페이지 이미지
PDF
ePub

tect the governor against frivolous newspapers, to hold communication
charges ; and, on the other hand, if with Napoleon.
any grave charge should be adduced, The next complaint was, that he
to insure relief sooner than would was not allowed to open a correspond-
otherwise be possible, because it would ence with a bookseller. Now this was
not be necessary to send back to St not true, unless it meant that that cor.
Helena, to inquire into the truth of respondence could not be carried on bu:
it, before steps could be taken to re- under sealed letters ; for there was no
move the inconvenience complained of. reason for preventing that correspond.
In fact: no such application had been ence, unless it was carried on in that
made to Sir Hudson Lowe, though it particular manner. It was also said
had to Sir George Cockburn. With that he could not correspond even
regard to books, the fact was this: with his banker or agent. Now it was,
Soon after his arrival at St Helena, in point of fact, open to him to enter
he expressed a wish for some books upon any such correspondence under
to complete his library; and a list was the restrictions he had mentioned ; and
made out by General Buonaparte him. there was no reason why a letter to a
self, and transmitted to this country. banker should be sent sealed up. He
This list was sent to an eminent French (Earl B.) did not deny, that, on a cor-
bookseller in this town, with orders respondence between friends, the ne-
to supply such of the books as he had, cessity of sending letters open was a
and to obtain the rest from other bookmost severe restriction, because it was
sellers. As several of the books were impossible to consignto paper the warm
not to be obtained in London, the effusions of the heart, under the con-
bookseller was desired to write to Pa. sciousness that it would be subject to
ris for them. He accordingly obtain the cold eye of an inspector. But this
ed some of them from Paris, but others surely did not apply to a correspond-
of them could not be obtained; those ence with a banker. Who had ever
which could not be procured were prin. heard of an affectionate draught on a
cipally on military subjects. These banking-house, or a tender order for
books, to the amount of L.1300 or the sale of stock !-As to the asser.
L.1400 worth, (which the letter called tions that the letters had been opened
a few books,) were sent, with an ex- by inferior officers; or that, after ar-
planation of the circumstances which riving at St Helena, they had been
prevented the others from having been sent back to Britain before being de-
sent. This anxiety to attend to the livered, these were positive and direct
wishes of the individual in question, was falsehoods; and, indeed, in the volu-
not at all taken, in the paper he had re-

minous
papers

which had been transferred to, as an excuse for the omission. mitted from St Helena, nothing was A complaint connected with this was, more painfully disgusting than the utthat newspapers had been withheld. As terindifference to truth shewn throughto this, he should say, that if the noble out. With regard to personal liberty, mover thought that General Buona- Napoleon had been allowed at first

, parte should be furnished with all the during the day, a range of twelve journals he required, he (Earl B.) miles unattended; and even after he had a different sense of the course was found to abuse this liberty by tam. which it was proper for him to pur- pering with the inhabitants, he was sue ; and this opinion was grounded still allowed eight miles. Even after on the knowledge, that atteinpts had sunset he mighit walk in the garden, been made, through the medium of observed by a serjeant, but did not

[ocr errors]

:huse to do so. When any vessel was 140 bottles of claret ; in all, 266 boton the island, or in sight, the gover- tles. The number of persons connect1or was directed to keep him confined ed with General Buonaparte, exclu. within the boundary where sentinels ding those of tender age, amounted to were placed : but the execution of this nine, so that there was an allowance order had been very liberal; and stran- of nineteen bottles in one day for ten gers whom he was disposed to see were persons; and, taking one day with allowed to visit him. It was not true another, the allowance might be conthat all intercourse with the inhabi- sidered two bottles a-day for each tants was refused, though he had cho- grown person, which he was sure was sen to act as if it were. The original as much as would satisfy the noble allowance made by government for his lord's wishes, either for himself, or establishment was L.8000 a-year, but for any person in whom he was inteon Sir H. Lowe's advice, it had been rested. In addition to this quantity at once raised to L.12000. This ap- of wine, forty-two bottles of porter peared sufficient, and if he wished for were allowed every fortnight, being at more, it ought to be drawn from his the rate of three to each individual. own funds, which he boasted of as am. Seeing no ground for the motion, he ple. It had been complained, that his gave it his most decided opposition. household establishment allowed only The Marquis of Buckingham enone bottle of wine a day for each per tertained no doubt as to the purity son. This did not appear to Lord B. of the motives of his noble friend in so very poor an allowance—it was bringing forward this motion ; but thought by a regimental mess sufficient with the views which he entertained both for their own use, and for enters of the character of Napoleon Buona. taining their friends. The fact, how.. parte, it appeared to him quite unne. ever, was this. There was an allow- cessary and injudicious. ance of strong and of weak wine. The Lord Darnley was happy the mo. quantity of weak wine was 84 bottles tion had been made, as it had afforded in the course of the fortnight; but he to the noble lord opposite the opporshould put that out of the question, tunity of making the candid and able and merely state the quantity of the statement by which the allegations in other description of wine. Of that question were certainly entirely rebetter sort of wine, there were no less futed. He thought his noble friend than 266 bottles in one fortnight, ap- ought not to press the motion. plicable wholly and entirely to Gene. Lord Holland, in reply, endeavourral Buonaparte and

his attendants. The ed to prove that there was still room particulars were—7bottles of Constan- for entertaining his motion, which, tia, (or 14 pint bottles,) 14 bottles of however, was negatived without a di. Champaigne, 21 bottles of Viu de vision. Grave, 84 bottles of Teneriffe, and

[merged small][merged small][ocr errors]

CHAPTER VIII.

CONSTITUTIONAL QUESTIONS.

The Catholic Question in the Commons in the Lords.- Sir Francis Bur.

dett's Motion for Parliamentary Reform.

The two leading questions during able gentleman could ascribe to the this session, aiming at an important Catholics a peculiarly conciliatory disand permanent change in the constitu. position at this moment. The House tion, were those relating to the privi. would have the goodness to recollect leges of the Catholics, and to parlia- that in the last session two petitions mentary reform.

had been presented to them from difOn the 10th May, the annual mo. ferent parties of Irish Catholics ; the tion relative to the Catholic question one from the Catholic aristocracy, prowas made by Mr Grattan, who pro- fessing to accede to any securities posed a committee to endeavour a fi- which the House might please to ne nal and satisfactory adjustment of the quire; the other, far more numerous. existing differences. He expressed his ly signed, by all the Catholic clergy, sanguine hope that securities would and declared to be expressive of the now be afforded, calculated to afford feeling of the whole Catholic populasatisfaction to all parties. The Ca- tion, expressing an unqualified opinion tholics had held a communication with on the subject of the restrictions, the Pope, and if their claims continu- branding the other petition as mis. ed to be rejected, an entire separation chief, and denouncing with anathemas from England was to be dreaded. He those who signed it as worse than therefore moved the appointment of a Orangemen. The veto was now out committee, to take into its most se of the question, and the only security rious consideration the laws affecting offered was domestic nomination. The his Majesty's Roman Catholic sub present mode of nominating a Cathojects, with a view that such a final and lic bishop was by a committee of the conciliatory adjustment may be made other bishops, who recommended a as may be conducive to the force and successor to the Pope. This recomstrength of the United Kingdom, the mendation was uniformly attended to, stability of the Protestant Establish- at least there had never occurred above ment, and the general satisfaction of one or two instances in which

any

dif. all classes of his Majesty's subjects. ficulty was made. The committee,,

Mr Leslie Foster could not con too, invariably recommended the co. ceive upon what grounds the honour. adjutor, appointed by himself, of the

deceased bishop, so that in fact the ing until they had accomplished the Roman Catholic bishops appointed more important object of communitheir own successors. He understood cating with each other on their genesomething was to be done to take ral affairs. The Protestants had look. away this influence of the predecessor. ed in vain for any friendly feelings as This might be useful to the Catholic, following upon the numerous concesbut it was nothing to the Protestant; sions which had been made in the the one was domestic nomination, as course of the last thirty years. In much as the other. The grand con too many instances a personal procession, therefore, by which the Ca- scription had been established against tholics were to remove every ground those who professed the Protestant of distrust was, that matters should faith. The Protestant tradesman had stand exactly as they were. He would been deprived of his Roman Catholic proceed to inquire into the nature of customers. The Protestant farmer that danger which required restric. had been menaced, his habitation detions as a defence against it. It was stroyed, himself way-laid at night, impossible for the Protestants in Ire- and treated with brutal outrage, until land to view without apprehension, a he either sought peace in emigration, population of four millions, depend- or bought it by his conversion. Add. ing for their education, habits, morals, ed to this had been the system of inprinciples, and attachment to the Go- termarrying Protestants with Cathovernment of Great Britain, on a nu. lic families, producing in many instanmerous body of ecclesiastics, whom ces a change of faith in the Protestant the fatal and mistaken policy of our husbands, and almost invariably eadancestors had treated in such a man- ing in the Catholicism of the children. ner, that it was inconsistent with hu- The Protestant saw all this; he saw man nature that that body should be the number of Protestants diminishotherwise than alienated from that ing; he saw the property of Protesgovernment. We might lament that tants decreasing; he saw the interests which was passed, but we could not of the Roman Catholic clergy púrapoul it. The Protestants had seen sued with indefatigable activity; and that numerous body so lately pro- he was then told to be of good cheer, scribed, even for the discovery of any for he had nothing to apprehend. of whom a reward had been offered, Such had been the state of things un. who were studiously rendered a sever. der the system of domestic nominaed order, nevertheless exercising more tion. As to the veto, it was a curious power over the population and feel. fact, that when that House in a comings of Ireland, than the legislative or mittee expressed an opinion favourexecutive authority had ever been able able to the Catholic claims, with the to obtain. The Protestants had seen restriction of the veto, a synod of Rothis order submitting to a small body man Catholic bishops was holding in of bishops; and they had seen those Dublin ; and on the very day which Catholic bishops acting with an una- brought to Ireland the news of the nimity and a perseverance in further. vote of the House of Commons, that ance of their common interest, unpar. synod of Catholic bishops published a alleled, except in the history of papal declaration, that they would cheerRome. The Protestants had seen fully lay down their lives rather than these bishops assemble annually for submit to such an interference in spithe ostensible purpose of regulating a ritual matters." In what a situation college of education, but not separat- would the country have been, had that

proposition of the committee been Silesia, which was Catholic, but in carried into effect! If such was the Prussia—there were several Catholic opinion of the Catholic clergy with bishops. The King, however, nomi respect to the veto, that of the laity nated to all the bishoprics. What went hand in hand with it. At all was still more surprising was, that subsequent public meetings the Ca- there was not a Catholic priest in the tholics vied with each other in finding Prussian dominions who was not ap. terms sufficiently expressive of their pointed by the Protestant Goverabhorrence of the proposition. He ment. There was no synod allowed held in his hand some resolutions to be held until its object was ascer. agreed to at a meeting in the county tained, and until it had received the of Kilkenny, which he had selected express sanction of the state. No not by any means as the strongest communication was allowed with the that could be found, but as affording see of Rome, but through the bureau a fair sample of the whole. These of the Protestant minister of state. resolutions termed the veto “ a pe. If there was any proposition to put nal law, and a persecution, which, if the Irish Catholics on this footing, persisted in, would shake the British even if he were wild enough to sup. empire to its foundations." He would pose that they might be induced 13 put it to any friend of Catholic eman. accede to it, it would by no means be cipation, if any change had taken place his wish that they should do so. But in the sentiments of the Catholic cler- there were degrees of interference and gy

in respect to the veto, except that restriction. Some securities of a si. of regarding it with still deeper detest- milar nature might be devised to which ation. Domestic nomination and the no Catholic objection could be made. veto being thus proved to be both He had heard it said by some who nugatory, what new security could a sought for a distinction between the committee be expected to devise ? Catholic clergyman in Ireland and the It had on a former occasion been said Catholic clergyman in Prussia, as one to the House, “ Give us a committee, part of it dwelt on the fact, that is and then

you

will see we will find se Prussia a stipend was annexed to all curities." The expedient had been ecclesiastical functions, Protestant or tried. The House had gone into a Catholic. Of this distinction he could committee to see what could be done. get rid in two ways. First, he was That committee had groped about for decidedly for allowing the Catholic principles. The mountain had labour- clergy in Ireland stipends, (hear, hear!) ed, and brought forth-the veto, an convinced as he was that no possible object at once of Protestant ridicule, system of countercheck, such as that and of Catholic abhorrence. The uni. in Prussia, could be otherwise estaform opinion of all Europe on the blished in Ireland. But the second subject might be collected from the and more substantial answer was,

that report on the table, of which he it was impossible, if the interference should merely give a general outline. of the King of Prussia in the appoint, It was a curious fact, that there were ment of Catholic bishops interfered but two states in Europe, Prussia and with the spiritual authority of the Great Britain, in which Catholic bic Pope, that the Pope could ever have shops were suffered to exist at all. consented to it. It was said he gave The example of Prussia, therefore, aliquod spirituale pro aliquo temporawas very material, as bearing on this li; but the fact of his having acquiquestion. In Prussia-not merely in esced in such a bargain was a proof

« 이전계속 »