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to prepare a list of twenty others, from which ten are to be selected to complete the number. Gen. Pepe is one of these five, and is also appointed Commander in Chief of the army. The troops have mounted the tri-coloured cockade, and the tri-coloured flag waved on the guard-house of the civic guard. All these measures had been carried quietly into effect.
This extraordinary revolution is described as having been produced entirely by the Carbonari, a great, but, before the revolution, a necessarily secret society of the Liberales of Naples and Italy. The prime mover is stated to be Louis Merichino, a priest of Nola, a distinguished literary character, and a man of genius and resolution. On the 13th July, the oath to the new constitution was taken by the King, and the hereditary Prince, with the attendant ceremonies, and amidst universal acclamations. In the evening of the same day, however, about 300 of the Farnese regiment, who had expressed themselves discontented with the excess of duty, broke into mutiny, and commenced their march out of the city. A body of cavalry pursued them, and they were completely routed with the loss, some accounts say, of 100 men, others 36. The survivors were brought back and placed in confinement. The punishment of decimation, it was expected, would be inflicted on them.
One of the last schemes of the Neapolitan government for overawing the army and the nation, was to publish on the 4th July, two days before the revolution broke out, a note from the Russian government. In this note is expressed, in very unequivocal terms, the Emperor Alexander's disapprobation of the late events in Spain, and considering that this monarch possesses above half a million of troops, trained, not to think, but to act in blind obedience to his orders, his disapprobation is no light matter. He expresses profound affliction at the Spanish revolution-anticipates all the evil consequences from it which too frequently attend revolutions, and concludes with informing the Spanish ambas. sador, that the measures which Spain may now pursue will determine the nature of the relations which shall in future subsist between its government and his Imperial Majesty. In this note a hint is also thrown out of a coalition among the European powers to address to Spain, with one unanimous voice, the language of truth.
The States of the North of Italy are said to be strongly disposed to imitate the example of their brethren in the outh. A letter from Rome, of the 20th July, mentions that there had been a revolt at Ponte Corvo, (a town belonging to the pope,) and at Benevente, where the insurgents, amounting to 700 in number, had hoisted the tri-coloured flag.
GERMANY. It appears that the news of the revolution in Naples has produced a considerable sensation in Germany, where many are eager for change. The court of Vienna was particularly active in dispatch. ing couriers for Italy. It is stated, that there were letters in that city from Paris, dated on the 1st ult. (before the revolution broke out,) which foretold it accurately. It is added, that the Austrian cabinet would adopt energetic measures to secure its own possessions in Italy.
PRUSSIA. The people of Berlin are beginning to manifest serious uneasiness at the protracted postponement of their long promised Constitution. Some popular disturbances, accompanied by broils between the people and the soldiery, agitated Berlin during the evening of the 11th, and some subsequent evenings of last month. The commencement of the tumult is attributed in the official, as well as in private accounts, to a drunken squabble between some workmen and the keeper of a tavern, when the latter called in the assistance of the military guard, and caused his antagonists to be arrested. The seizure of these men collected a crowd of their comrades and other persons, who undertook to rescue them. The troops used their arms to drive off the crowd, but were themselves repulsed. Other troops came to their assistance, but the people were again victorious. General Tauenzien, and the General Commandant Branchetfelz, found it necessary to bring into action the horse gensdarmes, by whom the multitude was at length dispersed. This occurrence took place on the evening of the 11th, but for some succeeding evenings the people again assembled in the streets; and on the 13th, an order of police was issued, to prohibit all meetings in the streets, even for the most innocent purposes. It is stated that several persons were wounded in the contest.
NETHERLANDS.-At Amsterdam, a Mr Wibmer has been sentenced to six years' imprisonment, for an alleged abuse of the liberty of the press. It is not said what was the object of the publication which has been thus severely visited.
The Journals of the United States contain intelligence from the Spanish Main to the 30th May. A conspiracy had been detected at Valencia, the head quarters of Morillo, to take away the life of that General by poison. Upwards of a hundred individuals had been apprehended, and among them twenty females. The principal, Alcaide, had been shot; and Zabeleta, the mistress of Morillo, who was to have administered the poison, it was supposed would suffer a similar fate.
General Bolivar is stated to be at Quito, with 8000 men. The greater proportion
of this force is said to have joined him on his march from New Granada. General Santander, with the advanced guard, is stated to have taken possession of Cuenca, 50 miles from Guayaquil. This intelligence is in some measure corroborated by the arrival of a merchant vessel with letters from Valparaiso, dated in April, stat
ing the great success of Bolivar, and that his forces had appeared on the west coast of South America.
The accounts from Buenos Ayres, received in America, mention that another revolution had taken place there, and that General Alvear had fled for protection to the Province of Entre Rios.
PROCEEDINGS OF PARLIAMENT.
HOUSE OF LORDS.-July 19.-Lord Erskine presented a petition from the Lord Mayor, Aldermen, and Commons of London, in Common Council assembled, against the course of proceeding with reference to the Queen. The petition was read, and on the motion that it do lie on the table, the Earl of Lauderdale moved that the petition be rejected. This was opposed by the Duke of Hamilton and Lord Holland, and supported by the Earl of Liverpool and the Lord Chancellor; the petition was then rejected
[The proceedings in this House, as well as in the House of Commons, regarding the charges against the Queen, are noticed at a subsequent page, in the Chronicle.]
HOUSE OF COMMONS.-July 11.-A motion was made by Dr Lushington for the production of copies of all the corre spondence in the possession of Government relative to the project ascribed to the French Administration, of placing a Prince of the House of Bourbon on the Throne of Spanish America. The motion was opposed by Lord Castlereagh and Mr Canning, and supported by Sir J. Mackintosh, and was ultimately withdrawn.
July 12.-Leave was granted to Messrs Brougham and Denman to attend at the Bar of the Lords, as her Majesty's Counsel, against the Bill now pending; the motion was so worded, as to prevent this permission being drawn into a precedent. Dr Lushington also stated to the House, that her Majesty had been pleased to command his services; he, therefore, applied to the House to have the permission extended to himself. Lord Castlereagh expressed his readiness to extend permission to any Gentleman on either side, whose services should be required. But Mr Wynn and Mr Banks opposed the Learned Doctor's application. The Hon. Members were, however, content to give their negative to the motion, without taking the sense of the House on it. On the motion of Lord Castlereagh, leave was also given to his Majesty's Attorney and Solicitor General to attend. It was understood that all the Gentlemen thus indulged would, by acting as advocates, forfeit their power of taking any part in the determination of the
great question at issue, either by vote or otherwise.
The Doctor moved
July 17.-Dr Lushington brought forward a motion respecting a service of plate presented to the Queen by his late Majesty, which, during her absence on the Continent, was placed in the custody of Mr Mash, of the Chamberlain's Office; and her application for its being returned was refused, on the ground that it was the property of the Crown. for a copy of the correspondence on the subject. Lord Castlereagh argued that the late King could never have intended to make it a personal present to the then Princess of Wales, as he had no more power to do so than to alienate the Crown Lands, it being the property of the Crown as attached to a Royal Palace, and some of it having actually belonged to King William. It was therefore merely intended for her use, like the other furniture of Kensington Palace, while she resided there in the year 1808, and was never intended by that use to be detached from that establishment. Mr Huskisson corroborated this statement. This explanation was quite satisfactory to the House, and Dr Lushington's motion was negatived without a division. question of right was thus set at rest, and the more popular one, of its being a vexatious denial, in order to distress her Majesty, was no less decisively settled, by the promise of ministers that a suitable service of plate would be provided, whenever her Majesty might be pleased to fix upon a proper residence.
July 25.-Mr Wetherall brought forward a motion relative to a gross libel on her Majesty, which had appeared in an Exeter Newspaper called Flyndell's Western Luminary. The Honourable and Learned Gentleman's motion at first had for its object that the Attorney-General should be instructed to prosecute the printer; but, on the suggestion of the Speaker, the motion was altered to a resolution that the paragraph was a breach of privilege. The resolution was subsequently withdrawn on the statement of Lord Castlereagh, that the article in question was already under the cognizance of the Attorney-General.
Miraculous Escape. On the 7th ultimo, when a servant was returning from Melrose fair to Galashiels, mounted on a horse, the property of Mr Caverhill of Jedburgh, which runs in the Blucher stage coach, something alarmed the animal, and caused it to leap over the parapet of Melrose Bridge. Though the horse and its rider were precipitated into the Tweed from a height of sixty feet, they both providentially escaped to the shore, with very little injury to either.
Outrage in Glasgow.-An affray which threatened serious consequences took place in Glasgow on the 28th ult. between a party of the 13th regiment stationed there and the inhabitants. The soldiers were somewhat intoxicated; and in the quarrel drew their bayonets, from which several of the inhabitants as well as the police received serious wounds. At length the soldiers were overpowered, and 16 of them, all more or less hurt, were carried to the police office. In consequence of this outrage the regiment was the same week marched from Glasgow to Stirling Castle; a detachment being stationed at Greenock.
Marchmont Peerage. On the 13th in stant, Lord Sidmouth, by his Majesty's command, presented to the House of Lords the petition of Alexander Home, Esq. claiming the titles of Earl of Marchmont, &c. with his Majesty's reference thereof to the House; when the same were referred to the Lords' Committee for Privileges..
Convention of Royal Burghs.—The Con. vention sat at Edinburgh on the 13th, 14th, and 15th instant. The first business was to vote an Address to the King, on his accession to the throne. A petition from Brechin, praying an alteration in the set of the burgh, was considered, and on a division of 23 to 20 was granted. The alteration required was, the Dean of Guild and Trades Councillor should be elected by the bodies to which they belonged, in place of being appointed by the Magistrates and Council. The Convention afterwards resolved to address both Houses of Farliament, on the subject of the restrictions on trade; and after some routine business, adjourned.
20. The London Gazette of the 15th contained a proclamation for postponing the ceremony of the coronation until his Majesty' pleasure shall be farther signified thereupon." This measure is said to have been adopted in consequence of a representation from the Duke of York to his Majesty. It is also stated to be in consequence of advice from the Duke of York, that the second reading of the bill of pains and penalties against the Queen was
delayed until the 17th of August, in hopes that during the interval some arrangement might be agreed on, which would supersede further inquiry. It is said that the Coronation of his Majesty will not take place till June next year.
High Court of Justiciary.-On the 13th instant, David Haggart and William Forrest were brought to the bar, accused of having committed eleven different acts of theft, two of reset of theft, one of housebreaking, and one of prison-breaking, in Leith, Edinburgh, or neighbourhood. The prisoners pleaded Guilty to the whole charges, excepting the charge of reset of theft; and a Jury being chosen, they adhered to their plea, and signed it in presence of the Jury. The Advocate-Depute then adduced several witnesses, to shew the extent of the depredations committed by the pannels. The Jury retired, and returned about two hours after with the following written verdict: "Unanimously find the pannels guilty of theft, but not of reset of theft; and by a majority of voices find the charge of housebreaking not proven." Upon this verdict being recorded, the Counsel for the pannels objected to sentence following upon it, in respect that it did not find them guilty of any of the charges laid in the indictment, but of the abstract crime of theft. The Court ordered informations to be given in upon the import of the verdict, betwixt and the 13th of November next, and the prisoners were re-committed to jail.
On the 14th came on the trial of John Sharp, accused of firing a loaded pistol, on the 19th of January last, at Alexander Livingstone, one of the Lanark county patrole, whereby he was severely wounded; and also of breaking into the cellar of the Old Bridgeton Victualling Society, and stealing therefrom a quantity of spirits, wine, and soap, and of being habit and repute a thief.
The prisoner pled not guilty. After the examination of a number of witnesses, he was found guilty of both crimes, and after an admirable address from Lord Pitmilly, was sentenced to be executed at Glasgow on the 16th of August next. After this trial was concluded, Sharp's agent discovered that one of his jury wanted a few months of the age necessary to qualify him to act in such capacity; and immediately represented to Lord Sidmouth the circumstance of his client not having been legally convicted, and Sharp has in consequence received a respite of sentence, during his Majesty's pleasure.
On the same day came on the trial of Lewis Hutton and John Cream, accused of breaking into a house on the road from Lochend to Leith; and of James Grieve,
charged with stealing a quantity of indigo from a warehouse in Leith. They were all three found guilty of the crimes libelled. The two former, therefore, were sentenced to 14 years, and the latter to 7 years' transportation.
26. This day a new chain bridge, erected across the Tweed at New Waterford, - was opened to the public. At half-past twelve, Captain Brown, the inventor, crossed and re-crossed the bridge in a curricle, followed by a vast number of loaded carts, while the military bands played "God save the King." Soon afterwards the committee of management, the trustees, &c. preceded by the band, crossed from the southern to the northern end of the bridge, and returned. The extreme length of the suspending chains, from the point of junction on each side of the Tweed, is 390 feet, from the stone abutments, or towers, 432. The platform, or road way, is 360. The height of the bridge above the surface of the water is 27 feet. The weight of the chains, platform, &c. is about 160 tons, but the bridge is calculated to support 360 tons. It has only cost L. 5000; a stone bridge at the same place would have cost L. 20,000; and it possesses this superiority over a stone bridge, that, having no pillars or support in the middle of the water, it will not be liable to be swept away By floods.
31. Dreadful Affair at Greenock. This town was the scene of a murderous outrage on the part of some soldiers on Saturday evening. A party of six of the 13th regiment had been drinking in a public house, where two of them were billetted; and having gone out a good deal intoxicated, quarrelled with some sailors, with whom a scuffle ensued, and the soldiers had the worst of it. They were driven back to their quarters, where they seized their muskets, and having ball cart ridge, fired from the windows upon the crowd. Three persons, two of them police watchmen, were in this manner killed on the spot, and it was only on the arrival of a strong military guard, that the assail. ants were compelled to stop firing, when they were all taken prisoners, and delivered over to the civil power. At the head quarters of the 13th at Stirling Castle, the officers and privates collected the sum of L. 100, for the benefit of the families of the sufferers, which was transmitted to Greenock, by the Colonel, with many expressions of sorrow and regret for the misconduct of the six soldiers and its fatal consequences.
Salisbury Crags.-The new walk round the base of Salisbury Crags is now almost finished, and will be a monument to posterity of the good taste, public spirit, and extensive benevolence of the age. It is
intended, we understand, to sow the shelving of the crags below the walk with furze and broom, which will much improve the aspect of an object so conspicuous, and be a sufficient protection against any possible danger. It is also contemplated to plant the interstices of the rock, at a sufficient elevation above the walk, with the rarest exotic shrubs and heaths, which will endure our northern climate. These will both beautify the walk, and afford a rich fund of amusement to the botanist.
10. Death of the Duchess of York.-Her Royal Highness the Duchess of York, who had been for a considerable time past dangerously indisposed, expired on Saturday the 5th, at her seat at Oatlands. The Duke was present at her last moments, and for some time previously. Her Royal Highness the Duchess of York was eldest daughter of the late King of Prussia, by his first consort, Elizabeth Ulrica Christiana, of Brunswick Wolfenbuttle. She was born May 7, 1767, and was married to the Duke of York in September 1791. Her Royal Highness, partly from the state of her health, and in part, we believe, from other causes, lived in much retirement during her latter years. She was of an amiable and kind disposition. Her charities, though unostentatious, were extensive and judicious. The poor of the neighbourhood had reason to love, and the rich whom she honoured with her acquaintance esteemed her.
Trial of Major Cartwright, &c.-On Thursday the 3d instant came on for trial, at the Warwick Assizes, the case of the King v. Cartwright, Wooler, Edmonds, Lewis, and Maddocks, for the meeting at Birmingham, on the 12th July 1819, at which Sir C. Wolseley was unlawfully elected a Member of Parliament for Birmingham. Mr Balguy opened the pleadings, and Mr S. Vaughan stated the case. Witnesses were then called as to the proceedings and speeches at the meeting, which occupied the whole of Thursday, and on Friday morning the defence commenced with a three hours speech from Wooler. Major Cartwright then solicited and obtained permission from the Court to read himself the written defence, which he had put into the hands of his counsel, Mr Hill, but which that gentleman was not allowed to make use of. The Chief Baron then summed up, and the Jury returned a verdict of guilty against all the defendants. They will be brought up for judgment in the Court of King's Bench next term.
TRIALS FOR HIGH TREASON IN SCOTLAND.-Stirling.-The Special Commission of Oyer and Terminer met here on Thursday the 13th July-present, the Lord President, Lord Chief Baron, Lord Justice Clerk, Lord Chief Commissioner, and Lord Gillies. Andrew Hardie, one of
the men taken at the affair on Bonnymuir, on the 5th April last, (as recorded in our number for that month,) was first tried, and found guilty on the 2d and 4th counts of the indictment, namely," levying war against the King, and compassing to levy war against the King, to compel him to change his measures. On Friday, John Baird was tried, and found guilty on the 2d count. Eighteen others, on Saturday, retracted their former plea, and pleaded guilty, throwing themselves on the mercy of the Crown. Francis Jeffrey and Robert Hunter, Esqrs. acted as counsel for the prisoners. The Court prohibited the publication of the evidence on this or any of the forthcoming trials, till they should be all concluded.
Glasgow The Lord President, Lord Justice Clerk, Lord Chief Baron, Lord Chief Commissioner of the Jury Court, and Lord Pitmilly, opened the Court at Glasgow, on the 20th ult. James Wilson, hosier, residing at Strathaven, was tried and found guilty, but unanimously recommended to mercy by the jury. It was proved in evidence that he was one of a party who had marched from Strathaven, and searched the houses of the neighbouring farmers and proprietors for arins, carrying them off by force and intimidation. He was sentenced to be executed, by hanging and beheading, &c. on the 30th August, and it has since been intimated to him that he is not to expect mercy. Next day, four other prisoners, against whom true bills had been found were brought to the bar; but the Lord Advocate humanely declined calling witnesses against them, and they were accordingly liberated, after expressing becoming gratitude for the lenieney of his Lordship. J. A. Murray, Esq. acted as leading counsel for the prisoners.
Dumbarton.The Court, consisting of the Lord President, Lord Justice Clerk, Lord Chief Baron, Lord Pitmilly, met here on the 26th ult. and proceeded to the trial of Robert Monroe, cotton spinner at Dumbarton. The charge against this man was, for having assisted at the manufacture of arms, with a view to their being employed against the King. The trial lasted two days, and in the end the jury found a verdict of not guilty. Mr J. P. Grant conducted the defence. Upon the verdict being read, the audience behaved rather indecorously in expressing their satisfaction, and one person, who rendered himself conspicuous by cheering and clapping, was sent to jail by the Court. The evidence against the other five persons, formerly arraigned here, being similar to the first, the Lord Advocate declined prosecuting them, and they were all liberat
Paisley. The Court sat here on the 1st inst. to try the prisoners accused of
stopping the cotton-works at Johnston and its neighbourhood, on the 3d of April last, when John Speirs, a leader on that occasion, was put to the bar. After a trial of nearly forty hours, the Jury found the prisoner guilty of striking work himself, and of compelling and persuading others to do so; but the Court informed them that, as this only amounted to a misdemeanour, the verdict could not be received on a trial for High Treason. The Jury were afterwards enclosed three different times, and returned amended verdicts; their last was not guilty. The prisoner was then dismissed from the bar. John Lang was then brought to the bar, but the Lord Advocate declined to bring witnesses against him, and he was also discharged.
Stirling. On the 4th instant, the Court met again at Stirling, when John M Millan and Andrew Dawson withdrew their former plea of not guilty and pleaded guilty, throwing themselves on the mercy of the Crown. Against the six remaining prisoners the Lord Advocate declined to proceed, and they were acquitted. Sentence of death was then passed on the 22 prisoners who had been already convicted, either by their own admission, or the verdict of a Jury; but, with the exception of Hardie and Baird, the other prisoners were encouraged to hope that the mercy of the Crown might be extended to them.
Ayr. The business of the Special Commission was concluded here on the 9th instant, when Thomas Mackay, one of the prisoners, retracted his former plea, and pleaded guilty. The Lord Advocate, considering that the ends of justice would be sufficiently answered by the convictions which had already taken place, declined proceeding against the remaining three prisoners, and they were accordingly discharged. Mr J. P. Grant acted as counsel for the prisoners, both here and at Paisley and Stirling.
After the business of the Court was concluded, the Lord Advocate rose and expressed his satisfaction that the commission was now ended, except in so far as it related to those who had escaped the hand of justice. Bills had been found against no less than 98 individuals; of these 51, the principal ringleaders, had escaped apprehension, and of them he would say, that if they ever presumed again to shew their heads, trusting to the conclusion of the commission, they would be miserably disappointed, as the proceeding against such as had fled would be removed into the Court of Justiciary, for the purpose of obtaining an outlawry against them, which, in the case of treason, was tantamount to a verdict of guilty. There had been only two acquitted after trial, and although he did not wish or intend to call in question