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Jordan, from the border to the east sea : this is the east 19 side. And the south side southward shall be from

Tamar to the waters of strife in Kadesh, as far as the

river by the great sea: this is the border southward on 20 the south side. The west side also shall be the great sea,

from the border to the country overagainst the way that

goeth to Hamath. 21 And ye shall divide this land among you, even among the 22 tribes of Israel. And it shall come to

pass

that cause it to fall unto you for an inheritance, and unto the sojourners that sojourn among you, who beget children among you: and they shall be unto you as he that is born in the land among the sons of Israel ; they shall cause the

land to fall unto them for an inheritance together with 23

you, among the tribes of Israel. And it shall come to pass that, in what tribe the sojourner sojourneth, there shall ye appoint him his inheritance, saith the Lord Jehovah.

ye shall

-the east sea.-77 for ly, some MSS. The Dead Sea is here meant. The Sea of Chinnereth is also mentioned, Numb. xxxiv, 11.

19. -southward.—Or, towards Teman, which is the name of an Idumean city. See on Hab. i. 3. But a pleonasm may be allowed. See c. xlviii. 28. Exod. xxvi. 18. xxvii. 9. xxxvi. 23. Xxxvii. 9. Possibly 79'0n may be rendered, toward the right hand.

-Tamar.–Called Hazazon-tamar, or Engedi, 2 Chron. xx. 2.

of strife.—MSS. read nano, as c. xlviii. 28, in construction with Kadesh, which place is on the south limit of Judah.

-as far as the river.-Besor, which runs into the sea not far from Gaza. See on Am. vi. 14.

20. - from the border.---The southern-border, mentioned in the foregoing verse. Mr. Lowth.

-the

way that goeth.-The way by which men come to Hamath. 22. -shall cause it to fall. Shall divide. See v. 14. 23. - sojourner.-When a proselyte.

CHAPTER XLVIII.

] Now these are the names of the tribes : from the north

end, towards the country by the way of Hethlon as one goeth to Hamath, Hazar-Enan, the border of Damascus

northward, towards the country of Hamath : and let his 2 east side be the sea : Dan one. And by the border of 3 Dan, from the east side to the west side, Asher one. And

by the border of Asher, from the east side even to the 4 west side, Naphtali one. And by the border of Naphtali, 5 from the east side to the west side, Manasseh one. And

by the border of Manasseh, from the east side to the west 6 side, Ephraim one. And by the border of Ephraim,

from the east side even to the west side, Reuben one. ng And by the border of Reuben, from the east side to the

west side, Judah one. 8 And by the border of Judah, from the east side to the

west side, shall be the oblation which ye shall offer, five and twenty thousand cubits in breadth, and in length as

one of the portions, from the east side to the west side: 9 and the sanctuary shall be in the midst of it. The obla.

tion which ye shall offer unto Jehovah shall be five and twenty thousand in length, and ten thousand in breadth.

1. - Hazar-Enan.-If before this word we supply, the boundary shall be, what follows will be nearly parallel to v. 17.

-and let &c.—One MS. reads 17171. See Vulg. 2. —from the east side to.-oping and 784 are found in MSS. from this v. to the end of v. 7. 8. -to the west side.-791, twice, 5 or 6 MSS.

one of the portions.-Given to the adjoining tribes. 9. -unto Jehovah.--For his sanctuary and priests. See c. xlv. 1.

10 And of these cubits shall be the holy oblation for the

priests; toward the north five and twenty thousand in length, and toward the west ten thousand in breadth, and toward the east ten thousand in breadth, and toward the

south five and twenty thousand in length : and the sanc11 tụary of Jehovah shall be in the midst of it. It shall be

for the priests that are sanctified, [of] the sons of Zadoc,

who kept my charge, who went not astray when the sons 12 of Israel went astray, as the Levites went astray. And it

shall be a most holy oblation for them, out of the oblation 13 of the land, by the border of the Levites. And, over

against the border of the priests, the Levites shall have five and twenty thousand in length, and in breadth ten

thousand: all the length shall be five and twenty thousand, 14 and the breadth ten thousand. And they shall not sell of

it; neither shall any one exchange or transfer the first fruits 15 of the land : for they are holy unto Jehovah. And the five

thousand which are left in breadth, overagainst the five and twenty thousand in length, shall be a profane place for

8-10. "

10. in length.-Vulg. supplies longitudinis, which Houbigant thinks necessary.

Comparing this with v. 15, it appears that the sanctuary was not to be in the city: which also appears from xlv. 1, 7." Secker: who also observes that w7pon 777, and the mountain of the sanctuary, is the reading of ó. Ar. at the close of v. 10.

11. that are sanctified.—D'077017, 6. Syr. Chald. w710917, 3 MSS. and '7, 1 MS. But V. Houb. sanctuarium, and marg. Engl. vers. the sanctified portion shall be for the priests. Sacerdotibus destinatum. Dathius. 12. -oblation.-7877, 3 MSS.

-out of the oblation.--Out of the whole oblation. 13.

-the Levites shall have.-The lxx and Ar. translate as if they read 027339, as c. xlv. 5. We may translate, And as for the Levites, they shall have overagainst &c.

14. or transfer.—720', Keri, 7 MSS. and 3 originally. 15. -five thousand.--See c. xlv. 6.

the city, to dwell in, and for the suburbs: and the city 16 shall be in the midst of it. And these shall be the mea

sures thereof: the north side four thousand and five hundred, and the south side four thousand and five hun

dred, and the east side four thousand and five hundred, 17 and the west side four thousand and five hundred. And

the suburbs of the city shall be toward the north two hundred and fifty, and toward the south two hundred and

fifty, and toward the east two hundred and fifty, and 18 toward the west two hundred and fifty. And the residue

in length, overagainst the holy oblation, shall be ten thousand eastward and ten thousand westward : it shall be

overagainst the holy oblation; and the encrease thereof 19 shall be for food to them that serve the city. And as to

him that serveth the city, he shall serve it out of all the 20 tribes of Israel. All the oblation shall be five and twenty

thousand by five and twenty thousand : ye shall offer the

16. and the south side four thousand and five hundred.-One won is wanting in MSS. edd.

and the east side.-1851, 4 MSS. According to Josephus, B. J. v. 4. 3. Jerusalem was thirty-three stadia in circuit: which the square here described does not greatly exceed.

17. the suburbs.—The city and suburbs together make a square of five thousand. 18 — and the encrease thereof.-ndani, 4 MSS. Keri.

-serve the city.- Perform burthensome offices of public utility : whether of a higher or lower kind. “ Unto those citizens who are possessed of land of which they make arable land, or gardens.” Michaelis.

19. -he shall serve it.-77729', 18 MSS. 1 ed.

20. -by five and twenty thousand.-This square is composed of three rectangles: that for the priests, v. 9, 25,000 by 10,000; that for the Levites, v. 13, 25,000 by 10,000: and that for city and suburbs, 5000 by 5000, v. 16, 17, adding 10,000 on each side, v. 18, making together a rectangle of 25,000 by 5000.

holy oblation four square, together with the possession of

the city.

21 And the residue shall be for the prince, on this side and

on that side of the holy oblation and of the possession of the city ; overagainst the five and twenty thousand of the oblation toward the border of the land eastward, and westward overagainst the five and twenty thousand toward the border of the land westward, even overagainst the portions shall be for the prince: and the holy oblation, and the

sanctuary of the house, shall be in the midst thereof. 22 Even from the possession of the Levites, and from the

possession of the city which shall be in the midst, shall be for the prince: between the border of Judah and between

the border of Benjamin shall be for the prince. 23 And as for the rest of the tribes, from the east side unto 24 the west side, Benjamin one. And by the border of

Benjamin, from the east side unto the west side, Simeon 25

And by the border of Simeon, from the east side

one.

together with the possession of the city. --So Nold. 38, §. 8. Com

pare c. xlv. 7.

21. -the border of the land.-So Houbigant. The portion of the prince ran eastward to the Jordan, or the Dead Sea, and westward to the great sea ; retaining its breadth of 25,000 cubits from north to south.

--and westward.-One 'D' seems superfluous; and yet there is no external authority for omitting either.

--the portions.-Utramque divisionem. Houb. Beside these [or, joining to these] portions, shall be that belonging to the prince. Mr. Lowth. The portions are those of Judah and Benjamin. Compare c. xlv. 7.

in the midst thereof.-13103 Keri, 2 MSS. one originally and perhaps another, and Bibl. Venet. marg. The whole oblation, and of course the temple,"shall lie between the two portions belonging to the prince. 22. -the Levites.-Including the priests : as c. xliv. 15.

-which shall be in the midst.-Houbigant reads yond yw8; and observes that most of the versions omit hux. Chald. alone renders it.

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