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55 being taken,—and nobody stirs to hinder it! But

against us you are valiant, against us you can arm with diligence. Come òn, then, besiege the sènate-house, make a camp of the fòrum, fill the jails with our chief

nobles, and when you have achieved these glorious 60 exploits, then, at last, sally out at the Æsquiline gate,

with the same fierce spirits, against the enemy. Does your resolution fail you for this ? Go then, and behold from our walls your lands ravaged, your houses plùn

dered and in flames, the whole country laid waste with 65 fire and sword. Have you any thing bere to repaír

these damages ? Will the Tríbunes make up your losses to you? They will give you words as many as you please; bring impeachments in abundance against

the prime men in the stàte; heap laws upon làws; as70 semblies you shall have without ènd; but will any of

you return the rícher from those assemblies? (0) Extinguish, O Romans, these fatal divisions ; generously break this cursed enchantment, which keeps you bu

ried in a scandalous inaction. Open your eyes, and 75 consider the management of those ambitious men,who,

to make themselves powerful in their party, study nothing but how they may foment divisions in the commonwealth. If you can but summon up your foriner cour

age, if you will now march out of Rome with your cón80 suls, there is no pùnishment you can inflict, which I

will not submit to, if I do not, in a few days, drive those pillagers out of our territory. This terror of war, with which you seem so grievously struck, shall quickly be removed from Rome to their own cities.

23] Page 88. Difference between the common and the

intensive inflection.

The difficulty to be avoided may be seen sufficiently in an example or two. There is a general tendency to make the slide of the voice as great in degree, when there is little stress, as when there is much; whereas in the former case the slide should be gentle, and sometimes hardly perceptible.

Common slide. To play with important truths; to disturb the repose of established ténets; to subtilize objections; and elude proof, is too often the sport of youthful vanity, of which maturer experience commonly repents.

Were the miser's repentance upon the neglect of a good bárgain ; his sorrow for being over-réached; his hope of improving a sùm; and his fear of falling into wánt; directed to their proper objects, they would make so many christian graces and vìrtues.

Intensive slide. Consider, I beseech you, what was the part of a faithful citizen ? of a prudent, an active, and an honest minister? Was he not to secure Eubea, as our defence against all attacks by sea ? Was he not to make Beotia our barrier on the midland side ? The cities bordering on Peloponnesus our bulwark on thàt quarter ? Was he not to attend with due precaution to the importation of corn, that this trade might be protected through all its progress up to our own hárbors? Was he not to cover those districts which we commanded, by seasonable detachments, as the Proconesus, the Chersonesus, and Ténedos ? To exert himself in the assembly for this pur

pose, while with equal zeal he labored to gain others to our interest and alliance, as Byzantium, Abydus, and Euboía ? Was he not to cut off the best, and most important resources of our enemies, and to supply those in which our country was deféctive ?--And all this you gained by my counsels, and my administration.

EXERCISES ON MODULATION.

24] Page 118. Compass of voice.

To assist in cultivating the bottom of the voice, I have selected examples of sublime or solemn description, which admits of but little inflection; and some which contain the figure of simile. Where the mark for low note is inserted, the reader will take pains to keep down his voice, and to preserve it in nearly the grave monotone.

1. (.) He bowed the heavens also, and came down; and darkness was under his feet.-And he rode upon a cherub, and did fly : yea, he did fly upon the wings of the wind.He made darkness his secret place; his pavilion round about him were dark waters and thick clouds of the skies.—At the brightness that was before him his thick clouds passed, hailstones and coals of fire.--The LORD also thundered in the heavens, and the Highest gave his voice; hailstones and coals of fire.

2. (.) And then shall appear the sign of the Son of Man in heaven : and then shall all the tribes of the earth mourn, and they shall see the Son of Man, coming in the clouds of heaven, with power and great glory.–And he shall send his angels, with a great sound of a trumpet, and they shall gather together his elect from the four winds, from one end of heaven to the other.

3. (.) And the heaven departed as a scroll, when it is rolled together; and every mountain and island were moved out of their places. 2 And the kings of the earth, and the great men, and the rich men, and the chief captains, and the mighty men, and every bondman, and every free-man, bid theniselves in the dens and in the rocks of the mountains ; 3 And said to the mountains and rocks, Fall on us, and hide us from the face of him that sitteth on the throne, and from the wrath of the Lamb :-For the great day of his wrath is come; and who shall be able to stand ?

4. And I saw a great white throne, and him that sat on it, from whose face the earth and the heaven fled away; and there was found no place for them. 5 And I saw the dead, small and great, stand before God; and the books were opened : and another book was opened, which is the book of life: and the dead were judged out of those things which were written in the books according to their works. 6 And the sea gave up the dead which were in it; and death and hell delivered up the dead which were in them; and they were judged every man according to their works.

4. 'Tis listening Fear and dumb Amazement all : When to the startled eye, the sudden glance Appears far south, eruptive through the cloud:

And following slower, in explosion fast,
5 The Thunder raises his tremendous voice.

At first heard solemn o’er the verge of heaven,
The tempest growls; (6) but as it nearer comes,
And rolls its awful burthen on the wind;

The lightnings flash a larger curve, and more 10 The noise astounds: till over head a sheet

Of livid flame discloses wide ; then shuts
And opens wider ; shuts and opens, still
Expansive, wrapping ether in a blaze.

Follows the loosened aggravated roar,
15 Enlarging, deep’ning, mingling, peal on peal

Crush'd horrible, convulsing heaven and earth.

5. 'Twas then great Marlb'rough's mighty soul

was prov'd,
That in the shock of charging hosts unmov'd,
Amidst confusion, horror and despair,
Examin'd all the dreadful scenes of war;
In peaceful thought the field of death survey'd,
To fainting squadrons sent the timely aid,
Inspir'd repuls'd battalions to engage,
And taught the doubtful battle where to rage.
(o) So when an angel, by divine command,
With rising tempests shakes a guilty land,
(Such as of late o'er pale Britannia past,)
Calm and serene he drives the furious blast;
And pleas'd th' Almighty's orders to perform,
Rides on the whirlwind, and directs the storm.

6. Rous'd from his trance, he mounts with eyes

aghast,
When o'er the ship in undulation vast,
A giant surge down rushes from on high,
And fore and aft dissever'd ruins lie;
(0) As when, Britannia's empire to maintain,
Great Hawke descends in thunder on the main,
Around the brazen voice of battle roars,
And fatal lightnings blast the hostile shores ;
Beneath the storm their shatter'd pavies groan,
The trembling deep recoils from zone to zone;
Thus the torn vessel felt the enormous stroke,
The beams beneath the thund'ring deluge broke.

7. To whom in grief thus Abdiel stern replied. Reign thou in Hell, thy kingdom ; let me serve In heav'n God ever blest, and his divine

Behests obey, worthiest to be obey’d; 5 Yet chains in Hell, not realms expect; meanwhile

From me, (return'd as erst thou saidst from flight,) This greeting on thy impious crest receive.

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