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acquired allodial ancient appears Aragon Aragonese arms army assembly authority barbarous nations barons became Cange canon law century Charlemagne Charles charters church cities civil combat commerce concerning conquests considerable considered constitution Cortes court crown customs dominions ecclesiasticks Emperors Empire enterprize established Europe extensive fame favour feudal fiefs force France Fueros genius German granted Hist historians honour Ibid Imperial inhabitants institutions Italy judges judicial combat jurisdiction justice Justiza King kingdom Kings of France lands laws liberty lord Louis Louis XI magistrate manners manumission Marculfus ment military monarchs Murat nobility nobles NOTE obliged occasioned Ordon parliament of Paris person Popes possessed prerogative Princes privileges provinces provinces of France publick regulations reign rendered respect Roman royal Sect slaves society sovereign Spain spirit subjects superior Tacitus territories throne tion torn trial by combat vassals vigour Zurita
279 페이지 - Even so late as the year 1471, when Louis XI. borrowed the works of Rasis, the Arabian physician, from the faculty of medicine in Paris, he not only deposited in pledge a considerable quantity of plate, but was obliged to procure a nobleman to join with him as surety in a deed, binding himself under a great forfeiture to restore it.
281 페이지 - He is a good christian who comes frequently to church ; who presents the oblation which is offered to God upon the altar; who doth not taste of the fruits of his own industry, until he has consecrated a part of them to God ; who, when the holy festivals approach, lives chastely, even with his own wife, during several days, that with a safe conscience he may draw near the altar of God ; and who...
26 페이지 - As this distant pilgrimage could not be performed without considerable expense, fatigue, and danger, it appeared the more meritorious, and came to be considered as an expiation for almost every crime.
281 페이지 - Redeem then your souls from destruction while you have the means in your power ; offer presents and tithes to churchmen ; come more frequently to church; humbly implore the patronage of the saints ; for, if you observe these things, you may come with security in the day of retribution to the tribunal of the eternal judge, and say, ' Give to us, O Lord, for we have given unto thee.
85 페이지 - The wild exploits of those romantic knights who sallied forth in quest of adventures, are well known, and have been treated with proper ridicule. The political and permanent effects of the spirit of chivalry have been less observed.
28 페이지 - ... fanatical monk, who conceived the idea of leading all the forces of Christendom against the infidels, and of driving them out of the Holy Land by violence, was sufficient to give a beginning to that wild enterprise.
11 페이지 - ... the ruins of villages and cities that afforded shelter to a few miserable inhabitants whom chance had preserved, or the sword of the enemy, wearied with destroying, had spared. The conquerors who first settled in the countries which they had wasted were expelled or exterminated by new invaders, who, coming from regions farther removed from the civilized parts of the world, were still more fierce and rapacious. This brought fresh calamities upon mankind, which...
16 페이지 - ... his standard with a number of men in proportion to the extent of the territory which they received, and to bear arms in his defence.
31 페이지 - Saladin, as well as some other leaders of the Mahometans, as give us a very high idea of their manners. It was not possible...