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(The matter above referred to is as follows:) Summary statement relating appropriation estimates to current appropriations

United States Courts for the District of Columbia 1947 appropriations (include supplementals).

$23, 500 1948 budget estimates (including amendments and recommended supplementals) -- 415,000 1948 appropriations in annual act..

15, 000 1948 appropriations in supplemental act-

370, 000 Total appropriations for 1948_

385, 000 Net difference, 1949 over 1948 :

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Statement relating appropriation estimate to current appropriation-Repairs and

improvements, District Court of the United States for the District of Columbia 1947 appropriations (including supplementals). 1948 budget estimates (including amendments and recommended supplementals).

$12, 500

11, 200 1948 appropriation in annual act. 1948 appropriation in supplemental act.

Total appropriations for 1948.
Deductions: Annual painting decreased from $7,200 to $1,300.-

11, 200 Subtotal. Additions: None.

11, 200

5, 900

5,300

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Mr. LYNN. The Architect of the Capitol has the structural and mechanical care of this courthouse, occupied by the court since 1823. The amount of $5,300 asked for 1949 is $5,900 less than the amount of $11,200 allowed for 1948. The reduction is in the item of painting. The 1949 estimate is made up of three items, as shown on page 46 of the justifications: (1) $2,800 for general annual repairs-a nominal amount for the general structural and mechanical care of the building and its mechanical equipment. The item has not been increased since 1939. (2) $1,200 for maintenance of the air-conditioning system, consisting of a 220-ton refrigeration plant, using Freon as a refrigerant, and installed in 1937. There is no change in this item. (3) $1,300 for annual painting, which is $5,900 less than allowed last year. One courtroom, three rooms occupied by the assignment commissioner, the district attorney, and the civil jury, six public toilet rooms, and the six rooms in the cell block are in need of painting.

Mr. STEFAN. Are there any questions?

USE OF ALUMINUM FANS

Mr. HORAN. I want to have some more light on just why those aluminum fans could not be used. I would like to have a statement on that.

Mr. LYNN, I asked our air-conditioning engineer to check that item when I left the room awhile ago, and he is going into it, and I will give you a report later.

Mr. HorAn. I wish you would, because I certainly know the record of this subcommittee shows that anytime, all things being equal, you have no objection to a substitution.

Mr. LYNN. None.

Mr. HORAN. And aluminum fans, being lighter, there are some elements, if the strength is there, where they would be desirable.

Mr. Lynn. I was talking with our air-conditioning engineer a few minutes ago, and he is going into it for me to see why aluminum is not used for such fans and why stainless steel is recommended and not aluminum.

Mr. HORAN. I can understand why that would be; but, of course, aluminum is not highly corrosive, either, and is certainly resistant to most of the straight moisture. Stainless steel, of course, would be advisable if you had acids.

Mr. LYNN. We used more aluminum in our Botanic Garden conservatory than in any other building in the United States at the time of its construction. It is largely aluminum.

Mr. Horan. I can see lots of air-conditioning going up in our buildings from here on out and, while this appears to be a very small item here, if it is put into all Government buildings and you multiply the small items, we would save a considerable amount by the time we were through, and I think it would be of considerable advantage to this subcommittee to have all of the facts and information.

Mr. STEFAN. In addition to that, can you tell us about the supply of aluminum? Is it easier to get now?

Mr. Lynn. We have not used any for sometime.

Mr. STEFAN. But you have the records in your office and know what the situation is on the aluminum market, and we would like to know if it is an article that can be procured more readily now, or is it scarce.

Mr. Lynn. Just offhand, I would say there is quite a quantity on the market today.

Mr. STEFAN. There must be, because they are building houses of it now in my district.

Mr. LYNN. Yes; and they are building trailers and many other items, and using it very extensively.

(The following was submitted later:)

USE OF ALUMINUM IN LIEU OF STAINLESS STEEL IN REPLACING FOUR COOLING AND

EXHAUST FANS

The four cooling and exhaust fans to be replaced are large fans with an air capacity of 25,000 cubic-feet per minute each.

I have conferred with the consulting engineer who designed the air-conditioning system for the Capitol and Old House Office Building and was one of the two consulting engineers who designed the Capitol power plant's 4,800-ton refrigeration plant and chilled-water lines extending between the plant and the Capitol Buildings, and am advised that (a) aluminum companies, to the best of his knowledge, do not recommend the use of aluminum in the construction of fans if the air where the fans are used is hot and wet, as the duration of aluminum in the presence of hot moist air is quite unpredictable; (b) if any alkali is present in the air, the aluminum is likely to be attacked quickly; (c) in order to use aluminum in large fans handling hot, wet air, the aluminum should preferably be anodized and that one of the largest fan companies contacted does not possess or know of anyone in their area possessing large enough equipment in which large fans, such as those at the Supreme Court, might be anodized; (d) none of the customary coatings applied to steel wheels has been found completely satisfactory for fan wheels under hot wet conditions.

With respect to the availability of aluminum, I am advised that the following delivery dates obtain at present: Sheet aluminum__

12 to 14 weeks delivery Aluminum extruded shapes.

10 weeks delivery Aluminum castings--

Immediate delivery

REPAIRS AND IMPROVEMENTS, UNITED STATES COURT OF APPEALS FOR

THE DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA STATEMENT OF DAVID LYNN, ARCHITECT OF THE CAPITOL

STATEMENT OF APPROPRIATIONS, 1948, ESTIMATES, 1949

Mr. STEFAN. You have another item here of $2,500 for the Court of Appeals Building. We will insert page 49 of the justifications.

(The matter above referred to is as follows:) Statements relating appropriation estimate to current appropriation-Repairs

and improvements, United States Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia 1947 appropriations (including supplementals) --

$11, 000 1948 budget estimates (including amendments and recommended supplementals)

3, 800 1948 appropriation in annual act..

3, 800 1948 appropriation in supplemental act..

Total appropriations for 1948_ Deductions: Painting

3, 800 1, 300

Subtotal Additions: None_

2, 500

Total estimate for 1949_

2, 500 Court of Hawaii.--

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Mr. Lynn. The Architect of the Capitol has the structural and mechanical care of the Court of Appeals Building, occupied by the court since its completion in 1910. The amount $2,500 asked for 1949 is $1,300 less than the amount of $3,800 allowed for 1948, due to the elimination of the item of painting. The building has been painted throughout in the past 2 years. The 1949 estimate of $2,500 is made up to two items—$1,800 for general annual repairs and $700 for maintenance of the air-conditioning system. Mr. STEFAN. Thank you very much, Mr. Lynn.

TERRITORIAL COURTS

TERRITORY OF HAWAII

STATEMENT OF HENRY P. CHANDLER, DIRECTOR OF THE ADMIN

ISTRATIVE OFFICE OF THE UNITED STATES COURTS

SALARIES, JUSTICES, AND JUDGES

Mr. STEFAN. We will take up next the salaries of justices and judges in the Territory of Hawaii and will insert page 81 of the justifications in the record at this point.

(The matter above referred to is as follows:)

Statement relating appropriation estimate to current appropriation-Salaries,

justices, and judges, Territory of Hawaii

1947 appropriations (including supplementals) 1948 budget estimates_

$97, 688 104, 000

96, 500

1948 appropriation in annual act..
Additions : Provision for retirement pay of a justice of the Supreme

10, 000

Total estimate for 1949.

106, 500

ANALYSIS BY OBJECTS

01 Personal services :

1948_Additions.

$96, 500 10,000

1949

106, 500 The estimate for the fiscal year 1949 is $106,500, which represents an increase of $10,000 over the amount of the appropriation for the fiscal year 1948. The increase is to provide for the retirement pay in 1949 of a justice of the Supreme Court of Hawaii who has indicated his intention to retire in December 1947. Under the statute (52 Stat. c. 301, p. 591), the justice will be eligible to retire at his present salary of $10,000 per annum.

Mr. STEFAN. I notice the appropriation for 1948 was $96,500, and for 1949 you are asking $106,500.

This is for the salaries of the chief justice and two associate justices of the Supreme Court of Hawaii and the judges of the circuit courts of Hawaii?

Mr. CHANDLER. That is right.
Mr. STEFAN. Also the judges retiring under the act of May 31, 1938?
Mr. CHANDLER. That is right.
Mr. STEFAN. Why the addition of $10,000 ? :

Mr. CHANDLER. Because a justice of the supreme court is retiring. The statute provides he may retire under certain conditions, and he is availing himself of his privilege. His retirement pay will be $10,000.

JUSTIFICATION OF THE ESTIMATE Mr. STEFAN. At this point in the record, we will put in page 83 of the justifications, in order to have a complete statement on it.

(The matter above referred to is as follows:)

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The annual salaries authorized for the justices and judges of the Territory of Hawaii are as follows: Chief justice, Supreme Court of Hawaii.

$10, 500 Two associate justices, Supreme Court of Hawaii, at $10,000 each. 20,000 Six judges for the first circuit at $7,500 each_

45, 000 One judge for the second circuit.

7,000 One judge for the third circuit.

7,000 One judge for the fifth circuit_

7,000 One retired justice--

10, 000

Total.

106, 500

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