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charges; and not only are they part of my sp judges, but it is they who have brought in the bill; and it is too notorious that they have always a majority in the House; so that without any other, here is ample proof that the House will decide in favour of the bill, and, of course, against me. rom But further, there are reasons for your Is Ministers having a majority in this case, and which reasons do not apply to common cases. Your Majesty is the Plaintiff; to you eit belongs to appoint and to elevate Peers. Many of the present Peers have been raised to that dignity by yourself, and I almost the whole can be, at your will and -spleasure, further elevated. The far greatcer part of the Peers hold, by themselves and their families, offices, pensions, and o*ther emoluments, solely at the will and pleasure of your Majesty, and these, of course, your Majesty can take away when bever you please. There are more than to four-fifths of the Peers in this situation, to and there are many of them who might Hosthus be deprived of the far better part of tastheir incomes.
-anoff, contrary to all expectation, there vl should be found, in some Peers, likely to amount to a majority, a disposition to re. oject the bill, some of these Peers may be ordered away to their ships, regiments, governments, and other duties; and, which is an equally alarming power, new Peers may be created for the purpose, and give Lo their vote in the decision. That your Ma jesty's Ministers would advise these measures, if found necessary to render their prosecution successful, there can be very little doubt; seeing that they have hitherto stopped at nothing, however unjust or odious.
To regard such a body as a Court of Justice would be to calumniate that sacred name; and for me to suppress an expression of my opinion on the subject would be tacitly to lend myself to my own destruction, as well as to an imposition upon the nation and the world.
In the House of Commons I can disco ver no better grounds of security. The power of your Majesty's Ministers is the same in both Houses; and your Majesty vis well acquainted with the fact, that a majority of this House is composed of persons placed in it by the Peers and by your Majesty's Treasury.
It really gives me pain to state these things to your Majesty; and if it gives your Majesty pain, I beg that it may be observed and remembered that the statement has been forced from me. I must either protest against this mode of trial, or by tacitly consenting to it, suffer my honour to be sacrificed. No innocence can se cure the accused if the Judges and Jurors be chosen by the accuser; and if I were tacitly to submit to a tribunal of this derescription, I should be instrumental in my own dishonour.
On these grounds protest against this species of trial. I demand a trial in a Court where the Jurors are taken impartially from amongst the people, and where the proceedings are open and fair. Such a trial I court, and to no other will I willingly submit. If your Majesty persevere in the present proceedings, I shall, even in the Houses of Parliament, face my accusers; but I shall regard any decision they may make against me as not in the smallest degree reflecting on my honour; and I will not, except compelled by actual force, submit to any sentence which shall not be pronounced by a Court of Justice. od
I have now frankly laid before your Majesty a statement of my wrongs, and a declaration of my views and intentions. You have cast upon me every slur to which the female character is liable. Instead of loving, honouring, and cherishing me, agreeably to your solemn vow, you have pursued me with hatred aud scorn, and with all the means of destruction. You wrested from me my child, and with her my only comfort and consolation. You sent me sorrowing through the world, and even in my sorrows pursued me with unrelenting persecution. Having left me nothing but my innocence, you would now, by a mockery of justice, deprive me even of the reputation of possessing that. The poisoned bowl and the poniard are means more manly than perjured witnesses and partial tribunals; and they are less cruel, inasmuch as life is less valuable than honour. If my life would have satisfied your Majesty, you should have had it on the sole condition of giving me a place in the same tomb with my child but, since you would send me dishonoured to the grave, I will resist the attempt with all the means that it shall please God to give me.
(Signed) CAROLINE, R. Brandenburgh House, August 7, 1820. SEPTEMBER.
Exécution of James Wilson. On the 30th ult. at 3 o'clock, James Wilson, who was convicted of high treason before the Special Commission, (see page 176.) was hanged in front of Glasgow jail, and then beheaded by a person in a mask, who with an axe cut off his head at one stroke. Since receiving sentence, he has been regularly visited by the Rev. Mr Ewing, the Rev. Dr Dewar, and the Rev. Dr Wardlaw, and several other persons distinguished for piety.
9.-Execution of Hardie and Baird.Yesterday Andrew Hardie and John Baird, convicted of high treason at Stirling, (see page 176,) were executed at that place, by hanging and decapitation, agreeably to their sentence. They both behaved with much propriety and met their fate with firmness. Hardie was 27 years of age, and was bred a weaver.-Baird was 31 years of age, also a weaver. They had both been in
of the Holy Ghost, striving together for the faith of the Gospel, for the purity f divine ordinances, and for the enlargement
of the Church of Christ."
besThe barticles which form the basis of union were then read, the whole members of both Synods standing. After this was done, the senior Moderator stood up and said, "I declare, in the name of the General Associate Synod, whoin I represent, that the General Associate Synod is hence forth one with the Associate Synod ;" and the junior Moderator, in like manner, rose and said, “I declare, in the name of the Associate Synod, whom I represent, that the Associate Synod is henceforth one with the General Associate Synod." The two Moderators immediately gave each other the right hand of fellowship, in which they were followed by all the Ministers and Elders belonging to both Synods! 14
The United Associate Synod now called the senior Minister present in the house to take the Chair, and officiate as Modera tors Accordingly the Rev. David Greig, of Lochgelly, took the Chair, gave out a Psalm, Psalm cxxxiii.) and constituted
the Court by prayer. He was succeeded by the Rev. Dr Pringle, of the Rev. Dr Hall, of Edinburgh, the next in seniority of the Ministers present. The former led the devotions of the Assembly by singing Psalm xe. 13-17,нa by prayer; and the latter by reading the 17th chapter of John, singing Psalm Ixxii. 17-19, and by prayer. After the devotional exercises were finished by singing Psalm cxlvii. 5, the roll of the United Associate Synod was called by the former clerks, and business adjourned till Tuesday at 11 o'clocks 191 1989won 1983TQ The multitude who witnessed this event, memorable in the history of the Secession, was immense: but, notwithstanding the pressure of the great crowd, eager to gain admittance, the whole was conducted with the greatest order 9001 in
Upwards of three hundred gentlemen connected with the Secession, and several of the Magistrates, dined together in Oman's new rooms, Waterloo Place, after the public services were finished, and spent the evening with the greatest harmonyi ist slugaie 19dton A
APPOINTMENTS, PROMOTIONS, &c. des
I. CIVIL 90‡ (LEW EL The Berbice Gazette, of the 24th of June, an nounces the appointment of George Gordon, Esq as President of the Court of Justice, and Judge of the Vice Admiralty Court of that Colony.
Aug. 11. Rev. Robert James Carr, D. D. to be Dean of the Cathedral Church of Hereford.
158 Rev. D. Martin of Inverness, admitted minister of the parish of Abernethy.to
16. Rev. James Dobie, ordained minister of the Associate Burgher Congregation at Annan.
18. George Pelsham, Bishop of Exeter, to be) Bishop of London.
19. Sir C. Macdonald Lockhart, Bart. presented Mr John Wilson, preacher of the gospel, to the church and parish of Covington, vacant by the death of the Rev. Bryce Little.
21. Rt. Rev. William, Bishop of Llandaff, to be Dean of the Cathedral Church of St Paul, Lon don.
22. The King has been pleased to present the Réverend Praneis William Graut to the church of the united parishes of Dyke and Moy, in the Pres bytery of Forres, and county of Moray, vacant by the death of Mr James Smith, late minister there.
Also to present the Reverend Hector Maclean to the church and parish of Lochalsh, in the Presbytery of Lochcarron, and county of Ross, vacant by the death of Dr Downie, late minister there.
3 Dr. Lt. Blathwayte, Capt. by purch. vice dessWatson, retoqqa va27th July 1820. Cornet Bagot, Lt, by purcho todd A. Maclachlan, Cornet do. 854 Cornet Kelso, Ltodo vice Elliott, 21 no. aid by Proto-nwg12 nobтo 20th do, H. Clagett, Cornet do. I do 1215WAJ. B. Daubuz, do. do. Vice Haydock, Kakomper retuvisa 19fts bus 1092930 aug 16 Cornet Baillie, Lt. do, vice Beauchamp 19 Dr. 20th July lynnbrosa Williams, fin. D. G. Cornet ab 19.10.91 8Gent, Cadet W. Osborne, fm. R. Milw Coll. Cornet by pur. vice Duneombe 2 Dr. Gas find in is o Lt. Boulton, Capt. bý purchavice Kentji nsret.ad zot pbrow 22979x9 9th dog Cornet Rycroft, Lt. do.
do vise ant A. Wathen, Cornet dos nobio xab 2221 9 G. Fead, it doa dó. vice Taylor, ret. 17th Aug, 3F.Gds. Cal Capt. Rodney C Capt. and Lt. Col. by purch. vice Wigston, ret. 3d do? Lt. Keppel, Lt and Capt. by puri do. - d Hon. C. B. Phipps, Ens, and Lt. do Pol10251 517th do. b 101 Capt. Stockilalei Adj. viée Ehingtonga
O doutres. Adj..
fm. h. p. 58 LA.
IF. Lt. M Conchy, fa sch
& 549,7 Scott, cancelled) 9ogoth July Lt. Col. Piper, Lt. Colady purchaices.
Lt. Mackenzie, Capt. e. Capt. by purch vice Kipping, ret. je melqsik27Jigs Ensign Breton, Lt. by purch.of gridon Qua. Mast. Serj. B. Doran, 18 och do vice Richards, dead
Also to present the Reverend David Cannon to * the united churches and parishes of Strathmartine and Mains, in the Presbytery of Dundee, and county of Forfar, vacant by the translation of Dr Nicoll to St Andrew's, 6- It swap Bet tiedt La s alonga stk 15 6ABt. Maj. Conolly, Maj. vice Meadows, Jo borsadead res bris nob-27th July:
-bromo 116, 16:Capt. Fitz Clarence, fim: Cape Corps 8 Capt. vice Walker, hor, 7 W Rega 9th Aug.
of TISTOT 07. III. MILITARY. stiau yaas R. Horse G. Cornet Lord H. A. Hill, to be Lt. by purch, vice Lambard, ret. bojim s 20th July 1820. Rowland Hill, Cornet by purch. 27th do. 2 Dr. Gds. Cornet Duncombe, fm. 19 Dr. Cornet, 18190130 vice Williams, 16 Dr. (0 21st June Copland, Cornet by purch. vice C.A Smith, 2 F. G. 10th Aug. Bates, do do, vice Moore. trotmos pro. nltra pod to 1857 3/20th Julyd
Jautas. Serj. G. King, 18
Mas. to a vice Gallie, 9 R. Vet. Bn. 27th July 30d and Lieut. Sutherland, from hoips York rustgos Chass. Lieut. vice Davies, 35 F doan Davies, fm. 30 F. Lieut, Vice dituotai Nixony h. p. York. Chass.595 bebe
Bt. Maj. Diggle, from 52 F. with Capt. Northey, h. p. York Rang. Capt. Gale, fm. 17 F. with Capt. Crew, h. p. 26 F. Stewart, fin. 25 F. with Capt. Biddulph, h. p. 96 F.
Lee, fm. Rifle Brig. with Capt. Travers,
h. P. Anderson, fm. 1 W. I. R. with Capt. Mercer, h. p. 6 W. I. R.
Stockenstrom, fm. Cape Corps with Capt. Lowen, h. p. Corsican Ran.
O'Flaherty, fm. 23 F. rec. diff. with Capt. Powell, h. p. 15 F.
Burke, fm. 38 F. with Capt. Daniell, h. p. York Chas.
Gordon, fm. 5 Dr. G. rec. diff. with Capt. Wood, h. p. 21 Dr.
Dawson, fm. 22 Dr. with Capt. Barlow, h. p. 69 F.
Lieut. Shawe fm. 2 Dr. rec. diff. with Lieut. Askew, h. p. 18 Dr
man, h. p
iff. with Lieut. For
Lieut. Nicholson, fm. 17 F. rec. diff. with Lieut. Cary, h. p. 101 F.
Capt. George, 77 F.
Lt. Gen. P. Sinclair, Lybster, Caithness
at Bath Lieut. Col. Tulloh, h. p. R. Art. Capt. Maltby, 16 F. Ceylon
Ritchie, 75 F. on passage from Ceylon on board the Alexander 21st May. Smith, h. p. 8 F. formerly Capt. in Shropshire Mil. 3d Aug.
Lieut. Fitz-Gerald, 53 F. Moorasaukully, Madras
Matchett, h. p. 28 Dr. 19th do. Lowry, 47 F.
Mathewson, 65 F. killed in ac21st Dec. 1819.
tion in the Persian Gulf
Vyvyan, 74 F. Quar. Mast. Doyle, 27 F. Gibraltar 27th May 1820 Mason, h. p. 7 W. L. R. 10th Apr Fort Major Quin, Duncannon Fort.
THE weather since our last has been favourable, not only for the operations of the harvest, but also highly conducive to the filling and gradual ripening of grain. Till within these few days, the heat has not been so intense as it was last harvest, nor will the crop be nearly so early ready in the Highland districts, where the corn is not above onethird cut down; but, as the season is not far advanced, and the present weather promoting the ripening process with unusual rapidity, little apprehension is entertained of the safety of the crop. In the southern and early districts the corns are, for the most part,[" cut, and a great part secured in the barn-yard. Wheat, as was all along expected, turns out considerably above an average crop. Oats are deficient in straw, and, upon the whole, will hardly reach a fair crop. Barley is visibly deficient, and stooks thin: the excessive rains about seed-time have told all along on that species of grain. Peas and beans on dry black lands filled well, and may be reckoned a full crop; on clay loam, the worm has been very destructive to the young peas within the pod, and sound seed may be in request at spring. Potatoes have not swelled so freely as might have been expected, had there been a little more moisture in the soil about the beginning of this month. Turnips, too, are in want of rain, but are, in general, in a growing state, though, from the late period of the season, they cannot now be expected to swell off to a weighty crop. The prices of grain have been nearly stationary throughout the month. The ports being open for the importation of oats, a slight fall in the price of that species of grain is anticipated. New hay has sold very heavily, and at low prices. The price of black cattle seems to have reached its acme, and dealers are now selling them in the south country at very reduced prices; nor is it at present expected that the demand will be brisk at the autumn fairs in this country. Little wheat has yet been sown in early situations, and the soil is, in general, rather dry for giving a regular braird to the pickled seed. 12th Sept.
The unusually warm weather which prevailed in August last year brought forward vegetation with a rapidity seldom observed in this country at that period of the season. Though the temperature for the last four weeks has been moderately high, yet, we observe, that, compared with last season, vegetation is now eight days later. The Veroni ca candida came in flower on the 22d August, a few days later than last year; the common soap-wort on the 6th September, six days of difference; and the Aster amellus, which flowered on the 7th September last year, has not yet opened its blossoms. Perthshire, 12th Sept. 1820.