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best interests of the nation ?-the offer of L. 50,000 a-year that had been made to her Majesty at St Omer's, and a free licence to go wherever she thought fit; an offer which came from persons at the head of the State, from persons who had been in possession of all the facts against her? Were those things to be forgotten? And if acted upon, would they not operate as an entire bar to the course proposed? Ministers had in their possession the charges against the Queen. They had the knowledge of the facts, and with that knowledge they yet offered the Queen a splendid income. She rejected that income, and they turned round to prosecute her, in order to preserve the honour of the country. It was too monstrous, too insulting to the public understanding; if not felt in that House, it would most certainly be felt and understood by the people. The great body of the people being, favourable to the Queen, feeling for her misfortunes, might be rendered desperate by the severity of her treatment desperate, too, against the higher classes of society. He hoped that their Lordships would have the wisdom and the virtue to avoid so calamitous an issue. If they should degrade the Queen by their judgment, they would make her the rallying point to the disaffected they would expose the country to danger-the Throne to degradation they would risk the character of that House, in times when it was so necessary that it should stand high in the opinion of the people.
A division now took place, when the Lord Chancellor declared the numbers to be,
For the Second Reading of the Bill... 123 Against it...........
Majority in favour of Second Reading 28 List of the Majority and Minority on the
Second Reading of the Bill.
For the Bill.-Dukes of York, Clarence, Beaufort, Rutland, Newcastle, Northumberland, Wellington, Atholl, Montrose.
Marquisses Conyngham, Anglesea, Camden, Northampton, Exeter, Headfort, Thomond, Cornwallis, Buckingham, Lo. thian, Queensberry, Winchester.
Earls Harcourt, Brooke and Warwick, Portsmouth, Pomfret, Macclesfield, Ayles, ford, Balcarras, Home, Coventry, Rochfort, Abingdon, Shaftesbury, Cardigan, Winchelsea, Stamford, Bridgewater, Huntingdon, Westmoreland, Harrowby, St Germain's, Brownlow, Whitworth, Verulam, Cathcart, Mulgrave, Lonsdale, Orford, Manvers, Rosse, Nelson, Powis, Limerick, Donoughmore, Belmore, Mayo, Longford, Mount Cashell, Kingston, Liverpool, Digby, Mount Edgecumbe, Abergavenny, Aylesbury, Bathurst, Chatham.
Viscounts Exmouth, Lake, Sidmouth, 11
Melville, Curzon, Sidney, Falmouth, Here ford.
Barons Somers, Rodney, Middleton, Napier, Colville, Gray, Saltoun, Forbes, Prudhoe, Harris, Ross, Meldrum, Hill, Combermere, Hopetoun, Gambier, Manners, Ailsa, Lauderdale, Sheffield, Redesdale, St Helen's, Northwick, Bolton, Eldon, Bayning, Carrington, De Dunstanville, Broderick, Stewart of Garlies, Stuart of Castle Stuart, Douglas, Grenville, Suffield, Montague, Gordon.
Archbishops of Canterbury and Tuam. Bishops of London, St Asaph, Worcester, St David's, Ely, Chester, Peterborough, Llandaff, Bristol, Cork and Ross.
Against the Bill.-Dukes of Glocester, Somerset, Brandon, Argyll, Leinster, Grafton, Portland, Devonshire, Bedford, Richmond, (St Albans absent.)
Marquisses Stafford and Lansdowne.
Earls Delawarr, Ilchester, Darlington, Egremont, Fitzwilliam, Stanhope, Cowper, Dartmouth, Oxford, Rosebery, Jersey, Albemarle, Plymouth, Essex, Thanet, Denbigh, Suffolk, Pembroke, Derby, Blessington, Morley, Minto, Harewood, Grey, Gosford, Romney, Rosslyn, Caledon, Enniskillen, Farnham, Carrick, Carnarvon, Mansfield, Fortescue, Grosvenor, Hillsborough.
Viscounts Granville, Anson, Duncan, Hood, Torrington, Bolingbroke.
Barons Ashburton, Bagot, Walsingham, Dynevor, Foley, Hawke, Ducie, Holland, Grantham, King, Belhaven, Darnley, Say and Sele, Howard, Zouch, Clinton, Dacre, Audley, De Clifford, Breadalbane, Erskine, Arden, Ellenborough, Alvanley, Loftus, Fitzgibbon, Calthorpe, Dawnay, Yarborough, Dundas, Selsey, Mendip, Auckland, Gage, Fisherwick, Amherst, Kenyon, Sherborne, Berwick.
Archbishop of York.
Nov. 7.-Lord Dacre presented the foldecision of their Lordships. lowing Protest of her Majesty against the
"To the Lords Spiritual and Temporal, in Parliament Assembled.
"The Queen has learned the decision of In the face of Parliament, of her family, the Lords upon the Bill now before them. and of her country, she does solemnly protest against it.
"Those who avowed themselves her prosecutors have presumed to sit in judg and themselves. ment on the question between the Queen voices against her, who had heard the Peers have given their whole evidence for the charge, and absented themselves during her defence.
"Others have come to the discussion from the Secret Committee, with minds biassed have not dared to bring forward to the light. by a mass of slanders, which her enemies
"The Queen does not avail herself of her right to appear before the committee, for to her the details of the measure must be a matter of indifference; and, unless the course of these unexampled proceedings should bring the bill before the other branch of the Legislature, she will make no reference whatever to the treatment experienced by her during the last twenty five years.
"She now most deliberately, and before God, asserts, that she is wholly innocent of the crime laid to her charge, and she awaits with unabated confidence the final result of this unparalleled investigation.
(Signed) "CAROLINE REGINA." Lord Lauderdale and several other Noble Lords objected to the receiving of the protest, considering it as a violent attack upon the character of the House; but after some discussion, it was agreed to receive it and record it upon the journals, as the address of her Majesty, containing what she had further to say in her defence.
The House then resolved into a committee on the bill, when a verbal alteration of little consequence was made on the preamble, on the motion of Lord Liverpool.
Lord Ellenborough moved to omit the words "Adulterous Intercourse," which was negatived.
Lord Carnarvon proposed to introduce a clause to the following effect:-"That, subsequent to her Majesty's return, she had refused L. 50,000 a-year of the public money, which had been proffered to her as a homage by both Houses of Parliament."
The preamble was then carried, and the House proceeded to discuss the divorce clause, which, after a desultory debate, that was continued next day, the 8th, was negatived by a division of 129 to 62. On this question all the Cabinet Ministers voted in the minority; and those who were unfriendly to the bill voted for the clause, on the ground that it would operate as a clog on the bill, and prevent its passing the House. The Bishops of Cork, Worcester, Gloucester, Chester, Peterborough, St David's, St Asaph, and Ely; and the Archbishops of York and Tuam, voted for excluding the divorce clause. The latter of these delivered his sentiments on the subject as follows:
"My Lords, It is with the utmost reluctance that I now present myself to your Lordships, and should not do so had I not been so pointedly alluded to by the Noble and Learned Lord who last addressed your Lordships yesterday. So much has been said on the construction of the 32d verse of the fifth chapter of the Gospel according to Saint Matthew, that although my mind has long been made up to vote against the divorce clause of the present bill, from my own view of the very verse that I have mentioned, I shall not trouble your Lord
But if I can show
ships farther upon it. that the illustrious Lady, the subject of this bill, has been put away by her husband; and also if I can show, from numerous texts of the Holy Scripture, a solemn denunciation by the Lord himself, for such putting away,-I shall show, my Lords, what is in itself sufficient to make me vote against the divorce clause of the bill, which, if not the immediate object, will in fact release the King from his marriage contract, and leave him at liberty to marry again. My Lords, it is in my opinion satisfactorily proved, that this Lady was put away by the letter of her husband, which has been received by your Lordships during the present investigation. (Hear, hear.) For the denunciation of the Lord for such divorce I will refer your Lordships to the second chapter of the book of Malachi; there, my Lords, it will be seen, that for literally putting away, the face of the Lord was turned away from the people; he regarded not their offerings. The halls of the temples, even to the altars, were filled with lamentations of the women imploring Heaven, and calling down vengeance on their heads. The prophet establishes his charge against them, by calling it a crying sin, and reminding them of the first institution of marriage: :-"Take heed, said the God of Israel, and let none deal treacherously with the wife of his youth, for the Lord hateth putting away."-I had no wish to be in attendance on this trial; I stand before your Lordships an unwilling judge in this cause; and nothing but force, but the heavy penalty by which you have compelled me to come, could have induced me to attend this distressing investigation. Lords, I repeat that I have been brought here by compulsion; for I have been obliged to leave important duties, which no man on earth but myself could perform, and which have now been suspended for the last three months on account of my absence. But having attended your Lordships' order, and having paid every attention to the evidence on both sides given at your Lordships' bar, and also to the statements of Counsel-both in support of the bill and for the defence of her Majesty, and to the eloquent speeches of the Noble Lords who have taken various views of the subject ;-having, I say, my Lords, heard all the evidence, and attended this proceeding every day-nay, every hour-Î might almost say every minute since its commencement, I voted for the second reading of the bill; because there was no other measure before the House on which I could act, that would show, I thought, a clear, satis factory, and irresistible case had been made out.
To the divorce clause, however, of this bill, I never can reconcile myself; and should it go through the Committee as part of the measure, I shall not vote for the
third reading of the bill. I would rather the Queen should remain Queen, notwithstanding the charges which I think have been proved against her, than that a bill for her degradation should pass with this divorce clause."
The Bishop of London said, that as to any objection to the divorce clause of the bill, founded on the supposed conduct of the complaining party, he thought it quite inapplicable. A great constitutional principle was involved in the present case. The King" could do no wrong" he could not commit a folly, far less a crime; and, therefore, recrimination was out of the question!(Hear, hear.)
Nov. 9,-Lord King moved an amendment, that there should be a clause introduced to the following effect, after the word "abroad,"-" That certain English commissioners appointed at Milan, with an Italian Attorney, named Vilmacarti, had collected a mass of false and calumnious witnesses, who had been produced, and had given false testimony at their Lordships' bar for many weeks, whereby the dignity of the Crown, the nation, and Parliament, had suffered great scandal and dishonour, and that the House entreated that it should be enacted that the persons who had acted on the Milan commission should be rendered for ever incapable of holding any place or pension whatever."
The amendment was negatived.
Lord Kenyon again moved an amend ment, that the divorce clause should be wholly omitted, which was also negatived without a division.
Nov. 10.-On the question being put that the bill be read a third time, a short discussion took place, when the House divided, and the numbers were,
For the Third Reading,. 108
When the decision was announced to her Majesty, who was in her private apartment in the House, she ordered her Counsel to
write out a petition to the House, claiming to be heard by Counsel against the passing of the Bill, which was put into the hands of Lord Dacre to present; but the moment his Lordship rose with that view, the Earl of Liverpool interrupted him, and addressed the House, stating, that, with a majority so small, and feeling how difficult it would be to impress conviction on the public mind, he should feel it his duty to propose that the farther proceedings on the Bill should be postponed until this day six months, which was carried without a division. The Bill
is therefore thrown out. His Lordship's declaration was received with loud cheers by the House.
Their Lordships then adjourned till the 23d instant.
When the Queen was afterwards told by a number of Peers, and by her Counsel, that Ministers had withdrawn the Bill, her Majesty almost fainted, and was obliged to be conveyed into the open air. She said nothing, and it was recommended that she should be immediately conveyed to her carriage, where a flood of tears soon came to her relief. She was followed by an immense multitude, and cheered most enthusiastically.
HOUSE OF COMMONS.-Oct. 17.-The House met agreeably to adjournment. Mr Hume brought forward the subject relative to the seditious placards, and complained of the conduct of Sir R. Baker, in allowing Mr Franklin, charged with fabricating them, to go at large without bail, and moved that he should be examined at the bar of the House. Lord Castlereagh opposed the motion, but stated the facilities which Government had afforded for apprehending Mr Franklin on the Continent. After a debate of some length the motion was withdrawn. A committee having been appointed to examine the Lords' journals, as to the state of the proceedings on the Bill of Pains and Penalties, they made their report, when Lord Castlereagh moved an adjournment to Thursday the 23d of November, which, after a discussion, was ultimately agreed to without a division.
2. CIRCUIT INTELLIGENCE-Stirling. The Court was opened here by Lord Hermand. James M'Alpin, aged 19, was placed at the bar, charged with shooting at A. Dunlop, Esq. of Clober, on the 24th of June last, with intent to murder; and, after a trial of some length, was dismissed from the bar by an unanimous verdict of Not Proven. John Graham of Bannockburn, a miserable looking old man, about
70 years of age, having a wooden leg, and leaning upon crutches, was charged with celebrating clandestine marriages, and on his own confession found guilty, and banished Scotland for life. Graham, we understand, was a dissenting minister near Kilsyth. Mary Brock, a well looking young woman, pleaded guilty of conceal ment of her pregnancy, and was sentenced to one year's imprisonment in the jail of Stirling, Hugh McCallum and Donald
McMaster were on Tuesday found guilty of violently assaulting and deforcing Dugald Cameron, an Excise officer, at Strathblane, in February last, and sentenced to seven years' transportation.
27. Seditious Placards.-Mr Fletcher, or Franklin, accused of fabricating and circulating inflammatory placards, (as stated at page 372 of this Volume,) has escaped, notwithstanding the vigilant pursuit of Mr Pearson the solicitor, along with one of the Bow-street officers. A reward of L. 100 was offered by the Queen's Plate Committee, and another of L. 200 by Government, for his apprehension, but without effect. A letter has been received from Franklin, by one of the Bow-street magistrates, dated Dunkirk, 19th instant, avowing his guilt, but ridiculing all attempts to apprehend him. On the 17th a warrant was granted at Bow-street against Mr Dennis O'Bryen, charged, on the oath of a bill-sticker, with being concerned with Franklin in the manufacture of those atrocious placards. Mr O'Bryen attended voluntarily at the police office, but on a subsequent day the warrant was discharged, the bill-sticker having declared that he was mistaken in the person.
riot prevailed wherever individuals refused to comply with the cry of the multitude for "lights." In the Strand, the offices of the ministerial papers felt the effects of the indignation of the populace. The Riot Act was read in front of the Courier Office by Mr Minshull, one of the Magistrates of Bow-street, and parties of the Life Guards continued parading along the Strand till an early hour in the morning. The people, however, manifested the greatest cordiality towards the military, who, on their part, conducted themselves with the utmost propriety. On Saturday the Lord Mayor gave public notice that the Mansionhouse would be illuminated on that evening and Monday. On these occasions, the illuminations were general and splendid: The villages and towns round London dásplayed the same enthusiastic joy; and all the coaches arriving or departing from the metropolis were decorated with laurel boughs, and the horses with white favours. The intelligence was received in Edinburgh on Monday, and excited a great sensation among all ranks, although the feeling was not displayed in the same public manner as in London. A few individuals, however, lighted up their windows on Tuesday and last night, and at Leith the ves sels in the harbour hoisted their colours, which continued floating in the wind during the whole of Monday. In Glasgow partial illuminations also took place, and the feelings of the populace were displayed by the burning of tar barrels on the streets in the evening.
Acts passed in the First Year of the Reign of George IV., or in the First Session of the Seventh Parliament of the United Kingdom.
CAP. LVI. For the summary Punishment, in certain Cases, of Persons wilfully or maliciously damaging or committing Trespasses on public or private Property. July 15, 1820.
Cap. LVII. To repeal an Act passed in the fifty-seventh year of the reign of his late Majesty King George the Third, intituled, An Act to abolish the Punishment of Public Whipping on Female Offenders, and to make further provisions in lieu thereof. July 15.
Cap. LVIII. For the better securing the Excise Duties on Paper and Pasteboard.-July 15. Cap. LIX. To amend, revive, and continue, until the twenty-fifth day of March, One thousand eight hundred and twenty-five, an act of the fifty-second year of his late Majesty, for regulating the separation of damaged from sound Coffee, and for permitting dealers to send out any quantity of Coffee, not exceeding eight pounds weight, without permit.-July 15.
Cap. LX. To amend and continue two Acts passed in the fifty-seventh year of his late Majesty King George the Third, for authorizing the issue of Exchequer Bills and the advance of money for carrying on of Public Works and Fisheries, and Employment of the Poor; and to extend the powers of the Commissioners for executing the said Acts in Great Britain.-July 15.
Cap. LXI. To charge additional duties on the importation of certain articles into the Isle of Man, and to regulate the trade of the said Island. July 15.
Cap. LXII. To continue, until the first day of January, One thousand eight hundred and twenty-two, an Act of the fifty-ninth year of his late Majesty, for staying proceedings against any Governor or other persons concerned in imposing and levying duties in New South Wales; for continuing certain duties; and for empowering the said Governor to levy a duty on spirits made in the said Colony.-July 15.
R. I. Coghlan, Ensign, vice A. Grieve, dead
Sept. 28. Principal Haldane, admitted minister of St Andrews.
Oct. 14. Rev. Abraham Hume, to be minister of Greenlaw.
16. William Carey, D. D. to be Bishop of Exeter.
David Young received a call to be minister of the Associate Congregation of Carnoustie. Mr Young has also received a call from Arbroath.
28. Mr John Thomson, to be minister of the Chapel of Ease, Canongate, Edinburgh.
30. Rev. John Geddes, to be assistant and successor to Rev. Dr Findlay, minister of High Church, Paisley.
Capt. Blake, h. p. 6 Garr. Bn. to be Major in the Army 4th June 1814.
T. H. Harrison, R. Art. do.
Bt. Lieut.-Col. Roberts, Major, vice
Lieut. Eaton, Captain
Ensign Mansell, Lieut.
G. Damerum, Ensign
12th Aug. 1819.
C. de Havilland, 8 F. do.
Ensign Donnithorne, Lieut. vice Place,
C. Estridge, Ens. vice Coleman, ret.
Gent. Cadet J. A. Walker, fm. R. Mil.
4th do. Surg. vice
As. Surg. J. French, fm.
As. Surg. Ardley, fm. 17 F. Surg. vice