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Art, I.--Legislative Department-Continued.

Sec. 8. Powers of Congress-Continued.

Cl, 1. Taxation-Continued.

Death duties, estate taxes, and succession taxes..

Want of due process of law

Collection of taxes..

Taxing power exclusive and concurrent

Territorial extent of power----

Taxation of governmental agencies.

Taxation of national banks..

Taxation of salary of State judge..

Taxation of person employing child labor.

Tax on future sales----

Penalty designated tax,

To pay the debts------

To provide for the common defense and general welfare----

Cl. 2. To borrow money--

The power in general.

Legal tender-----

Exemption from taxation---

or general application..

Cl. 3. Regulation of commerce-

Leading cases------

The grant of power--

To Congress---

To regulate-----

Nature, extent, and grounds of power.

Reiation of admiralty and maritime jurisdiction.-

Right to raise constitutional question---

Effect of the Fifth Amendment-----

Effect of the Eleventh Amendment---

Commencement and termination of power-

Application of principles of common law..

National power of eminent domain-----

Exclusive powers of Congress over commerce_

In general------

National subjects requiring uniform regulations.

Incidental control of intrastate rates.-

Commingling of interstate and intrastate transactions -

To provide review of action of commission---

To enact criminal laws.-

To grant franchises

Over railroad ferries---

Over bridges across navigable streams..

Over railroads---

Over contracts.

Over rules by which commerce shall be governed.---

Over safety appliances

Over hours of service --

Over liability for injuries to employees.

Over telegraphs and telephones---

Delegation of power--

To District of Columbia

To Interstate Commerce Commission.--

To States.

In general

Imported liquors.-

Commerce with foreign nations -

In general

Foreign vessels entering United States ports..

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Art. I.--Legislative Department-Continued.

Sec. 8. Powers of Congress-Continued.

Cl. 3. Regulation of commerce Continued.

Commerce with foreign nations Continued.

Exclusion of aliens_

Immigration

Quarantine and health regulations---

Exclusion of imports.--

Game taken in foreign countries.-

Counterfeiting notes of foreign banks..

Commerce among the several States.---

Definition and nature---

Navigation ---

Instrumentalities of commerc'.--

Commerce carried on by corporations.

Transportation of persons and property-

In general_----

Streets cars over interstate bridge_

State carriers forming interstate route.

Local part of interstate shipment----

Separable part of interstate haul.-

Route between points within a State passing through

ar joining State ---

Moving goods from platform to freight warehouse--

Accommodation for passengers of different races---

Use of local bills of lading as between connecting

carriers --

Communication by telegraph and telephone..

Handling and slaughtering animals.

Manufacture and sale of goods.---

In general------

Delivery by agent after breaking bulk..

Leases

Subjects of regulation by Congress -

In general.

Persons

Railroads and express companies.

In general.----

Construction of railroads_

Right of way----

Stocks and bonds_

Rolling stock --

Distribution of coal cars

Coal cars of interstate carrier..

State railroad engaging in interstate commerce-

Regulation of rates

(a) In general..

(0) Long and short haul..

(c) Abrogating passes

(d) Less than published rates.

(e) Connecting carriers----

(f) Incidental control of intrastate rates--

(g) Combinations between competing

roads.

(h) Express rates.

Transportation of commodities produced by

carrier----

Safety appliance acts...

Liability for loss or injury--

Carmack amendment----

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Art. I.-Legislative Department_Continued.

Sec. 8. Powers of Congress-Continued.

Cl. 3. Regulation of commerce-Continued.

Commerce among the several States—Continued.

Subjects of regulation by Congress-Continued.

Railroads and express companies-Continued.

Liability for personal injury----

Qualifications and duties of employees.---

Hours of service----

Railroad Labor Board..

Uniform system of accounting

Valuation of property-

Effect of membership in labor union.-

Telephone and telegraph companies...

Ships and shipping----

In general.----

When a vessel is engaged in interstate com-

merce_

Enrolling and licensing of vessels.

Limitation of vessel owners' liability-

Recording conveyances of vessels --

Regulating payment of sea men's wages--

Navigation and navigable waters---

Canals.ad

Bridges.-

Pilots.---

Wharves

Ferries

Intoxicating liquors-

The Wilson Act---

The Webb-Kenyon Act----

The Reed Amendment-

Food and drugs.---

Animals.---

Imports and exports.

Birds and game----

Correspondence schools---

Oil and gas--

Sponges.---

Transportation of women for immoral purposes...

Obscene publications.--

Importation of prize-fight films.-

Trade-marks

Lottery tickets

Embargo----

Original packages.

Trusts and trade associations----

Businesses not subjects of interstate commerce-

Insurance

Negotiable instruments -

Manufacture

Mining-----

Articles made by women and children..

Suppression of monopoly-----

Acquisition, control, and disposition of property--

Delivery on agents' orders.--

Live-stock commission merchants.

Delivery of coupons.

Press dispatch business_-

Loans.

Art. 1.—Legislative Department-Continued.

Sec. 8. Powers of Congress Continued.

Cl. 3, Regulation of commerce-Continued.

Commerce among the several States—Continued.

Powers remaining in the States-Intrastate commerce--

In general-----

Concurrent powers of Congress and the States---

When States may exercise power-

Police powers---

In general

In the absence of legislation by Congress-

Burden upon interstate commerce-

Effect of action by Congress.

Effect of delegation of power to Interstate

Commerce Commission.---

Effect of nonaction by Congress-

Internal commerce--

Quarantine and health laws---

State and municipal legislation affecting commerce.

Adoption of construction given by State courts.

Constraints of commerce.

Discrimination against foreign products..

Inspection laws.

Railroads and express companies.

In general

Consolidation of railroads..

Contracts of carriage----

Solicitation of freight----

Effect of Carmack amendment.

Rates of transportation------

Power of States to prescribe intrastate

rates--

Requiring railroads to post their schedules

of rates.--

Lack of power to regulate interstate rates.

Incidental effect on interstate rates.-

Interstate passes--

Establishing joint through rates-

Rates on the part of interstate shipment

within the State-----

Tickets and mileage books.-

Running of trains.---

Regulating speed of trains---

Regulating stoppage of trains..

Regulating number in train crew.

Requiring use of electric headlight---

Examining and licensing trainmen.---

Requiring railroads to pay employees semi-

monthly

Hours of service..

Heating passenger cars..

Accommodations for different races..

No obligation to operate at a loss.---

Liability for acts of nonfeasance or misfeas-

ance.

In general

Employers' liability act.--

Workmen's compensation act.

Common law right of action..

Safety appliance act---

Injury to postal clerk..

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Art. 1.–Legislative Department-Continued.

Sec. 8. Powers of CongressContinued.

Cl. 3. Regulation of commerce-Continued.

Commerce among the several States—Continued.

Powers remaining in the States Continued.

Railroads and express companies--Continued

Liability for acts of nonfeasance or misfeas-

ance-Continued.

Allowance of attorney's fees.-

Furnishing cars----

Uniform bills of lading-----

Refusal to accept freight for transporta-

tion.

Delivery of freight and express.

Connecting carriers....

Switching and terminal facilities.

Sunday laws ----

Attachment and garnishment ---

Regulations affecting interstate street-car serv-

ice --

Natural gas----

Telegraph and telephone companies-----

Penalty for failure to transmit and deliver

messages ---

Requiring wires to be placed under surface of

streets..

Charges on poles and wires.-

Prohibiting stipulation against liability for neg-

ligence --

Transmission of stock quotations--

Telephone companies---

Ships and shipping------

When a vessel is engaged in domestic commerce_

Engaged in lightering goods-----

State registration laws-----

Rates for water transportation---

State statutory liens on vessels -

Navigation and navigable waters--

In general

Lands under or bordering navigable waters---

Power to make improvements and to exact

tolls

Grant of exclusive navigation ---

Power to obstruct navigable waters..

Power to prohibit obstructions_-.

Liability for marine torts-----

Rules of navigation as to displaying lights-

Harbor regulations

Surveys and repairs of vessels.-

Fisheries---

Ferries.---

Wharves, piers, and docks.

Bridges

Authority to erect.

Power to order removal -

Regulation of tolls------

International bridge.

Pilots and pilotage

Dams and booms..

Canals

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