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called,

I asked, and I know by the “Let be," I said. “It shall sudden gleam in his eye that stay with you while you sleep, I had hit the nail on the and with a pleased smile he head. I loaded the rifle and turned and

Cheheld it to his shoulder, and wolopi ! ” the vanity of the old man for Chewolopi promptly ran up once overcame his Sultan's from the house and knelt by dignity, for he shot a swift the Sultan's chair. The headglance backwards to make sure man stepped forward and, pickthat every one was watching ing up the Sultan, placed him him. Then, with a satisfied piok-a-back upon the girl. He smile, he laid his cheek to the then picked up the rifle, but stock. Pointing the rifle at a the Sultan apparently had every great ant heap about thirty yards objection to that, and curtly away, I steadied it whilst he ordered him to lay it across the pulled the trigger. There is girl's shoulders. Carrying the but little recoil to a well- double weight the girl rose to balanced rifle of this calibre, her feet easily, the Sultan yet even so it proved rather steadying the rifle as it lay heavy on the old man's shoul- between them, and with a regal der, though he recovered him- glance in my direction, he self immediately. His eyes bade me “Good - morning." grew large with wonder as he As I watched them move away exclaimed

I had to exercise every scrap “The white man's gun hits of my self-control to prevent both ends !”

myself laughing out aloud. It Thereafter he settled into a was too grotesque; and yet, rapturous silence while the re- even so, there was something tinue, now considerably swelled very affecting in the simple by the discharge of the rifle, dignity of it all. chattered away unchecked as The next morning I bade him they stood round the ant heap good-bye and set off for my gazing into the hole the bullet own camp, but before leaving had made. After some time, I promised I would come back seeing the old man was dis- and see him again. In the inclined for further conversa- months that followed I retion, I rose to take my leave. deemed my promise, and before I stretched out my hand for I left those parts we had become the rifle which was leaning firm friends. Much he told me against the Sultan's chair, but of the old days and their the old man instinctively closed customs, drawing invidious his fingers round the barrel. comparisons between them and Quickly seeing the enormity of the world of to-day-as he his offence, he tried to atone knew it. On one point only for it by banding me the rifle did he hold me at arm's-length, himself, but of course it was and that was when I asked too heavy for him to lift. him how they sent news through the bush by means of the for eight consecutive days, the drums. Then, from what had lie was too obvious ! I had been little short of garrulity, hoped that the Sultan would he suddenly became watchful, tell me how the drums were and the—what I had come to used, as in the darkness of his call — masonic reserve which but he did tell me so many of every native affects when this the more or less secret rites drum question is mooted, came pertaining to initiation and down like a blanket between marriage--but on this one point US.

he was adamant. On my safaris I have re- Going to say good-bye to peatedly noticed that my arrival the old gentleman before I in a village synchronised exactly left for England, I found him with the beating of the “long much more feeble than when distance ” drums. They have I saw him first, and I think he been beaten with a distinct had not much farther to go. note, too, but whenever I have I had hoped to see him outside suggested that they are tele- in the sunlight, but it was graphing my arrival to another in the darkness of the hut village, the natives have that I was to hear his voice laughed delightedly. I always for the last time. noticed, however, that the Kwaheli, Bwana wangu!1 drummer stood by his drum hefaltered, as I shook his until faintly from the distance thin hand, using the friendly came an answering tattoo. My form of address to which we partner R. once covered three had latterly become accustomed hundred and five miles in eleven when alone. Then, raising himdays, and the friend in Fortself, he called his headman, who Johnson with whom he was to was waiting outside. stay heard from the natives Jumbe, escort the Sultan's three days before he arrived friend to the outskirts of the that he was

on the way village,” he ordered, in a kingly down. The drums were the voice, and I moved to the only possible solution to this, door. though the informer strenu- Kwaheli! O Sultan, and ously denied it, and persisted good-luck,” I called out from that a special runner had come the doorway, and turning into through. As this special runner the sunlight I left the proud would have had to cover rather old man awaiting his end in the over thirty-eight miles per day darkness.

1 “Good-bye ! my master.”

MUSINGS WITHOUT METHOD.

INDIA-LORD BIRKENHEAD'S UNBETTLED OPINIONS—THE NECFS-
SITY OF THE MELTING-POT-NO “LOST DOMINION” |--1919 AND
1925-AN ARMED OPINION - THE REAL JEW.'

THE politician is ever a care- ment could have but one end. less empiric. He plays with There is nothing inherently empires as a child plays with noble and virtuous about dea box of bricks. And no mocracy.

It is not a system politician of our time has shown that many men should desire ; a more disastrous carelessness it is a system which the illiterate than did the late Mr E. S. millions of India, used for cenMontagu, when, some six years turies to an honourable obediago, he determined that he ence, could not attempt to would arouse India from what understand. All that Mr Mon. he called her pathetic content- tagu achieved by his attempt ment. The problem which he to make India a partner in attempted to solve was indeed the British Empire was to stir insoluble. In pure recklessness up a band of agitators, swom he and his advisers attempted to separate themselves and their to thrust upon India the politi- country from all share in the cal institutions which were in glittering partnership which was the act of breaking down even offered them. among the English, who had No sooner was the new conbeen trained for centuries to stitution established, diarchy manage them.

Because the and all, than the rebels took ballot-box was the fetish of the matter in hand, and the our Liberal politicians, it should rebels have been busy ever be introduced, they thought, since. The chief of them was into a country of diverse races Mr Gandhi, whom Mr Montagu and religions, which was united called his friend, and whose only in illiteracy and in a com- panegyric he

pronounced. plete, if wise, ignorance of the There is no man," he said thing called democracy. The once, “who offers such pernumber of men who could be plexity to a Government as admitted to share the vast Mr Gandhi ; a man of the privilege of the vote belonged highest motives and of the to a tiny outer fringe of half- finest character; a man who educated Indians, who had his worst enemy-if he has learned in the process of educa- any enemies—would agree is tion how to become revolu- of the most disinterested motionaries. A little thought tives that it is possible to conmight have convinced Mr Mon- ceive ; a man who has deserved tagu that his childish experi- well of his country by the

services which he has rendered offered them, they broke out both in India and outside of into open rebellion. What the it; and yet a man whom his British Government delighted friends—and I will count my- to call beneficence, they conself as one of them—would strued as weakness. An elewish would exercise his great mentary study of history might powers with a greater sense have convinced our rulers that of responsibility, and would the Indians, or the mere handrealise in time that there are ful of them who even heard forces beyond his control and of this pretended democracy, outside his influence, who use would smile upon it the smile the opportunities afforded by of contempt. They did what his name and reputation.” Of was expected of them. “Conthis pronouncement no more quer the English monkeys," need be said than that the they shouted from their hoardmodest reproach, hinted by ings with bravery ! Leave Mr Montagu, might have been off dealings with the Englishwith greater justice retorted men. Close offices and workupon himself. He, too, had shops. Fight on. This is the proved himself devoid of a command of Mahatma Gandhi. sense of responsibility in Get ready soon for the war, thrusting upon India a con- and God will grant victory to stitution in which none but India very soon. Fight with the agitators took an interest, enthusiasm, and enlist yourand that a baleful interest. selves in the Gandhi army.' He, too, failed to realise the No doubt the members of the forces which were beyond his Government which passed the control and outside his in- Bill would have called that fluence, or to understand that “legitimate political agitation.” in calling Gandhi his friend It was the signal of a war he was giving direct encourage- which is only just beginning. ment to the worst kind of The Montagu-Chelmsford Act violence. "People who com- has been in force for six years, mitted arson and assaulted and has been a complete failure. women,” confessed Mrs Besant, Little, indeed, that was clear or “ did so with the name of Mr positive had Lord Birkenhead Gandhi upon their lips." to say about it when he dis

Mr Montagu and Mr Gandhi coursed in the House of Lords are no more. The evil they about the Government of India. did lives after them. The He threw no light upon a vexed result of Mr Montagu's action problem, and was eager rather was inevitable and foreseen. to attenuate than to define The gift, generously bestowed the facts. Like other politiupon the Indians, was rejected cians, he gave with one hand with scorn and violence. From and took away with the other. the moment that the boon of He left the impression on partnership in an empire was those who read his speech that

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his own mind was not made If, indeed, he has any settled up, and that, like the oppor- opinion at all. His speech is a tunist that he is, he would be tissue of contradictions. In one glad to get out of the blind passage he could not say that alley on any terms. He is the Montagu-Chelmsford reform ready to listen to anybody who had failed. “ It had never has anything to say. “If our been given a chance." Then, critics in India,” he proclaimed, obviously, it has failed com

are of opinion that their pletely. Mr Montagu looked, greater knowledge of Indian and surely he was entitled to conditions qualifies them

qualifies them to do so, to those who cherished succeed where they tell us the most sanguine expectations we have failed, let them pro- of Indian political capacity to duce constitution which co-operate in his great task.” carries behind it a fair measure If Mr Montagu looked to these of general agreement among sanguine persons, he should the great peoples of India." have known beforehand that This is the language of despair. his reform was based not upon They who are in office and in the sand of doubt but upon power may not thus lightly the hard rock of certain failure. shift their responsibility. And And most surely he was not to pretend for a moment that entitled to do anything of the “the great peoples" of India sort, which Lord Birkenhead can confer together and invent claims for him. A politician a plan is to overlook the in- must be judged by results, not finite variety of creeds and by the vague hopes of the idealraces which renders a homo- ists. No man has a right to geneous system of government disturb "the pathetic contentin India impossible. As to this ment” of a vast group of difficulty, Lord Birkenhead him- nations if he has not measured self is in no doubt. To talk correctly the amount of supof India as an entity,” he says port which he is to receive. with perfect truth, "is as It is, we all know, and none absurd as to talk of Europe better than Lord Birkenhead, as an entity. Yet the very the common practice of polinationalist spirit which has ticians to play blind hookey created most of our difficulties with the great interests enin the last few years is bound trusted to them. But that up in the aspirations and claims practice is never justified, and of a nationalist India. There the politicians must be connever has been such a nation.” demned, without appeal, if their On the same fallacy was based expectations are not realised. Mr Montagu's monstrous policy, The critics of Indian capacand Lord Birkenhead, in in- ity for self-government,” comviting "the great peoples " to plains Lord Birkenhead, “would agree, is belying his own settled have been helpless had wiser opinion.

counsels prevailed in India.”

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