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In the middle of an after- To the Bey he said the words dinner rubber a low grumble of that make hard service worth thunder, mingling with the the while, and, shaking hands, throbbing of drums from where embarked for the journey back the men

were holding high to civilisation. wassail in the shape of a It was late that night when Diluka, gave warning of an the harassed native Bimbashi approaching storm. At the sought his angerib. He had same moment a sigh of rising been complimented by his C.O. wind drew the attention of on his achievements during the all to where, low down on the harrowing period of inconvenisombre horizon, there was a ent questioning by the Egyptian continuous flicker of lightning. staff officer, and ill-timed re

The bridge came to an abrupt quests for returns and states end, the servants lighted the (that came to hand after frenlanterns, and brought the super- zied search, but were found fluous information of the immi- to be too approximate for nent “haboob.”

acceptance). Owing to the short distance As the stout old fighting. from the steamer, and a dis- man, who was no “scholard," inclination on the part of the unwound the putties from his hosts to terminate the rare wiry legs, he listened intently meeting with men of their own with head on one side. Then race, who were able to give mental relief caused his countethem the latest news from nance to break into a broad home, the whole party went grin, for, after sounds of a down to the ship in company hesitating chug-chug from her before saying farewell.

stern-wheel, the small steamer, On leaving the mess hut the guided by a searchlight, glided blackness of the night changed down the river with the Insuddenly to brilliant light. In quisitor safely on board. accordance with Soudanese cus- Although professing the tom, the soldiers had made tenets of a Moslem soldier, torches, that flamed into il- he practised the faith with a lumination as they lined the few minor reservations. Pourway to the river.

ing out a generous helping of Exchanging salutations with gin, he observed a discreet the savage figures outlined regard for the ears of his coagainst the shadows, the Sirdar religionists in the next hut, passed along the avenue of remarking in a thankful voice flaring brightness, turning to as he raised the enamelled tin wave good-bye at the gang- cupway.

“Fantasia, khalas !”

MUSINGS WITHOUT METHOD.

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BLACKMAILING A GOVERNMENT-THE CLASS WAR-A TEMPORARY
SUBMI88I0N-NO PRECEDENT CREATED—THE SAD CONSEQUENCES
OF REVOLUTION-SIGNOR CROCE'S CONDUCT OF LIFE' - SHOULD
POLITICIANS BE DISHONEST I-WHAT IS POLITICAL CAPACITY ?-
WILLIAM PITT AND LORD LIVERPOOL—THE CASE OF CHARLES
JAMES FOX - THE REPORT OF THE EIGHTH OLYMPIAD THE
SPIRIT OF SPORTSMANSHIP”!

THE Trade Unions of Eng- lovers of martial language-as land have blackmailed a govern- a battle merely for higher ment and a country, devoted wages and shorter bours. They whole-heartedly to the blessed shouted aloud that they would principle of majority rule, into never cease from fighting until submission. The principle has the mines were theirs. What been accepted that, for nine they would do with them were months at any rate, the miners they theirs they did not stop must have their way, and no to think. It was a first camquestions asked. For that paign, they said, in the class period they will take from the war, and it is only in terms of community what they want. à class war that they can disIn the eighteenth century a cuss the industrial problem. single highwayman was per- Although the leaders of labour mitted to hold up a coach- are not agreed upon matters of load, which might have been, strategy, they are at one for had it chosen, as well armed as the moment about the tactics its attacker. The coach-load of the fray. Even the most found it easier to give in ; and, moderate of them accept the moreover, it was part of the principle of the general strike, tradition of life, then generally which means nothing else than understood, not to interfere revolution. The leaders of the with the highwayman who was revolution bluster and labouring in his vocation. “ 'Tis threatening language. That no sin," said Falstaff, "for a sad personage, Mr Cook, exults man to labour in his vocation.” in the battle which he assures So, too, the miners and their us is to come. He is hailed friends of the other Trade by his fellows as the only beUnions were labouring in their getter of what is now called vocation when they threatened “Red Friday.” And then there an assault by direct is Mr Wheatley, who was a tion upon the whole country. member of Mr Ramsay MacThey did not envisage the Donald's Government, and is battle which they said was said to be his preordained supjust beginning—they are great planter-he has no doubt whatVOL. CCXVIII.-NO. MOCCXIX.

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ever. He puts no limit to his Donald, hoping for a speedy wild hopes and desires. “We

“We return to the Treasury Bench, are the threshold,” he pours out like so much soothing boasts, “ of an industrial and syrup. And how can we trust social revolution, and whether the sincerity of one who always it is to take place peaceably measures his speech by his audior not depends on our intelli- ence? When he addressed the gence. I see no serious effort Summer School of the Indebeing made to take the essential pendent Labour Party, at the steps to reconstruct society very moment of revolution, he while there is still time to do spoke with the voice which might so in an orderly manner. .. have been the voice of a placid It looks like evens on a clash. reactionary. “Did they really ... One thing is as clear as believe,” he asked, “supposing noonday. For the next nine they had a Socialist majority, months the workers must pre- that in the course of a year pare on a new scale and on or two they could change funda

lines for the greatest mentally the economic and instruggle in their history." dustrial conditions of the coun:

We do not believe that the try and create a Socialist State ! workers are as reckless and as He did not.

He did not. Supposing they malicious as their leaders would had a revolution, could they represent them to be. But if create a Socialist State out of Mr Wheatley speaks for others it! They could do nothing than himself, then we cannot of the kind." Is this, we take much pleasure in the wonder, an admonition or a prospect. It is “the greatest cry of despair ! In the times of struggle in their history” to trouble which shall surely come, which they look forward. They he can use it in whichever sense have no patriotism, these men suits him. For the moment he for whom Mr Wheatley speaks ; expressed an imperfect symthey contemplate the ruin of pathy with the extreme memthe country with equanimity, bers of his party. He said although they know, or ought that he and his friends had to know, that the ruin of the very little in common with country will involve them in Communism. “They say they misery and starvation. The are all Socialists,” said he. miners, according to Mr Cook “ That is all right, but that is and others, have no other am- not their distinctive characbition than to destroy the teristic. Their distinctive charindustry by which they live, acteristic is that by the marthat at the moment of its shalling of force you could destruotion they may lay a conquer the world, as UN greedy hand upon it. Nor are doubtedly you can, but the we consoled by the foolish Socialist is not out to conquer words which Mr Ramsay Mac- the world. He is out to re

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create the world.” Well, when “It, therefore, became quite they do come

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impossible,” thus Mr Baldwin quer the world by the simple went on, “to say what conmethod of destruction, Mr Ram- cessions ultimately the owners say MacDonald does not move would have given had there a finger to check them, and been a genuine attempt at the Communists, we are told, negotiation. It was impossible at the next Congress are to to get them farther; it was be admitted within the sacred impossible to get the miners precincts of the Party.

to move at all."

And yet, The Government, faced by thought Mr Baldwin, there were revolution, temporised with the several reasons why at this enemy. And, being unprepared, moment a struggle should be it could do nothing else. It avoided, were it possible. “We

“ called a truce of nine months are suffering from unprecedentand promised a subsidy, which edly bad trade ”—again it is Mr should carry on the coal in- Baldwin who speaks—" which dustry for that period upon the has lasted a long time, and in old footing. Mr Baldwin made some industries hope was nearly the best of a bad job, and lost. I have heard in the last carried the House of Commons two or three days, from men with him. At such a time we whose judgment I value and could not expect, and we cer- respect, that in some industries tainly did not get, much en- we may hope for an improvethusiasm. The Prime Minister ment." That is a sound enough saw clearly enough the danger reason why the Government he was running, and, as he should contrive a respite-the

— said with perfect truth, there mere hope of a reviving trade. was no adverse argument of Mr Baldwin's second reason is the other side which he did a reason not against the par. not anticipate. He knew that ticular strike that was threathe wanted breathing space, and ened, but against all strikes. thus only could he get it. On “Who are the men,” he asked, the day before the subsidy was “who suffer most in a struggle granted, they had reached a like this ? Not the men's deadlock. “I was able," said leaders, but the rank and file. Mr Baldwin, “to get certain I have seen this kind of trouble concessions from the owners at close quarters ; I have seen which I thought might have works closing down; I have been the basis of negotiations, lived amongst it; and I am but I was unable to get the not going to inflict such sufferminers to recede from the ings on innocent people if I position that they would not can see a way out.” The worst consider the question of either of it is that the hours or wages.” Clearly there which Mr Baldwin sees will be was no ground for compromise. closed before very long, for a

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respite does not imply a per- Baldwin finished his speech petual freedom from trouble. upon a proper note of defiance : Moreover, the men who were “Should ever the will to strike ready to hold up the country ever come temporarily—and it once will hold it up again. would only be temporary in Nor can the State expect grati- this country—and if we are tude or devotion from those again confronted with a chalwhose heart, if you can call it lenge of the nature I have a heart, is set upon strife. described,” thus he spoke," let

But for the future Mr Bald- me say that no minority in a win is resolute. He is creating free country has ever yet no precedent. He will not coerced the whole community. subsidise any other trade, nor The community will always will he continue the subsidy protect itself, for the which he has promised. If he munity must be fed, and it did he would drive the country will see that it gets its food. upon the rocks of bankruptcy; I am convinced that if the time he would admit the principle of should come when the comclass tyranny, which no self- munity has to protect itself respecting Minister could ever ... the community will asadmit. “We were confronted tonish the forces of anarchy last week,” he said, “by a throughout the world.” great body of Trade Unionists, We only hope that what Mr who had the power and the Baldwin said will come true. will to inflict an enormous The history of revolutions is and irreparable danger on their not reassuring. It is the purcountry. Had there been a pose of revolution to destroy stoppage, it would have caused and kill, and this purpose may an infinite amount of misery, be achieved by a minority as With some it is a deliberate a couple of burglars may break and avowed policy to cause a into a house. When the restoppage of this kind.” It is volutionaries have killed and indeed a fine comment upon destroyed enough, they are the intelligence of the newly killed in their turn, and the enfranchised, who clamoured way is made clear for an iron

, for the vote, both men and tyranny. That was what hapwomen,

declared they pened in France in 1789; that would never be happy till is what has happened recently in they got it. Their love of Russia. If there be a revoludemocracy was a sham. De- tion there is no escape. And the mocracy moves too slowly for worst is that the careless rascals them. They must get what who provoke revolution, when they think they want without they have provoked it, are waiting for the deliberate pro- powerless to control it. The cess of the polling. booth and reins are put into evil hands, the voting lobbies. And Mr and the coach goes downhill

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