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TRANSACTIONS

OF THE

BOMBAY GEOGRAPHICAL SOCIETY.

Art. I.—GLEANINGS As To The PRESENT STATE Of ABYSSINIA, and a Short Account of a Visit to the Hot Springs of Ailaat.By Lieut. Henry MorLand, F.R.A.S.

Read before the Society, January 10th 1800.

.abyssinia at present has considerable interest attached to it, chiefly from the fact of H. B. Majesty's Consul, several European gentlemen ! and Missionaries, and also two ladies, being held in imprisonment by ^Theodorus, the King of that country; and the Dal/wusie, under my command, having recently conveyed a mission to Massowa, the principal export town of Abyssinia, and having been detained there for some months, I have had opportunities to ascertain a few facts regarding the present condition of the country, which at the suggestion of our w orthy Secretary, I have committed to paper, in the hope that they may prove not altogether uninteresting to the Society.

The journey to Ailaat was made, partly for the alleviation of rheumatism, which had been caused by the insalubrious climate of Massowa, and partly for shooting, which will account for my not having provided myself with the necessary instruments for determining the topographical and physical features of the country.

The country of Abyssinia may be briefly described as consisting of a low country, bordering on the Red Sea, and gradually ascending to a height of about 1,000 feet from the level of the sea, at about forty miles inland; where the mountains abruptly rise to a height of six to nearly ten thousand feet, and at their summit is the plateau, intersected

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