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now 30,1926 HARVARD COLLEGE LIBRARY

FRESHMAN LIBRARY
MCKINLOCK HALL

HARVARD
UNIVERSITY

LIBRARY

Entered according to Act of Congress, in the year 1864, by

GEORGE P. PUTNAM, in the Clerk's Office of the District Court for the Southern District of

New York.

19180

RIVERSIDE, CAMBRIDGE :

STEREOTYPED AND PRINTED BT

I. 0. HOUGHTON AND COMPANY.

PREFACE.

N the course of a revised edition of my

works I have come to a biographical sketch

of Goldsmith, published several years since. It was written hastily, as introductory to a selection from his writings; and, though the facts contained in it were collected from various sources, I was chiefly indebted for them to the voluminous work of Mr. James Prior, who had collected and collated the most minute particulars of the poets history with unwearied research and scrupulous fidelity ; but had rendered them, as I thought, in a form too cumbrous and overlaid with details and disquisitions, and matters uninteresting to the general reader.

When I was about of late to revise my biographical sketch, preparatory to republication, a volume was put into my hands, recently given to the public by Mr. John Forster, of the Inner Temple, who, likewise availing himself of the labors of the indefatigable Prior, and of a few new lights since evolved, has produced a biography of the poet, executed with a spirit, a feeling, a grace, and an eloquence, that leave nothing to be desired. Indeed it would have been presumption in me to undertake the subject after it had been thus felicitously treated, did I not stand committed by my previous sketch. That sketch now appeared too meagre and insufficient to satisfy public demand ; yet it had to take its place in the revised series of my works unless something more satisfactory could be substituted. Under these circumstances I have again taken up the subject, and gone into it with more fulness than formerly, omitting none of the facts which I considered illustrative of the life and character of the poet, and giving them in as graphic a style as I could command. Still the hurried manner in which I have had to do this amidst the pressure of other claims on my attention, and with the press dogging at my heels, has prevented me from giving some parts of the subject the thorough handling I could have wished. Those who would like to see it treated still more at large, with the addition of critical disquisitions and the advantage of collateral facts, would do well to refer themselves to Mr. Prior's circumstantial volumes, or to the elegant and discursive pages of Mr. Forster.

For my own part, I can only regret my shortcomings in what to me is a labor of love ; for it is a tribute of gratitude to the memory of an author whose writings were the delight of my childhood, and have been a source of enjoyment to me throughout life ; and to whom, of all others, I may address the beautiful apostrophe of Dante to Virgil,

Tu se lo mio maestro, e 'l mio autore :

Tu se' solo colui, da cu' io tolsi
Lo bello stile, che m'ha fatto onore.

W. I.
SUNNYSIDE, Aug. 1,

1849.

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