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February appeared an and that from the many subtract of a letter from Turin,' mitted he chose the translation which swept away all the mys- offered by Thomas Day, the tery: “ The gazettes of late future author of 'Sandford and have talked a great deal of a Merton,' then aged only ninecertain M. Boswell, a Scots teen. Boswell managed to pubgentleman, who has been in lish himself no fewer than six Corsica. It was at first rum- long letters on the subject, in oured that he was a desperate the course of which he conadventurer, whose real name trived to drop a good many was M'Donald, and who had notices of his forthcoming pubserved during the last war in lication. More than that, he North America ; but it has sent in a translation himself, since appeared that he is a over the pseudonym “Humilis, gentleman of fortune upon his Plymouth," with some flattertravels, a friend of the cele- ing references to Mr Boswell brated John James Rousseau.” and his ‘ Account of Corsica'!

The reason for this sudden This amusing device, reminiséclaircissement was, of course, cent of Master Petulant's practhat Mr Boswell was nearing tices—"call for himself, wait home, where his wild stories for himself ; nay, and what's could be officially disclaimed. more, not finding himself, someHe reached London on the very times leave a letter for himday this last item appeared. self,”—we shall meet with more The fact was duly chronicled in than once in what remains of the papers : “Yesterday James this account. Boswell, Esq., arrived in town In the spring of 1767 some from his travels." However of Paoli's men made an expediobscure the name may have tion and took the neighbouring been a month before, the read- island of Caprera. There were ing public must by this time conflicting rumours regarding have been pretty familiar with the event, and the Chronicle it.

printed an extract of a letter We shall now pass immedi- from Mr Boswell " to settle the ately to the beginning of Bos- whole matter. Mr Boswell, well's file in 1767. By that one sees, was already accepted time the manuscript of the as the authority on Corsica. ' Account of Corsica was well The letter tells about his being under way, and Boswell was driven into Caprera by storm resorting to strenuous methods on his return from Corsica of making the public aware of a very pleasantly written letter the fact. Every one who has indeed ; and it ends with the read the preface to the book inevitable notice of the forthknows that he applied to the coming ‘Account’: “ The unreaders of the Chronicle' for avoidable occupations of a a metrical translation of two laborious employment have reepigrams by Seneca on Corsica, tarded my account of Corsica. I am now, however, very busy as how I oumd hom and rewith it, and you may depend cuvert, and how I next embarkt on having it by the beginning to Martinico [and had hot wurk of winter.”

enuff of it. I then went with We hear more of the island my captain to Itali] 1 wer I of Caprera. In the very next heerd mooch tauk of them here issue of the paper the public Corsicans, so over I gos, and was informed by an “extract faith Bob I never was better. of a letter from Leghorn -a The General on em Poli is as pure invention by Boswell— good a man as the King himthat among the Corsican troops self, whom God blis, I shall which stormed the island “ were never sarv another whyll he several English soldiers, whose his any thing to doo. . . . He valour greatly contributed to speaks to us in inglish for you the success of the expedition.” must know thair ar fyv mor This invention was preparatory on us inglish, two on em Scots, to a much more important one. but they call us all inglish here. A few days later Boswell sent Wir not listit nor sworn before in a letter purporting to have a Justis, no, no, all volunteers, been written by Sam Jones, and never a lash, all bold and one of these English lads fight- free as as many lyons. We ing for the brave Corsicans ! haiv littel pai to signifi but Sam is a fine fellow, who might enuff of good vittals and drink, have stepped out of the pages sweet mutton as any on the of Smollett. The letter is downs, and the best of wyns as addressed to his “cousin at plenty as small bir in old Salisbury":

Inglund. Youll see by the

Paipers wiv had an expedishun ISLAND OF CAPRA, this to the Island of Capra. We 20th Day of March 1767.

landed saif and soon took thri “DIE BOB,- This is to let forts, and are now seeging the you know I am piur and well, Sitedil. Thair drol littel fellows thank God. You knows as them Corsicans. Som on em how I never coud be quaiet, can tauk to be understood, as bot was allwis awishing for we went brisely on they cryd something to do. And I had well don Brother Inglish, well mi bellifool of it in Germani, don Brother freemen. They and win I was dismist the fyt powrfuli; but I wish we servis as laim, I cryd lyk a had Gunner Robison and som nu born child to Doctor Arm- mor of the train, for thair strong, and that wurthi sowl tilleri does not plai so smart as gaiv me a guiny and a paiper I coud wish. If Duncan Drumall ful of diricshuns how to git mond wer heer by Jove hid mi ligg heeld. So you knows blow the Genoeses to hell. We

| The printer evidently dropped a line from Boswell's copy. He has filled in with ink the words enclosed between brackets.

heer as how a fleet is cumin that Boswell was attempting against us. But we will all by his newspaper articles to dy on the spot befor we giv work up so powerful a symit up. No more at present but pathy for Corsica in Britain rests your loving Cousin

that the Government would be “ SAM JONES.” forced to take sides with the

brave islanders. These articles We hear no more of Sam of his are of two kinds. As Jones, but two days afterward early as 18th April 1767, the Boswell wrote again, this time Ohronicle had formally anover the initials “A. E.,” tonounced in a paragraph comthank the Chronicle' for the posed by Boswell himself) that, great pleasure it had afforded “as many of our readers are him in printing the letter from desirous of being certainly in“the gallant English soldier.” formed whether they may deAs a matter of fact, this second pend on the authenticity of our letter, in order to appear when Corsican news, we are allowed it did, must have been sent to inform them that whatever from Edinburgh some days be- appears in the 'London Chronfore he had actually received icle’under the articles of “Corthe paper which contained Sam sican Gazette or “ Corsican Jones's letter in print. "He Intelligence " is communicated is a brave fellow," says A. E., to us by Mr Boswell, to whom

and he has chosen the only regular information is transspot in Europe where there is mitted by order of General at present any spirit of enter- Paoli." prise. I rejoice to see that the It would seem that, in reBritish and the Corsicans do ceiving Mr Boswell as official so well together.”

correspondent, the public was I should like to know how given very slender assurance serious was the purpose behind of the authenticity of the news. those two letters. It is hard As a matter of fact, that infernot to jump to the conclusion ence is unwarranted. Boswell that Boswell was trying to has indexed this paragraph as enlist in Great Britain soldiers “fact," and has marked none for Paoli, with whom, it must of the articles under “Oorsioan be remembered, the British Gazette or “ Corsican IntelliGovernment had forbidden its gence as his own composicitizens to have any inter- tions. It was quite beneath course. At any rate, the him to break faith after having rumours that Paoli had a con- given his name as a guarantee. siderable British contingent But outside of those certified were varied and persistent, and columns, where he could reby no means were all of them main in complete anonymity, invented by Boswell.

he revelled in political invenHowever that may be, there tions of the most colourful cannot be the slightest doubt description.

One who reads the news- courier than had Boswell himpapers and magazines of the self.

But they add a fine period meets again and again appearance of authenticity. with the dashing and romantic Who could doubt the truth of figure of the mysterious Signor so detailed an account? Romanzo (the very name is Signor Romanzo next turned redolent of romance), the Cor- up at Utrecht, and then he sican courier, who moved across actually came to England. On Europe with the thrilling ad- 28th March it was “reported ventures of a D'Artagnan. the Corsican courier is arrived There never was a Signor here, and that he was seen Romanzo, any more than there yesterday on the Royal Exwas a Sam Jones. Boswell change.”

Naturally, he did invented him, and wrote all not tarry long.

not tarry long. A few days the accounts in which he later he was back at The figures. He was first heard of Hague, where his maitre d'hôtel toward the end of January gave out that his master had 1767, from Hamburg ; he had secured £100,000 extraordinary called on the Earl Marischal credit from the English merand Sir Andrew Mitchell, his chants. Signor Romanzo was Britannic Majesty's ambassa- excessively loyal to his British dor at the Court of Prussia. friends. At Marseilles a French He had “plenty of money prince of the blood said someabout him, and by his air and thing in his presence very dismanner it was strongly sus respectful to the British nation, pected that he is a man of “and particularly against a more distinction than he chuses great personage.” Signor Roshould be known.” On the 1st manzo replied “ that the British of March he was at The Hague, were a nation of men and their where he stayed a week. “He

“He King the best Prince in Europe. had an audience of three hours He said this with such an emof Sir Joseph Yorke, his Brit- phasis and so indignant a look annic Majesty's Ambassador,

lor, that the Duke thought proper to whom he was introduced by to call him out, and they fought the Reverend Mr Richardson, behind the ramparts. The Duke his Excellency's chaplain, and was severely wounded, but Sigby the Reverend Mr Maclaine, nor Romanzo escaped unhurt. Minister of the English church, The affair has done him great in whose house he was lodged. honour with everybody.” Early 1. Formey, perpetual Secre- in May Signor Romanzo retary of the Royal Academy at turned home, and we learn that Berlin, had recommended him when he had an audience with to Mr Maclaine." These are Signor Paoli, “his Excellency all real people whom Boswell insisted that the conversation had met on his Continental should be in English.” The travels, and, of course, they political implications of the had no more seen the Corsican tale are obvious.

Paoli ;

Signor Romanzo was the intent on rational and manly most successful of Boswell's inquiry, Elegance is not so many political inventions in essential as many of our modern the cause of Corsica, but the Authors would have us believe. others were equally interesting “Of all History, that of and startling. I can list only Nations struggling in trying a few : the Grand Duke of and difficult times in the great Tuscany was about to set cause of freedom is surely the Corsica free; a quadruple alli- most interesting; and thereance in favour of Corsica was fore, I confess, I am very imbeing talked of in Europe ; the patient for the publication of Genoese admitted that the An Account of Corsica,' by Corsicans were winning; the Mr Boswell. King of Prussia had written It is now a year and a half a very elegant poem entitled since all the Gazettes in Europe “L'Eloge des Corses "; the announced the tour made by Dey of Algiers had sent his that Gentleman to Corsica, and agent, Mahomet Ruza Beg, his interviews with the illuswith particular despatches to trious General Paoli ; and it is

Prince Heraclius of some time since your paper has Georgia had sent the General told us that a Book was presix beautiful camels, &c., &c. paring for the Press, in which

The manuscript of 'An Ac- we might expect to see full count of Corsica' was ready and authentic relation of the for the press early in August affairs of the brave islanders. 1767. On the 27th of that “If it is not improper, I month the 'London Chronicle' would beg, Sir, that you may published the following letter, insert this, as it may perhaps which, to all appearances, had furnish an additional motive been sent in by a gentleman to hasten the publication.from Oxford. It had really I am, Sir, yours, &c., been written by Boswell, and

“B. M." sent from Edinburgh. It is

OXFORD. such a remarkable document that I print it entire :

It is my intention to allow

Boswell to speak for himself, To the Printer of the ' London as he is eminently capable of Chronicle':

doing. But I cannot refrain

from remarking that in this “The study of History is so campaign of advance publicity engaging to every one who has which he conducted for his an enlarged mind, that it re- own book, although he may quires no allurements but those have shown himself to be an of proper information, fidelity, egotist, he certainly did not and accuracy.

Elegance may reveal himself as a fool. James render it still more agreeable. Boswell, Esq., returned to But to those who are really Genoa in December 1765 a

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