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flectional; 6. The Indo-European Family of Languages; 7. The English &
1. Versions of the Bible; Notes on the Versions; State of the Language
Sound; 82. Its Elements, (1) Thought, (2) Person, (3) Matter of Thought;
CHAPTER II. - DEPARTMENTS OF LANGUAGE AND LITERA-
CHAPTER III. -ORTHOEPY.
CHAPTER IV.- ORTHOGRAPHY.
Typography on Orthography; § 26. The Final E; $ 27. Alphabetic System.
CHAPTER VI. - ACCENTUATION.
CHAPTER VII. – DERIVATION.
8 43. Discriminative Affixes; § 44. Prefixes; § 45. Suffixes; § 46. Internal
CHAPTER IX. - PROSODY.
Stanza; $ 56. Sonnet; $ 57. Cæsura.
CHAPTER XI. — HISTORY.
ABBREVIATIONS USED IN THIS WORK.
adj. stands for adjective.
compare. Ch. . . Chaucer. comp. .. compound. compar. . . comparative. conj. ... conjunction. C. T. . . . Canterbury Tales. D.. ... Dutch. Dan. ... Danish. dat. . dative.
definitive. dem. .
derived, derivative. dim.
for example. Eng. ... England, English. F. Q.... Faerie Queene. fem. . . . feminine. freq. ..frequentative. fut.... future. • gen. ... genitive Ger. ... German. Gloss.. . . Glossary. Goth. . . . Gothic. Gr. ... Greek. Heb.
Hebrew. i. e. .
that is. imp. . imperative. imperf. • imperfect. ind. . indicative. inf. .
infinitive. int. ... interjection. i. q. ... the same as.
| Ir. stands for Irish.
Ital. .. Italian. Lat. ... Latin. m., masc. . masculine. mid. ... middle. n. . . . . noun, note. neut. ... neuter. N. F.... Norman French. nom. ... nominative. 0. Eng. . . Old English. obj. ... objective. P. L. ... Paradise Lost. part. . . participle. pass. . . . passive. pers.... person. plu . . . plural.
. poetical. pos. . . . possessive. prep. . . . preposition. pres. . . . present. pret. . . . preterit. pron. . . . pronoun. q. v. . . . which see. R. L. ..Rape of the Lock. S. A. ..Samson Agonistes. Sans. . . .
Sanskr Saz.... Saxon. sing. ..singular. Sp. ... Spanish. sup. . . . superlative. syn. ... synonym. term. . . .
term v. . . . . verb. V. n. . . verbal noun. v. i. . . . verb intransitive. v. t. . . . verb transitive. det. . .. verse.
HISTORY AND SELECTIOSS.
ORIGIN AND AFFINITIES.
1. The most advanced investigations of philologica! science significantly point to an original unity of race and of language; and the Biblical narrative of the dispersion of the human family, and of the contemporaneous confusion of human speech, is the most trustworthy theory of race and dialect that the science of language and of literature, at its present stage, can propose to itself.
According to that narrative, a few centuries after the Deluge, the race of man, that up to that time had been kept together in the use of the same language. broke asunder, to seek in families or in larger tribal communities separate abodes for themselves, and in the separation framed to themselves separate dialects. This was the great historical epoch of the dispersion of the race and of the confusion of speech.
Whatever may have been the particular dialect spoken before the dispersion, whether more or less developed, it was among the necessities of things that, in a few cen