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but having lost it, retired to Rhedes. Eloquence was then the quality most admired among men, and the magistrates of that place having heard he had a copy of the speech of Demosthenes, desired him to repeat both their pieadings. After his own, he recited also the oration of his antagonist. The people expressed their admiration of both, but more of that of Demofthenes. If you are, said he, thus touched with hearing only what that great orator said, how would you have been affected had you seen him speak ? For he who hears Demosthenes only, loses much the better part of that oration. Certain it is, that they, who fpeak gracefully, are very lamely represented in having their speeches read or repeated by unskilful people ; for there is something native tocachman, so inherent to his thoughts and sentiments, which is hardly pollible for ancther to give a true idea of. You may observe in common talk, when a sentence of any man's is repeat x', an acquaintance flis that impiediately observe, that is so like hin, meibirks I jez how he lackiezdten he said it.
But of all the pěople on the earth, there are none who puzzle me fe räuch as the clergy of Great Britain, who are, I believe, the most karned body of men now in the world ; ant yet this art of speaking, with the proper ornaments of voice and gesture, is wholly negIccted among them; and Ill engage, were a dleaf man to behold the greater part of them preach, he would rather think they were reading the contents only of fome discourse they intended to make, than actually in the body of an oration, even when they are upon matters of íuch a nature, as one would believe it were impoflible to think of without emotion.
I own there are exceptions to this general obfervation, and that the Dean we heard the other day together, is an orator. He has so much regard to his corgregation, that he commits to his memory what he is to say to them ; and has so soft and graceful a behaviour, that it must attract your attention. His person, it is to be confefied, is no small recommendation ; but he is to be highly commended for not losing that advantage, and adding to the propriety of speech (which might pass the criticism of Longinus) an action which might have been approved by Demofthenes. He has a seculiar force in his way, and has many of his audience who could not be intelligent hearers of his discourse, were there not explanation as well as grace in his action. This art of his is used with the most exact and honest skill; he never attempts your passions till he has convinced your reason. All the objections which he can form, are laid open and dispersed, before he uses the least vehemence in his ferinon ; but when he thinks he has your head, he very soon wins your heart; and never pretends to ihew the beauty of holiness, till he hath convinced you of the truth of it.
Would every one of our clergymen be thus careful to recommend truth and virtue in their proper figures, and to thew fo much concern for them as to give them all the additional force they were able, it is not poilible that nonsense should have so many hearers as you find it has in diffenting congregations, for no reason in the world, but because it is spoken extempore : For ordinary minds are wholly governed by their eyes and Cars, and there is no way to come at their hearts, but by power over their imaginations.
There is my friend and merry companion Daniel. He knows a great deal better than he speaks, and can form a proper discourse as well as any orthodox neigh
But he knows very well, that to bawl out, my beloved; and the words grace ! regeneration ! sanctification ! a new light ! the day! the day! Ah, my beloved, the day ! or rather the night ! the night is coming! and judgment will come when we least think of it! and so forth.-He knows, to be vehement is the only way to come at his audience. Daniel, when he sees my friend Greenhat come in, can give a good hint, and cry out, this is only for the faints! the regenerated! By this force of action, though mixed with all the incoherence and ribaldry imaginable, Daniel can laugh at his diocesan, and grow fat by voluntary subscription, while the parson of the parish goes to law for half his dues. Daniel will tell you, it is not the VOL. II.
fhepherd, but the sheep with the bell, which the flock, follows.
Another thing very wonderful this learned body should omit, is learning to read, which is a moft né cessary part of eloquence in one who is to serve at the altar : For there is no man but must be sensible, that. the lazy tone, and inarticulate found of our common readers, depreciates the mot proper form of words, that were ever extant in any nation or language, to speak their own wants, or his power from whom we ask relief.
There cannot be a greater instance of the power of action than in little parson Damper, who is the common. relief of all the lazy pulpits in town. This smart youth has a very good memory, a quick eye, and a clean handkerchief. Thus equipped, he opeus his text, fhuts his book fairly, shews he has no notes in his bible, opens: both psalms, and shews all is fair there too. Thus with a decisive air, my young man goes on without hesitation ; and though from the beginning to the end. of his pretty discourse he has not used one proper gefture, yet at the conclusion, the churchwarden pulls his gloves from off his hands : Pray, who is this extraordina-, my joung man ? Thus the force of action is such, that it is more prevalent, even when improper, than all the reason and argument in the world without it. This gentleman concluded his discourse by saying, I do not doubt but if our preachers would learn to speak, and our readers to read, within six months time we should. not have a diflenter within a mile of a church in Greati Britain.
TATLER, Vol. II. No. 66o.
EMILIA-Her Chara&ter.. Mr. SPECTATOR, "| F this paper has the good fortune to be honoured: II with a place in your writings, I dhall be the more pleafed, because the character of Emilia is not an imaginary, but a real one. i have industriously obscured the
the whole by the addition of one or two circumftan.ces of no consequence, that the person it is drawn from might still be concealed ; and that the wiiter of its might not be in the least suspected, and for some other : reasons, I choose not to give it the form of a letter : But, if besides the faults of the composition, there be any thing in it more propet for a correspondent than the Spectator himself to write, I submit it to your better? judgment, to receive any other model you think fit.
There is nothing which gives one so pleasing a prosa: pect of human nature, as the contemplation of wisdom and beauty : The latter is the peculiar portion of that' sex which is therefore called fair; but the happy con.. currence of both these excellencies in the same person, is a character too celestial to be frequently met with. .' Beauty is an over-weening felf-suficient thing, wareless of providing itself any more substantial ornaments ; my,so little does it consult its own interests, that it too often defeats itself by betraying that innocence which renders-it lovely and defirable. As therefore virtue makes a beautiful woman appear more beautiful, fo beauty makes a virtuous woman really more virtuous. , Whilit I am considering these two perfections glorionlly united-in one person, I cannot help representing to my mind the image of Emilia.
Who ever beheld the charming Emilia, without feels: ing in his breast at once the glow of love and the ten: derness of virtuous friendship? The unitudied graces of her behaviour,and the pleasingaccents of her tongue, insensibly draw you on to wish for a nearer enjoyment' of them ; but even her smiles carry in them a filent reproof to the impulsies of licentious love. Thus thos the attractions of her beauty play most irresistibly upon you and create delire, you immediately stand correcta ed, not by the severity, but the decency of her virtue. That sweetness and good-humour-which is fo.vilble in her face, naturally diffuses itself into every word and action: A man must be a savage, who, at the fight of
Emilia, is not more inclined to do her good than gratify himself. Her person, as it is thus ftudiously embellished by nature, thus adorned with unpremeditated graces, is a fit lodging for a mind fo fair and lovely ; there dwell rational piety, modeft hope, and cheerful resignation.
Many of the prevailing pallions of mankind do undeservedly pass under the name of religion; which is thus inade to express itself in action, according to the nature of the constitution in which it refides. So that were we to make a judgment from appearances, one would imagine religion in some is little better than fullennels and referve; in many, fear ; in others the despondings of a melancholy complexion ; in others theiormality of inlignificant, unaffecting observances; in others leverity; in others oftentation. In Emilia it is a principle founded in reason, and enlivened with hope ; it does not break forth into irregular fits and fallies of devotion, but is an uniforin and confiftent tenor of a&ion: it is strict without severity ; compassionate without weakness ; it is the perfection of that good-humour which proceeds from the understanding, not the effects of an easy constitution.
by a generous fympathy in nature, we feel ourselves disposed to mnourn when any of our fellow-creatures are afflicted ; but injured innocene and beauty in distress, is an object that carries in it something inexpresibly moving it foftens the most manly heart with the tendereit sensations of love and compaffion, till at length it confesses its humanity, and flows out into tears.
Were I to relate that part of Emilie's life which has given her an opportunity of exerting the heroisin of her christianity, it would make too fad, too tender a story: But when I consider her alone in the midst of her distresses, looking beyond this gloomy vale of affiction and sorrow, into the joys of Heaven and immortality, and when I see her in conversation thoughtless and easy, as if she were the most happy. creature in the world, I am transported with admiration. Surely never did such a philosophic foul inhabit such a