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FOREIGN ECONOMIC ASSISTANCE, 1973

HEARINGS

BEFORE THE

COMMITTEE ON FOREIGN RELATIONS

UNITED STATES SENATE

NINETY-THIRD CONGRESS

FIRST SESSION

ON

S. 1711 and S. 2026
TO AMEND THE FOREIGN ASSISTANCE ACT OF 1961, AND

FOR OTHER PURPOSES

AND

S. 2059

TO PROVIDE FOR THE FURNISHING BY THE U.S. GOVERN-
MENT OF FOREIGN ECONOMIC AND HUMANITARIAN

ASSISTANCE

JUNE 26 AND 27, 1973

Printed for the use of the Committee on Foreign Relations

U.S. GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE

98-358 0

WASHINGTON : 1973

COMMITTEE ON FOREIGN RELATIONS

J. W. FULBRIGHT, Arkansas, Chairman JOHN SPARKMAN, Alabama

GEORGE D. AIKEN, Vermont MIKE MANSFIELD, Montana

CLIFFORD P. CASE, New Jersey FRANK CHURCH, Idaho

JACOB K. JAVITS, New York STUART SYMINGTON, Missouri

HUGH SCOTT, Pennsylvania CLAIBORNE PELL, Rhode Island

JAMES B. PEARSON, Kansas GALE W. MCGEE, Wyoming

CHARLES H. PERCY, Illinois EDMUND S. MUSKIE, Maine

ROBERT P. GRIFFIN, Michigan GEORGE S. MCGOVERN, South Dakota HUBERT H. HUMPHREY, Minnesota

CARL MARCY, Chief of Staff
ARTHUR M. KUHL, Chief Clerk

(II)

CONTENTS

Page
244
235

295

325

272

310

Statements by :

Abourezk, Hon. James, U.S. Senator from South Dakota..

Chiles, Hon. Lawton, U.S. Senator from Florida----

Draper, William H., Jr., honorary chairman, Population Crisis Com-

mittee

Freeman, Orville L., president, Business International Corp---

Hannah, Dr. John A., Administrator, AID; accompanied by Robert

Nooter, Assistant Administrator for Supporting Assistance; Jarold

A. Kieffer, Assistant Administrator for Population and Humani-

tarian Assistance; Donald MacDonald, Assistant Administrator for

Asia; Samuel Adams, Assistant Administrator for Africa; and

Herman Kleine, Assistant Administrator for Latin America..

Hesburgh, Father Theodore M., chairman of the board of directors of

the Overseas Development Council and president of the University

of Notre Dame_---

Lodge, Dr. George C., Graduate School of Business Administration,

Harvard University --

Nooter, Robert, Assistant Administrator for Supporting Assistance,

AID

Paddock, William C., consultant in Tropical Agricultural Develop-

ment, Washington, D.C----
Stanley, Dr. Timothy W., executive vice president, International Eco-

nomic Policy Association.-

Insertions for the record :

Text of S. 1711, 93d Cong., 1st Sess--

Text of S. 2026, 93d Cong., 1st Sess----

Foreign economic assistance comparative amounts for fiscal year

1972–74, table.

Comparison of funds authorized by S. 1711 and S. 2026, table----

Statement by Senator J. W. Fulbright, introducing S. 2059, from the

Congressional Record, Senate, June 25, 1973-

Text of S. 2059, 93d Cong., 1st Sess -

Comparative data on authorizations in the International Development

Act, the executive branch's economic aid request for fiscal year 1974,

and apropriations for fiscal year 1973, table--

Fiscal year 1972 economic aid program, table_.

Section by section analysis of the proposed Mutual Development and

Cooperation Act of 1973, S. 2026_

"Worldwide Food Shortage Seen,” article from the Journal of Com-

merce, June 12, 1973..

"Asia's Trouble Returns: Too Many Babies, Too Little Food," article

from U.S. News and World Report, March 5, 1973..

"Parched Land-In India, Many Are Hungry, More Will Be Unless

The Rains Come,” article by William D. Hartley, The Wall Street

Journal, June 6, 1973-

"Foreign Aid Without AID,” article by William C. Paddock, The

Washington Post, June 3, 1973_-

"The Culture of Bureaucracy : So Hard to Remember, So Easy to For-

get,” article by William and Elizabeth Paddock, The Washington

Monthly, February

1973_-

(III)

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