Local Governance in Developing Countries
This book provides a new institutional economics perspective on alternative models of local governance, offering a comprehensive view of local government organization and finance in the developing world. The experiences of ten developing/transition economies are reviewed to draw lessons of general interest in strengthening responsive, responsible, and accountable local governance. The book is written in simple user friendly language to facilitate a wider readership by policy makers and practitioners in addition to students and scholars of public finance, economics and politics.
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accountability administration akims allocation Almaty Andhra Pradesh areas Argentina assigned autonomy beneﬁts billion borrowing budget Buenos Aires capital central government Chhattisgarh Chile cities constitution Córdoba costs council councilors debt decentralization deﬁned district economic efﬁciency elected ernment executive federal ﬁgure ﬁnance Finance Commission ﬁnancial ﬁrst ﬁscal framework functions funds grants Himachal Pradesh implementation improve income tax India Indonesia infrastructure institutions intergovernmental investment ipalities jurisdictions Kampala Kazakhstan Kerala legislation levels of government Madhya Pradesh ment municipal governments oblast ofﬁcial ofthe own-source revenues panchayats percent Percentage political population Pradesh primary PRIs programs property tax Province Province Province provincial governments public services Rajasthan rayon reform regulations responsibilities role rural sector service delivery Shah shared taxes signiﬁcant social Source South Africa speciﬁc structure subnational governments TABLE tax base tiers of government tion transfers Uganda urban Uttar Pradesh World Bank
181 페이지 - Taxes on the entry of goods into a local area for consumption, use or sale therein.
206 페이지 - This union of the village communities, each one forming a separate little state in itself, has, I conceive contributed more than any other cause to the preservation of the peoples of India through all the revolutions and changes which they have suffered, and is in a high degree conducive to their happiness, and to the enjoyment of a great portion of freedom and independence.
169 페이지 - It is not, primarily, with a view to improvement in administration that this measure is put forward and supported. It is chiefly desirable as an instrument of political and popular education.
206 페이지 - The Village Communities are little Republics, having nearly everything they can want within themselves, and almost independent of any foreign relations. They seem to last where nothing else lasts. Dynasty after dynasty tumbles down; revolution succeeds to revolution; Hindoo, Patan, Mogul, Mahratta, Sikh, English, are all masters in turn; but the Village Communities remain the same.
206 페이지 - My idea of village Swaraj is that it is a complete republic, independent of its neighbours for its own vital wants, and yet interdependent for many others in which dependence is a necessity. Thus every village's first concern will be to grow its own food crops and cotton for its cloth. It should have a reserve for its cattle, recreation and playground for adults and children.
1 페이지 - We will revere and obey the City's laws and do our best to incite a like respect and reverence in those above us who are prone to annul or set them at naught. We will strive unceasingly to quicken the public's sense of civic duty. Thus, in all these ways, we will transmit this City not only not less but greater, better and more beautiful than it was transmitted to us.
194 페이지 - Central, State or Provincial Act or a Government company as defined in section 617 of the Companies Act, 1956 (1 of 1956).
140 페이지 - Constitution or the statutes; (8) to annul those local regulations or decisions of the organs of state power of provinces, autonomous regions and municipalities directly under the Central Government...
214 페이지 - Andhra Pradesh Assam Bihar Gujarat Haryana Himachal Pradesh Jammu and Kashmir Karnataka Kerala Madhya Pradesh Maharashtra Manipur Meghalaya Nagaland Orissa Punjab Rajasthan Sikkim Tamil Nadu Tripura Uttar Pradesh West Bengal...