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24 wfīIG ALMANAc, 1855.
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STATISTICAL VIEW OF AMERICA.
(Compiled for the Whig Almanac.)
i. COUNTRIES OF NORTH AND CENTRAL AMERICA.

{ Count Riks. soil, o o CAPITALs. CHIEF Executive.
Greenland, North..... Danish, o Godhavn ............ S. C. M. Olrik..... - - - - - - Inspector.
Greenland, South..... do ; 900,000 6,800 } Godthaab............ C. P. Holboell....... or
Russian America............ 394,000 66,000 N. Archangel.......... Z. Wenzel....... -------- Governor.
Vancouver's Is., etc... British 153,000 11,460. Fort Victoria.......... James Douglas.......... do
New-Britain(H.B.Co's Ter.)do 1,880,000 180,000|York Factory.......... George Simpson......... do
Labrador.............. do 170,000 5,000 . (Attached politically to Newfoundland.)
Canada West........ ... do 148,000 1,247,200 bec Edmund W. Head, Gor. Genera:
Canada East........... i., o “j; Quebec..... - - - - - - -- of Brit. N. A.
New-Brunswick....... do 28,000 213,200 Frederickton .......... |J. H. T. M. Sutton. Lt. Gorernor.
Nova Scotia, etc. . . . . . . do 19,000 307, 180|Halifax............... |J. G. LeMarchant...... do
Prince odward’s Isl’d. do 2,200 68,070|Charlotte Town....... ... Dominic Daly.......... do
Newfoundland........ ... do 36,000 107,100|St. John.......... .....] Kerr B. Hamilton....... Governor.
St. Pierre & Miquelon...French 118 1,420 St. Pierre.............. Gervais............ do
Bermuda Islands...... British 47 12,020 Hamilton.............. Freeman Murray....... do
United States of America....[3.2)0,000|27,322,700|Washington City....... Franklin Pierce........ President.
§: States of Mexico.....i. 762,600 Tso § of Mexico......... Ant. Lopez de Santa Anna do

elize. . . . . ---------- ... Britis 62,740 11,770|Belize.................. or: ; 1: - -
Bay Islands........... do 600 3,200|Port Royal...... ...]; William Stevenson....Governor.
Honduras........ ------------ 72,000, 315,000|Comayagua............ "rinidad Cabanas...... President.
Guatemala................... 28,000. 981,000|N. Guatemala......... Rafael Carrera......... do
San Salvador..... ----------- 14,000 367,000|Cojutepeque........... Jose M. San Martin..... do
Costa Rica.................. - 17,000 139,000|San Jose............... Juan Rafael Mora...... do
Nicaragua...... ------ .......! 49,000 252,000; Leon....... - - - - - - - - - - - - Fruto Chamorro........ do
Mosquito Coast......... ...... 23,000 4,000 Blewfields............. Indian
San Juan del Norte.......... 15 3,000|S. J. del N. (Greytown)|An Independent Municipality.
II. WEST INDIA. ISLANDS.

Hayti,.... 11,000 700,000|Cape Haytien.......... Faustin I................ Emperor.
Dominica, ; San Domingo 18,000 200,000 San Domingo.......... Pedro Santana....... ... President.
Jamaica.............. British 6,250, 388,000|Kingston .............. Harry Barclay.......... Gov. Gen.
Trinidad............. ... do 2,020 62,000|Puerto d’Espana..... ..|Charles Elliott.......... Governor.
Barbadoes..... ....... do 163 137,000|Bridgetown............ W. M. G. Colebrook.... do
Grenada...,........ . . . . do 155. 32,000 St. George......... ....|R. W. Keate.............. It. Gor
St. Vincent..... ...... do 132 27,600|Kingstown Rich'd G. McDonnell.. do
Tobago........ ------- do 144 14,400|Scarboro'.............. Willoughby Shortland.. do
St. Lucia.............. do 159 24,600|Castries................ Maurice Power..... ... . . Governor.
Nevis...... - - - - - - - - - ... do 20 9,600|Charlestown........... Frederick Seymour, Administrator.
St. Kitts.......... .... do 68 23,400|Basseterre............. E. H. D. Hay............. Lt. Gov.
Antigua.............. do 108 37,800 St. John's Town....... Alfred Reed............. Governor.
Montserrat..... ------- do 47 7,400|Plymouth..... --------- — Booth.............. President.
Wirgin Isles.......... ... do 188 6,800 Tortola................. John A. McGregor........ Lt. Gov.
Anguilla.............. do 81 3.2% Anguilla. - - - - - - - - - - - - - - (App. to St. Kitt's.)

| Dominica............. do 275 22,700 Roseau .......... ......S. W. Blackall............ Lt. Gor.
Bahama Islands...... do 3,982 28,000 Nassau .......... ------ Alex. Bannermann ..... Governor.
Turk's Is'd & the Caicos, do 434 6,200 Turk's Island.......... Robert Inglis...........President,
Cuba.................Spanish] 42,383. 1,207,000 Havana................ Jose de la Concha....... Gov. Gen.
Porto Rico............ do 3,865, 380,000 San Juan........ ......|Garcia Cambia......... do
Guadalupe, etc........French 631, 147,000 Grandebourg..........|Aubry Bailleul......... Governor
Martinique, etc........ do 382. 132,000 Fort Royal ............ Comte de Gueydon..... do
Dutch West Indies............ 369 28,500 Wilhelmstadt.......... J. J. J. R. Elseiver.... do
Danish West Indies........... i; 59,700 Christianstadt.........J. D. F. Feddersen..... do
Swedish West Indies..... -- - - - 25 8,900 Gustavia....... -------- |N. F. Wallensteen..... do

III. COUNTRIES OF SOUTH AMERICA.
Venezuela ................... 1,522,000|Caracas................ Jose Gregorio Monagas, President.
New-Granada ............... 2,410,000|Santa Fe de Bogota....|Jose Maria Obando..... do
Ecuador.............. ------- 664,000|Quito.................. Jose Maria Urbina..... do
Bolivia........... -------- --- ,729,000 Chuquisaca...... ------ Manuel Isidoro Belzu.. do
Peru. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2,238,000 Lima .................. Jose Rufino Echinique. do
Chili... . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1,406,000 Santiago............... Manuel Monte.......... do
Argentine Confederation.... 520,000 Santa Fe............... Justo J. de Urquesa.... do
Buenos Ayres................ 240,000 Buenos Ayres.......... Pastor Obligado......... Governor.
Uraguay........ . . . . . . . . . . . - 60,000 Montevideo ............ Flores........... President
Paraguay... . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 320,000 Asuncion............... Carlos Antonio Lopez... do
Brazil . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6,200,000 Rio de Janeiro...... .. Pedro II. ............... Emperor.
Guiana.... . . . . . . . . . . . . British 132,000 Georgetown............ Philip Wodehouse ...... Gorernor.
Guiana... . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Dutch 63,000 Paramaraibo........ ... J. G. O. S. de Schmidt. do
Guiana... . . . . . . . . . . . . . French 22,500 Cayenne............... Fourichon....... do
Patagonia ..............}, ... 20,000........................ Natire Chiefs.
Falkland Island....... British 550 fortionis............. George Reunie......... do
RECAPITULATION.
- Grand Sections. Area—Sq. Miles. Population,

North and Central America................................ 8,169,320 40,462,320
West India Islands ........................................ 91,073 3.693,800

| South Koric.......................................... 7,848,700 17,547,060

Total.............. - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 16,109,093 | 61,703,180

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8LAVERY LEGISLATION. 25

SLAVERY LEGISLATION.

The following Acts of Congress mark

FUGITIVE SLAVE LAW OF 1793.

An Act respecting fugitives from justice, and persons escaping from the service of their zmasters.

Sec. 1. Be it enacted by the Senate and House' of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That whenever the executive authority of any state in the Union, or of either of the territories, north-west or south of the river Ohio, shall demand any person, as a fugitive from justice, of the executive authority of any such state or territory to which such person shall have fled, and shall, moreover, produce the copy of an indictment found, or an affidavit made before a magistrate of any state or territory as aforesaid, charging the person so demanded with having committed treason, felony, or other crime, certified as authentic by the governor or chief magistrate of the state or territory from whence the person so charged fled, it shall be the duty of the executive authority of the state or territory to which such person shall have fled, to cause him or her to be arrested and secured, and notice of the arrest to be given to the executive authority making such demand, or to the agent of such authority appointed to receive the fugitive, and to cause the fugitive to be delivered to such agent when he shall appear. But if no such agent shall appear within six months from the time of the arrest, the prisoner may be discharged. And all costs or expenses incurred in the apprehending, securing, and transmitting such fugitive to the state or territory making such demand, shall be paid by such state or territory. SEC. 2. That any agent appointed as aforesaid, who shall receive the fugitive into his custody, shall be empowered to transport him or her to the state or territory from which he or she shall have fled. And, if any person or persons shall by force set at liberty, or rescue the fugitive from such agent while transporting as aforesaid, the person or persons so offending, shall, on conviction, be fined not exceeding five hundred dollars, and be imprisoned not exceeding one year. Sec. 3. That when a person held to labor in any of the United States, or in either of the territories on the northwest or south of the river Ohio, under the laws thereof, shall escape into any other of the said states or territory, the person to whom such labor or service may be due, his agent or attorney, is hereby empowered to seize or arrest such fugitive from labor, and to take him or her before any judge of the Circuit or District Courts of the United States, residing or being within the state, or before any magistrate of a county, city or town corporate, wherein such seizure or arrest shall be made, and upon proof to the satisfaction of such judge or magistrate,

the progress of the Slave Power in the

Legislation of the American Government:

either by oral testimony or affidavit taken before, and certified by, a magistrate of any such state or territory, that the person so seized or arrested, doth, under the laws of the state or territory from which he or she fled, owe service or labor to the person claiming him or her, it shall be the duty of such judge or magistrate to give a certificate thereof to such claimant, his agent or attorney, which shall be sufficient warrant for removing the said fugitive from labor to the state or territory from which he or she fled.

SEC. 4. That any person who shall knowingly and willingly obstruct or hinder such claimant, his agent or attorney, in so seizing or arresting such fugitive from labor, or shall rescue such fugitive from such claimant, his agent or attorney, when so arrested pursuant to the authority herein given or declared, or shall harbor or conceal such person after notice that he or she was a fugitive from labor as aforesaid, shall, for either of the said offences, forfeit and pay the sum of five hundred dollars. Which penalty may be recovered by and for the benefit of such claimant, by action of debt, in any court proper to try the same ; saving, moreover, to the person claiming such labor or service, his right of action for or . account of the said injuries, or either of them.

Approved February 12, 1798.

MISSOURI COMPROMISE OF 1820.

An Act to authorize the people of the Missouri territory to form a Constitution and State Government, and for the admission of such State into the Union on an equal footing with the original States, and to prohibit slavery in certain territories.

(All the previous sections of this Act relate entirely to the formation of the Missouri Territory in the usual form of territorial bills—the 8th section only relating to the slavery question.)

SEC. 8. That in all that territory ceded by France to the United States, under the name of Louisiana, which lies north of thirty-six degrees and thirty minutes north latitude, not included within the limits of the state contemplated by this act, slavery and involuntary servitude, otherwise than in the punishment of crimes, whereof the parties shall have been duly convicted, shall be, and is hereby, for ever prohibited. Provided always, that any person escaping into the same, from whom labor or service is lawfully claimed, in any state or territory of the United States, such fugitive may be lawfully reclaimed and conveyed to the person claiming his or her labor or service as aforesaid.

Approved March 6, 1820.

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FUGITIVE SLAVE LAW OF 1850.

An Act to amend, and supplementary to, the Act entitled “An Act respecting fugitives jrom justice, and persons escaping from the service of their masters,” approved February twelfth, one thousand seven hundred and ninety-three.

BE it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America

in Congress assembled, That the persons who

have been, or may hereafter be, appointed Commissioners, in virtue of any Act of Congress, by the Circuit Courts of the United States, and who, in consequence of such appointment, are authorized to exercise the powers that any justice of the peace, or other magistrate of any of the. United States, may exercise in respect to offenders for any crime or offence against the United States, by arresting, imprisoning, or bailing the same under and by virtue of the thirty-third section of the act of the twenty-fourth of September, seventeen hundred and eighty-nine, entitled “An Act to establish the judicial courts of the United States,” shall be, and are hereby, authorized and required to exercise and discharge all the powers and duties conferred by this act. SEC. 2. That the Superior Court of each organized Territory of the United States shall have the same power to appoint commissioners to take acknowledgments of bail and affidavits, and to take depositions of witnesses in civil causes, which is now possessed by the Circuit Court of the United States; and all commissioners who shall hereafter be appointed for such purposes by the Superior Court of any organized Territory of the United States, shall possess all the powers, and exercise all the duties, conferred by law upon the commissioners appointed by the Circuit Courts of the United States for similar purposes, and shall moreover exercise and discharge all the powers and duties conferred by this Act. SEC. 3. That the Circuit Courts of the United States, and the Superior Courts of each organized Territory of the United States, shall from time to time enlarge the number of Commissioners with a view to afford reasonable facilities to reclaim fugitives from labor, and to the prompt discharge of the duties imposed by this Act. SEC. 4. That the Commissioners above named shall have concurrent jurisdiction with the judges of the Circuit and District Courts of the United States, in their respective circuits and districts within the several States, and the judges of the Superior Courts of the Territories severally and collectively, in term-time and vacation; and shall grant certificates to such claimants, upon satisfactory proof being made, with authority to take and remove such fugitives from service or labor, under the restrictions herein contained, to the State or Territory from which such persons may have escaped or fled. Sec. 5. That it shall be the duty of all marshals and deputy marshals to obey and execute all warrants and precepts issued under the provisions of this act, when to them directed; and should any marshal or deputy marshal refuse to receive such warrant, or other process, when tendered, or to use all proper means diligently to execute the same, he shall, on conviction thereof, befined in the sum of one thousand dollars, to

the use of such claimant, on the motion of such claimant, by the Circuit or District Court for the district of such marshal; and after arrest of such fugitive, by such marshal or his deputy, or whilst at any time in his custody, under the provisions of this act, should such fugitive escape. whether with or without the assent of such marshal or his deputy, such marshal shall be liable, on his official bond, to be prosecuted for the benefit of such claimant, for the full value of the service or labor of said fugitive in the State, Ter. ritory, or District whence he escaped ; and the better to enable said commissioners, when thus appointed, to execute their duties faithfully and efficiently, in conformity with the requirements of the Constitution of the United States, and of this act, they are hereby authorized and em

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powered, within their counties respectively, to

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appoint, in writing under their hands, any one or more suitable persons, from time to time, to execute all such warrants and other process as may be issued by them in the lawful performance of their respective duties; with authority to such | | commissioners, or the persons to be appointed

by them, to execute process as aforesaid, to sum- |

mon and call to their aid the bystanders, or || posse comitatus of the proper county, when necessary to insure a faithful observance of the clause of the Constitution referred to, in conformity with the provisions of this act; and all good citizens are commanded to aid and assist in the prompt and efficient execution of this law, whenever their services may be required, as || | aforesaid, for that purpose; and said warrants || | shall run, and be executed by said officers, any- || || where in the State within which they are issued.

SEC. 6. That when a person held to service or labor in any State or Territory of the United States, has heretofore or shall hereafter escape into another State or Territory of the United States, the person or persons to whom such service or labor may be due, or his, her, or their agent or attorney, duly authorized by power of attorney, in writing acknowledged and certified under the seal of some legal officer or Court of the State or Territory in which the same may be || | executed, may pursue and reclaim such fugitive || | person, either by procuring a Warrant from some one of the Courts, judges, or commissioners aforesaid, of the proper circuit, district, or county, for the apprehension of such fugitive from service or labor, or by seizing and arresting such fugitive where the same can be done without process, and by taking, or causing such person to be taken forthwith before such Court, Judge or Commissioner, whose duty it shall be to hear and determine the case of such claimant in a summary manner; and upon satisfactory proof being made, by deposition or affidavit, in writing, to be taken, and certified by such Court, Judge, or Commissioner, or by other satisfactory testimony, duly taken and certified by some Court, Magistrate, Justice of the Peace, or other legal officer authorized to administer an oath and take depositions under the laws of the State or Territory from which such person owing service or labor may have escaped, with a certificate of such magistracy, or other authority as aforesaid, with the seal of the proper Court or officer thereto attached, which seal shall be suf- \ ficient to establish the competency of the proof, w

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and with proof, also by affidavit, of the identity

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SLAVERY

of the person whose service or labor is claimed to be due as aforesaid, that the person so arrested does in fact owe service or labor to the person or persons claiming him or her, in the State or Territory from which such fugitive may have escaped as aforesaid, and that said person escaped, to make out and deliver to such claimant, his or her agent or attorney, a certificate setting forth the substantial facts as to the service or labor due from such fugitive to the claimant, and of his or her escape from the State or Territory in which such service or labor was due to the State or Territory in which he or she was arrested, with authority to such claimant, or his or her agent or attorney, to use such reasonable force and restraint as may be necessary, under the circumstances of the case, to take and remove such fugitive person back to the State or Territory whence he or she may have escaped as In no trial or hearing under this Act shall the testimony of such alleged fugitive be admitted in evidence; and the certificates in this and the first (fourth) section mentioned, shall be conclusive of the right of the person or

aforesaid.

persons in whose favor granted, to remove such

escaped, and shall prevent all molestation of such person or persons by any process issued by any Court, Judge, Magistrate, or other person whomsoever.

and willingly obstruct, hinder, or prevent such

claimant, his agent or attorney, or any person or persons lawfully assisting him, her or them, from arresting such a fugitive from service or labor, either with or without process as aforesaid, or shall rescue or attempt to rescue such fugitive from service or labor, from the custody of such claimant, his or her agent or attorney, or other person or persons lawfully assisting as aforesaid, when so arrested pursuant to the authority herein given and declared, or shall aid, abet, or assist such person so owing service or labor as aforesaid, directly or indirectly, to escape from such claimant, his agent or attorney, or other person or persons legally authorized as aforesaid; or shall harbor or conceal such fugitive so as to prevent the discovery and arrest of such person, after notice or knowledge of the fact that such person was a fugitive from service or labor as aforesaid, shall, for either of said offences, be subject to a fine not exceeding one thousand dollars, and imprisonment not exceeding six months, by indictment and conviction before the District Court of the United States, for the district in which such offence may have been committed, or before the proper court of criminal jurisdiction, if committed within any one of the | organized territories of the United States, and shall moreover forfeit and pay, by way of civil damages to the party injured by such illegal conduct, the sum of one thousand dollars, for each fugitive so lost as aforesaid, to be recovered by action of debt in any of the District or Territorial Courts aforesaid, within whose jurisdiction the said offence may have been committed. SEC. 8. That the marshals, their deputies, and the clerks of the said District and Territorial Courts, shall be paid for their services the like fees as may be allowed to them for similar services in other cases; and where such services

are rendered exclusively in the arrest, custody,

fugitive to the State or Territory from which he

Sec. 7. That any person who shall knowingly

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and delivery of the fugitive to the claimant, his or her agent or attorney, or where such supposed fugitive may be discharged out of custody for the want of sufficient proof as aforesaid, then such fees are to be paid in the whole by such claimant, his agent or attorney; and in all cases where the proceedings are before a Commissioner, he shall be entitled to a fee of ten dollars in full for his services in each case, upon the delivery of the said certificate to the claimant, his or her agent or attorney; or a fee of five dollars in cases where the proof shall not, in the opinion of such Commissioner, warrant such certificate and delivery, inclusive of all services incident to such arrest and examination, to be paid in either case by the claimant, his or her agent or attorney. The person or persons authorized to execute the process to be issued by such Commissioner for the arrest and detention of fugitives from service or labor as aforesaid, shall also be entitled to a fee of five dollars each, for each person he or they may arrest and take before any such Commissioner, as aforesaid, at the instance and request of such claimant, with such other fees as may be deemed reasonable by such Commissioners for such other additional services as may be necessarily performed by him or them; such as attending at the examination, keeping the fugitive in custody, and providing him with food and lodging during his detention, and until the final determination of such Commissioner; and, in general, for performing such other duties as may be required by such claimant, his or her attorney or agent, or Commissioner in the premises. Such fees to be made up in conformity with the fees usually charged by the officers of the courts of justice within the proper district or county, as near as || may be practicable, and paid by such claimants, their agents or attorneys, whether such supposed fugitives from service or labor be ordered to be delivered to such claimants by the final determination of such Commissioner or not. -SEC. 9. That, upon affidavit made by the claimant of such fugitive, his agent or attorney, after such certificate has been issued, that he has reason to apprehend that such fugitive will be rescued by force from his or her possession before he can be taken beyond the limits of the State in which the arrest is made, it shall be the duty of the officer making the arrest to retain such fugitive in his custody, and to remove him to the State whence he fled, and there to deliver him to said claimant, his agent or attorney. And to this end, the officer aforesaid is hereby authorized and required to employ so many persons as he may deem necessary to overcome such force, and to retain them in his service so long as circumstances may require. The said officer and his assistants while so employed to receive the same compensation, and to be allowed the same expenses as are now allowed by law for transportation of criminals, to be certified by the judge of the district within which the arrest is made, and paid out of the treasury of the United States. SEC. 10. That when any person held to service or labor in any State or Territory, or in the District of Columbia, shall escape therefrom, the party to whom such service or labor may be due, his, her, or their agent or attorney, may apply to any court of record therein, or judge thereof

28

in vacation, and make satisfactory proof to such court, or judge in vacation, of the escape aforesaid, and that the person escaping owed service or labor to such party. Whereupon the court shall cause a reword to be made of the matters so proved, and also a general description of the person so escaping, with such convenient certainty as may be ; and a transcript of such record authenticated by the attestation of the clerk and of the seal of the said court, being produced in any other State, Territory or district in which the person so escaping may be found, and being exhibited to any judge, commissioner, or other officer authorized by the law of the United States to cause persons escaping from service or labor to be delivered up, shall be held and taken to be full and conclusive evidence of the fact of the escape, and that the service or labor of the person escaping is due to the party in such record mentioned. And upon the production by the said party of other and further evidence if necessary, either oral or by affidavit, in addition to what is contained in the said record of the identity of the person escaping, he or she shall be delivered up to the claimant. And the said court, commissioner, judge, or other person authorized by this act to grant certificates to claimants of fugitives, shall, upon the production of the record and other evidences aforesaid, grant to such claimant a certificate of his right to take any such person identified and proved to be owing service or labor as aforesaid, which shall authorize such claimant to seize or arrest and transport such person to the State or Territory from which he escaped: Provided, That nothing herein contained shall be construed as requiring the production of a transcript of such record as evidence as aforesaid. But in its absence the claim shall be heard and determined upon other satisfactory proofs, competent in law. Approved September 18, 1850.

KANSAS AND NEBRASKA ACT OF 1854.

An Act to organize the Territories of Nebraska and Kansas.

Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled: That all that part of the territory of the United States included within the following limits, except such portions thereof as are hereinafter expressly exempted from the operations of this act, to wit: beginning at a point in the Missouri river where the fortieth parallel of north latitude crosses the same; thence west on said parallel to the east boundary of the territory of Utah on the summit of the Rocky Mountains; thence on said summit northward to the forty-ninth parallel of north latitude; thence east on said parallel to the western boundary of the Territory of Minnesota; thence southward on said boundary to the Missouri river; thence down the main channel of said river to the place of beginning, be, and

government by the name of the Territory of Nebraska; and when admitted as a state or states, the said territory, or any portion of the same, shall be received into the Union with or without

whic, ALMANAC,

the same is hereby, created into a temporary

1855.

the time of their admission: Provided,

nothing in this act contained shall be construed to inhibit the government of the United States from dividing said territory into two or more territories, in such manner and at such times as Congress shall deem convenient and proper, or f from attaching any portion of said territory to any other state or territory of the United States: Provided further, That nothing in this act contained shall be construed to impair the rights of Person or property now pertaining to the Indians in said territory, so long as such rights

shall remain unextinguished by treaty between the United States and such Indians, or to include any territory which, by treaty with any Indian tribe, is not, without the consent of said tribe, to be included within the territorial limits or jurisdiction of any state or territory; but all such territory shall be excepted out of the boundaries, and constitute no part of the territory of Nebraska, until said tribe shall signify their assent to the President of the United States to be included within the said territory of Nebraska, or to affect the authority of the government of the United States to make any regulations respecting such Indians, their lands, property or other rights, by treaty, law, or otherwise, which it would have been competent to the government to make if this act had never passed.

SEC. 2. That the executive power and authority in and over said territory of Nebraska shall be vested in a governor, who shall hold his office for four years, and until his successor shall be appointed and qualified, unless sooner removed by the President of the United States. The governor shall reside within said territory, and shall be commander-in-chief of the militia thereof. He may grant pardons and respites for of.

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fences against the laws of said territory, and reprieves for offences against the laws of the United States, until the decision of the President can be made known thereon; he shall commisSion all officers who shall be appointed to office under the laws of the said territory, and shall take care that the laws be faithfully executed. SEC. 3. That there shall be a secretary of said territory, who shall reside therein, and hold his office for five years, unless sooner removed by the President of the United States; he shall record and preserve all the laws and proceedings of the legislative assembly hereinafter constituted, and all the acts and proceedings of the governor in his executive department; he shall transmit one copy of the laws and journals of the legislative assembly within thirty days after the end of each session, and one copy of the executive proceedings and official correspondance semi-annually on the first days of January and July in each year, to the President of the United States, and two copies of the laws to the President of the Senate and to the Speaker of the House of Representatives, to be deposited in the libraries of Congress; and, in case of the death, removal, resignation, or absence of the governor from the territory, the secretary shall be, and he is hereby authorized and required to execute and perform all the powers and duties of the governor during such vacancy or absence, or until another governor shall be duly appoint. ed and qualified to fill such vacancy. SEC. 4. That the legislative power and anthority of said territory shall be vested in the gov

slavery, as their constitution may prescribe at

ernor and a legislative assembly. The legislative

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