all, the eye. Our only lesson, is—to learn to suffer; Darkness--the curtain drops on life's dull scene And he who knows not that, was worn for nothing

524. DESPAIR. Shakspeare has most exqui- | saw a spider climbing up one of the rafters; sitely depicted this passion, where he has drawn the insect fell, but immediately made a second cardinal Beaufort, after a most ungodly lite, dying in despair, and terrified with the murder of duke attempt to ascend; and the hero saw, with Humplurey, to which he was accessory. The first regret, the spider fall the second time; it then example is Despair, the second, Despair and Re

made third unsuccessful attempt. With morse. li thou be'st Death, I'll give thee England's treasures, the spider baffled in its aim twelve times;

much interest and concern the monarch saw Enough to purchase such another island, So thou wilt let me live, and feel no pain.

but the thirteenth essay was successful; Bring me to my trial, when you will;

when the king, starting up, exclaimed, “This Died he not in his bed? where should he die ? despicable insect has taught me perseverance Can I make men lire, whether they will or no? I will follow its example. Have I not been Oi! torture me no more; I will confess.

twelve times defeated by the enemy's supodire again? then show me where he is;

rior force ? On one fight more hangs the inTWI give a thousand pounds to look upon him. dependence of my country." In a few days, He hath no eyes,-the dust-hath blinded them;

his anticipations were realized, by the gloriCounb down his hair; look ! Look! it stands uprighi, ous victory at the battle of Bannockburn, and Like lime-twigs—to catch my winged soul;

the defeat of Edward the Second. Give me some drink, and bid the apothecary

Varieties. 1. The bee-rests on natural Bring in the strong poison, that I bought of him.

flowers, never on painted ones, however inHenceforth-let no man-trust the first false step

imitably the color may be laid on; apply this To guilt. It hangs upon a precipice, Whose deep descent, in fast perdition ends.

to all things. 2. The rapidity with which How far-am I plunged down, beyond all thought, the progress which the mind is about to make;

the body may travel by steam, is indicative of Which I this evening framed! Consummate horror! guilt-beyond a name!

and improvements in machinery-represent Dare not my soul repent. In thee, repentance

those which are developing in the art of teachWere second guilt, and 'twere blaspheming heaven ing. 3. Equrul and exact justice to all, of To hope for mercy. My pain can only cease

whatever state, or persuasim, religious and When gods want power to punish. Ha! the dawn! political. 4. What is matter? and what are Rise, never more, O! sun! let night prevail. its essential properties, and what its primeval Eternal darkness-close the worlul's wide scene : form? 5. How much more do we know of And hide me-from myself.

the nature of matter, than we do of the essential properties of spirit? 6. What is the origin of the earth, and in what form did it originally exist,-in a gaseous, or igneous form? 7. Everything that exists, is designed to aid in developing and perfecting both body and mind : the universe is our school-house.

DESPAIR makes a despicable figure, and descends from a meau original. 'Tis the offspring of fear, of laziness, and impatience; it argues a defect of spirit and resolution, and oftentimes of nonexty too. I would not despair, unless I saw my misfortune reconded in the book of fate, and signed and sealed by necessity. I am not mad ; this hair I tear is mine;

My name is Constance; I was Goffrey's wife; 525. GRIEF is disappointment, devoid of hope; | Young Arthur-is my son, -and he is lost. but muscles braced instantly. imply hope strongly, I am not mad; I would 10 heaven I were ; and a spirited vivacity in the eye, is the effect of pleasure and elevation. They are inconsisten For then, 'tis like I should forget myself. with a passion that depresses, which grief mani-Oh, if I could, what grief-I should forget! fes'y does; because depression slackens the Preach some philosophyto make me mad, nes , and unbraced nerves deject the looks and And, cardinal, thou shalt bo canonized ; air, recessarily; therefore, a relaxed mien, and languid eye, form the truest picture of natural For being not mad, but sensible of grief, Errow. The smaller engraving represents vacant My reasonable part produces reason, gr.ef, and the other deep silent grief.

That I may be delirered of ihese woes, Mil go, and, in the anguish of my heart,

And teaches me to kill, or hang myself; Weep o'er my child,-if he must die, my life If I were mad, I should forget my son, Is wrapt in his; and shall not long survive; Or madly think a bale of rags were he. 'Tis for his sake, that I have suffered life, I am not mad; 100 well I feel Gre ined in captivity, and outlived Hector, The diffused plague of each calamity. Yes, my As-ly-a-ax! we will go together; Make thy demand on those, who own thy power, TOGETHER-10 the realms-of night-we'll go.

Know, I am still beyond thee; and tho fortur Anecdote. Lesson from a Spider. King Has stripp'd me of this train, this pomp of greatnesa, Robert Bruce, the restorer of the Scottish This outside of a king, yet still-my soul monarchy, being out one day reconnoitering Fixed righ, and on herself alone dependent the army, lay alone in a barn. In the morn- Is ever free and royal; and even now, ing, still reclining on his pillow of straw, hel As at the head of baule, does defy thee.

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526. JEALOUSY 18

Anecdote. Lord Gadsly, over the en doubtful anger, strug;

trance of a beautiful grotto, had caused this gling against faith and pity; it is a tenderness

inscription to be placed, “Let nothing enresisted by resentment

ter here but what is good.Dr. Rennel, the of suspected injury;

master of the temple, who was walking over the nerves braced strong, imply determination of

the ground, with much point asked—“Then revenge and punishment;

where does your lordship enter ?!! while, at the same time, a soft passive hesitation

Everything Useful. The mineral, vein the eye, confesses a

getable, and animal kingdoms, are designed reluctance at the heart,

for the nourishment, clothing, habitation, re lo part with, or efface a gentle and indulged idea.

creation, delight, protection and preservation Again, it is rage at a con

of the human race; abuse does not take cluded infidelity; and

away use, any more than the falsification of then, the eye receives and Bashes out sparklings of truth destroys the truth; except, with those inflamed ideas, while the muscles, contracting the will's violence, from a repressive disposition of who do it. Everything which is an object of the heart, grow slack, and lose their spring, and the senses, is designed to aid in developing so disarm and modify the enraged indignation. the most external faculties of man; and Now from this unsettled wavering in the balance of the purpose, when the heari and judgment what is of an economical and civil nature, weigh each other, and both scales alternately and what is imbibed from parents, teachers, preponderate, is induced a glowing picture of and others, and also from books, and reflec. jealousy:

tions upon them all, is useful for perfecting Oh! what dam-ned minutes tells he o'er,

the rational faculties of the mind: and all Who doats, yet doubts, suspects, yet strongly loves! divine truths are designed to perfect the huO jealousy! thou bane of social joy!

man mind, and prepare it for receiving a Oh! she's a monsier, made of contradictions ! Let truth, in all her native charms appear,

spiritual principle from the Lord, our Crea

tor and Redeemer. And with the voice of harmony itself Plead the just cause of innocence traduc'd; Varieties. 1. A fit Pair. A Dandy is a Deaf as the adder, blind as upstart greatness, thing, in pantalons, with a body and two She sees, nor hears. And yet, let slander whisper, arms, head without brains, tight boots, a cane, Rumor has fewer tongues than she has ears ; and white handkerchief, two broaches and a And Argus' hundrd eyes are dim and slow,

ring on his little finger. A Coquette is a To piercing jealousy's.

young lady, with more beauty than sense, 527. The Fruits. Men, instead of applying more accomplishments than learning, more the salutary medicines of philosophy and religion charms of person than graces of mind, to abate the rage, and recover the temper of their viuated imaginations, cherish the disease in their more admirers than friends, and more fools Tours, until their increasing appetites, like the than wise men for her attendants. 2. The honds of Actæon, tear into pieces the soul they sunshine of prosperity—has attractions for were intended to enliven and proteci.

Jealousy-is like

all, who love to bask in its influence, hoping A polish'd glass, held to the lips, when life's in doube: to share in its pleasures. 3 The verdant If there be breadth, 'twill catch the damp and show it. lawn, the shady grove, the variegated land. Jealous rage—is but a hasty flame,

scape, the beautiful ocean and the starry fir. That blazes out, when love too fiercely burns.

mament are contemplated with pleasure, by It is jealousy's peculiar nature,

every one, who has a soul. 4. A man should To swell small things to great; nay, out of nought, not be ashamed to own, that he has been in To conjure much, and then to lose its reason the wrong; which is only saying, in other Amid the hideous phantoms it has formed. words, that he is wiser to-day than he was Where love reigns, disturbing jealousy

yesterday. 5. The love of truth and goodDoth call himself affection's sentinel;

ness, is the best passion we can indulge. 6. Gives false alarms, suggesteth mutiny,

A woman's life, is the history of the affec And, in a peaceful hour, doth cry, kill, kill; tions ; the heart is her world; it is there

Distempering gentle love with his desire, her ambition strives for empire, and there As air and water do abate the fire.

she seeks for untold treasures 7. The best

How blest am I and noblest conquest, is that of reason cica In my just censure! in my true opinion !

our passions, and follies. Alack for lesser knowledge !-how accurs'd

Those you make friends, In being so bless'd! There may be in the cup A spider steep'd, and one may drink, depart,

And give your hearts to, when they once perceive And yet partake no venom, for his knowledge

The least rub in your fortunes, fall away Is not infected; but if one present

Like water from ye, never found again The abhorr'd ingredient to his eye, make known

But where they mean to sink ye. How he hath drunk, he cracks his gorge, his sides,

Oh jealousy! VZith violent hefts. I have drunk and seen the

Love's eclipse! thou art in thy disease spider!

A wild, mad patient, wondrous hard to plazas

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