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The War in Europe... . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .e. .......... ------- ... ...19 to 21 - A Historical and Critical Sketch o' the Woo-betweea Russia aid, the Allied - Powers 'N to Jan. 1, 1855. . . . . . . . . |-|| The Know-Nothings........ --------------------- *... :22 to 23 -- The Rise. Progress and probnose Desany of the mysterious Politica; Party caus. --- ing themselves Know-Nothings. . . - - - - - - * - " - " --> Statistical View of America....... . . . . . . . .......:...?..........:. ....2 - A Table comprising the Name, Square Miles, Population, Capital and Chief o §§. of each of the Governments of North and South America and - e West India Islands. - | Slavery Legislation in the United States........ ------- ------------------ 25 to 40 Fugitive Slave Law of 1793–The Missouri Compromise of 1820–The Fu- reslave o: of 1850–The Kansas-Nebraska Act of 1854, the Yeas and Nays - on its passage carefully classified—speech of William H. Seward on the Bill— - Speech of Josiah Quincy. - - The Public Lands, Graduation Act, &c............................. ..... 41 to 42 Treaty of Reciprotity with Canada, &c........................... ....... 42 to 43 Treaty with Mexico (Gadsden Treaty).................................... 43 to 44 Treaty with Japan......... --------------------------------------------- 45 National Finances, &c........................................ ------------ 45 to 49

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* Popular Vote for President in 1852, 1848, and 1844, and Popula

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SixGLE Copies, 121-2cts....51 per Dozen....ST per HUNDRED.
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- C O-N T E N T S.

Astronomical Calculations for the year 1855.............................. 1 to 15
Eclipses in 1855, two of the Sun and two of the Moon—True Time–Principal
Bodies in the Solar System—Rising and Setting of Planets–Astronomical Char-
acters—Signs of the Zodiac-The Planet Saturn—The Moon—Mercury–Tide
Table-Duration of the seasons—Jewish and Mohammedan Eras–Chronological
Cycles, &c.

Government of the United States—Executive and Judicial............... 16 Senate of the United States, Members of, and Duration?of Office..........16 * IIonse of Representatives, Members of, politically classified.............. 7

XXXIVth Congress, Members of, as for as chosen, politically clossified...18

Abstructs of the Reports of the Secretary of Treasury, Secretary of Navy, Post-
master-General, &c.

Agricultural-Interesting Facts for Farmers, &c...... ................. 49 to 51
The United States Navy.................................................. 51 to 52

A List of the vessels of war of the U. S. Navy, with Rate, guns, when and
where built, by whom commanded, where stationed, &c.
Election Returns from every State in the Union which has held an elec-
tion during the year, carefully compiled and compared with former
elections, expressly for the Whig Almanac........................... 53 to 64
Governments of the several States for 1855................ - - - - - - - - - - - ------- Cover.
A sole, containing a List of the States, Capitals, Governors, time of meeting
of Legislatures, time of holding Elections, &c.

tion of each State................................. Cover.

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x riv A row IN w * - f * STATE GOVERNMENTS. I go 5’

o States. Capitals. Gorernors. |Term Erp Satory |Legs're Meets. Gen. Election. Alabama....... Montgomery ...... John A. Winston...... I)ec. 1855|52,500 |2 M. Now . . 1 M. Aug. Arkansas ...... Little Rock......... Elias N. Conway ...... Nov. 1856]. 1,800 || M. Now .... 1 M. Aug.

H California...... Sacramento ........ John Bigler........... Dec. 1855|10,000 || Th. Sept... I Tu. Jan.
Connecticut....|Hartford & N. H’n.|Henry Dutton.......... May, 1855 1,100 || W. May....|l M. April.
Delaware ...... Dover.............. Peter F. Causey*....... Jan, 1855. 1,333 || Tu. June .. 2 Tu. Nov.

| Florida ........ Tallahasse ......... James E. Hroome...... Oct. 1855 1,500 || M. Now ....|| M. Oct. ,
Georgia........ Milledgeville....... Herschel W. Johnson... Nov. 1855, 3,000 || M. Now ....|| M. Oct. .
Illinois......... Springfield ......... Joel A. Matteson ...... Jan. 1857 | 1,500 |2 M. Jan..... I Tu. Nov.
Indiana........ Indianapolis ....... Joseph A. Wright..... Jan. 1856] 1,300 January ..... 2 Tu. Oct.
Iowa ........... Iowa City.......... James W. Grimes...... Dec. 1856] 1,000 || M. Dec..... | M. Aug.
Kentucky...... Frankfort.......... Lazarus W. Powell....|Aug. 1855] 2,500 || M. Dec..... | M. Aug.-
Lonisiana ...... Baton Rouge....... Paul O. Hebert........ Jan. 1856! — 3 M. Jan..... | M. Now .
M line .......... Augusta. . . . . . . . . . . . Anson P. Morrill ...... Jan. 1856| 1,500 |2 W. Jan....|2 M. Sept.

| Maryland ...... Annapolis......... T. Watkins Ligon..... Jan. 1857 3,600 || W. Jan . . . . . . W. Nov.

| Massachusetts...|Boston ............. Henry J. Gardner”..... Jan. 1856. 2,500 || W. Jan.... 2 M - Nov.
Michigan....... Lansing ............ Kinsley S. Bingham...|Jan. 1856] 1,500 || W. Jan ....|| Tu. Nov.
Mississippi ..... Jackson............ John J. M'Rea........|Jan. 1856| 3,000 || M. Jan..... 1 M. & Tu. N.
Missouri........ Jefferson City...... Sterling Price......... Dec. 1856| 2,000 |Last M. Dec. [l M. Aug.
N. Hampshire... Concord............ Nathaniel B. Baker....|June 1855| 1,000 || W. June... 2 Tu. March.
New-Jersey....|Trenton ............ Rodman M. Price ..... Jan. 1857 1,800 |2 Tu. Jan.... 1 Tu. No v.
New-York ..... Albany . . . . . . . . . . . . Myron H. Clark........ Jan. 1857 || 4,000 || Tu. Jan.... 1 Tu. Nov.
N. Carolina....|Raleigh............ Thomas Bragg......... Jan. 1857|2,000 |3 M. Nov..... 2 Th. Aug.
Ohio ........... Columbus.......... William Medill........ Jan. 1856] 1,800 || M. Jan..... 2 Tu. Oct.
Pennsylvania. |Harrisburg ........ James Pollock.......... Jan. 1858. 3,000 || Tu. Jan.... 2 Tu. Oct.
Rhode Island ... |Newport & Provoe..| William W. IIoppin....May, 1856 400 May & Oct...|| W. April.
South Carolina. Columbia .......... James H. Adams...... Dec. 1856| 3,500 4 M. Now .... 2 M. Oct.
Tennessee...... Nashville .......... Andrew Johnson . . . . . . Oct. 1855 2,000 || M. Oct..... ! I h. Aug.
Texas.......... Austin . . . . . . . . . . . . . Edward M. Pease...... Dec. 1855 2,000 |In December|| M. Aug.
Vermont....... Montpelier......... Stephen Royce.......... Oct. 1855 750 |2 Th. Oct.... [I Tu. Sept.
Virginia........ Richmond ......... Joseph Johnson........ Jan. 1856 5,000 |2 M. Jan..... # Th. April.
Wisconsin...... Madison............] Wm. A. Barstow ...... Dec. 1855; 1,250 |i M. Jan..... 1 Tu. Nov -

Gover Norts of TERRITokiks.-Oregon, Geo. L. Curry; Minnesota, Willis A. Gorman; New-Merico, David Merriwether; Utah, Edwin J. Steptoe; Washington, Isaac J. Stevens; Nebraska, Mark W. Izard; Kansas, Andrew H, Reeder.

The following States hold Legislative Sessions biennially, viz.:-Delaware, Virginia, North Carolina

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iowa, and Illinois.

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Pierce over Scott, 203,306 ; Taylor over Cass, 138.447 ; Polk over ciny, 37,870.

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Georgia, Florida,

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Note—This table is arranged in order of longitude, and those places whose difference of longi

tude does not exceed one ininute of time, are united.

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mark, the watch must be set 12 minutes and 33 seconds past twelve, which will be the true time. The practice of setting time-pieces by the rising or setting of the Sun or Moon is not strictly correct; as the unevenness of the earth's surface and intervening objects, such as holls aud forests, near the points of rising and setting, occasion a deviation, in every place, from the time expressed in the Almanac, which time is adapted to a smooth, level horizon. The only means of keeping correct time is by the use of a noon-mark, or a meridian line.

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* - - 7–— —Iwhic, ALMANAc, 1855. - - --- - - --: ... Principal Bodies in the Solar System. Mean I Mean distance Revolut”ul Revolut'ui Veloc. Size—the Dens ty: Light— - around on r in. o: —Earth Ear Dianeter! from the Sun. the Sun. axis. in orbt o". o: o *. Miles. Miles yrs, ds. T. n. m. Mies. THE SUN.............. ... 1888,246. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25 9 59 ..... 1,412,921.101 0.252 infin. - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 8,224 86,814,000|... 88 1 0 5 1,827 0.053 1.120. 6.680 Venus. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7,687| 68,787,000]... 224. 23 21, 1,838 0.909 0.923, 1.911 The Earth............... 7,912 95,103,000. 1 ..... 23 56 1,188 1.000 1.000. 1.000 The Moon............... 2,180 95,103,000. 1 ...|27 7 43 38 0.020 0.615, 1.000 Mars . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4,189] 144,908,000. 1 321 1 0 37, 921 0.125 0.948' 0.431 Jupiter. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 89,170 494,197,000 11 215. 9 56 496 1,456.000, 0.238 0.037. Saturn . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 79,642 907,162,000] 29 167]... 10 29 368 771.000, 0.18s, 0.011 Uranus. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 85,112||1,824,290,000. 84 - 6 1 1883. 259 80,000 0.243 O.003 Nepture................. 41,500 2,854,000,000|164 226. . . . . . 208 143,000 0.140' 0.001

| Note:-There are twenty-five small planets, called Asteroids, between the orbits of Mars and

Jupiter, viz.:-Flora, Clio, Vesta, Iris, Metis, Eunomia, Hebe, Pysche, Thetis, Melpomene, Massilia, Fortuna, Lutetia, Calliope, Thalia, Parthenope, Irene, Egeria, Astraea, Juno, Ceres, Pallas, and two

not named. Eight of these were discovered in 1852.

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Date. Planet. Boston|}.

d

H.M. H. M. | January 1|Mars sets............ 6, 18 6 22 {{ 0|Saturn sets .......... 4 4 82

44 20|Venus sets........... 5 86 5 41 February 1|Mars sets.......... ... 6 6 26 44 10|Venus sets ......... 6 6 32

-- 20|Mercury sets......... 7 7. 9 March 1|Saturn sets.......... 1 18. 1 13 44 10|Venus sets........... 7 7 40

44 20|Jupiter rises......... 4 41 4 38 April 1|Mercury rises........ 4 54 4.52 .44 10|Saturn sets.......... 10 5110 46

44 20|Venus sets .......... 9 22 9 17 May 1|Saturn sets.......... 9 39| 9 84 . . . 10|Jupiter rises......... 1 44; 1 41

...t- 20|Venus sets........... 10 1810 12 June 1|Jupiter rises..... . ...! 0 0 17 - “. 10|Mercury sets........ 9 21| 9 15

44. 20|Venus sets........... 10 1810 14 July 1|Mars rises........ ... 8 4, 8 9 44 10|Jupiter rises......... 9 47 9 45

. At 201 Venus sets........... 9 81| 9 29 August 1|Mercury rises........ 8 25, 3 80 44 10|Mars rises...........! 2 2 80

44 20|Venus sets........... 8 8 7 September 1|Saturn rises....... ...|1142.11 47 - 44 10|Mars rises. . . . . . . . . . . 2 1 2 6 -- 20|Jupiter sets.......... 2 8 1 October 1|Saturn rises..... ...] 9 to 958 44 10|Mercury sets ........ 6 10. 6 14

44 20|Mars rises. . . . . . . . . . . 1 30, 1 33 November 1 |Saturn rises.......... 7 47 7 52 44 10|Venus rises......... ... 8 14|| 3 14

44 20|Mercury rises........ 5 15s. 5 12 December 1 |Mars rises........... 0 45|| 0 46 i4 10|Venus rises.......... 8 2013 18

44. 201.Jupiter sets.......... 9 21, 9 24

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EQUINOXES AND SOLSTICES, NOTES, LEAP-YEAR, TIDE-TABLE, ETC. 3 EQUIOXES AND SOLSTICES. Boston. Cincinnati. SAn FRANCISCO. w D. H. M. D. H. M. D. H. M. Wernal Equinox........... March........ 20 11 24 eV. 2010 31 ev. 20 7. 58 eV. Summer Solstice........... June.......... 21 8 5 ev. 21 7 12 ev. 21 4 39 ev. Autumnal Equinox. ... ... September..... 23 10 16 m. 23 9 23 m. 23 6 50 m. Winter Solstice............ December..... 22 4 4 m. 22 8 11 m. 22 0 88 m. Notes. Tide Table.

VENUs will be evening star until October 1st, then morning star the balance of the year. MARs will be evening star until April 9th, then morning star the remainder of the year. Jupiter will be evening star until January 29th, then morning star until August 21st, then evening star the balance of the year. SATURN will be evening star until June 10th, then morning star until December 18th. The Moon will run highest this year October 29th, to the 6th degree of Gemini, having a declination of 28° 0' 14" north. It will run lowest October 16th, to the 6th degree of Sagittarius, having a declination of 27° 59' 51.6" south. The Moon can never depart from the equator much further than the distances above given. The longitude of the Moon's ascending node at the beginning of 1855 is 49° 32.4" and on the 27th of December is 30°31.6'. Apparent obliquity of the ecliptic July 10th, 23° 27'35.09". The SUN will be north of the equator this tropical year, dating from the solstice of December, 1854, 186 days, 10 hours, 52 minutes; and south of it 178 days, 18 hours, 56 minutes; showing a difference of 7 days, 15 hours, 56 minutes, which is caused by the slower motion of the Earth in the Summer season, when it is in that part of its orbit furthest from the sun. Distance of the EARTH from the Sun January 1st, 93,505,607 miles; July 3rd, 96,695,200 miles; December 31st, 93,507,857 miles ; and at its mean distance of 95,103,000 miles, April 2nd and October 2nd. Venus will retrograde from the 8th of September to the 19th of October. Mars will not be in opposition this year, and will not retrograde. Jupiter will retrograde from June 22nd to October 19th. Saturn will retrograde until February 9th, and from October 12th to the end of the year. Venus will be visibly occulted or eclipsed by the Moon, April 18th, at 8h. 38m. evening at Washington; ends at 9h. 2m. : duration 24 minutes. Mercury will be brighest, and in a position favorable for visibility, about February 15th, June 11th, and October 8th ; at which times the planet will be in the west soon after sunset. It will be brighest also about April 5th, August 4th, and November 22nd, at which times Mercury rises early in the morning before the Sun. Venus will be brightest on the 25th of August and November 6th. The rings of Saturn will be visible all this year, with the aid of a telescope, their southern surface being now presented to the earth. Good FRIDAY occurs April 6th, EAstER April 8th, and WHITsUNDAY May 27th.

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