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it is estimated will be received by the District (from all sources except the United States) during the fiscal year preceding the fiscal year for which payment is to be made. Such amount shall be decreased or increased, as the case may be, for the fiscal year ending June 30, 1953, and for each fiscal year thereafter, by 20 cents for each dollar by which the estimated revenue for the fiscal year ending one year before the beginning of the fiscal year for which payment is to be made exceeded or was less than the actual revenue received during such fiscal year.

(b) Out of any amount appropriated under the authorization contained in subsection (a) of this section, the sum of $1,000,000 shall be credited to the water fund of the District of Columbia, established by law (D. C. Code, 1940 edition, title 43, ch. 15), and the remainder shall be credited to the general fund of the District of Columbia. (c) If the charter is accepted pursuant to title XIX

(1) the Director of the Bureau of the Budget shall, after June 30 and on or before December 31 of each year, beginning with the calendar year1950, certify to the District Manager the amount authorized by subsection (a) of this section to be appropriated for the next fiscal year;

(2) any amount appropriated under such authorization shall (on or before July 31 of the fiscal year for which the payment is made) be paid by the Secretary of the Treasury to the Director of the Department of Finance; and

(3) in any fiscal year in ch the expenses of the District government are less than the amount of revenue received by the District (from all sources, including the United States), any amount appropriated shall, to the extent of any such surplus, be set aside by the Director of the Department of Finance and shall be used exclusively for the construction, reconstruction, repair, and

improvement of public schools in the District of Columbia. (S. 1527 an act to provide for home rule and reorganization in the District of Columbia was introduced June 1, 1949, by Senator Estes Kefauver and is a companion bill to H. R. 4981.)

COMPARISON OF SENATE AND HOUSE BILLS TO PROVIDE FOR HOME RULE AND REORGANIZATION IN THE DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA

Subject

H. R. 4981 (Klein)
S. 1527 (Kefauver)

H. R. 28 (Auchincloss)

H. R. 2505 (Marcantonio)

1. District committees in Con 1. Retains existing District of Columbia committees. 1. Creates Joint District of Columbia Com 1. Same as H. R. 28.
gress.

mittee with 25 members: 13 Representatives,
11 Senators, 1 Delegate. Abolishes existing

District of Columbia committees.
2. Delegate to Congress. 2. No provision for.

2. Provides for a nonvoting Delegate in Con- | 2. Same as H, R. 28, except that his term of

gress elected in odd-numbered years for office would begin in 1950 instead of in 1951.

2-year term. 3. District Council.

3, Creates a District Council with 9 elected members 3. Creates a District Council with 12 elected 3. Same as H. R. 28.

and 2 appointed by President with consent of members.

Senate.
4. Qualifications for Council 4. Must be qualified elector, resident and domiciled 4. Same as S. 1527

4. Same as S. 1527.
men.

in District, holding no other elective public office,

and no District-paid appointive office.
5. Compensation of Council 5. $5,000 a year. Chairman to receive $7,500 plus 5. $3,000 a year.

5. $5,000 a year.
men.

$3,000 expense account.
6. Functions of Council. 6. Acquires ordinance-making powers of Board of 6. Same as S. 1527.

6. Same as S. 1527.
Commissioners and Zoning Commission, both of
which are abolished. May pass legislative pro-
posals on any subject within power of Congress in
its capacity as legislature for District of Columbia.
May not pass proposals or ordinances on 6 enumer-
ated subjects. Can create and abolish advisory

boards.
7. Organization and procedure | 7. Election of Chairman for 2-year term; appoint- | 7. Same as S. 1527 except that presiding officer 7. Same as H. R. 28.
of Council.

ment and duties of secretary; first meeting called is called “Mayor”; provides for acting
by member having highest vote; regular weekly Mayor during absence, disability, or non-
meetings except during July and August; form of election; first meeting called by chairman of
legislative proposals and ordinances; to be con Joint Committee; meetings open to public
sidered 13 days before passage; procedure for zon and participation of D. C. officers; prescribes
ing ordinances; two-thirds vote required to pass methods of conducting business; 34 vote to
them over NCPPC disapproval; power to investi pass zoping ordinances over NCPPC disap-
gate and punish contumacious witnesses.

proval.

COMPARISON OF SENATE AND HOUSE BILLS TO PROVIDE FOR HOME RULE AND REORGANIZATION IN THE DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA-Con.

Subject

H. R. 4981 (Klein)
S. 1527 (Kefauver)

H. R. 28 (Auchincloss)

H. R. 2505 (Marcantonio)

8. Legislative veto procedure.

8. Legislative proposals to be deposited with

joint committee, numbered, and published.
Proposals to become law if not disapproved
by either House within 30 days or by Presi-
dent within 10 days after submission, Pro-
posals to become law in emergencies upon
certification by President of Senate and
Speaker. Resolutions disapproving legis.
lative proposals may be reported by mem-
bers of joint committee at any time; they
shall be privileged and not debatable.

9. District Manager.

9, Same as H. R. 28.

8. Legislative proposals of Council to be deposited 8. Legislative proposals to be deposited with

with Congress, referred to District of Columbia joint committee, numbered, and published.
committees, numbered, and published in Record No proposal to become law without express
and as documents. Such proposals to become statutory approval by Congress. Referen-
law if not disapproved by concurrent resolution dum on bond issues same as in S. 1527.
within 45 days after deposit or by President within
10 days after submission. Such proposals to be-
come law in emergencies, on certification by Presi-
dent of Senate and Speaker. Reserves power to
Congress to enact, amend, or repeal District laws.
Prescribes procedure for disapproving legislative
proposals, including limits on debate. Bond
issues to be submitted to referendum and approved

by majority vote.
9. Council to appoint a District Manager to serve 9. Same as S. 1527, plus express provision for

at its pleasure; his salary to be fixed by ordinance. removal of Manager by Council and pay-
To be chief executive officer of District of Colum ment of severance allowance for an acting
bia government. Has power to appoint and re Manager; for a District Archivist and Ar-
move executive personnel, supervise administra chives Commission.
tion, prepare reports, advise Council, delegate
duties, appoint assistants. Transfers certain cen-
tral service agencies and their functions to office
of Manager. Authorizes Manager to create, reor-
ganize, and abolish offices and positions in his

office.
10. Council authorized to provide for and adopt an 10. Prescribes procedure for preparation and

annual budget effective July 1, and to appropriate submission of budget by Manager to Coun-
funds for emergency purposes. No provision for cil, for public hearings thereon and revision
congressional review of District of Columbia thereof, for its adoption and deposit with
budget, Leaves budgetary details to be fixed by joint committee, for the latter's review and
Council.

recommendations, and for final action by the
Council. Manager to submit a budget mes-

10. District budget.

10. Same as H. R. 28.

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11 Borrowing

11. District can incur debt by issuing bonds for

capital projects, not exceeding 5 percent of assessed
value of taxable real property. Bond issues sub-
ject to referendum approval. Maximum maturity
30 years or life of improvement. Bonds to be sold
publicly and paid in annual installments. Short-
term emergency borrowing permitted, not exceed.
ing 5 percent of current appropriations. Borrow-
ing allowed in anticipation of revenues, not ex-
ceeding 25 percent of current revenues. Council
authorized to levy property taxes to pay bonds

and notes,
12 Financial administration.. | 12. Describes powers and duties of Finance Di-

rector; provides for work programs and allotment
of funds; for accounting supervision and control;
for annual post audit of District finances by GAO;
and for payment for intergovernmental services.
Creditor government to be reimbursed for net cost

of such services.
13 Executive departments.. 13. Consolidates present administrative agencies of

District of Columbia into 12 departments along
functional lines. 12 departments are: Health,
Welfare, Recreation, Public Safety, Finance, Law,
Public Works, Libraries, Labor, Commerce, Cor-
rections, Professional and Occupational Standards.
Each department headed by a director appointed
and removable by Manager. Directors' salary
to be fixed by Council. Directors may reorganize
their departments, with Manager's approval.
Council may reorganize or abolish boards or com-
missions transferred to executive departments.

12. Same in substance as S. 1527, except that

cost of intergovernmental services shall be
paid by agency rendering them and be reim-
bursed by agency receiving them, after
billing.

13. Same as H. R. 28.

13. Same as S. 1527, with 2 exceptions: (a)

S. 1527 requires cost of maintaining and im-
proving National Park Service facilities used
by the District of Columbia Recreation
Department for public recreation programs
to be borne by District, while H. R. 28
makes such cost a Federal expense (sec.
1004-b); () councilmanic resolutions author-
izing Public Works Director to acquire
land for recreational uso, over disapproval
of NCPPC, would require two-thirds vote
under S. 1527 instead of 94 under H. R. 28
(sec. 908-c).

COMPARISON OF SENATE AND HOUSE BILLS TO PROVIDE FOR HOME RULE AND REORGANIZATION IN THE DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA-Con.

Subject

H. R. 4981 (Klein)
S. 1527 (Kefauver)

H. R. 28 (Auchincloss)

H. R. 2505 (Marcantonio)

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14. Same as H. R. 28. Also forbids restric

tive covenants, discrimination, or segrega-
tion on land or projects under jurisdiction
of Redevelopment Land Agency on account
of race, creed, color, national origin, or
ancestry (sec. 1204c). Also creates a 3-
member FEPC, first appointed by Presi.
dent, at $7,500 a year each, to prevent dis-
crimination in employment in the District;
defines unlawful employment practices;
complaint procedure, judicial review and

enforcement (sec. 1206).
15. Same as H. R. 28, plus directives to

Board of Education and Superintendent
of Schools to take steps to eliminate segre-
gation and discrimination in the use of
school facilities, and to reassign school
personnel accordingly (Sec. 1103-e and I).

15. Board of Education..

15. Establishes a Board of Education, with 7 mem 15. Same as S. 1527, except that Board shall

bers elected by qualified electors of District, to have 8 members and receive $10 per meeting
perform functions of present Board and administer attended. Denies free instruction to non-
vocational rehabilitation in District. Board resident pupils.
members must be qualified electors, resident and
domiciled in District of Columbia, hold no
other elective public office, or District-paid ap-
pointive office. To receive $20 per meeting at-
tended. Board to appoint a Superintendent of
Schools, elect its own president whose term is
2 years, and appoint a secretary. Three members
of Board, appointed by its president, shall be the
Commission on Vocational Rehabilitation, which

shall appoint a director who shall appoint a staff.
16. Creates 5-member Board of Elections, appointed | 16. Same as 1527, except that H. R. 28 pro-

by President with consent of Senate, for 6-year vides for both primary and general elections;
terms at $1,500 à year. Members must be quali for election by majority vote; for election of
fied electors, resident and domiciled in District, a Delegate; for numbering the places on the
hold no other office or employment in District of Council and School Board; for a literacy

16. District elections..

16. Same as R, 28, except that Board of

Elections shall have 4 members appointed
for 2-year terms; all elective officers shall
serve for 2-year terms; omits provision for
numbered positions on Council and School

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