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HEARINGS

BEFORE
SUBCOMMITTEE NO. 5

OF THE
COMMITTEE ON
THE DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA
HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES
EIGHTY-NINTH CONGRESS

FIRST SESSION

ON
H.R. 628, H.R. 629, H.R. 630, H.R. 640, H.R. 2622,
H.R. 4644, H.R. 4765, H.R. 5719, H.R. 5720, H.R. 5800,
H.R. 5801, H.R. 5802, H.R. 5803, H.R. 5804, H.R. 5805,
H.R. 5806, H.R. 5807, H.R. 5808, H.R. 5809, H.R. 5810,
H.R. 5811, H.R. 5812, H.R. 5813, H.R. 6008, H.R. 8090,

H.R. 10115, H.R. 10264, H.J. Res. 117, and S. 1118
BILLS TO PROVIDE SOME FORM OF HOME RULE FOR THE

DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA

AUGUST 18, 19, 24, 25, 26, AND 31, SEPTEMBER 1, 1965

U.S. GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE

WASHINGTON : 1965

52-505

COMMITTEE ON THE DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA

JOHN L. MCMILLAN, South Carolina, Chairman THOMAS G. ABERNETHY, Mississippi ANCHER NELSEN, Minnesota HOWARD W. SMITH, Virginia

WILLIAM L. SPRINGER, Illinois WILLIAM L. DAWSON, Illinois

ALVIN E. O'KONSKI, Wisconsin ABRAHAM J. MULTER, New York

WILLIAM H. HARSHA, Ohio JOHN DOWDY, Texas

CHARLES MCC. MATHIAS, JR., Maryland BASIL L. WHITENER, North Carolina FRANK J. HORTON, New York JAMES W. TRIMBLE, Arkansas

RICHARD L. ROUDEBUSH, Indiana
B. F. SISK, California

JOEL T. BROYHILL, Virginia
CHARLES C. DIGGS, JR., Michigan
G. ELLIOTT HAGAN, Georgia
DON FUQUA, Florida
DONALD M. FRASER, Minnesota
CARLTON R. SICKLES, Maryland
J. OLIVA HUOT, New Hampshire
GEORGE W. GRIDER, Tennessee
JOHN BELL WILLIAMS, Mississippi

JAMES T. CLARK, Clerk
CLAYTON S. GASQUE, Stal Director

HAYDEN S. GARBER, Counsel

SUBCOMMITTEE No. 5

BASIL L. WHITENER, North Carolina, Chairman WILLIAM L. DAWSON, Illinois

FRANK J. HORTON, New York JOHN BELL WILLIAMS, Mississippi ANCHER NELSEN, Minnesota JOHN DOWDY, Texas

WILLIAM H. HARSHA, Ohio G. ELLIOTT HAGAN, Georgia

RICHARD L. ROUDEBUSH, Indiana DON FUQUA, Florida

JOEL T. BROYHILL, Virginia GEORGE W. GRIDER, Tennessee

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CONTENTS

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Comparison and summary of home rule bills before the committee...

28, 57, 85, 117, 145, 174, 179, 182, 194, 196

H.R. 628, a bill to provide for the District of Columbia an appointed

Governor and Secretary, and an elected 15-member legislative assembly

and a nonvoting Delegate to the House of Representatives, and for

other purposes (H.R. 630 is identical)---

HIP'. 5800, a bill to provide for the District of Columbia an appointed

Governor and Secretary, and an elected 25-member legislative assembly

incorporating fixed minority party representation, and a non voting

Telegate to the House of Representatives, and for other purposes (H.K.

5801, H.R. 5802, H.R. 5803, H.R. 5804, H.R. 5805, H.R. 5806, H.R.

5807, H.R. 5808, H.R. 5809, H.K. 5810, H.R. 5811, H.. 5812, and

H.R. 5813 are identical).

H.R. 4644, a bill to provide an elected mayor, city council, and a non voting

L'elegate to the House of Lepresentatives for the District of Columbia,
and for other purposes (II.k. 8090, S. 1118, H.R. 629, and H.R. 640

have similar provisions)------

H.1.. 10115, a bill authorizing the residents of the District of Columbia to

make known their preference on the question of home rule and, if they

wish, to elect a board for the purpose of preparing a municipal charter

for submission to the voters and to Congress, and for other purposes. 174

H.R. 2622, a bill to establish, in the House of Representatives, the office

of Delegate from the District of Columbia; to provide for the election

of the Delegate; and for other purposes (H.R. 4765 has similar pro-

visions)..

179

H.R. 5719, a bill to create an independent school board in the District of

Columbia (H.R. 5720 and H.R. 6008 are identical)--

H.R. 10264, à bill to retrocede a portion of the District of Columbia to the

State of Maryland..

194

House Joint Resolution 117, joint resolution to provide for three civilian

Commissioners for the District of Columbia-----

196

Staff memorandums:

Comparison of home rule bills before the committee....

211

Exhibit 1. Federal expenditures in the District of Columbia (1964,

1965) --

199

Exhibit 2. Rank of the District of Columbia in major expenditures

(1963)

200

Exhibit 3. Expenditures for personal services, comparison with

other cities (1951, 1963)---

Exhibit 4. District of Columbia appropriations for education and

public welfare (1961-65)----

201

Exhibit 5. Expenditures per pupil, comparison with other cities

(1956-57) and (1962-63).

201

Exhibit 6. 'Window breakage, District of Columbia schools (1955) --- 202

(NOTE.- Subsequent to the normalit i ,

eral bills were

introduced and referred to the ini t"! I

r ei Columbia, as
follows: H.R. 10608, H.R. 16;! i . 11 ; !:Dini sal to S. 1118.

Also, H.R. 10621, identical tii ..

Also, H.R. 10642, a bill to Cristi was..Sintto, di umilis for the cession
of certain parts of the District of Corumbia.)

Also, H.R. 10772, a bill to enable the people of a portion of the District of
Columbia to form a constitution and State government and be admitted into the
Union on an equal footing with the original States.

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STATEMENTS

Pago

American University Park Citizens' Association, Daniel B. Lloyd...

424
Association of the Oldest Inhabitants of the District of Columbia, Clifford
H. Newell, president.--

349

Broyhill, Hon. Joel T., a Representative in Congress from the Common-

wealth of Virginia..

Cathedral Heights-Cleveland Park Citizens Association, Brig. Gen. Charles

S. Harris, member, executive council.---

Chevy Chase Citizens' Association (District of Columbia), John L. C.

Sullivan, second vice president.--

434

District of Columbia Federation of Women's Clubs:
Bean, Mrs. Mary J., president---------

382
Howard, Mrs. Ernest, chairman, legislation committee.-- --- 382, 391
Pryse, Mrs. E. Morgan, past president.---

--- 382, 388

General Federation of Women's Clubs, Mrs. William H. Hasebroock,

president ----

Horton, Hon. Frank, a Representative in Congress from the State of New

York -

208

Immer, John R., president, Federation of Citizens Associations of the

District of Columbia --

-------- 339, 466

Lowe, Hon. Richard Barrett, former Governor of Guam and of American

Samoa---

331

McMillan, Hon. John L., a Representative in Congress from the State of

South Carolina, and chairman of the House Committee on the District

of Columbia.-

197

Metropolitan Washington Board of Trade, Elwood Davis, Esq., president. 358
Multer, Hon. Abraham J., a Representative in Congress from the State of
New York.--

267

Prentiss, Maj. Gen. Louis W., U.S. Army (retired), former Engineer Com-

missioner of the District of Columbia

395

Reuss, Hon. Henry S., a Representative in Congress from the State of
Wisconsin-------

436
Sharp, Alexander --

302

Sickles, Hon. Carlton R., a Representative in Congress from the State of

Maryland.-----

---- 278, 313

Sisk, Hon. B. F., a Representative in Congress from the State of California.

Whitener, Hon. Basil L., a Representative in Congress from the State of

North Carolina------

203

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Curran, Mrs. H. W.:

Letter dated August 16, 1965, to Chairman McMillan, enclosing copies

of letters to Congressmen Sisk and Multer-----

Letter dated August 17, 1965, to Chairman McMillan enclosing

"Petition Opposing Home Rule for the District of Columbia,"

and signatures of more than 400 residents---
Day, Joseph M., letter to Chairman McMillan.----
Department of Commerce, Bureau of the Census, A. Ross Eckler, Director,

letter dated August 27, 1965, to Congressman Broyhill.--.
District of Columbia Éducation Association, Elizabeth D. Griffith

executive secretary, and Helen E. Samuel, legislative representative,

letter dated August 24, 1965, to Subcommittee No. 5.---
District of Columbia Republican Committee, Carl L. Shipley, chairman,

letter dated August 17, 1965, to Chairman Whitener----

Douglas Dwellings Parent Tenant Council, Lois Wilson, chairman, state-

ment.----

Duzer, John J., letter dated August 19, 1965, to Chairman McMillan ----

Foote, Mrs. Dorothea, letter to Chairman McMillan.--.

Hannan, Castiello, & Berlow; Hannan, William T., letter dated August 23,

1965, to Chairman McMillan.

Haslacker, Mary, letter dated August 19, 1965, to Chairman McMillan --
Houston, Mrs. Nellie K., letter dated August 17, 1965, to Chairman Mc-

Millan.----

Johnson, Elizabeth H., letter dated August 26, 1965, to Chairman Whit-

ener.-----

Kinna, Mrs. Pauline C., letter dated August 17, 1965, to Chairman Mc-

Millan.---------------------------------
Laredo, Gerard, letter dated August 12, 1965, to Chairman McMillan.---
Map of District of Columbia showing area proposed to comprise the re-

duced Federal City as set forth in H.R. 10264..--
Marshall, Dorothy L., letter dated August 23, 1965, to Chairman Whitener.
Mattingly, Mrs. Elsie C., letter dated August 27, 1965, to Chairman Mc-

Millan.

Miller, Robert N., of Miller & Chevalier, letter dated August 18, 1965, to

Chairman McMillan, and enclosures

Nathan, Richard W., letter dated March 15, 1965, to Chairman McMillan.
Nichols, E. M., letter dated August 27, 1965, to Chairman McMillan ----
Osborn, H. Carver, letter dated April 15, 1965, to Chairman McMillan -
Petition opposing home rule for the District of Columbia, and signatures

of more than 400 residents thereon ----
Petition opposing home rule for the District of Columbia, signed by Leland

F. James and others.-------
Phillips, William R., chairman, 12th precinct (Republican), letter dated

August 18, 1965, to Chairman McMillan.---
Ramsey, William N., letter dated May 8, 1965, to Chairman McMillan.--
Robinson, Mr. and Mrs. Beverly, letter dated August 27, 1965, to Chair-

man McMillan.--
Schley, Maj. Gen. Julian L. (deceased), former Chief of Engineers, U.S.

Army, history of government of the District of Columbia and his rec-

ommendations, presented by Major General Prentiss.----
Seabourne, J. Gay, letter dated August 19, 1965, to Chairman McMillan.-
Sizer, F. E., letter dated August 22, 1965, to Chairman Whitener--------
Southeast Business Men's Association, Inc., William M. Sinclair, pres-

ident, letter dated August 25, 1965, to Chairman McMillan.---
Southeast Community Council, Mrs. John H. Morrison, Jr., member of

the executive committee, statement.---
Swartz, Mrs. Ella A., letter dated February 13, 1965, to Chairman Mc-

Millan.------------------- ----------
Trachtenberg, Henry, letter dated February 1, 1965, to Chairman Mc-

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Millan, and statement attached.-
Washington Daily News:

Article dated August 27, 1965, by Don MacLean.--

Editorial dated August 27, 1965, entitled “I11 Advised”..

Washington Evening Star, editorial dated January 19, 1878, entitled

“A Mischievous Movement"---

Washington Post, article dated August 29, 1965, entitled “Their Druthers

Say Stay Hatched-Federal Workers Like Life of Partisan Celibacy”.-

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